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enumeration of Israel's privileges (ix. 1-5), the description of the righteousness of faith (x. 6-11), and the doxology (xvi. 25-27). If in these passages the style sometimes drags with heavy foot, in others it soars on light wing. The literary devices of comparison and contrast (Adam and Christ, Moses and Pharaoh, the righteousness of works and of faith) are not despised. The apostrophe is used with great effect in addressing both the Jewish sinner who claims exemption from judgement (ii) and the Jewish objector to the argument about election (ix). Illustrations are drawn from human life (slavery, marriage, law, government, warfare, priestly service, potter's and gardener's work, sleeping and waking) and nature (the body and its members, the root and the branches, fruitbearing). The style, however, was evidently never for Paul an object to be considered with care and carried out with skill. What excellence there is in it is due to the vitality and vigour of his intellect; its defects can all be traced to the fullness and the force of his thinking, for which the language he used was an imperfect instrument.
LIDDON, Explanatory Analysis of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans.
GORE, A Practical Exposition of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. 2 vols.
MOULE, Romans in The Expositor's Bible.
MORISON, An Exposition of the Ninth Chapter of Paul's Epistle to the Romans.
MORISON, A Critical Exposition of the Third Chapter of Paul's Epistle to the Romans.
MORISON, A Practical Exposition of Romans VI: St. Paul's Teaching on Sanctification.
RUTHERFORD, St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. A New Translation with a Brief Analysis.