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there are any moral excellencies that determine his choice of one in preference to another; for the apostle thus writes; know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners shall inherit the kingdom of God: and such were some of you. 1 Cor. 6. 9.

But since they are said to be chosen who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, and called saints it must not be supposed that when they are chosen to good, and others no worse are left to evil, that these proceedings are destructive of all justice and equity. Shall we say there is unrighteousness with God? God forbid, for how then shall God judge the world. And we are told that justice and judgement are the very habitation of his throne.-Ps. 89. 14. as we are not what we were made in Adam, úpright, but have fallen in him, there is room for the display and exercise of God's justice and judgment; and had there been no sinful creatures these could not have been so displayed. A saint is made so of a sinner by the grace of God which is in Christ Jesus, being sanctified by his blood. Were there no sinners there could be no saints. Both are necessary to establish and make known God.-For justice and judgment are the habitation of his throne, bnt his throne is upholden by mercy. Prov. 20. 28. The

fallen angels are examples of his judgment, but the elect angels are not and cannot be of his mercy, because they never fell. The Lord then hath made all things for himself, yea even the wicked for the day of evil. Prov. 16. 4. And 'the particular condemnation that men fall under they are appointed and ordained unto. For the Scripture saith to Pharaoh; even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. Rom. 9. 16. Unto them which be disobedient the stone which the builders disallowed the same is made the head of the corner, and a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient, whereunto also they were appointed. 1. Pet. 2. 7. There are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men. Jud. 4. The particular persons, the time of their existence in this world, and the dispensation under which their guilt should be aggravated and manifest, are settled, appointed, and ordained, and brought to pass of God; so that he is not and cannot be surprized, disappointed, or baffled. But the sin and the guilt of sinners, whether angels or men is all their own. For the Lord is good. He is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works. The angels which sinned kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains

under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day. Jud. 6. They kept not, they left. The devil sinneth from the beginning. He refused worship to the son of God as the saviour of fallen men, thro his pride, so a haughty spirit went before his fall.

By one man sin entered into this world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned, By the offence of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation: Rom. 5. 12. The serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty. It was not by violence, nor was it sudden, that she fell. By degrees she failed and threw off her allegiance to God. In opposition to her own judgment, her own feelings, and her own declaration. We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden God hath said, ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. Gen. 3. 2. And when charged by God with their offence, each laid their sin upon the other, hereby proving not denying their guilt. But tho' thus sinning, man and mankind were not given up of God. There was some good still remained with them, tho' not theirs, and does still remain tho' not ours. Paul says, and we know it, that in me that is in my flesh dwelleth no good thing. Rom. 7. 18. All that we derive from Adam is sin. But as soon as he fell he was not entirely left of God. He made him conscious of his state, and the eyes of them both were opened, and they

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knew that they were naked. He did not leave them destitute of feeling. I heard thy garden, and I was afraid. Gen. 3. of Adams posterity have had in their low estate kindness and good shewed them of God, his instruction and his help until they have sinned it away. For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness, and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness. Which truth is this. Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them: for God hath shewed it unto them: for the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and godhead; so that they are without excuse: because that, when they knew God they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Thus then the gentiles departed from him before he gave them up. Therefore Paul says in preaching to some of these at Lycaonia; God in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways. They chose their own and would have them; he suf fered them, let them go.-Nevertheless, he left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness. Acts. 14. 15. He still followed them with his providential kindness, and goodness, a witness against them, and in his

behalf. Before they served these vanities of the heathen that Paul speaks of, they had God in their knowledge. And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind. Rom. 1. 28. But this outward witness is not the only one. The lowest state of mankind is that which is said to be without law; but they are sinners. For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: for when the Gentiles which have not the law do by nature the things contained in the law, these having not the law are a law unto themselves. Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another. Rom. 3. 12. These are said to have not the law, and yet by nature do the things contained in the law-then if they do them, are they not justified? for the doers of the law shall be justified. Paul does not say that they do them enough for that, when they do them he says, that is, some parts of the law; but one part of the law, the first and great commandment is entirely out of sight and out of care, among all mankind. There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. Rom. 3. 11. Our Lord testifies that sinners love sinners, and shew and do kindness one to another. For if ye love them

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