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November twenty fifth, including his two journeys through Galilee; the first of which he began October seventeenth, the second November eighth. The fourth extends to the return of the twelve about February fifth, A. D. 29, containing the mission of the seventy, November twenty eighth, and the feast of Dedication, December second. The fifth division ends with the departure of Jesus from Galilee, March fourth, including the feeding of the five thousand, February twelfth. The sixth carries us to the resurrection of Jesus, Sunday, March twentieth. The seventh ends with the ascension, April twenty eighth. There is also another division, in which he places several events and discourses the proper places of which cannot be ascertained.

A chronological digest of the events of the Gospel history into sixty eight paragraphs, at the end of which references to chapters and verses are given, occupies nearly sixty pages. A table of our Lord's journeyings then follows; and a short calendar, taken from Priestley, is added.

The second chapter of the second part contains an outline of the history of the apostle Paul, and a table of his journeyings.

In the Appendices there are arrangements of the sections of White's Diatessaron, and of Field's Questions, so as to adapt them to the view here given of the ministry, and a table of distances.

There are questions to the second part, as to the first, for the purpose of examining students. The book is ended by an accented index of Scripture proper names.

We cannot conclude without a recommendation of this book, as a useful manual for theological students, and a valuable guide to instructors. Its style is neat, and modest; it contains much condensed information : some of the principles are new, but we think well of the judgment of the writer.

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MEMOIRS OF THE WAR IN THE SOUTHERN DEPART

MENT OF THE UNITED STATES,

BY HENRY LEE, Lt. Col. Commandant of the partizan legion during the Amer

ican War.

2 vols. 8vo. Philadelphia and Newyork, 1812. The works which have been produced upon the history of the American revolutionary war, have been sufficiently voluminous to afford room for a complete and minute account of every memorable event which relates to it; and many of their authors have had the best possible means of information on the subject upon which they have written. We have the statements of both the contending parties; and they are in gen eral given with such a degree of impartiality, that the truth may be discovered by comparing them. Several histories of the war are incorporated in the histories of the British nation ; as those of Adolphus, Macfarlane, Belsham, and Bisset. The two last in particular are tinctured deeply with party partialities; but are of value to the American reader, because they inform him of the parliamentary history connected with that of the war, which is at least as important, if not as interesting, as mere narratives of military movements. The Annual Register contains a condensed, but perhaps as judicious and faithful an account of the events of the war as is to be found; and is well worthy of being consulted, not only for this reason,

• First published in the General Repository, for January, 1813. vol. jii. p. 105.

but also for the many curious and valuable articles of intelligence relating to American affairs which are contained in its Chronicle, and the important state papers which it has preserved.

Other Englishmen have devoted their pages entirely to subjects relating to the American war. Stedman, who was personally conversant in many of the most important and interesting scenes which the war presented, and who served under Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, and Marquis Cornwallis, (we believe as commissary general,) has produced a large work, which contains the only separate and complete English history of the war. It is a work of good authority, although in some instances he has manifested a credulity which is unjust to the Americans.*

The present Lt. Gen. Tarleton, who was Lt. Colonel of the British legion in the American war, is the author of a quarto volume, which contains a relation of all the events in which he was himself concerned, and is called “ A history of the campaigns of 1780 and 1781 in the southern provinces." More than half the volume is composed of public documents, letters of instruction, &c. some of which are worthy of preservation ; but unfortunately it was for the interest of the author to misstate many events of importance in which he was engaged. Many of our countrymen are now living who can remember his character for barbarity and cruelty ; and no one can read any history of the scenes in which he acted except his own, without feeling abhorrence at many of his deeds. He acquired a good share of reputation, without perhaps much military ability. The corps which he commanded was long the terror of the southern country, because the Americans were sometimes destitute of cavalry; and,

P. 371.

See Lee, vol. i. + See the account of the slaughter of Col. Buford's troops. Mare shall's Life of Washingtoin, iv. 159. Lee i. 148.

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because from its facility of motion his legion was the most active part of the British army, and was often employed in partizan expeditions, where the great object was to surprize. By exploits in this kind of warfare, he became confident in himself and formidable to others; but in the only action in which he was fairly met and opposed, he was completely defeated.* In his book he is guilty of the most shameful misrepresentation of this affair, as well as of some others. Some strictures on his history were published by lieutenant Mackenzie, who was in the same service with himself, which are favorable neither to the integrity or military skill of lieutenant colonel Tarleton.

Four of the British generals who held important commands in America, have also published either vindications of, or statements relative to their conduct of the war. fortunate Burgoyne produced an elaborate defence of his management of the expedition with which he was entrusted; and this was followed by a reply. But it appears from the evidence which he has produced, that the failure of the enterprize is to be attributed to no want of ability in its execution on his part, nor to any great skill in his conqueror. Gates actually overwhelmed him by numbers, after Burgoyne had gained several important advantages. The remote causes of the event are to be found in the want of the cooperation of the other commanders, and especially in the errors in the plan of his operations as formed by the English cabinet, who, at the distance of three thousand miles, directed the motions of armies in a country of which they were extremely ignorant.

Sir William Howe, who, notwithstanding the triumphant Mischianzat with which he quitted his command, has left be

* Battle of the Cowpens.

A very splendid entertainment given at Philadelphia by the offi. cers of his army to Sir William Howe upon his leaving America. It consisted, as the name imports, of a variety of exhibitions. The comhind him in this country only a memory disgraced by his dissipation, and his unmanly inaction, which is not redeemed by one considerable achievement, published some defences of his conduct. There was a reply to his publication, in which a refutation of many of his statements was attempted ;* and there was also an answer by Mr. Galloway to some aspersions on his character which were contained in general Howe's pamphlet.

Lord Cornwallis was in the very first rank of those who conducted the war for the British government. He did more toward the subjugation of the colonies than any other officer; and was not only able and enterpising in his military conduct, but estimable in his private character. But after he left the Carolinas, which had been the theatre of his glory, he appeared to have lost somewhat of his former spirit, to have been indecisive in his military enterprises, and if he did not commit great mistakes, to have omitted many opportunities for obtaining great advantages over his then weak enemy. Sir Henry Clinton does not appear to have exerised any con

pany were first placed in barges, elegantly decorated, arranged in becoming order, and rowed for some time upon the river, with music, and amid salutes from the vessels of war. Upon their landing they were conducted to an area, where they witnessed a tilt and tournament, af. ter the manner of ancient chivalry. The knights, splendidly habited, contended in honor of some of the ladies of the city, who were dressed in Turkish dresses. This being finished, the procession passed through two triumphal arches, erected in honor of general Howe, to a house superbly ornamented, where refreshments were received. A ball then followed, after which were fireworks, and at twelve o'clock a costly supper closed the whole entertainment. The entertainment was perhaps as magnificent as was ever witnessed in this country, and discovo ered more taste and learning than is often to be found in an army. A minute account of it may be seen in the Appendix to the Chronicle of the Annual Register, for 1778, pp. 264-270.

By the author of " Letters to a nobleman."

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