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But here I understand particular lufts, as pride, covetousness, &c. which are the spawn of the corruption of nature, the members of the old man, which the apostle calls us to mortify, Col. iii. 5. These are they from which these cursed buds immediately sprout forth. Original sin has the lusts thereof, and these are they, Rom. vi. 12. We cannot enumerate them, more than we can count the duit. But in the general,
ist, There are fleshly lusts, i Pet. ii. 11.; lufts converfant about the body, and gratifying to the flesh, such as covetousness, uncleanness, sensuality, &c. In these the body drags the foul after it, and the foul goes out in these to gratify the body.
2dly, There are spiritual lults, 2 Cor. vii. 1. Eph. ii. . 3. There is a filthiness of the spirit as well as of the flesh, which lies more inwardly, in the mind and will, having nothing ado with the sensitive appetite, as pride, selfishness, &c. These are the two bands of lufts which the old man fends forth to maintain and advance the government of hell in the soul; but both forts are under a fentence of condeninacion from the law of God; declared rebels to heaven, and intercommuned, not to be conversed with, harboured, or entertained, but relisted, fought against, and brought to the cross. They are in good and bad; but,
(1.) In natural men they are reigning lufts, Rom. vi. 12. They have the throne in the heart, and amongst them command all. But there is readily one among them, like Beelzebub, that is the prince of these devils, called the predominant fin, to which other lufts will bow, though they will not bow to God. As where pride is the predominant, it will make covetousness bow; and where covetousness predominates, it will make pride bow. These do not always continue their rule; but the old man can pull down one, and set up another, as luft in youth may be succeeded by covetousness in old age.
(2.) In the regenerate they are but indwelling lufts, Rom. vi. 12. & vii. 24. They are cast down from the throne in conversion, pursued and hunted in progreslive fanctification, and weakened, and utterly extirpated out of the kingdom at death. But their very being there is against the law, though they be pot on the throne.
Now, these lusts are diverse luss, Tit. iii, 3. It is not one or two that are in the heart, but many. Their name may be legion, for they are many, The flesh or corrupt nature is a monster with
many heads; but there is one law for them all, theymuft, die. Though they be all the birth of one belly they are very diverse, for our natural corruption turns itself into a thousand shapes.' But,
The qualities common to them all, whereby ye may
see more into their nature, are these. They are, i. Ungodly lufts, Jude 18. There is nothing of God in them, no not fo much as in the devil, who is God's creature; but they are none of God's creatures, he disowns them, i John ii. 16. They are the creatures of a corrupt heart, generated of it as vermin of a rotten body, by influence from hell.
2. Hellish lusts, devilish lufts, John viii. 44. They were the devil's before they were ours, and so it is a sorry copy we have to write after. They are eminently in him ; and those in whom they are grown to the greatelt perfection, are but bunglers at the trade, to the perfection of which he has arrived. They came from him, they are pleasing to him where-ever they are, and they lead to be with hin for evermore,
3. They are warring and fighting lusts, Jam. iv. 1,
(1.) They war against the Spirit where ever it is, Gal. v. 17. They are enemies to grace and the Spirit of grace; and the more they prevail, the : kingdom of grace is the lower in the heart. They war against the entrance of grace, and often prevail to keep it out ; like so many burreo's from Vol. III,
hell, choking the word that would bring it in, Marki v. 19. They war against the actings and exercise of it, till it is often laid by as in a swoon. And they war against the very being of it, which they would destroy if God had not said against it.
(2.) They war against the soul, 1 Pet. ii. 11. and will ruin it if they be not ruined. They are no other to the soul than vermin and worms to a dead corpse, that feed on it till it be destroyed. . Like a sword they pierce the soul, 1 Tim. vii 10.
Like a fire they burn it, Rom.i. 27. And like water they drown it, i Tim. vi. 9. for they are in the heart like the devil in the swine, that will not let the soul rest till it destroy itself.
(3.) They war amongst themselves, Jam. iv. 1. For though there is a sweet harmony amongst all the graces, yet lufts may be most contrary one to another. This makes the heart often like a troubled fea, and puts a man on the rack, one lust drawing him one way, and another another way. Pride will put one forward to that which covetousness draws him back from. And the service of lusts must needs be difficult, in that they that serve them serve contrary masters.
4. They are deceitful lufts, Eph. iv. 22. They are the deceivers of the foul, which, by pleasing the corrupt heart, destroy the soul; like Ezekiel's roll, sweet in the mouth, but bitter in the belly. They are a hook to the soul covered with a taking bait; the filken cords wherewith Satan draws men into destruction,
5. They are hurtful lufts, 1 Tim. vi. 2. They are hurtful to the soul and to the body, to ourselves and others. Being the brood of hell from a corrupt nature, they cannot be harmless, and therefore. where no hurt can be done they cannot enter, Rev. xxi. ult. The softest of them is as a brier, and sharper than a thorn-hedge, and always at length pierce the soul with many sorrows. They never fail to leave a fting behind them in the soul.
6. They are worldly lusts, Tit. ii. 12. They have nothing of heaven in them. They range through the world, and feed on that which it does afford, and nothing but what is carnal can please them. They partake of the nature of the serpent, for duft is their meat, and on their belly do they go.
7. They are unsatiable lufts, greedy dogs that can never have enough, If. lvii. 10. To feed them is but to enlarge their appetite, for they cry, Give, give, like the grave and the barren womb, Eccl. i. 8. Surfeited they may be, satisfied they can never be. They have a heavy task of it, that have them to provide for; no wonder they can get no other thing minded, as a poor woman that has a company of hungry babes ever hanging about her hand, and crying out of hunger.
Lastly, They are former lufts, 1 Pet. i. 14. Their reign is in the black ftate of nature. And indeed in all they are foremost on the throne, they have the start of grace always, being born with us, in the virtue of their caufe, the corruption of nature. And the power of them must be broken by grace coming in on them, or we perifh.
A view of these lusts in the glass of this holy law must needs be very humbling, and stain the pride of all glory. Though the outlide be never so clean, they make a foul inside. For consider,
1. They are the members of the old man, Col. jïi. 5. The corruption of nature is the old man, they are his members, which together make up the body of fin. Now, this old man being entire in all the unregenerate, these lufts are all in them; nay, even in the regenerate, so far as the corruption of Dature still dwells in them, though the power of them be broken, yet they still remain, and afford work to them for daily moriification. So that there is none who may not proportionally take that character to themselves, Being filled with all unrighteousness, Rom. i. 29. That is to fay, all manner of lufts whatsoever are in the heart of every men, though they do not all break forth in their lives. Consider,
(1.). The same corruption of nature is in all men whatsoever ; all are origita.ly and universally cor. rupt, John iii. 6. There must then be a disposition in all to every evil thing habitually, though not actually. Dost thou see the most abominable lufts breaking forth in the lives of the worst? smite on thy breaft, and fay, God be merciful to me a sinner, and read thy own heart in their profligate lives, Prov. xxvii. 19. As in water face answereth to face; so the heart of man to man. When thou readest the law of God against these abominations which are not so much as to be named, conclude that these lufts are in thy heart, for God gives no laws in vain.
(2.) What is it man will not do when grace restrains not, and temptation draws forward? Who would have thought the luft of adultery had been in David's heart, of idolatry in Solomon's after the Lord had appeared to him twice, blasphemy in the laints mentioned by Paul, Acts xxvi. 11. or incest in Lot's daughters? But in such a case they broke forth, which they had not done if they had not been within before.
(2.) They are the tinder answering the sparks of Satan's temptations in the world. It was the peculiar privilege of the man Chrift fince Adam fell, that the prince of this world had nothing in him, John xiv. 30. There is never a temptation goes abroad in the world, but there is a lust in the heart akin to it, so that no wonder they embrace one another as friends when they meet. Satan by this means, be his temptation what it will, has always fomething to work upon, a fire to blow up. So that in every cafe whatsoever that holds true, He that trusteth in his own heart, is a fool, Prov. xxviii. 26.
(3.) They are the filthy matter ready to gather together in a boil in the heart, which being ripene!