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(Continued from p. 308.) THE GOSPEL OF ST. MATTHEW. No. XV.-Chap. xii. 38. "Then certain of the Scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master we would see a sign from thee.”
No. XVI.-Chap. xv. 21.
exact correspondence with the statement of St. Luke, that they sought a sign from heaven, that fact, I conceive, could not have been inferred from the relation of St. Matthew; and the variations between the two relations, not only as it respects language, but in the number and arrangement of the They had already seen a wither-circumstances narrated, prove that ed hand made whole, (ver. 13.) a St. Matthew could not have drawn devil cast out, and a blind and up his account from that of St. dumb man both see and speak, Luke. Consequently the coinci(ver. 22.) The sign, therefore, dence between them is perfectly which they now required, must be undesigned, and establishes the "a sign FROM HEAVEN," as we truth of the facts narrated. learn from St. Luke xi. 16. and which exactly agrees with their request on another occasion, (Matt." THEN Jesus went thence, and xvi. 1.) They seem to have thought, departed into the coasts of Tyre that the wonders he had performed and Sidon." on earth, where there was room This verse would have been for imposture, might be effected by more accurately rendered, as it is slight of hand or magic, or the in the Vulgate, "Then Jesus GOpower of the devil, (ver. 24.); and ING FORTH (EXOшv, egressus,) therefore they asked a sign from from thence, retired, (ávexwpnoεv, heaven, where human art could secessit,) into the coasts of Tyre not reach. Perhaps they meant and Sidon;" which seems to desome such tremendous displays of scribe two distinct actions,—his the Divine glory, as their fathers egress from some place into which had seen from Mount Sinai; or a he had previously entered, and his sign like that of Moses when he departure" into the coasts of Tyre gave manna from heaven; or like and Sidon." It is true that this that of Joshua when at his word Evangelist has not expressly re"the sun stood in the midst of corded his entrance either into a heaven, and hasted not to go down city or house, though it is certainly about a whole day;" or like that implied in the preceding part of of Samuel when he brought forth his narrative. He relates, that thunder and lightning in the time" the Scribes and Pharisees, which of harvest; or rather, "the sign were of Jerusalem," came to Jesus, of the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven." (Dan. vii. 23.) With the fact of their thus seeking a sign from heaven, corresponds the answer which our Lord made them. They sought a sign from heaven; but he promised them one ab inferis, his resurrection from the dead on the third day, (ver. 39, 40.) which was of all miracles the greatest and most efficacious. Now, while these things furnish an
saying, "Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread." (ver. 1, 2.) We may well suppose that they objected this disregard of the traditions of the elders, in consequence of their present neglect in not washing their hands previous to eating, as we are expressly informed by St. Mark, "and when they saw some of his disciples_eat
SABBATH OBSERVANCE SOCIETIES.
bread with defiled, that is to say, | Sidon." It must therefore be inwith unwashen hands, they found ferred, that they wrote indepenfault," (Mark vii. 2.); and this may dently of each other, and that the be inferred with a considerable de- coincidences between them have gree of certainty to have taken arisen from their both detailing place in a house. After having the particulars of a real fact, each replied to the cavil of the Scribes in his own manner. and Pharisees, and exposed their London. hypocrisy, Jesus appears to have gone out of the house, “and called the multitude," (ver. 10.) or as St. Mark has it, "all the people unto him," in order to caution them against the delusions of their teachers; when, as is implied in the HAVE for some time thought that statement of St. Matthew," then associations might be formed of CAME his disciples, and said unto pious and well disposed persons in him," (ver. 12.) and is expressly every populous town and city, affirmed by St. Mark, he again which by promoting the better ob66 ENTERED INTO THE HOUSE servation of the Sabbath day, would from the people." (Mark vii. 17.) greatly advance the interests of And "GOING FORTH from them," religion in this country. Permit he "departed into the coasts of me to embody this idea in a few Tyre and Sidon." What further remarks for the consideration of confirms the accuracy of these coin-your numerous readers. cidences, if they need any further The necessity of some more confirmation, is the fact that our efficient measures for the obserLord had in reality returned to vance of the Sabbath, must long Capernaum, (Jno. vi. 1, 24, 59.) have appeared to every serious and consequently the house into mind. What Nehemiah complainwhich he entered was most proba-ed of, and what he suppressed, in bly that which he usually occupied his day, is seen at the present when in that city. That they are period. "In those days I saw in as undesigned as they are minute Judea some bringing in all manner and perfect, I think is demonstra- of burdens, which they brought ble from the very nature. St. Mark into Jerusalem on the Sabbath could not have inferred the circum- day and I testified against them stances which he details from the in the day wherein they sold vicimplied statements of St. Matthew, tuals. There dwelt men of Tyre and far less from his use of the also therein, which brought fish word ¿¿ɛλ0wv, "GOING FORTH;" and all manner of ware, and sold and that St. Matthew did not de- on the Sabbath unto the children rive his account from that of St. of Judah, in Jerusalem. Then I Mark is evident, not only from the contended with the nobles of Judah absence of any direct reference to and said unto them, What evil these circumstances, but from the thing is this that ye do and profact that St. Mark does not employ fane the Sabbath day?" Neh. xiii. the word or, "going forth" 15-21. How greatly is the Sabἐξελθὼν, in relating the departure of Jesus, bath profaned by the sale of meat, but says, "from thence he arose, fish, bread, vegetables, fruit, &c. and went (καὶ ἐκεῖθεν ἀνατὰς, ἀπῆλ- by coaches and packets travelling Oɛv) into the borders of Tyre and and arriving in our metropolis and
Fill the sea."
other cities with all manner of lug-| bath-trade with those whose shops
vance Society, in our principal
• We have inserted the letter of our re
spected Correspondent, leaving our readers to form their own judgment as to the expediency of his proposal. Every pious mind will feel at once the desirableness of the object, but the mode of its attainment is a different, and indeed a delicate question. Some, perhaps, may doubt the propriety of Christians uniting for the purpose of employing any other than moral means, to effect a morul purpose. "The weapons of our warfare," said an apostle, "are not carnal;" and it may admit of a question, whe
What would be the beneficial effect of such an association of piety, rank and influence? Some proprietors of coaches at their suggestion, and the promise of their support, would discontinue running their coaches on the Sabbath; the travelling of vans, boats, &c. might in proportion to the influence of such Societies be discontinued ; traffic on the Sabbath might also be discountenanced by every member, and hence the influence of such efforts for the better observa-ther, in directing our aim against "spiritual tion of the Sabbath would be found considerable. Let every city, town, and village possess such an association; let rank, talents, and piety be united to promote the sanctity of the Sabbath; let every member of these institutions, as a sine qua non of membership encourage those coaches, vans, packets, &c. that do not travel on the Sab
wickedness in high places," any other thau
spiritual weapons may be lawfully employed? The importance of the subject, however, fully entitles it to the closest consideration. We wish not to suppress discussion, but to invite it; and in connection with these suggestions, we beg leave to refer our readers to an article on the subject in the "World" Paper for July 9, entitled, "The ADDRESS
of the GENERAL UNION for PROMOTING the OBSERVANCE of the CHRISTIAN SABto the PEOPLE of the UNITED ED.
"Man giveth up the ghost, and where is Thou art not fair, if beauty be replete
he?"-Job xiv. 10.
And where is he? Not by the side
Whose every want he loved to tend; Not o'er those valleys wandering wide, Where sweetly lost he oft would wend. That form beloved he marks no more, Those scenes admired no more shall see; Those scenes are lovely as before,
And she as fair-but where is he?
No, no, the radiance is not dim,
That used to gild his favourite hill; The pleasures that were dear to bin, Are dear to life and nature still: But ah! his home is not so fair,
Neglected must his gardens be; The lilies droop and wither there,
And seem to whisper-"Where is he?"
His was the pomp, the crowded ball,
But where is now this proud display? His riches, honours, pleasures-all
Desire could frame-but where are they? And he, as some tall rock that stands
Protected by the circling sea, Surrounded by admiring bands,
Seemed proudly strong-and where is he?
The churchyard bears an added stone,
And what has been, no more shall be; The well-known form, the welcome tread, Oh! where are they, and where is he?
Love of Fame.
Why do we love thee, Fame? thou art not sweet,
If sweetness dwell with softness and re
A View of Inspiration; comprehending | effects of that influence which, in every the Nature and Distinctions of the Spi- age of the church, the Holy Spirit of ritual Gifts and Offices of the Apostolic God has exerted on the minds of men. Age. By ALEXANDER MACLEOD. 12mo. pp. 583. Price 7s. 6d. boards. Glasgow: Waugh and Innes. London: Westley and Davis. 1827.
In many instances, we grant, that influence has been of a miraculous nature; that is, it has been different to the agency he exerts on the minds of all WE Confess that we sat down to read who draw near to him, and who are this volume with very high expectations. prepared by him for heaven; but in all Having been privileged with hearing cases his operations are worthy of himMr. Macleod preach a number of years self, they eminently illustrate his wisago, we were struck with the originality dom, his power, and his love, and are and force of many of his ideas, and full of instruction to those who take prepossessed in favour of whatever pleasure therein. As the miraculous might in future proceed from him; be- influences of the Holy Spirit were chiefly sides which, we had read with great confined to the first age of Christianity, pleasure and advantage his "Essays and are now withdrawn from the world, and Inquiries respecting the Gifts and and as the line of distinction between the Teachers of the primitive Churches," his ordinary and extraordinary operapublished in 1813, and favourably no- tions is not very strongly marked in the ticed in our Number for June of that New Testament, the subject requires year; and now we have perused the to be investigated with great care and volume from which we anticipated much patience; and we are glad to see that satisfaction, we are happy to report that Mr. Macleod possesses the qualifications we have not been disappointed. It which are requisite to the undertaking. will long continue to be a standard work To a mind naturally capacious and vion the subject to which it relates. gorous, he has united a spirit of ardent piety, correct views of divine truth, considerable learning, and an inde. pendence of mind which, while it accepts the assistance of former writers on the subject (which indeed have been very few), is a slave to none of their hypotheses.
Whatever view we take of the gifts and offices in the primitive church, the subject must appear of vast importance. The adorable Redeemer, as the reward of his work, and to shew his qualifications for his future engagements, is represented to us as "ascending up on high, as leading captivity captive, and as receiving gifts for men, that the Lord God might dwell among them." What was the nature of those gifts-to how great a degree were they confirmations of the truth of Christianity—and what was the effect they produced on the church and the world?
There is another view in which the subject must appear of importance to us. A clear understanding of the sacred volume is both the duty and the privilege of every disciple of Jesus Christ, and no parts of that volume can be more interesting than those on the nature and
The volume is divided into twentyone chapters, the titles of which we shall transcribe, that the reader may see the nature of the entertainment which the author has provided for him. After an Introduction of about twenty pages, in which the writer very clearly and forcibly illustrates the importance of the subject, he proceeds to discuss it.
"Chap. I. On the difference between
spiritual gifts and the saving effects of the Holy Spirit.-II. On the several enumerations of spiritual gifts and gifted persons.III. On the Word of Wisdom.-IV. On Prophecy.-V. On the Word of KnowA A