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3. A third objection, urged against infant baptism, is drawn from the history of our Saviour. He was not baptized until he was thirty years old.-To this I reply: The compliance of Christ with the ecclesiastical institutions of his day, cannot, in every instance, form a rule of practice to us, who live under a different dispensation. Christ, we know, was circumcised; Christ kept the passover; Christ observed the seventh day, as holy time. No one will say that his example is binding upon us in these particulars. The great lesson taught by all this is, that as Christ honoured the institutions of God's house, which were, by divine authority, in use in his day; so we are to honour the institutions of God's house, which, by the same authority, are in use in our day. But further, the standing of the Lord Jesus Christ in God's visible church was never recognized by the ordinance of baptism. When eight days old, he was circumcised; and in that way his church membership was sealed. It could not be done

any

other way. The gospel dispensation had not yet been introduced ; and, could not be introduced until the types had received their accomplishment in the death of the Antitype. The history of Christ teaches us, that he was circumcised on the eighth day; and fur-, nishes a fair and strong argument in favour of sealing church membership in infancy, which can now only be done by baptism.

But why, then, was Christ baptized ? And what are we to understand by that transaction ?-Why was he baptized?. To fulfil the law.-What are we to

understand by it? Nothing, reader, but his public inauguration into the priest's office, according to the prescriptions of the ceremonial law.-Christ was now thirty years old, the time when the priests under the law entered upon their office : And he was now to enter on his public ministry, and to fulfil all righteousness, as he told the hesitating Baptist--he was baptized of John--that is, to fulfil the righteousness of the ceremonial law: “Legitimas observationes," as Beza remarks.The ceremonial law required that the priest should be consecrated to his office, by washing, anointing, &c.* Christ was washed or baptized by John, and immediately afterwards he was anointed with the Holy Ghost.f

The whole objection is drawn from what has no relation to the subject in dispute. And, even if it were relevant, it destroys itself by proving too much. For if the baptism of Christ is to serve as an example, by which we are to be regulated in the reception of that ordinance-if the time that Christ was baptized, fixes the time when we are to be baptizedit will follow, no person ought to be baptized until he is thirty, even if he should have been converted at fifteen!

Our Baptist friends will join us, in exclaiming, This will not do! And so we think of the whole objection.

4. The fourth, and last objection, I shall notice, is this. Baptism can be of no use to infants; and therefore ought not to be administered to them.-T.

* Lev. viii. 6, 12.

# Mat. iii. 16.

this, it is a sufficient reply, to say, that baptism can be of as much use to Christian children, is circumcision was to the children of the Jews. Jod further that it is impious in us to question the utility of any divine institution.

The children among the Jews were, by a positive statute, commanded to be circumcised. It was always esteemed by the Jew an important benefit, to put the seal of the covenant upon his infant offspring. The Christian has the same reason to rejoice in the privilege of offering up his children to God in baptism, that the Jew had to offer up his in circumcision. And whenever the opposers of infant baptism will prove to us, that it was of no use to circumcise children under the law that it was an unmeaning and useless ceremony-it will then be time enough for us to show, that baptism, the substitute for circumcision, is not a useless ordinance in our day.

But this is a point worthy of serious investigation ---not to refute the objection last stated, which was satisfactorily done in the general remarks just made; but to impress upon the minds of parents, that it is a sacred duty, in which the welfare of their children is deeply involved, to dedicate them, while in a state of infancy, to the living God in the holy ordinance of baptism.

The importance of baptism will, therefore, claim our attention whenever we shall have finished our remarks in relation to the subjects:

Thus have I given you an opportunity to judge of the merits of this controversy, by bringing under

your consideration the objections which are generally urged against the practice of intant baptism.. You are now able to examine both sides of the subject; and to determine on which side truth lies.

The prominent objections, I can assure you, bave been honestly brought forward: And, indeed, I do not know of any objection, besides those which I have mentioned, which is deserving of any consideration at all. I trust, that those which have been noticed, are answered in a way which will be satisfactory to you; and tend to increase your gratitude to the God of the covenant, whose promise is to us end our seed; and who confirms to them, as well as to us, an interest in covenant mercies, by the appliçation of the authorized seal.

LETTER IX

The question · Whose children have a right to the

ordinances of baptisın ?' considered and answered.

BELOVED PEOPLE,

We have already ascertained, that unbaptized adults, making a credible profession of faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, are entitled to the ordinance of baptism, as token of the covenant which God made with Abraham, and as a seal of the righteousness of faith.

I trust, it has also been proved to your satisfaction, that in the covenant which God made with Abraham, an interest, and place was secured to children, of which they have nerer since been deprived; and that, as circumcision has been abolished, their interest and standing in that covenant can now only be sealed by baptism : And that, consequently, it must be the will of God that children should be baptized now, as much as it was his will that they should be circumcised, during the period of the Jewish church.

Suffer me now to observe to you, that all that has been advanced in favour of infant baptism, has fallen far short of proving that infants of every description are now entitled to the ordinance of baptism. Neither was it my design to prove this. You will bear in mind, that I expressly stated, when entering on the discussion in relation to infant baptism, that the question to be considered and decided, was not whether all children have a right to baptism ? but whe-ther any are entitled to that exalted privilege? As this question has been decided in the affirmative, we now proceed to consider a no less important question,-viz. Whose children are to be admitted to the sacrament of baptism? Hic labor, hoc opus est, as good old Boston says in relation to this very point. Here lies the difficulty. May the Spirit of God lead us into all truth, and make us acquainted with the mind and will of Christ in this enquiry.

To every system, whether of theory or practice, belong certain great and leading principles, which

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