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so Thanks blefled it *, and brake it, and gave “ it to bis Disciples, faving, Take eat, this
is my Body which is given for you: Do this “ in Remembrance of me. Likewise, after Supper, he took the Cup, and when lie
65 had The words to bless, and to give Thanks are indifferently used by the sacred Writers, who have written concerning the Institution of this Sacrament. St Marthere', St Mare, and St Paul 1 Cor. x. 16, mention the first Word, St Luke and St Paul 1 Cor. xi. 24, the other; and indeed both Expressions come to the same, since the Bleiling or coniecrating of the Elements is made by Prayer, and giving Thanks. is by this Blessing; that they are confecrated to a religious Use, and thereby separated from ordinary Food. It has inideed been urged, that the Words Mould not be rendered be billed it, but bleffed GOD; but, in my Opinion, this is meer Cavil: The Words of the two first Evangelists, strictly render'd, are these : As they were eating, Jejus having taken Bread, and having bledled, brake and gave to bis Disciples. Now it is very plain, that the natural and obvious Construction of them leads us to suppose that the Action of Blessing muit terminate on the Bread, forasmuch as there is no other Object expressed, to which it can be referred. Our Saviour is laid here to have taken Bread, and ’tis allowed by all, that what he took he brake, and gave to his Disciples ; fo that, in plain Construction, what he took and brake and gave, he blessed also. There is certainly no Impropriety in the Nature of the Thing, in setting alide Bread from its common Ule to an holy and religious Purpose, neither is there any Novelty in the Expression to oblige us to depart from this plain Rendering: For that is the Meaning of the Word blefar fed. Gen. ii. 3, Exod. xx. II, wherein God is said to have blessed the seventh Day, by separating it from the other Days, to be religiously observed : Thus it is said of Samuel, Thai be dorb bless the Sacrifice, 1 Sam. ix. 13, and of our blessed Saviour, that be took the five Loaves and the two Fishes, and. locking up to Heaven be blefed THE M, Luke ix, 16. And indeed we may well presume it was this Blessing upon the Loaves, which caused them, beyond their natural Virtue, to feed so many Thousands.
Some have groundlely pretended, that the whole of the Consecration consists in every particular Communicant's Appropriation to himself of the Bread and Wine to the Remembrance of Christ. It must be owned, that it depends
from the Noise and Hurry of the World, to have the more Leisure to think upon God, and to prepare for that Eternity towards which we are all hastening,
And happy, Sir, shall I think myself, 'could this short Manual in any Degree allist
This I can venture to say without incurring the Imputation of Vanity, that the Materials I have made use of are generally good, since for the most Part they are not my own. My only Concern is left they should have lost a Part of their Force and Energy, by the unskilful Manner in which they may have been put together.
This Tract, such as it is, waits upon you as a Pledge of my heartiest Esteem and most sincere Affection. Be pleased to accept of it as such, with my unfeigned Prayers to the Giver of all good Gifts, that You and your worthy Lady may continue to enjoy the choicest of his Bleffings, and be as happy with each other, as an easy Fortune, a good Name, and what crowns all, a good Conscience can make
P R E F A CE,
HIS Book is the Substance
of an Efsay I published in T French fome Time ago on the
Eucharift *. The Reason of
its present Appearance in English is not out of any Distrust that the Books we have are insufficieiit; neither is it out of any Design to set up for an Author; but only to comply with an unwary Promise I made to the Bookseller, to give him the Copy, at a Time when I could do it without much Inconvenience. Afterwards indeed, reflecting on the many
* I received very considerable Helps in the French Edit tion from the Rev. Mr Majendie fone of the Preachers of the Savoy, and Chaplain to the Earl of Grantham) who again kindiy offered me his Affiftance in the English Part : But the Distance we live afunder, made it to inconvenient for me to consult him often, that he read only two of the Sheets, before they were printed off.
Sin, more inflamed with Gratitude towards bis God and Saviour, and more confirmed in Love towards all Mankind;----]f by there be can be prevailed upon to embrace with more Eagerness, and Joy, and true Devotion, all Opportunities which the gracious Providence of God offers bim to present himself at the holy Table ; I Jball think myself more than repaid for all my Trouble : I fall then have fully attained my End.
Τ Η Ε Contents of the ESSAY. Cher
THAP. I. Of the Institution of the Lord's Supe per,
Page 1. CHAP. II. Of our Obligation to frequent the Lord's Supper
r3 CHAP. III. Of the proper Difpofitions for receiving the Holy Sacrament
30 CHAP. IV. Of the Advantages of a worthy Reception of the Lord's Supper
79 The Contents of the Prayers, Sc. COLLECT from the Communion Office
p. 3 A Prayer to God, that he would be pleased to aslift us in our Preparation to receive the blessed Sacrament
4 A particular Enumeration of Sins, against God, our Neighbour, and our Selves
6 - A penitent Confeffion of Sins, with an humble Supli
cation for Mercy and Forgiveness A Prayer for the Grace of Thankfulness
14 A Prayer for Charity
14 A Prayer for the Morning we communicate, which
may be added to our other Devotious Directions
17 A Prayer at the Offering of our Alms Directions
19 Ejaculation at our Approach to the Lord's Table 20 A Meditation on these Words, Do this in P.emembrance of me
ib. A commemorative Meditation on our Saviour's Suffer
ings, which may be used during any vacant Time of the Service