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ANCIENT AND MODERN,
BIRTH OF CHRIST, TO THE BEGINNING OF THE FRESENT CENTURY:
The Rise, Progress, and Variations of
ARE CONSIDERED IN THEIR CONNEXION WITH THE STATE OF
Learning and Philosophy,
POLITICAL HISTORY OF EUROPE, DURING THAT PERIOD.
BY THE LATE LEARNED
JOHN LAWRENCE MOSHEIM, D.D.
And Cbancellor of the University of Gottingen.
TBANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL LATIN, AND ACCOMPANIED WITH NOTE 6
AND CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES.
BY ARCHIBALD MACLAINE, D.D.
IN FOUR VOLUMES.
TO WHICH IS ADDED, AN INDEX.
PUBLISAED BY E. DUYCKINCK, COLLINS & HANNÀY, COLLINS & co.,
James & John Harper, Printers.
THE NINTH CENTURY.
EXTERNAL HISTORY OF THE CHURCH
CONCERNING THE PROSPEROUS EVENTS WHICH HAPPENED TO TAE CHURCH
DURING THIS CENTURY.
1. The reign of Charlemagne had been singularly auspicious to the Christian cause; the life of that great The Swedež, prince was principally employed in the most zeal- Cambriand ous efforts to propagate and establish the religion of Jesus among the Huns, Saxons, Frieslanders, and other unenlightened nations ; but his piety was mixed with violence, his spiritual conquests were generally made by the force of arms, and this impure mixture tarnishes the lustre of his noblest exploits. His son Lewis, undeservedly surnamed the Meek, inherited the defects of his illustrious father without his virtues, and was his equal in violence and cruelty, but vastly his inferior in all worthy and valuable accomplishments. Under his reign a very favourable opportunity was offered of propagating the gospel among the northern nations, and particularly among the inhabitants of Sweden and Denmark. A petty king of Jutland, named Harald Klack, being driven from both his kingdom and country, in the year 826, by Regner Lodbrock, threw himself at the emperor's feet, and implored his succours against the usurper. Lewis granted his request, and promised the exiled prince his protection and assistance, on condition, however, that he would embrace Christianity, and admit the ministers of that religion to preach in his dominions. Harald submitted to these conditions, was baptized with his brother at Metz, A. D. 826, and returned into his country attended by two eminent divines, Ansgar or Anschaire and Authbert; the former a monk of Corbey in Westphalia, and the latter belonging to a monastery of the same name in France. These venerable missionaries