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ye not, that

26 Know ye not, that 16 Know


of whom ye are the temple of God, the church is composed, are the temand THAT the Spirit of ple of God, the building of which I God dwelleth (EV, 172.) am speaking; and that the Spirit of among you?

God dwelleth among you, by his gifts

and graces, as in his temple ? 17 If any one destroy' 17. If any one, handling the word the temple of God, him of God deceitfully, allures wicked will God destroy ; for the men into the church; or if any hy. temple of God is holy, pocrite intrudes himself into it, which TFMPLE ye are. whose apostacy deffroys the temple of (See Eph. ii. 19-22) God, him will' God destroy: for the

temple of God should consist of holy per

fons, which temple ye are, ver. 16. 18 Let no one deceive 18 Let no teacher deceive himself himself: if any one among with false notions of prudence. If you (dokei evzi) thinketh?

апу teacher among you thinketh to be to be wise (Ev TW AW T8TW) wise, in this age of spreading the in this age, let him be- gospel, by misrepresenting its deccome a fool, that he may trines for the purpose of rendering be wise.

it acceptable to bad men, let him bem come a fool in his own eyes by preaching the gospel fincerely, that he may

be really wise. 19 For the wisdom of 19 For the prudence of this world, this (xoqux) world is fool- in concealing or misrepresenting the ishness with God;' for it gospel, is foolishness in the eye of God: is written, (Job v. 13.) for it is written, be catcheth the wise, He catcheth the wise in &c. that is, he '

maketh the craftiness their own craftiness. of those who think themselves wise,

the occasion of their destruction. 20 And again, (Psal 20 And in another pasage, The xciv. II.) The Lord Lord knoweth the reasonings, the knoweth the reasonings of subtle contrivances, of the wife, that

gospel, and by misrepresenting others of them. But that sort of wifdom the apostle severely condemned, because it ftood in opposition to the wisdom of God, who commanded all the preachers of the gospel, to teach its doctrines and precepts sincerely.

Ver. 19:. The wisdom of this world is foolishness with God; conse. quently will issue in punishment to these worldly wise teachers. That this is the apostle's meaning, is evident from his adding, For it is written, He catcheth the wise in their own craftinefs.

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the wife that they are γινωσκει τες διαλογισμός των vain.

σοφων, ότι εισι ματαιοι. 21 Therefore let no man 21. Ωςε μηδεις καυχασglory in men: for all things Iw ex

ανθρωποις παντα γαρ are yours :

υμων εςιν 22 Whether Paul or A


Ειτε Παυλος, pollos, or Cephas, or the ΛΑπολλως, ειτε Κηφας, είτε world, or life, or death, or things prefent, or things to | κοσμος, ειτε ζωη,

ζωη, ειτε θαναcome ; all are yours ; τος, είτε ενεςωτα, είτε μελ

λοντα παντα υμων εςιν" 23 And ye are Christ's;

23 Υμεις δε,

Χριςου: and Christ is God's.

Χριςος δε, Θεα.

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Ver. 20. That they are vain. The subtle contrivances of men, when opposed to the methods which God's wisdom hath appointed, are vain; are utterly ineffectual for accomplishing what they intend by them. Wherefore those wise teachers, whom the apostle reproved, laboured to no purpose, when they endeavoured to build the temple of God by methods which God condemned. Ver.21. Wherefore let no onė boas in men.

Besides the general meaning of this verse, expressed in the commentary, I think the apostle infinuated, that the Corinthians in particular, had no reason to boast in the false teacher, who had spoiled the temple of God by building wicked men into it. · Ver. 22. Or things present, or things to come, all are yours.

The apoftle does not mean, as some fanatics have vainly imagined, that the property of all the things in the world is vested in believers, by an ex. clusive title ; but that by the direction of the providence of God, all things prosperous or adverse, whether present or future, shall be made subservient to the promoting of their virtue in the present life, and of their felicity in the life to come. Thus far they may consider themselves as having an interest in all things; and may survey them with pleasure, as making a part of their treasures; and among the reit, death itself is theirs, as it is the appointed means of bringing them to the vision and enjoyment of God.

the wise, that they are they are vain, when used in oppofivain.'

tion to his purposes. 21 Wherefore, let no 21 Wherefore, since we are all one boost in men:' for all joint labourers of God, let no one things are yours;

boast in men, as. if any teacher belonged peculiarly to him; for all the ministers of the gospel, and all its privileges, and all the blessings of

providence, belong equally to you all : 22 Whether Paul, or 22 Whether Paul, or A pollos, or Apollos, or Cephas, or Cephas, or the fabric of the world, or the world, or life, or life with its enjoyments, or death death, or things present, with its consequences, or things preor things to come; all are sent, or things to come, all belong to you

in general, and each shall receive
such a share of them, as is best for


23 And, instead of being the Christ's, and Christ is disciples of this or that teacher, ye God's. '

are Christ's disciples, and Christ is God's disciple,




Ver. 23. And Christ is God's. As the foregoing expression, Ye are Christ's, means that the Corinthians belonged to Christ as his disciples, this expression, Christ is God's, I think means, that in making the gospel revelation, Christ is God's disciple or servant. So Christ himself says, John vii. 16. May do&rine is not mine, but his that sent me. vii. 28. As my Father hath taught me, I speak these things. xii. 49. I have not spoken of myself, but the Father who sent me, he gave me commandment what I would say, and what I fould speak.

xiv. 10. The words that I speak unto you, I speak not of myself. This I suppose is the apoftle's meaning, likewite, when he tells us, 1 Cor. xi. 3. The head of Chril is God. --Others understand the passage thus, All things are appointed for your good, and ye are appointed for Christ's honour, and Christ for God's glory.


View and Illustration of the Matters handled in this Chapter. L

EST, from what was said in the preceding chapters, conL cerning the inspiration of the apostles by the Spirit, the Corinthians might have imagined that Paul claimed to himself and to his brethren, an authority not derived from Chrift, he began this chapter with telling them, that they were to consider the apostles only as servants of Christ, and as stewards of the mysteries of God, ver. 1.-And, that the thing required of every such steward is, that he be faithful in dispensing these mysteries according as his disciples are able to receive them, ver. 2.Therefore, although the false teacher accused Paul of unfaithfulness, because he had taught the Corinthians the first principles only, and not the deep doctrines of the gospel, he told them, it was a very small matter in his eyes, to be condemned as unfaithful by them, or by any man's judgment, seeing he did not condemn himself, ver. 3.- For he was conscious to himself of no unfaithfulness; yet by this he was not justified; he meant in the eyes of the faction, who could not see his heart. At the same time he told them, that the only person who had a right to condemn him if he proved unfaithful, was the Lord his mafter, ver. 4.-This being the case, he desired the faction not to condemn him, till the Lord should come to judgment, who will bring to light every thing most secret, and lay open the designs of the heart, of which they were no judges, ver. 5.

Next, to prevent the Corinthians from mistaking what he had faid, concerning their boasting in himself and Apollos, as the heads of the factions, (chap. i. 12. iii. 4.) he declared, that he had applied these things to himself and Apollos figuratively only, for their fakes, that by disclaiming all pretensions to be the heads of parties, the Corinthians might learn in them, not to efteem any teacher above what he had written, chap. iii. 5. namely that Paul and Apollos were only servants of Christ, by


GREEK Text. CHAP. IV. Let a man 1 “Ουτως ημας λογιζεσθω fo account of us, as of the minifters of Chrid, Ad ανθρωπος, ως υπηρετας Χριftewards of the mytteries of 58, και οικονομες μυςηριων God.


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Ver. 1. Stewards of the mysteries of God. The apostle gave to those doctrines which in former ages had been kept secret, but which were


whose ministry the Corinthians had believed ; and that none of' them, on account of any teacher, should be puffed up with

envy and anger against another, ver. 6.

In what follows, the apostle turning his discourse to the false teacher, fays, without naming him, Whó maketh thee to differ in gifts from others ? Or what spiritual gift hast thou, which thou didst not receive from some apostle? And if thou hast received all thy gifts from the apostles, why dost thou set thyself above them, as if thou hadît not received thy gifts from them, but wert independent of, and superior to them? ver. 7Then to shew the Corinthians the difference between the false teacher and the true apostles of Christ, he contrafted the cafe and opulence in which that impostor and the other leaders of the faction, were living at Corinth, and their imperious conduct towards the church, with the afflicted and perfecuted state of the apostles, ver. 8.-13.--And assured them, that he wrote not these things to shame them, for having increased his sufferings by their calumnious speeches, and disrespectful behaviour. But his design was, affectionately to instruct them, that they might not be seduced by teachers, whose character and relation to them were so different from his, ver. 14.-For he told them, though they had ten thousand instructors in the christian doctrines yet they had not many fathers. He was their only spiritual father, ver. 15.-And therefore he befought them to imitate him, ver. 16, 17.-To conclude, because the false teacher had boasted, that Paul being afraid to encounter such learned and eloquent opposers, durft not return to Corinth, he assured the Corinthians that he would come foon, and make trial, not of the speech of that insolent person, but of his supernatural power, ver. 18, 19. -For said he, the gospel is not established by the boasting speeches of its preachers, but by the miraculous powers which they exercise for its confirmation, ver. 20.-Then to terrify the faction, he asked them, whether they chose that he should come and exercise his supernatural power in punishing them ? Or come in the spirit of peace, on account of their amendment ? ver. 216


COMMENTARY. CHAP. IV. 1 (OUTWS, CHAP. IV. I So then, let men 266.) So then, let a man consider us apostles in no other light, confider us as cornpetas) but as servants only of Christ, and servants onLr of Christ, stewards appointed' by him to disand flewards of the mys- pense the doctrines of the gospel, teries 'of God.

which are the mysteries of God.

now discovered to all through the preaching of the gospel, the appel. lation of the mysteries of God, to recommend them to the Corinthians,


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