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he is bound over to the wrath of God p, and curfe of the Jawq, and so made subject to death r, with all miseries fpirituals, temporal 1, and eternal v.

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CHAP. VII. Of God's Covenant with Man.
HE distance between God and the creature is so great,

that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him as their blessedness and reward, but by fome voluntary condescension on God's part, which he hath been pleafed to express by way of covenant a.

ll. The

work of the law written in their from the life of God, through the
hearts, their conscience also bearing ignorance that is in them, because
witness, and their thoughts the of the blindness of their heart.
mean while accuting, or elfe excut. * Rom. viii. 20. For the creature
ing one another, Rom. iii, 9. What was made subject to vanity, not wil.
theo ? are we better than they? No, lingly, but by reason of him who
in no wise : for we have before prov. hath subjected the same in hopei
ed both Jews and Gentiles, that they Lam, iii. 39. Wherefure doth a live
are all under sin v. 19. Now we ing man complain, a man for the
know, that what things foever, the punishment of his fios?
law faith, it faith to them who are v Mat. XXV. 41. Then shall he say
under the law: that every mouth also unto them on the left land, De-
may be stopped, and all the world part from me ye cursed, into ever-
may beconie guilty before Göd, Jalting fire, prepared for the devil

Eph, 7. 3. Among whom also and his angels. 2 Thess.i. 9. Who
we all had our conversation in times shall be punished with everlasting
past, in the luils of our flesh, fulfils deftruction, from the presence of the
ling the desires of the fielh and of Lord, and from the glory of his
the mind; and were by nature the power.
children of wrath, even as others. I. alsą. xl. 13. Who hath directed

9 Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are the Spirit of the Lord ? or being his of the works of the law, are under counsellor hath taught him ? v. 14. the curse : for it is written, Cursed With whom took he counsel: and is every one that continueth not in who instructed bim, aod taught him all things which are written in the in the path of judgment, and raught book of the law to do them. him knowledge, and shewed to him

Rom, vi, 23. For the wages of the way of understanding ? v. 154 fin is death: but the gift of God is 'Behold, the nations are as a drop of eternal life, through Jesus Christ our a bucket, and are counted as the Lord.

small dust of the balance : Behold, [ Eph. iv. 18. Having the under. he takech up

little Atending darkencd, being alienated thing. v, 16, And Lebanon is not Da

the incs as a very


II. The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works ł, wherein life was promised to Adam, and in him to his pofterity c, upon condition of perfect and personal obedience d.

- Ilf. Man by his fall having made himself uncapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a second e, coma


fufficient to burn, nor the beasts we have done that which was our thereof su.ficient for a burnt offer. duty to do. Acts xvii. 24. God thai ing. v. 17. All pations before him are made the world, and all things 25 nothing, and they are counted to therein, feeing that he is Lord of him less than nothing, and vanity. heaven and earth, dwelleth not in Job ix. 32. For he is not a man, as temples made with bands : v. 25. I am, that I should answer him, and Neither is wor!hipped with mens · we should come together in judg. hands, as though he needed any

v. 33. Neither is there any thing, seeing he giveth to all hfe and days-man betwixt us, that might lay breath, and all things. his hand upon us borh. Sam. ii. 11. b Gal. ii. 12. And the law is 25. If one man sin again it another, not of faith; but, The man that the judge shall judge him : but if a doth them shall live in them. man sin against the Lord, who Mall c kom. x. 5. For Mofes describinercar for him ? Plal.cxiii. s. Who eth the righteoufnefs which is of the is like unto the Lord our God, who law, that the man which doth these dwelleth on high? v. 6. Who ham. things shall live by them Rom. v, bleth himfelf to beirold -the things 1 2. to 20. (See chapter vi. Sect. 3. that are in heaven, and in the earth. letter f.) Pfal.c. 2. Serve the Lord with glad.. d Gen. ii, 17. Rue of the tree of ness : come before his presence with the knowledge of good and evil, singing. v. 3. Know ye that the Lord thou thalt not eat of it: for in the he is God, it is he that hath made day that thou eatest thereof, thou us, and not we ourselves : sve are thale furely die, Gal. iii. 10. For as his people, and the sheep of his pa. many as are of the works of the law, Rure. Job xxi. 2. Can a man be are under the curfe : for it is writ.' profitable writo God, as he that is ren, Cursed is every one that contiwise may be profitable unto himself? nueth not in all things which are v. 3. Is it any pleasure to the Al written in the book of the law, to nighty that thou art righteous ; or do them. is it gain to him, that thou makelt Illi e Gai. ïï21, Is the law then thy ways perfect ? Job xxxvii. 7. If ag-inst the promises of God? God thou be righteous what givelt thou forbid; for if there had been a law him ? or what receiveth he of thine given, which could have given life, hand? v. 8. Thy wickedness may verily righteoufness thould have hurt a man as thou art, and thy been by the law. Rom. viii. 3. For righteousness may profit the son of what the law could not do, in that man. Luke xvii. 10. So likewise ye, it was weak through the fiefh, God when ye shall have done all those sending his own Son in the likeness things which are commanded you, of Sinful Ach, and for fin condemosay, We are unprofitable servants : ed lin in the licih. Rom. iii, 20.



monly called the Covenant of Grace: wherein he freely offereth unto sinners life and salvation by Jelus Chrift, requiring of them faith in him, that they may be saved f ; and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto life, his hce ly Spirit, to inake them willing and able to believe

IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in the fcripture by the name of a testament, in reference to the death of Jesus Christ the Testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed h.

V. This

Therefore by the deeds of the las man is justified by the law in the there shall no desh be justified in his fight of God, it is evident': for, fight : for by the law is the know. The just shall live by faith, ledge of, fin. 6. 21. But now the


Ezek, xxxvi. 26 A new heart righteousness of God without the allo will I give you, and a new spirit law is manifested, being witnessed will I put within you, and I will take by the law and the prophets, Gen. away the stony heart out of your pi. 15. hod I will put enmity be. Aesh, and I will give you an heart tween thee and the woman, and be of Alch v. 27. And I will put my tween thy feed and her feed : it shall spirit within you, and cause you to bruise thy head, and thou shalé bruile walk in my statutes, and ye Shall bis heel, Isa.iv ó. I the Lord have keep my judgments, and do them. called thee in righteousness, and will John vi. 44. No man can come io hold thine hand, and will keep thee, me, except the Father which hath and give thee for a covenant of the sent me, draw him : and I will raise pecple, for a light of the Gentiles. him up at the last day. v. 45. It is

s Mark xvi. 15. And he said unto written in the prophets, And they them, Go ye into all the world, and mall be all taught of God. Every preach the gospel to every creature. man therefore that hath heard, and V, 16. He that believeth and is bap. hath learned of the Father, cometh tized, thall be saved; but he that be. lieverb not, fhall be damped. John IV. b Heb. ix. 15. And for this ii. 16. For God so loved the world, cause he is the Mediator of the new that he gave his only begotten Son, testament, that by means of d Sath for that whosoever believeth in him, the redemprion of the tranfgrellions should not perish, but have everlast. that were under the first testament, ing life. Roin. x. 6. But the righte. They which are called might receive oulaéís which is of faith, speaketh the promise of eternal inheritance. op this wife, say not in thine heart, v. jó. For where a testament is, who shall ascend into heaven? (that there must also of neceflity be the is to bring Christ down from above.) death of the restaior, v. 17. For a 1.9. That is thou shalt confess with testament is of force after men are thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shale dead : otherwise it is of no strength believe in thine heart, that God hath at all whilst the teftator liveth. Heb. saised him from the dead, thou shalt vii. 22. By co much was Jesus made be saved. Gal. iik 11. But that no a Surety of a berter teilament, Luke


unto me.

D 3

V. This covenant was differently administred in the time of the law, and in the time of the gospel i: under the law it was administred by promises, prophecies, facrifices, circumcision, the Paschal Lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews, all fore-fignifying Christ to come k, which were for that tine sufficient and efficacious, through the operation of the Spirit, to instruct and build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah I, by whom they had fullremiffion of fins, and eternal salyation; and is called the Old Testament mi.

VI. Under

xxi. 20. Likewise also the cup aftered with the circumcision made with fupper, saying, This cup is the new out hands, in putting off the body testament in my blood, which is thed of the fins of the Besh, by the cirfor you. s Cor. xi. 25. After the same cumcision of Chrift: 7. 12. Buried Ibanner also he took the cup, when with him in baptism, wherein also ye he had supped, saying, This cup is are rifen with him through the faith the new testament in my blood ; ihis of the operation of God, who hath do ye, 25" oft as ye driok is, in re raised him from the dead. 1 Cor. v. membrance of me.

7. Purge out therefore the old leav: V, i 2 Cor. ii. 6. Who also hath en, that ye may be a new lymp, as made us able ministers of the new ye are unleavened. For even Christ testament; not of the letter but of our Passover is sacrificed for us. the spirit : for the letter, killeth ; but | 1 Cor. x. 1. Moreover, brethren, the spirie giveth life. y. 7. But it the I would not that ye should be ignoministration of death written and rant, how that all our fathers were, engraven in stones was glorious, so under the cloud, and all passed thro? that the children of Israel could not the sea : v. 2. And were all bapriz. stedfastly behold the face of Mofes, ed unto Moses in the cloud, and in for the glory of his countenance, the sea'; v. 3. And did all eat the which glory was to be done away ; fame spiritual meat ; vi 4. And did V. 8. How shall not the ministration all drink the same spiritual drink : of the Spirit be rather glorious ? v. (for they drank of that spiritual rock 9. For if the ministration of con- that followed them: and that rock demnation be glory, much more was Chrift.) Heb. xi. 13. These all doth the ministration of righteouf died in faith, not having received ness exceed in glory.

the promises, but having seen them k (Heb. vii. ix. x. chapters. Rom. afar off, and were persuaded of iv. II.' And he received the sign of them, and embraced them, anck circuncifion, a real of the righte. conseifed that they were strangers bufness of the faith, which he bad and pilgrims on the earth. John viji. yet being uocircumcised that he 36. Your father Abraham rejoiced might be the father of all them that to see my day: and he saw it, and þelieve, shough they be nog circum- was glad, efed that righteousness might be m Gal. ii. 7. Know ye there fore, imputed unto them allo. Col. n. that they which are of faith, ibe 11. In whom also ye are circumcis: fame are the children of Abraham

VI. Under the gospel, when Christ the substance n was ex. hibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is dispensed are the preaching of the word, and the administration of the facraments of baptism and the Lord's supper e, which though fewer in number, and administred with more simplicity, and less outward glory; yet in them it is held forth in more fulness, eridence and spiritual efficacy p, to all nations, both Jews and Gen


Y. 8. And the scripture foreseeing, Heb, xij. 22. But ye are come that God would jultify the heathen ento mount 3ion, and upto the cirse through faith, preached before the of the living God, the heavenly jegospel unto Abraham, saying, la rusalem, and to an innumerable thee shall all nations be blessed, v, company of angels. Di 23. To the 9. So then they which be of faith general assembly and church of the are blessed with faithful Abraham, first born, which are written in hea. 7, 24, Thai the blessing of Abra- ven, and to God the Judge of all, ham might come on the Gentiles and to the spirits of just men made through Jefus Chrift; that we might perfe&t, v. 24. And 10 Jesus the Me. seceive the promise of the Spirit diator of the new covenant, and to through faith.

the blood of sprinkling, that speak. VI. n Col. ii, 17. Which are a eth better things than that of Abel. hadow of things to come; but the 5.25. See that ye refuse not him that of Chrilt.

Speaketh: for if they escaped not who o Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye ther&• refuled him that spake on earth, fore, and reach all nations, baptiz: much more shall not we escape if ing them in the name of the Father, we turn away from him that speakand of the Son, and of the Holy eth from heaven. 1. 26. Whole Ghost : v. 20., Teaching them to voice then shook the earth ! but nowy observe all things whatsoever I have he hath promised, saying, Yet once commanded you : and lo, I am with more I shake not the earth only, buc you, alway, even unto the end of also heaven. v. 27. And this word, the world. Amen. Corxi. 23. For 'Yet once more, signifieth the remove I have received of the Lord, that ing of those things that are shaken, which I delivered unto you, that as of things that are made, that the Lord Jesus, the same niglat in those things which cannot be shaken which he was betrayed, took bread: may remain. Jer. xxxi. 33. But this V. 24. And when he had given shall be the covenant that I will

bapks, he brake it, and said, Take, make with the house of Israel, after eat; this is my body, which is bro- thuse days, faith the Lord, I will put ken for you: this do in remembrance my law in iheir inward parts, and of me. v. 25. After the same man, write it in their hearts, and will te ner also, be took the cup, when he their God, and they shall be my liad fupped, saying, This cup is the people. v, 34. And they shall reach new testament in my blood: this do no more every man his neighbour, ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remem. and every man his brother, saying, brance of me.

Know the Lord; for they fhall all



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