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A. The rule which God at first revealed to man, for his obedicnce, was the moral law b.

Q 41: Wherein is the moral law fummarily comprehended?

À. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the tea commandments c.

Q. 32. W bat is the sum of the ten commandments ?

A. 1 he sum of the ten commandments is, To love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbour as ourselves d.

43. What is the preface to the ten commandments ? A The preface to the ten commandments is in these words, I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage e.

Q.44. What doth the preface to the ten commandments teach


A. The preface to the ten commandments teacheth us, That because God is the Lord, and our God, and Redeemer; therefore we are bound to keep all his commandments f. A. 45. Which is the first commandment ?

A. The

of rams.

40. On

hold, to obey is better than sacri. the Lord gave them unto me. fice; and to hearken; than the fat

42. d Mat, xxii. 37. Jesus said

unto hi.n, Thou shalt love the Lord 40 6 Rom. ii. 14. For when the thy God with all thy heart, and with Gentiles, which have not the law, all thy foul, and with all thy mind. do by nature the things contained v. 38. This is the first and great in the law, these having not the commandment. v. 39. And the feJaw, åre a law unto themselves : v.

cond is like unto it, Thou shalt love 15. Which shew the work of the law thy neighbour as thyself. v. written in their hearts, their consci- these two commandments hang all ence also bearing witoess, and their the law and the prophets. thoughts the mean while accusing, 43. Exod. xx. 2. or elle excufing one another. Rom. *.5. For Moses describeth the righ: grant unto us, that we being deli

44 | Luke i. 74. That he would teousness which is of the law, that vered out of the hands of our ene the man which doth those things, mies, might serve him without fear, shall live by them.

v. 75. In holiness and righteousness 41. c Deut x. 4. And he wrote before him, all the days of our life. on the tables, according to the first Pet. i. 15. But as he which hathi writing, the ten commandments, called you is holy, so be ye holy in which the Lord spake unto you in all manner of conversation ; : 16 the mount, out of the midt of the Because it is written, Be ye holy, for fire, in the day of the allembły: and I am hely. v. 17. And if ye


A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before Meg. 46. What

is required in the first commandment ? A. The first commandment requireth us to know, and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God b; and to worship and glorify him accordingly ..

Q. 47. What is forbiddden in the first commandment?

À. The first commandment forbiddeth the denying k, or not worshipping and glorifying the true God, as God 7, and our God m; and the giving that worship and glory to any other, which is due to him alone n.

Q. 48. What are we specially taught by these words (Before Me) in the first commandment?

A. These

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the Father, who without respect of for it is written, Thou shalt worship
persons judgeth according to every the Lord thy God, and him only
map's work, pass the time of your fialt thou serve. Pfal. xxix. 2. Give
sojourning here in fear: v. 18. For- unto the Lord the glory due onto
almuch as ye know that ye were not his name ; worship the Lord in the
redeemed with corruptible things, as beauty of holiness.
silver and gold, from your vain con 47. k Pfal. xiv. 1. The fool hath
versation, received by tradition from faid in his heart, There is no God:
your fathers; v. 19. But with the they are corrupt, they have done
precious blood of Christ, as of a abominable works, there is none
lamb without blemish and without that doth good.

I Rom. i. 21. Because that when 45. & Exod. xx. 3.

they knew God, they glorified him 46. b 1 Chron. xxviii. 9. And not as God, neither were thankful, thou, Solomon my Son, know thou but became vain in their imaginathe God of thy Father, and serve him tions, and their foolith heart was with a perfe&heart, and with a wil- darkened. ling mind: for the Lord searcheth m Pfal. lxxxi. 10 I am the all hearts, and understandeth all Lord thy God, which brought theo the imaginations of the thoughts : out of the land of Egypt: open thy if thou seek him, he will be found mouth wide, and I will fill it. 0.11. of thee; but if thou forsake him, But my people would not hearken he will caft thee off for ever. Deut. to my voice : and Israel would none xxvi. 17. Thou hast avouched the of me. Lord this day to be thy God, and to n Rom. i. 25. Who changed the walk in his ways, and to keep his truth of God into a lie, and worNatutes, and his commandments, shipped and served the creature and his judgmeats, and to hearkea more than the Creator, who is blesunto his voice.

sed for ever, Amen. 8.26. For this i Mat. iv. 10. Then saith Jesus cause God gave them up unto vile afuato bim, Get thee hence, Satan: fections : for even their women did


A. These words (Before Me) in the first commandment, teach us, That God, who seeth all things, taketh notice of, and is much difpleased with, the sin of having any other godo.. Q. 49. Which is the second commandment?

A. The second commandment is, Thou fhalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likenefs of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: thou fhalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me: and fhewing mercy unto thoufands of them that love me, and keep my commandments p.

Q. 50. What is required in the second commandment?

A. The second commandment requireth the receiving, obferving and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances, as God hath appointed in his word 9.

Q. 51. What is forbidden in the second commandment?

À. The fecond commandment forbiddeth the worshipping of God by imagesr, or any other way not appointed in his

word, change the natural use into that mand your children to obferve to do which is against nature.

all the words of this law. Mat. 48. o Ezek. viii. 5. Then said he xxviii. 20. Teaching them to obunto me, Son of man, lift up thine ferve all things whatsoever I bave eyes now the way towards the commanded you, and lo, I am with north : so I lift up mine eyes the you alway, even unto the end of way toward the north, and behold, the world. Amen. A&s ii. 42. And Borthward at the gate of the altar, they continued fedfaAly in the 2This idol of jealousy in the entry. v. poftles, do&rine and fellowship, and 6. He faid furthermore unto me, in breaking of bread, and in praySon of man, feeft thou what they do? even the great abominations 51. Deut. iv. 15. Take ye that the house of Ifrael committeth therefore good heed unto yourselves here, that I fould go far off from (for ye faw ao manner of limilitude my fan&uary? but turn thee yet 2 on the day that the Lord fpake ungain, and thou shalt see greater a- to you in Horeb, out of the midA bominations, &c, to the end of the of the fire.) v 16. Left ye corrupt chapter.

yourselves, and make you a graven 49. Exod. xx. 4, 5, 6. image, the fimilitude of any figure, 50.9

Deut. xxxii. 46. And he the likeness of male or female. faid unto them, Set your hearts un- 17. The likeness of any beast that to all the words which I testify among is on the earth, the likenefs of any you this day; which ye shall com- winged fowl that Rieth in the air,



S2. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?

A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment are, God's sovereignty over us t, his propriety in us v, and the zeal he hath to his own worship w.

53. Which is the third commandment? 4. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain : for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain x. 2. 54. What is required in the third commandment?

The third commandment requireth the holy and reverend use of God's name y, titles 2, attri


9. 18. The likeness of any thing thing foever I command you, ob-
that creepeth on the ground, the serve to do it: thou shalt not add
likeness of any fish that is in the wa. thereto, nor dimiaila from it.
ters beneath the earth: v. 19. And 52. * Psal. xcv. 2. Let us come
left thou lift up thine eyes upto hear before his presence with thanksgiv,
ven, and when thou feeft the fun, ing, and make a joyful noise unto
and the moon, and the fars, even him with psalms. v. 3. For the
all the host of heaven, shouldA be Lord is a great God, and a great
driven to worship them, and serve King above all gods. v. 6. O come
them, which the Lord thy God hath let us worship and bow dowo : let
divided unto all nations under the us kneel before the Lord our Maker.
whole heaven : Exod. xxxii. 5. And v Pfal xlv. JI. So shall the King
when Aaron faw it, he built an al. greatly delire thy beauty : for he is
tar before it : and Aaron made pro. thy Lord, and worship thou him.
clamation, and said, To-morrow is w Exod. xxxiv. 13. But ye shall
a feast to the Lord. 9. 8. They destroy their altars, break their
have turned aside quickly out of the images, and cut down their groves.
way which I commanded them; V. 14. For thou shalt worship no 0-
they have made them a molten calf, ther god : for the Lord, whose name
and have worshipped it, and have is Jealous, is a jealous God,
facrificed thereunto, and, faid, These 53. * Exod. xx. 7.
be thy gods, O Israel, which have 54. y Mat. vi. 9. After this man-
brought thee up out of the land of Der therefore pray ye : Our Father

which art in heaven, hallowed be
Deut. xii. 31. Thou shalt not thy name. -Deut. xxviii. 98. If
do fo unto the Lord thy God: for thou wilt not observe to do all the
every abomination to the Lord wbich words of this law that are written in
be hateth, bare they done unto their this book, that thou mayelt tear this
gods : for even their fons and their glorious and fearful name, THE
daughters they have burnt in the LORD THY GOD.
Gre to their gods. v. 22. What z Pfal. Ixviii, 4. Siag uato God,

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butes a, ordinances b, word c, and works d.

Q. 55. What is forbidden in the third commandment ?

A. The third commandment forbiddeth all profaning of abusing of any thing whereby God maketh himself knowne.

Q. 56. What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?

A. The reason annexed to the third commandment is, That however the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to


fing praises to his name: extol him name, for thy loving kindness, and that rideth upon the heavens by his, for thy truth: for thou hast magniname JAH, and rejoice before Kim. fied thy word above all thy name.

a Rev. xv. 3. And they fing' the d Job xxxvi. 24. Remember that song of Moses the servant of God, thoa magnify his work; wbich men and the song of the Lamb, saying, behold. Great and marvellous are thy works, 55.6

Mal i. 6. A son honoureth Lord God Almighty: just and true his father, and a servant his maler: are thy ways, thou King of saints. if then I be a Father, where is mine v. 4. Who shall not fear thee, o honour; and if a Master, where is Lord, and glorify thy name ? for my fear? faith the Lord of hosts unto thoa only art holy: for all nations you, o prielts, that despise my shall come and worship before thee; name : and ye say, Wherein have for thy judgments are made mani we despised thy name? 4.7. Ye felt.

offer polluted bread upon mine al. 6 Mal. i. 11. For from the rising tar; and ye say, Wherein have we of the sun, even unto the going polluted thee?' in that ye say, The down of the fame, my name shall table of the Lord is contemptible. be great among the Gentiles, and in

V. 12. But ye have profaped it, in every place incense shall be offered that ye fay, The table of the Lord unto my name, and a pure offering : is polluted, and the fruit thereof, for my name Mall be great among even his meat is contemptible. Mal

. the heathen, faith the Lord of holts. ii. 2. If ye will not hear, and if ye V. 14. Bur cursed be the deceiver, will not lay it to heart, to give glory which hath in his flock a male, and

unto my name, faith the Lord of voweth and facrificeth unto the boits, I will even read a curse upon Lord a corrupt thing: for I am a you, and I will curse your bleflings: great King, faith the Lord of hosts, yea, I have cursed them already, beand my name is dreadful among the cause ye do not lay it to heart. Mal

. heathen,

iii. 14. Ye have said, It is vain to c Pfal, cxxxviii. 1. I will praise serve God: and what profit is it, thee with my whole heart, before that we have kept his ordinance, and the gods will I sing praise unto that we have walked mournfully bethee. V. 2. I will worship towards fore the Lord of hosts? the holy temple, and praise thy


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