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to persuade us to do as in his fight, whatever we do in his fere
A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not inake unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth bencath, or that is in the Water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyfelf to them, nor ferve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, vilting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me: and hewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments no
Q. 508. What are the duties required in the second commandment?
4. The duties required in the second commandment are, the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire; all fuch religious worlhip and ordinances as God hath instituted in his word o: particularly prayer and thanksgiving in the pame of Christ p; the reading, preaching, and hearing
abominations, &c. (to the end of the 47. For it is not a vain thing for you, chapter.) Pfal. xliv. 20, If we have because it is your life; and throughforgotten the name of our God, or this thing ye fhall prolong your stretched out our hands to a strange days in the land whither ye go over Gud:
: v. 21. Shall not God search jordan to possess it. Mat. xxviii. 20. this out? for he knoweth the secrets Teaching them to observe all things of the hearts
whatsoever I have commanded you: .m i Chron. xxviii. 9. And thou, and lo, I am with you alway even Solomon my sop, know thou the God unto the end of the world. Alts i. of thy father, and serve him with a 42. And they continued stedfastly. perfect beart, and with a willing in the apostles do&rine and fellowmiod : for the Lord searcheth all ship, and in breaking of bread and hearts, and understandeth all the in prayers, 1 Tim. vi: 13. I give thee imaginations of the thoughts : if charge in the fight of God, who thou scek him, he will be found of quickeneth all things, and before thee; but if thou forfake him, lie Christ Jesus, who before Pontius will cast thee off for ever.
Pilate witnessed a good confession; 107. n Exod. XX, 4, 5, 6. v. 14. That thou keep this com. 108. o Deut. xxxii. 45. And he andmeot without spot, unrebuk. faid unto them, Set your hearts uo- able until the appearing of our Lord to all the words which I testify a
Jesus Chrift. mong you this day; which ye shall P Phil, iv. 6. Be careful for nocommand your children to observe thing: but in everything by prayer to do all the words of this law. yaad fupplication with thanksgiving,
of the word
the administrations and receiving of the facraments r; church
church government and discipline), the ministry and maintenance thereof t; religious fait
let your requests be made known that the Lord Jesus, the same night unty God. Eph. V. 20. Giving in which he was betrayed, took thanks always for all things unto bread, &c. God and the Father, in the name of Mar, xviii. 15. Moreover, if thy our Lord Jesus Chrift.
brother shall trespass against thee, q Deut. xvii, 18. And it shall be go and tell him his fault between when he firteth upon the throne of thee and him alone : if he Mall hear his kingdom, that he shall write him thee, thou hast gained thy brothers a copy of this law in a book, out of v.16, But if he will not hear thee, that which is before the priests the then takewith thee one or two more, Levites. v. 19. And it shall be with that in the mouth of two or three him, and he shall read therein all witnesses every word may be estathe days of his life : that he may blished. v. 17. And if be shall pelearn to fear the Lord his God, to glect to hear ihem, tell it unto the keep all the words of this law, and church : but if he neglect to hear. these Itatutes to do them. Acts xv, the church, let him be unto thee as 21. For Moses of old time hath io an heathen man and a publican. every city them that preach him, Mat. xvi. 19. And I will give unto being read in the synagogues every thee the keys of the kingdom of fabbath day. 2 Tim, iv. 2. Preach heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt the word, be instant in season, out biod on earth, shall be bound in of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, heaven : and whatsoever thou shalt with all long suffering and doctrine, loose on earth, shall be loosed in James i. 21. Wherefore lay apart all heaven. 1 Cor. v. chapter. 1 Cor. filthiness, and fuperfuity of naugh- xii. 28. and God hath set some in tiness, and receive with meekness the church, first apostles, secondarithe ingrafted word, which is able to ly prophets, .thirdly teachers, after fave
your foulsV. 22. But be ye that miracles, then gifts of healings, doers of the word, and not hearers helps, governments, diversities of only, deceiving your own felves. tongues, Acts x. 33. Immediately therefore I * Eph. iv. 11, And he
fome sent to thee; and thou hast well done apostles; and fome, prophers; and that thou art come. Now therefore fome, evangelifts; and some, pastors are we all here present before God, and teachers; v, 12. For the per to hear all things that are com fe&ting of the saints, for the work of manded thee of God.
the ministry, for the edifying of the * Mat, xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore body of Chrilt. 1 Tim. v. 7. Let the and teach all nations, baprizing elders that rule well be counted them in the name of the Father, and worthy of double honour, especially of the Son, and of the Holy Gholt. they who labour in the word and I Cor. xi. from verse 23, to verse doctrine. v. 18. For the scripture 30. For I have received of the Lord,' saith, Thou shalt not muzzle che ox ihat which also I delivered unto you, that treadeth out the corn; and,
ing. v; swearing by the name of God w, and vowing unto him * : as also the disapproving, detesting, opposing all false worship y: and according to each one's place and calling, removing it, and all monuments of idolatry x.
Q. 109. What are the fins forbidden in the second commanda ment? A. The fins forbidden in the second commande are, all devilinge, counselling 2, counselling b, command
The labourer is worthy of his re- fynagogue with the Jews, and with ward: 1 Cor. ix: 7.00 15. Who go the devout persons, and in the mara. eth a warfare aoy time at his own ket daily with 'them that met with charges ? who planteth a vineyard, him. Pfal. xvi. 4. Their forrows and eateth not of the fruit thereof? Shall be multiplied, that halten af. or who feedeth a flock, and eateth ter another god : their drink.offer. not of the milk of the flock ? &c. ings of blood will I not offer, Dor o joel ii, 12, Therefore also now take
their names into my lips. faith the Lord, Turn ye even to me z Deut. vii. 5. But thus shall ye, with all your heart, and with fast- deal with them, ye shall dellroy their ing, and with weeping, and with altars, and break down their images, mourning. v. 13, and rent your and cut down their groves, and burn, heart,' and not your garments, and their graven images with fire. Ifa. turn unto the Lord your God; for *xx. 22. Ye shall defile also the cohe is gracious and merciful.-1 Cor. vering of thy graven images of GlFü. 5. Defraud you not one the o- ver, and the ornament of thy molther, except it be with confent for ten images of gold : thou shalt cast a time, that ye may give your them away as a menstruous cloth ;, selves to fasting and prayer ;
thou Malt say unto it, Get thee. w Deut, vi, 13. Thou shalt fear hence. the Lord thy God, and ferve hiin, 109. c Num, xv. 39. And it hall and fhalt swear by his name. be unto you for a fringe, that ye
* }sa.xix. 21. And the Lord fall may look upon it, and remember all be known to Egypt, and the Egyp. the commandments of the Lord; and tians fball know the Lord in that do them : and that ye seek not afday, and shall do facrifice and obla- ter your own heart, and your own tion, yea, they shall vow a vow un- eyes, after which ye use to go a to the Lord, and perform it. Pral, whoring. Ixxvi. 1. Vow, and pay unto the b Deut. xiii. 6.1f thy brother the Lord your God; let all that be son of thy mother, or thy foo, or thy round about him bring presents daughter, or the wife of thy boson), unto him that ought to be feared. or thy friend, which is as thine owa
gji Acts xvii. 16. Now while Paul soul, entice thee secretly, saying, waited for them at Athens, his ípirit Let us go and serve other gods, was stirred in him, when he saw all (which thou hast not koown, thou, the city wholly given to idolatry. v. nor thy fathers; v. 7 Namcly of 17. Therefore disputed te is the the gods of the people who are
ing cuising d, and any wise approving any religious worthip pot instituted by God himself e; toleracing a falfe religion, the making any representation of God, of all or any of the three persons, either inwardly in our mind, or outwardly in any
kind round about you, nigh unto thee, their gods ? even fo will I do like. or far off from thee, from the wise. v.31. Thou shalt pot do so unto one end of the earth even unto the Lord thy God : for every aboá the other end of the earth.) v. mination to the Lord which he hat8. Thou shalt not conseot unto him, eth, have they done unto their gods: nor hearken unto bim; neither shall for even their sons and their daugh. thine eye pity him, neither shalt ters they have burnt in the fire to thou spare, neither shalt thou con- their gods. 1. 32. What thing fo. ceal him,
ever I command you, observe to do c Hos. v. 11. Ephraim is oppressed it; thou shalt not add thereto, nor and broken in judgment; because diminish from it. he willingly walked after the com- Deut. xiïa from verse 6. ro 'I 2. mandment. Micahe vi. 16. For the (See letter b.) Zech, xiii. 2. And it statutes of Omri are kept, and all thall come to pass in that day, faith the works of the house of Ahab, and the Lord of hosts, that I will cut off ye walk in their counsels, that s the names of the idols out of the fhould make thee a desolation, and land, and they fall no more be rethe inhabitants thereof an hillog: membred! and also I will cause the therefore ye shall bear the reproach prophets and the unclean Spirit to of my people.
pass out of the land. * i Kings xi. 33. Because that Thall come to pass, that when any they have forsaken me, and have all yet prophesy, then his father worshipped Ashtaroth the goddess and his mother that begat him, thall of the Zidonians, Chemolh the god say unto him, Thou halt not live; of the Moabites, and Milcom the for thou speakest lies in the name of god of the children of Ammon, and the Lord: and his father and his have not walked in my ways to do mother that begat him, shall thrust that which is right in mine eyes, him through when he prophefieth, and to keep my statutes and my Rev. ü, 2, I know thy works, and judgments, as did David his father. thy labour, and thy patience, and i Kings xii. 33. So he offered upon how thou canst not bear them who the altar which he had made in are evil; and thou hast tried them Beth-el, the fifteeath day of the, who say they are apostles and are. eighth month, even in the month not; and halt found them liars. Po which he had devised of his own 14. But I have a few things against beart, and ordained a feast unto the thee, because thou halt there them children of Israel, and he offered that hold the doctrine of Balaam, upon the altar, and burnt iacense. who taught Balac to cast-a tum
e Deut, xii. 30. Take heed to thy- bling block before the children of self, that thou be no: saared by fol-. Israel, to eat things facrificed noto lowing them, after that they be de- idols, and to commit fornication. T. Itroyed from before thee, and that is. So halt thou allo them that hold thou inquire not after their gods, the doctrine of the Nicolaitaps, wbich saying, How did these nations serve
V. 3, And it
kind of image or likeness of anys creature whatsoever g: all worship of it b, or God in it or by it i; the making of any representation of feigned deities k, and all worship of them, or service. belonging to them l; all superstitious devi
ces, thing I hate. v. 20. Notwithstand nations under the whole heaven, ing, I have a few things against thee, Acts xvii, 29. Forasmuch then as because thou offerest that woman we are the offspring of God, we Jezebel, which callech herself a pro- ought not to think tbat the Godphetess, to teach and to seduce my head is like unto gold, or silver, or servants to commit fornication, and stove graven by art and man's deto eat things facrificed uoto idols. více. Rom. i. 21. Because that when Rev. xvii.12.And the ten horns which they knew God, they glorified him thou sawelt are ten kings, which not as God, neither were thankful : have received. no kingdom as yet ; but became vain in their imaginati: but receive power as kings one hour ons, aodtheir foolish heart was darkwith the bealt.9.16.And the ten horns ened. V. 22. Profeffing themselves which thou lawelt upon the beast, to be wise, they became fools. v. 234 these shall hate the whore, and fall and changed the glory of the unmake her desolate, and oaked, and corruptible God into an image made thall eat her flesh and burn her with like to corruptible man, and to birds, fire. V. 17. For God hath put in their and four footed beasts, and creeping hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree things. 6.25. Who changed the and give their kingdom unto the truth of God into a lie, and worbeast, until the words of God shall shipped and served thecreaiure more be fulfilled.
than the creator, who is blessed for 1. Dent. iv. 15. Take ye therefore' ever. Amen. good heed unto yourselves (for ye h Dan. iii. 18. But if not, be it law no manner of limilitade on the kpowa unto thee, O king, that we day that the Lord spake unto you in will not serve thy gods, oor worship , Horeb, out of the midst of the fire.) the golden image which thou hart V. 16. Left ye curupt yourselves, set up. Gal. iv. 8. Howbeit, then aad make you a graven image, the when ye knew God, ye did service unfimilitade of any figure, the likerjefs' to them who by nature are no gods. of male or female. y. 17. The like- i Exod. xxxii. 5. Aod when Aaron ness of any bealt that is on the earth, saw it, he built 20 altar before it, the likeness of any winged fowl that and Aaron made proclamation and fiech in the air, v, 18. The likesess said, To morrow is a feast to the of any thing that creepeth on the Lord, ground, the likeness of any fish that k Exod. xxxü. 8. They have is in the waters, bencath the earth; turned aside quickly out of the way #. 19. And left thou liit op thine which I commanded them ; they eyes unto heaven, and when thou have made thein a molten calf, and feelt the fun, and the moon, and baye worshipped it, and have facrithe Stars, eves all the host of bea- ficed thereuoto, and laid, These be ven, fhould be driven to worfinio thy gods, 0 Urael, who have brought them, and serve them, which the thee up out of the land of Egypt. Lord thy God. Each divided unto all id Kings xvi. 26. And they took