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them to Christ c: or, upon their continuauce in the estate and way of an, to Icave thein inexcusable d, and under the curse thereote.
Q. 97. What special use is there of the moral law to the regenerate?
A. Altho' they that are regenerate and believe in Christ, be delivered from the moral law as a covenant of works f, so as thereby they are neither justified g nor condemned h; yet, beside the general uses thereof common to them with all men, it is of special use, to Thew them how much they are bound to Christ for his fulfilling it, and enduring the curse thereof iu their stead and for their good i; and thereby to provoke them
themselves with mankind, for men- ren, ye also are become dead to the stealers, for liars, for perjured per- law by the body of Christ : that ye sons, and if there be any other should be married to another, evea thing that is contrary to sound doc- to himn who is raised from the dead, trine.
that ye should bring forth fruit unc Gal. iii. 24. Wherefore the law to Gud. v. 6. But now we are deliwas our school-master to bring us vered from the law, that being unto Christ, that we might be jufti- dead wbercio we were held: that fied by faith.
we should serve in newness of spirit, d Rom. i. 20. For the invisible and not in the oldness of the letter. things of him from the creation of Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the world are clearly seen, being the time was coine, God sent forth understood by the things that are his Son, made of woman, made un• made, even his eternal power and cier the law v. 5. To redeem them Godhead; so that they are without that were under the law, that we excuse. Compared with Rom. ii. might receive the adoption of sons. 15. Which hew the work of the
8 Rom. ii. 20. Therefore by the law writcen in their liearts, their deeds of the law there shall no flein conscience also bearing witness, be justified in vis fights for by the and their thoughts the mean while law
is the knowledge of fin, acculing or else excusing one ano- b Gal. v. 23. Meekness, tempe ther.
rance : againG such there is ao law, e Gal. iii. 1o. For as many as are Rom, viii. 1. There is therefore now of the works of the law, are under no condemnation to them who are the curse: for it is written, Cursed in Christ Jesus, who walk not after is every one that continuerh not in the flesh, but after the Spirit. all things which are written in the i Rom. vii. 24. O wretched man book of the law to them.
that I am, who Mall deliver me 97. Rom. vi, 14. For fin shall not from the body of this death? v. 25. have dominion over you : for ye are I thank God ahrough Jesus Chrift not under the law, but under grace. our Lord. So then, with the mind. Ron, vii, Wherefore, my breth- I rayself serve the law of God; but
to more thankfulness k, and to express the same in their
greater eare to conform themselves thereunto as the rule of their obedience l.
Q. 98. Where is the moral law fummarily comprehended?
A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the ten commandinents, which were delivered by the voice of God upon mount Sinai, and written by him in two tables of stone'm; and are recorded in the twentieth chapter of Exodus. The
with the leth, the law of fin. Gal. mdemption through his blood, even sii. 13. Chris hath redeemed us the forgiveness of fins from the curse of the law, being I Rom, vii. 22. For I delight in made a curse for us : for it is writo the law of God, after the inward ten, Cursed is every one that hang. man, Rom. xii. 2. And be not coneth on a tree: v. 14. That the formed to this world: but be ye bleling of Abraham might come transformed by the renewing of your on the Gentiles, thro' Jesus Chrift; minds, that ye may prove what is that we might receive the promise of that good, and aeceptable, and perthe Spirit through faith, Rom. viii. fect will of God. Tit. ii. u. For 3. For what the law could not do, the grace of God that bringeth falo in that it was weak thro' the felh, vation, bath appeared to all men ; God fending his own son in the like- v. 12., Teaching us that denying Dess of Gnful fcil, and for sin con. ungodliness and wordly lusts, we demned lin in the Acth : v. 4. That should live soberly, righteoufy, and the righteousness of the law might godly in this present world; v, 13. be fulfilled in us, who walk not af. Looking for that blessed hope, and ter the flesh, but after the Spirit. the glorious appearing of the great
& Luke i. 68. Bleised be the Lord God and our Saviour Jefus Christ : God of Israel, for he hath visited v. 14. Who gave bimlelf for us, and redeemed his people, V. 69. that he might redeem us from all And bath raised up an horn of sal. iniquity, and purify unto himself a vation for us, in the house of his peculiar people, zcalous of good servant David. v. 74. That he works. would grant uoto us, that we being 98. m Deut. x. 4. And he wrote delivered out of the hands of our on the tables, according to the first enemies, might serve him without, writing, the ten commandmenis, fear, v. 75. in holiness and righte. · which the Lord spake unto you ia ouluess before him all the days of the mouni, out of the midst of the our life, Col. i. 12. Giving thanks fire, in the day of the sembly : unto the Father, who hath made And the Lord gave them unto me. dis meet to be partakers of the inhe. « Exod, xxxiv, 1. And the Io:d faid ritance of the saints in light ; v. 13. unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of Who hath delivered us from thic Itone like unto the first; and I will power of darksess, and hath trans- write upon these rables the words Jated us into the kingdom of his that were in the first tables which dear Sou: Y. 14. In whom we have thou brakelt, V. 2. And be ready
four first commandments containing our duty to God, and the other six our duty to man n.
Q. 99. What rules are to be observed for the right underLanding of the ten commandments?
A. For the right undestanding of the ten commandments, these rules are to be observed;
1. That the law is perfect, and bindeth every one to full conformity in the whole man unto the righteousness thereof, and unto entire obedience for ever; so as to require the utmost perfection of every duty, and to forbid the least degree of every
2. That it is spiritual, and so reachech the understanding,
in the morning, and come up in the ger of the judgment. V. 22. Bat I morning unto mount Sinai, and lay unto you, That whosoever is present thyself there to me, in the angry with his brother without a top of the mount. v. 3. And do cause, shall be in danger of the judgman shall come up with thee, &c. ment; and whosoever shall say to v, 4. And he hewed two tables of his brother, Raca, shall be in danflone like unto the first; and Mofes ger of the counsel; but whosoever rose up early in the morning, and thall fay, Thou fool, shall be in went up unto mount Sinai, as the danger of hell fire.--V. 27. Ye have Lord had commanded him, and heard that it was said by them of took in his hand the two tables of old time, Thou halt not commit Hone.
adultery. V. 28. But I say unto n Mat. xxii. 37. Jesus said unto you, That whosoever looketh on a him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy woman to lust after her, hath comcod with all thy heart, and with all mitted adultery with her already in thy soul, and with all thy mind. his heart.-5. 33. Again, ye have v. 38. This is the first and great heard that it hath been said by thein commandment. v. 39. And the fe- of old time, Thou shalt aut forcond is like unto it, Thou male love swear rhyfelf, but fall perform thy neighbour as thyself. v. 40. On unto the Lord thine oaths. these two commandments bang all. But I say unto you, Swear not at the law and the prophets.
all ; neither by heaven, for it is 99. o Psal. xix. 7. The law of God's throne : -1.37. But let your the Lord is perfect, converting the communication be, Yea, yea ; Nay, foui: the testimony of the Lord is dat for whatsoever is more than fure, making wise the simple. Jam. these cometh of evil. v. 38. Ye ii. 10. For whosoever fall keep the liave heard that it hath been faid, whole law, and yet offend in one An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a poiat, he is guilty of all, Mat, v. tooth v. 39. But I say unto you, that 20. to tlie end. v. 21. Ye have ye resist rot esil. --v. 43. Ye bave board that it was said by them of heard that it hath been said, Thou old time, Thou shalt nut kill, and shalt love thy neighbour, and bete whosoever hall kill, shall be ia dan. thine enemy. . 44. But I say us
will, affections, and all ocher powers of the soul; as well as words, works, and gestures p.
3. That one and the same thing, in diverse respects, is re. quired or forbidden in several commandments 9.
4. That as, where a duty is coinminded, the contrary fin is forbidden r; and where a lin is forbidden, the contrary duty is commanded f; lo, where a promise is angexed, che contrary
to you, Love your evenies, bless felves through with many forrows. them that curfe you, do good to q Isa. Iviii. 13. If chou turn away them that hate you, and pray for thy foot from the fabbath, from dothem who defpitefully use you, and ing thy pleasure on my holy day, persecute you, &c.
and call the fabbath a delight, the p Rom. vii. 14. For we know that holy of the Lord, honourable, and the law is spiritual: But I am car- fhalt honour him, not doing thine nal, fold under fin.
Deut. vi, s.
own ways, oor finding thine own Thou shalt love the Lord thy God pleasure, nor speaking thine own with all chine heart, and with all words. Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt thy soul, and with all thy might. fear the Lord thy God, and serve. Compared with Mat, xxi, 37. Je- bim, and shalt swear by his name. fus said unto him, Thou shalt love Compared with Mat. iv. 9. And the Lord thy God with all thy heart, faith unto him, All these things and with all thy foul, and with all will I give thee, if thou wilt fall thy miod. v. 38. This is the first down and worship me. and great commandinent. v..39. Then faith Jesus unto him, Get and the second is like unto it, Thou thee hence, Satan : for it is written, fhalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Thou Malt worship the Lord thy 9 Col. iii
. 5. Mortify therefore God, and him only shalt thou ferve. your members which are upon the Mat. xv. 4. For God commanded, earth: fornication, uncleanness, in- saying, Honour thy father and moordinate affection, evil concupif. ther; and, He that curseth father cence, and cuvetousness, which is or mother, ler hin die the death, idolatry. Amos viii. 5. Saying, v. s. But ye fay, Whosoever ihail When will the new-moon be gone, fay to his Father or his mother, It that we may sell cora? and whe is a gift by whatsoever thou mightfabbath, that we may set forth elt be profited by me. v, 6. And wheat, making the ephah smalt, honour not his father or his mother, and ebe Mekel great, and fallfying he shall be free. Thus have ye made the balances by deceit ? Prov. i. 19. the commandment of God of none So are the ways of every one that is effe& by your tradition. greedy of gaio : which taketh away Mat. v. 21, 22. (See letter o.), the life of the owaers thereof.. 1 23. Therefore if thou bring thy gitc Tim. vi. 10. For the love of money to the altar, and there remerybreft is the root of all evil; which while that thy brother hath ought agaiolt Some coveted after, they have erred thee: V. 24. Leave there thy gift from the faith, and pierced them- before the altar, and go thy way,
threatning is included t; and where a threatning is annexed, the contrary promise is included v.
5. That what God forbids, is at no time to be done w; what he commands, is always our duty *; and yet every particular duty is not to be done at all times y;
6. That, under one sin or duty, all of the fame kind are forbidden or commanded; together with all the causes, means, pc
first be reconciled to thy brother, things shall never be moved. And and then coine and offer thy gift. with Pfal. xxiv. 4. He that hach Eph. ir. 28. Let bim that stole, clean hands, and a pure heari ; Real ao more: but rather let him, who hath not lift up his soul unto labour, working with his hands the vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. v. 5. thing which is good, that he may He ihall receive the blessing from have to give to him that needeth, the Lord, and righteousness from
t Exod. xx, 12. Honour thy fa. the God of his falvation. ther and thy mother, that thy days ww Job xiii. 7. Will ye speak wickmay be Jong upon the land which edly for God and talk deceitfully the Lord thy God giveth thee. Com- for him ? v. 8, Will ye accept his pered with Prov. xxx, 17. The eye person? will ye contend for God? that mocketh at his father, and de. Rom. ïïi. 8. And not rather, as we Ipileth to obey his mother, the ra. be flanderously reported, and vens of the valley shall pick it out, some affirm that we say, let us do and the young eagles shall eat it. evil, that good may come? whose v Jer. xviii
. 7. At what instant ! damnation is juft. Job xxxvi. 21. Mall speak concerning a nation, and Take heed, regard not iniquity : concerning a kingdom, to pluck up for this halt thou chofen rather than and to pull down, and to destroy affliction. Heb. xi. 25. Choosing it: v. 8. If that nation against whom rather to suffer affliction with the * I have pronounced, curo from their people of God, than to enjoy the evil, I will repent of the evil that I pleasures of sin for a season. thought to do unto them. Exod xx. x Deut, iv. 8. And what nation 7. Thou shalt not take the name of is there so great, that hath ftarutes the Lord thy God in vain : for the and judgments, fo righteous, as alt Lord will no: hold him guikless that this law which I set before you thuis taketh his game in vain. Compared day: v. 9. Only take heed to thywith. Pfal. xv. 1, Lord, who shall fell, and keep thy soul diligently, a'side in thy tabernacle? who shall Jest thou forget the things 'which dwell in thy holy hill ? v. 4. In thine eyes have seen, and left they whose eyes a vile person is contem- depart from thy heart all the days ned; but he honoureth them that, of thy life: but teach them thy fons, fear the Lord: lie that sweareth to and thy son's sons, his own hurt, and changeth not. v. y Mat. xii. 7. But if ye bad known 5. He that putteth not out his money what this meaneth, I will have niera is usury, nor taketh reward againit cy and not sacrifice, ye would not the innocent. He that doth these bave condemned the guiltless.