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Samuel, startled in the night by the voice of the Lord. Kneeling by the dead body of his beloved daughter, he took the sacred volume in his hands, and prayed the Lord, with a deep, agonising, living faith, to give him one sentence, one word of comfort, of strength, from His written Word ;-some light, some knowledge of his darling's whereabouts or welfare ;—some sure and strong breathing of peace upon him from that happy sphere where all is peace. He opened the book at random, and by that kind of chance which is Providence, he put his finger on the forty-first verse of the fifth chapter of Mark—' And he took her by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say unto thee, arise. With the sound there came shining down into his heart a clear, sweet perception of the fact that at that very moment the Lord Jesus Christ, who alone is the Resurrection and the Life, was raising up out of her cold and lifeless form that beautiful, spiritual body in which little Lucy will exist as an angel for ever.”

Having given this long, yet abbreviated passage, as a specimen of the author's tone, and style, and mode of treating his subject, we must leave the reader to pursue the theme in the volume itself, where he will find the condition of departed child-souls discussed under the several heads, How are they raised ? What bodies have they? Where do they go ? What are they doing? Can we communicate ? Why did not the Lord prevent? Why did they die ? What good can come of it ?


Sulpicius Severus, Edited, with a Critical Commentary, by

CHARLES Halm. Vienna, 1866.) THE Imperial Academy of Sciences of Vienna has resolved to publish, with all the advantages of modern scholarship, the works of those early writers of the Christian Church who go by the name of the Latin Fathers. The increasing rarity and costliness of the famous Benedictine edition, which, moreover, however excellent for its time, falls far below the standard of the present day, and the unsatisfactory character of the series published by Migne, in Paris, have induced the Austrian Academy to undertake a new edition, which bids fair to surpass all that have gone before in critical accuracy, in beauty of execution, and in moderation of price. This issue is calculated to possess a lasting value, if we may judge by the careful and complete preparations which have been made before the publication of this first volume.

Various able scholars have been engaged for several years on behalf of the Academy in searehing the hidden manuscript treasures of the libraries of Italy, France, Switzerland, and Germany; and we observe that English scholarship has added to the results of these extensive gleanings. This collection will comprehend the Latin Patristic literature down to the seventh century. Among the works already announeed to be in preparation are those of Minucius Felix and the eloquent Lactantius, which, like the volume that heads this notice, are under the care of Karl Halm, of Munich; so favourably known for his labours in classical philology. These authors will soon be followed by the vehement and stern Tertullian, the learned and ardent Jerome, the noble and devout martyr-bishop Cyprian, the orthodox, enthusiastic Augustine, and Arnobius, the zealous apologist of his calumniated and persecuted church:

For the present we can only thus briefly indicate the plan of operations proposed by the South German Academy. On another occasion we shall specially notice the work above cited. The whole series appears under the title-Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum; editum consilio et impensis Academiæ Litterarum Cæsareæ Vindobonensis:


NOTES ON SOCIAL & RELIGIOUS the disendowment of the Irish branch of PROGRESS.

the Episcopal Church, is reported at conRELIGIOUS ANNIVERSARIES.-The spring siderable length. Religious society is in of the year is distinguished by the holds commotion, its elements seem liberated ing of the public anniversaries of a large from their usual controlling forces; long number of religious and philanthropic cherished principles are vehemently asinstitutions. These are chiefly held in sailed and feebly defended. The future the public halls of the metropolis, and are to one party is full of hope, to the other attended by large numbers of their sup- of anxiety and fear. Over all this hum porters from the country as well as the of disturbed voices and conflict of warring city. The meetings connected with the forces, there presides a Providence merciEstablished Church appear to have been ful and wise, compassionate and tender, thinly attended, and to have attracted yet severe in the rectitude of His purless than their usual interest. The mind poses, and watchful in the movements of of the church is åt present excited with His wisdom for the accomplishment of other matters. To doctrinal and rituals these purposes. Those who have faith istic controversies, there is now added in Him may “possess their souls in intense political excitement. The “wars patience.” The tempest which sweeps and rumours of wars" which have so long over the church may loosen and remove disturbed the quietude of the Establish- the things which mar her beauty, and ment are now taking a form which keenly deaden her spiritual life; but the eternal affects her social position; and while the realities of her faith and love will be anniversaries of her large and influential brought thereby into more active vigour Missionary Institutions are described in and earnest manifestation. The public few lines, in her leading organ, the as- institutions of the church, though passing sembly of the bishops, nobles, and clergy their public anniversaries this year more at St. James's Hall, to protest against quietly than usual, present abundant year.”

evidence of a large amount of religious men, of whom 90 were native born. It zeal and earnest desire to promote the had also in its employment 19 European extended diffusion of what is regarded laymen, schoolmasters, &c., 4 European by their promoters as religious truth. female teachers, 1,876 natives and counAnd, although we, as members of the try-born catechists and teachers." New Church, must demur to much that BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. is presented in the form of doctrine, we The annual meeting of this society was may yet learn a useful lesson from the held at Exeter Hall on the 6th of May, examples of their zeal and earnestness under the presidency of the Earl of of purpose.

Shaftesbury. The chairman described THE SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION the present as “ days of disruption and OF THE GOSPEL held its annual meeting distress, when all institutions seemed to on the 24th of April, at St. James's be breaking into one common wreck.” Hall, under the presidency of the Arch- The Bishop of London remarked on the bishop of Canterbury. The report de excellence of the society as a rallying scribed the objects of the society to be the point for all classes of Christians who " receiving, managing, and disposing of desired to see the Scriptures in the funds contributed for the religious in- hands of the people of the world. He struction of the Queen's subjects beyond referred to the iron rule which was over the seas, for the maintenance of clergy- the hearts and intellects of the people of men in the plantations, colonies, and this country 300 years ago, which was factories of Great Britain, and for the now unchained, and with the distribųpropagation of the Gospel in those parts.” tion of the Scriptures, could not be again 1. The society now supports wholly or in imposed ; for the people could never go part 483 ordained missionaries. They back to the mediæval darkness from are thus distributed-248 in America which our fathers rescued us. From and the West Indies, 73 in Africa, 107 the report we learn that the society in Asia, 54 in Australia and the Pacific, established in London in 1804 soon and 1 in Europe.” The society com- became the parent of others, and at menced the year under "the dishearten- present the societies in connection with ing prospect of an insufficient income, it were 4,133 in Great Britain, 1,275 in which threatened at the beginning of the colonies and other dependencies, 1867 to check its operations. At the while with Irish and foreign societies end of that year, even in a time of the total is swelled to 9,916. There general financial depression, the total were now 181 languages or dialects in receipts were £114,546. The collections which the society had promoted the for the general fund (which afford the distribution, printing, or translation of best test of the willingness and ability the Scriptures, directly in 137, and inof Churchmen to support the society's directly in 44. In last year, at home missions) were in excess of any previous and abroad, copies of the Scriptures were

circulated to the number of 2,400,776, CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.—The including 703,450 portions, making a following very brief report of the annual total of 55,069,865 copies distributed by meeting of this society is given by the the society since the commencement of “ Guardian” of May 6th:-" The sixty, its labours. The exhibition in Paris last ninth anniversary of the Church Mis- year had been made the means of sendsionary Society was held Festerday ing the copies of the Scriptures broadmorning in Exeter Hall. The Earl of cast over the Continent, with the consent Chichester presided, and there were of the authorities, and in that exhibition present the Bishops of Carlisle, Huron, Bibles were to be seen in 170 different and Sierra Leone, &c. The report languages, and they were sold in 30 stated that the ordinary income of the tongues. The Bible by the society's means year stood as follows:- Associations, had been distributed over France, Ger€121,128.; benefactions, £16,894.; lega- many, Austria, Italy (Rome excepted), cies, £9,760.; sundries, £6,303.; total, Africa (North, South, and West), the £153,997. The ordinary expenditure of Islands of the Pacific, New Zealand, the year had been £149,662. There Australia, Madagascar, British North were some special contributions, making America, Mexico, South America, the the receipts from all sources £157,288. West Indies, and even the army which The society hạd 151 stations, 282 clergy: penetrated into Abyssinia were agents of the society, with Bibles in the known of this class of literature, which insinuwritten language of the people.”

ated its way into many warehouses, was Such is a summary of this report. The even more injurious than the gladiatorial extent of Bible circulation by this society shows of ancient Rome, or the bull-baitand its affiliated branches is very large, ing and dog-fighting of former days in and if to its circulation be added that of England. Papers of an equally sad other societies which act independently character were also being spread among of it, this circulation becomes still more the more educated classes.” This spread surprising. We cannot contemplate these of infidel and immoral literature is one of facts without recognising the wonderful the dark features of the age. Side by Providence which is over the written side with increased light comes a deepenWord. At a time of religious strife and ing gloom and horror of darkness. Inbitterness, when the several sections of creased mental activity and intellectual the universal church were divided from culture is not exclusively devoted to wiseach other by uncharitable feelings and dom and holiness, but the corrupt will bitter controversies, an unseen hand degrades to its service and bends to its opened before them a plane of unity in purpose the acquisitions of the intellect. the combined endeavour to circulate the And how is the tendency of these publiWord of God through all the nations of cations to be neutralized ? The report the earth. The first proposal was for our says, “ The only way to meet these periown country only. An inspiration sug- odicals is by issuing others to counteract gested “Why not for the world ?And their effects." The committee of this the work, sustained by different parties, society have issued two periodicals, the necessitated the exclusion of the indi- “Leisure Hour,” and the “Sunday at vidual interpretations of all. Thus the Home,” with this object, and there are Word, free from comment, is being slowly also large numbers of attractive and but surely, provided for the nations, and interesting periodicals, the moral tone of He who in His providence has thus raised which is wholly unexceptionable. The up the means of its diffusion, will not circulation of periodicals of a higher class fail in the end to supply also its correct will not, however, of itself accomplish interpretation. The interest of the New this object. There needs a taste creating Church in this great work is known to be for this literature. The plow-share of a extensive and sincere, and on more than wiser popular education and higher moral one occasion it has been commended to culture than has yet been attempted in the attention and support of the members this country is needed, before we can by resolutions of the General Conference. hope to supersede these vile publicaIt is one of the few institutions the suc- tions by a healthful literature. The cess of which we may regard with un- number of publications issued by the mingled satisfaction, and which we can society, some certainly of a very diminuactively aid with perfect confidence. tive kind, is truly astonishing-having

THE RELIGIOUS TRACT SOCIETY.-The reached during the past year to nearly anniversary of this society was held at forty-seven millions; being an increase Exeter Hall, April 28th, under the presi- of upwards of two millions over the dency of Duncan Mc.Laren, M.P. The previous year. The circulation from report commenced with a reference to a the formation of the society was over a portion of our popular literature to which thousand millions. With regard to their the “Daily News” and other organs of operations upon the Continent, the comthe public press have also called atten- mittee considered the work done at the tion—the lowest class of cheap sheets at Paris Exhibition as one of the wonders present extensively sold and widely cir- of the age. The circulation of the society's culated in the metropolis and the large publications in France, including those towns of the kingdom. In some of these distributed from the kiosks at the exhiare "column after column containing the bition, had been between four and five same dreary records of vice and wicked- millions.” The publications of the society ness.” The titles of several indicate are widely disseminated through all the their quality, and while a few assume a countries of Europe, native agents being moral tone, in large numbers both the largely employed in the work. Large matter and the illustrations are exceed- numbers of books, tracts, and periodicals ingly vile. “There could be no ques. are published and circulated in different tion,” says the report, “that the influence parts of India and China, and even in

Japan. The total receipts of the society instruction. "The children of to-day," for the past year had been £113,092.; it has been said, “ are the to-morrows the total expenditure £112,323. Over of society.” But what will the to-mor£11,000. of the income of the society had row of society be, if those who are to arisen from subscriptions, donations, and form its character receive no religious collections. The rest was the proceeds instruction in youth? “A man may of the sales of their various publications. have high intellectual attainments, and The society, in addition to its benevolent yet be as intemperate as poor Porson ;character, is a large publishing society, be skilful in finance, and yet be as un, and the profit derived from the sale of trustworthy as Redpath.” The work its publications enables the committee to before our Sunday-schools is important make grants beyond the amount of the and urgent. The day-school supplies to subscriptions. Several of their publica- a greater extent than formerly the eletions are books of considerable bulk. mentary and secular education of the All, however, are imbued with the same rising generation, but it leaves almost religious spirit, and belong to what is untouched the religious instruction which called the evangelical school of theology. it is the special province of the Sunday, This is put forward as a special ground school to provide. It cannot, therefore, of support by one of the speakers, who be otherwise than satisfactory to the deplores “ that we can scarcely take up friends of Sunday-schools to witness the any religious work or treatise in the continued interest felt in their success, present day without finding something or At the public meeting of this anniverother, even on most vital points, which is sary every portion of Exeter Hall-platat variance with sound doctrine." In form, galleries, and body of the hall this source of alarm members of the are said to have been crowded. The New Church will not join. Many of the report referred to the extension of the features of our popular religious literature Sunday-school system on the Continent, are among the most hopeful signs of the allusions being made to Holland, Gertimes. They are among the means many, France, Switzerland, and Italy, whereby all things are becoming new, The sales of the union had amounted to and must and will in the end bend to £23,567., being an increase of £1,196, their purpose the powerful agency of this Independently of its other publications, influential society.

the union is publishing three periodicals SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION. — The anni for scholars, and three for teachers, the versary services connected with this united monthly circulation of which institution extended over several days. amounts to about 250,000, or an annual The question of our Sunday-schools is circulation of 3,000,000 copies. The one which has lately occupied a large statistical returns received from the ten amount of attention, and led to some metropolitan auxiliaries show that there diversity of sentiment. Like most popu- are now 701 schools connected with the lar institutions at the present day, it is union in London, containing 15,642 subjected to a keen scrutiny, and faults, teachers and 174,213 scholars, being an or supposed faults, are unsparingly ex- increase upon last year of 31 schools, posed." Our Sunday-schools are con- 722 teachers, and 8,177 scholars. Upfessedly in a transition state. The con- wards of 7,000 scholars from the country dition of our popular education has been schools have joined the churches during of late years wholly changed, while our the year, making a total of more than Sunday-schools, in many parts of the 9,000 instances in the schools connected kingdom, have made comparatively little with the union during the year 1867. progress. They need a greater adapta- YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. tion to the altered circumstances of the One of the most promising means of country, and this will doubtless be pro- preserving the young men of our large moted by the discussions to which they towns from the various snares so thickly are being subjected. The changes taking spread around them, is the establishment place in our popular day-school system throughout the country of these associlook more and more in the direction of ations. They provide convenient rooms a merely secular education. To keep for reading and other salutary purposes, pace with the wants of the age, our have libraries, &c. connected with them, Sunday-schools need to give increased occasional lectures and soirées in the attention to moral training and religious winter; and seek to instruct and interest

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