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Benefit of-short.

Zec. 13: 9 I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people; and they shall say, The LORD is my God.

Rom. 5: 3 We glory in tribulations also; knowing that tribulation worketh patience; 4 And patience experience; and experience, hope.

1 Cor. 11: 32 When we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.

2 Cor. 4: 17 Our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory; 18 While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal.12: 10 I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.

Heb. 2: 10 It became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the Captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. — 12: 10 They verily for a few days chastened us after their own pleasure; but he for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness. 11 Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless, afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.

Jam. 1: 2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; 3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience. 12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.

1 Pet. 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise, and honor, and glory, at the appearing of Jesus Christ.

[See 508, 512, 515.]

5. The afflictions of the righteous short.

Job 11:16 Because thou shalt forget thy misery, and remember it as waters that pass away.

Ps. 30: 5 His anger endureth but a moment; in his favor is life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning.

Lam. 3: 32 Though he cause grief, yet will he have compas

Support under-demand sympathy

sion according to the multitude of his mercies. 33 For he doth not afflict willingly, nor grieve the children of men.

2 Cor. 4: 17 Our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory. [See 225, 585.]

6. God, the believer's support and helper under afflictions.

Ps. 23: 4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.-31:7 I will be glad and rejoice in thy mercy: for thou hast considered my trouble ; thou hast known my soul in adversities; 8 And hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemy: thou hast set my foot in a large room.-46: 1 God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.

Is. 25: 4 Thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones is as a storm against the wall.-49: 13 Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for the LORD hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted.

Jer. 16: 19 O LORD, my strength and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction.

2 Cor. 1: 3 Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort; 4 Who comforteth us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble by the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God.

[See 657, 725.]

7. Afflictions demand sympathy-examples.

Job 6: 14 To him that is afflicted pity should be shewed from his friend.

Ps. 35: 13 As for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom. 14 I behaved myself as though he had been my friend or brother: I bowed down heavily, as one that mourneth for his mother.

Rom. 12: 15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.

Ph. 4: 14 Ye have well done that ye did communicate with my affliction.

Heb. 13: 3 Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; and them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body, [See 526.]

Often misimproved.

8. Afflictions try mankind.

Dt. 8: 2 Thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, and to prove thee, to know what was in thy heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. 3 And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna. [See 4.]

9. Afflictions often misimproved and magnified.

Job 10: 15 I am full of confusion; therefore see thou mine affliction; 16 For it increaseth. Thou huntest me as a fierce lion and again thou shewest thyself marvellous upon me. 17 Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and increasest thine indignation upon me; changes and war are against me. 18 Wherefore then hast thou brought me forth out of the womb? Oh that I had given up the ghost, and no eye had seen me! 16: 12 I was at ease, but he hath broken me asunder: he hath also taken me by my neck, and shaken me to pieces, and set me up for his mark.

Is. 1:5 Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.-9: 13 The people turneth not unto him that smiteth them, neither do they seek the LORD of hosts.

Jer. 5: 3 O LORD, are not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused

to return.

Lam. 1: 12 Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by? behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow, which is done unto me, wherewith the LORD hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce anger. 13 From above hath he sent fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them: he hath spread a net for my feet, he hath turned me back: he hath made me desolate and faint all the day.—3: 10 He was unto me as a bear lying in wait, and as a lion in secret places. 11 He hath turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces: he hath made me desolate. 12 He hath bent his bow, and set me as a mark for the arrow.

Am. 4: 6 I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and want of bread in all your places: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD. 7-11.

[See 569, 700.]

Duties to the aged-Angels nuinerous

their employment.


10. Duties to the aged.

Lev. 19: 32 Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honor the face of the old man, and fear thy God: I am the Lord.

1 Tim. 5: 1 Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father, and the younger men as brethren; 2 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.


1 Pet. 5: 5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. [See 730.]

11. Angels numerous.

Heb. 12: 22 Ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels.

Rev. 5: 11 I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne, and the beasts, and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands.

12. Employment of good angels.

2 S. 24: 16 The angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it.

2 K. 19: 35 It came to pass that night, that the angel of the LORD went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred four score and five thousand.

Job 38: 7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

Ps. 91: 11 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. 12 They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.

Dan. 6: 22 My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut the lions' mouths. 9: 21 Yea, while I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. 22 And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding.

Mat. 13: 39 The harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. 41 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity.-18: 10 Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones: for I say unto you,

Their apostasy


that in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven.

Lk. 16: 22 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom.

Heb. 1: 14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister to them who shall be heirs of salvation?


13. Apostasy of angels.

2 Pet. 2: 4 God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.

Jude 6 The angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains, under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day.

Rev. 12: 7 There was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, 8 And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.

14. Names of apostate angels.

Is. 27: 1 Leviathan, the piercing and crooked serpent. Mat. 4: 3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.-10: 1 Unclean spirits.—13: 38 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; 39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil. — Mk. 5: 9 Legion.— Lk. 11: 15 Beelzebub.—Jn. 8: 44 Murderer, liar. 14: 30 The prince of this world.-2 Cor. 4: 4 The god of this world.-Ep. 2: 2 The prince of the power of the air.-6: 12 The rulers of the darkness of this world.-1 Pet. 5: 8 Your adversary the devil. — Rev. 9: 11 Abaddon, (Heb.) Apollyon, (Gr.)-12: 9 Great dragon, old serpent, devil, and Satan.-9: 10 The accuser of the brethren.

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15. Character, employment and agency of evil spirits.

Job 1: 7 The LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.

Mat. 13: 19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. 38 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; 39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil.

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