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thousand and seven and thirty 48 And the officers which were thousand and five hundred sheep; over thousands of the host, the
37 And the Lord's tribute of captains of thousands, and captains the sheep was six hundred and ofhundreds,came near unto Moses:. threescore and fifteen.
49 And they said unto Moses, 38 And the beeves were thirty Thy servants have taken the sum and six thousand, of which the of the men of war which are under Lord's tribute was threescore and our charge, and there facketh not twelve.
oné man of us *. 39 And the asses were thirty
50 We have therefore brought thousand and five hundred, of an oblation for the LORD, what which the Lord's tribute was every man hath gotten, of jewels g threescore and one.
of gold, chains, and bracelets, 40 A’nd the persons were sixteen rings, ear-rings, and tablets, to thousand, of which the Lord's make an atonement for our souls tribute was thirty and two persons. before the LORD.
41 And Moses gave the tribute 51 And Moses and Eleazar the which wds the LORD's heave-offer- : priest took the gold of them, even ing, unto Eleazar' the priest, as the all wrought jewels. LORD commanded Moses.
52 And all the gold of the 42 And ofthe children of Israel's offering that they offered up to the half, which · Moses divided from Lord, of the captains of thousands, the men that warred.
and of the captains of hundreds, 43 (Now the half-that pertained was sixteen thousand seven hununto the congregation; waš three dred and fifty shekels. hundred thousand and thirty thou 53 (For the men of war had taken sand and seven thousand and five spoil, every man for himself:) hundred sheep.
54 And Moses and Eleazar the 44 And thirty and six thousand priest took the gold of the capbeeves.
tain of thousands, and of hundreds, 45 And thirty thousand asses, and brought it into the tabernacle and five hundred,
of the congregation, for a memo46 And sixteen thousand per- rial for the children of Israel sons :)
before the LORD. 47 Even ofthe children of Israel's
CHAP. XXXII. half, Moses took one portion of The Reubenites and Gadites sue for fifty, both of man and of beast, and their inheritance on this side gave them unto the Levites, which Jordan. kept the charge of the tabernaele Now the children of Reuben of the LORD: as the LORD commanded Moses
and the children of Gad had a very
* This was a most stupendous miracle, and which hath never been paralleled in history, where a handful of men went against so numerous a nation to battle ; (for the women prisoners only which had not known man amounted to thirty-two thousand,) and yet not one of them should be killed or missing: and of this particular providence, they were fully sensible, and therefore they offered their oblation,
$ The names of these jewels are only conjectured ; so tħat there is no certainty of their being what the Engilsh translator calls thema
In this verse the children of Reuben are first mentioned, because he was the eldest; but in the succeeding verse, the children of Gadare first mentioned, because they were the piopusers of the scheme; and they were also men of greater valour than the children of Reuben; as may be observed from Deut, chap. xxxiii. verse 20. " And teareth the arm with the crown of the head." And consequently it was they that encouraged the tribe of Reuben to dwell there, although separated from the other tribes.
אֲלָפִים וְחָמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת: 37 וַיְהִי הַמָּכֶס לַיהוָה מִן־הַצאן שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת חָמֵשׁ וְשִׁבְעִים : 38 וְהַבָּקָר שִׁשָׁה וּשְׁלֹשִׁים אָלֶף וּמִכְסֶם לַיהוָה שְׁנַיִם וְשִׁבְעִים: 39 וחמרים שְׁלֹשִׁים אֶלֶף וַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת וּמִכְסְפָ לַיהוָה אֶחָד וְשִׁשִׁים : 40 וְנֶפֶשׁ אָדָם שְׁשָׁה עָשָׂר אֶלֶף וּמִכְפָם לַיהוָה שְׁנַיִם וּשְׁלשִׁים נָפֶשׁ: 41 וַיִּתֵּן מֹשֶׁה אֶת־מֶכֶס תְּרוּמַת יְהוָה
לְאֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן כַּאֲשֶׁר צִיָּה יְהוָה אֶת־־משֶׁה ; חמישי 42 וּמְמַחֲנִית בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר הָעֶה משֶׁה מִן־הָאֲנָשִׁיט
הַצְבְאִים: 43 וַתְּהִי מֶחֶצָת הָעֶדֶה מִן־הַצְאן שָׁלְשׁ־ מאוֹת אֶלֶף וּשְׁלשים אֶלֶף שָׁבְעַת אֲלָפִים וַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת : 44 וּבָקָר שְׁשָׁה וּשְׁלֹשִׁים אֶלֶף: 45 וַחֲמֹרִים שֶׁלֹשִׁים אֶלֶף וַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת: 46 וְנֶפֶשׁ אָדָטְ שֵׁשָׁה עָשָׂר אָלֶף: 47 וַיִּמַח משֶׁה מִמַחֲאֶת בְּנֵי־־יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־־הָאָחָז אֶחָד מִן־ הַחֲמִשִׁים מִן־הָאָדָם וּמִן־הַבְּהֵמָה וַיִּתֵּן אֹתָם לַלְוִיִּם שָׂמְרֵי מִשְׁמֶרֶת מִשְׁכָּן יְהוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר צְנֶהְיְהוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה:
וַיִּקְרְבוּ אֶל-משֶׁה חַפְקְדִים אֲשֶׁר לָאַלְפֵי הַצָבָא שָׂרֵי הָאֲלָפִים וְשָׂרֵי הַמָּאוֹת : 49 וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֶל-מֹשֶׁה עֲבָדֶיךְ נָשְׂאוּ אֶת־רָאשׁ אַנְשֵׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה אֲשֶׁר בְּיָדֵנוּ וְלֹא־ נִפְקָר מִמֶנוּ אִישׁ : 50 וַיַּקְרֵב אֶת־־קָרְבַּן יְהוָה אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר מָצָא בְלִי־זָהָב אֶצְעָרֶה וְצָמִיד טִבַּעַת עֶגִיל וְכוּמֶן לְכַפֵּר עַל־נַפְשֹׁתֵינוּ לִפְנֵי יְהוָה: 51 ויקח משֶׁה וְאֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן אֶת־הַנָּהָב מֵאַתֶּם כּל כְּלִי מַעֲשה : 52 וַיְהִי כָּל־וְחָב הַתְּרוּמָה אֲשֶׁר הֵרִימוּ לַיהוָה שִׁשָּׁה עָשָׂר אֶלֶף שְׁבַע־מֵאוֹת וַחֲמִשִׁים שֶׁקֶל מְאֵת שֶׁרֵי הָאֲלָפִים וּמֵאֵת שָׂרֵי הַמָּאוֹת: 63 אַנְשֵׁי צָבָא בַּזַזַוּ אִישׁ לוֹ : 54 וַיְקַח מֹשֶׁה וְאֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן אֶת־הַנָּהָב מֵאֵת שָׂרֵי הָאֲלָפִים
וְהַמָּאוֹת וַיָּבאוּ אֹתוֹ אֶל־אֹהֶל מוֹעֶר זִכָּרוֹן לִבְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל שלישילִפְנֵי יְהוָה : לב וּמִקְנֶה רַב הָיָה לִבְנֵי רְאוּבֵן וְלִבְנֵי־נֶךְ עָצוּם .
camp seven days: whosoever hath war upon them, who went out to killed any person, and whosoever battle, and between all the congrehath touched any slain, purify gation. both yourselves and your captives, 28 And levy a tribute unto the on the third day, and on the LORD of the men of war, which seventh day.
went out to battle; one soul of 20 And purify all your raiment, five hundred, both of the persons, and all that is made of skins, and and of the beeves, and of the asses, all work of goats hair, and all
and of the sheep. things made of wood.
29 Take it of their half, and 21 And Eleazar the priest give it unto Eleazar the priest, for said unto the men of war which an heave-offering of the LORD. went to the battle, This is the 30 And of the children of Israel's ordinance * of the law which the half, thou shalt take one portion LORD commanded Moses ;
of fifty, of the persons, of the 22 Only the gold, and the silver, beeves, of the asses, and of the the brass, the iron, the tin, and the flocks, of all manner of beasts, lead.
and give them unto the Levites, 23 Every thing that may abide which keep the charge of the the fire, ye shall make it go through tabernacle of the LORD. the fire, and it shall be clean; 31 And Moses and Eleazar the nevertheless it shall be purified priest did as the LORD commanded with the water of separation $; and Moses. all that abideth not the fire, ye 32 And the booty, being the rest shall make go through the water. of the prey which the men of war
24 And ye shall wash your had caught, was six hundred thouclothes on the seventh day, and sand and seventy thousand and five ye shall be clean, and afterward thousand sheep. ye shall come into the camp.
33 And threescore and twelve 25 And the LORD spake unto thousand beeves, Moses, saying,
34 And threescore and one thou26 Take the sum of the prey I sand asses, that was taken, both of man and of 35 And thirty and two thousand beast, thou, and Eleazar the priest, persons in all, of women that had and the chief fathers of the con- not known man by lying with him. gregation :
36 And the half which was the 27 And divide the prey into two portion of them that went out to parts; between them that took the war, was in number three hundred
they were actually known to be some of those which had prostituted themselves in order to cause Israel to sin, and it was particularly known which of them had caused such or such persons to sin. See Jarchi.
• We do not find this ordinance any where in the Pentateuch; nevertheless Eleazar asserts, that the Lord had commanded it to Moses, therefore it must be true; and this shews that there are moro ordinances than what Moses wrote in the Pentateuch, which is what the Jews call the oral law.
$ This water of separation means such water as a woman that is out of her separation bathes herself in to become clean. This commandment means, that every vessel must be purified in the same manner as it bas been used. If dry, upon the fire, like gridirons, &c. it must be burned; pots and pans, that were used with liquor, must be purified in boiling water, &c.
# For as he bad sent only a thousand of a tribe, and they had gotten great spoil, the others might perhaps bave envied their good fortune; for this reason, and that there should be no illwill between them, God commanded to give them one half of both man and beast, and which may be accounted the public spoil: but as to the gold and silver, and other moveables whicin every one plundered for himself, and which may be termed private booty, there was no division made as we find. This coincides with the opinion of Jarchi, on verse 26.
שִׁבְעַת יָמִים כּל הרַג נֶפֶשׁ וְכָלינֹגַע בֶּחָלָל תִּתְחַטְאוּ בְּיוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי אַתֶּם וּשְׁבִיכֶסֶ: 20 וְכָל־ בֶּגֶד וְכָל־־כְּלִי־־עָר וְכָל־מַעֲשֶׂה עַזִים וְכָל־כְּלֵי-עֶץ תִּתְחַטָאוּ :
21 וַיֹּאמֶר אֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן אֶל־ אַנְשֵׁי הַצְלָא הַבָּאִים לַמִּלְחָמָה זאת חקת הַתּוֹרָה אֲשֶׁר־צְנֶה יְהוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה: 22 אַךְ אֶת־הַנָּהָב וְאֶת־ הַכָּסֶף אֶת־הַנְחֹשֶׁת אֶת־הַבַּרְזֶל אֶת־הַבְּדִיל וְאֶת־ הָעֹפֶרֶת : 23 כָּל־דָבָר אֲשֶׁר־יָבֵא בָאֵשׁ תַּעֲבִירוּ בָאֵשׁ וְטָהֵר אַךְ בְּמֵי נִדָּה יִתְחַטָא וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יָבָא בָּאֵשׁ
תַּעֲבִירוּ בַמָּיִם : 24 וְכִבַּסְתָם בִּגְדֵיכֶס בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי רביעי וּטְהַרְתֶּם וְאַחַר תָּבאוּ אֶל־הַמַּחֲנֶה:
יהוה אֶל-משֶׁה לֵּאמֹר: 26 שָׂא אֶת רֹאש מַלְקוֹחַ הַשְׁלִי בָּאָדָם וּבַבְּהֵמָה אַתָּה וְאֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן וְרָאשֵׁי אֲבוֹת הָעֶרֶה: ו וְחָצִיתָ אֶת־הַמַּלְקוֹחַ בֵּין תּפְשִׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה הַיֹּצְאִים לַעֲבָא וּבֵין כָּל־הָעָרֶה: 28 והרמת מִכֶס לַיהוָה מֵאֵת אַנְשֵׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה הַיֹּצְאִים לַצְלָא אֶחָר נָפֶשׁמֵחֲמֵשׁ הַמֵאוֹת מִן־הָאָדָם וּמִן־הַבָּקָר וּמִן־הַחֲמֹרִים וּמִן־־הַצאן : 29 מִמַחֲצִיתָם תִּקְחוּ וְנָתַתָּה לְאֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן תְּרוּמַת יְהוָה : 30 וּמִמַּחֲצַת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל תִּקְחי אֶחָרי אָחָז מִן־הַחֲמִשִׁים מִן־הָאָדָם מִן־הַבָּקָר מִן־ הַחֲמָרִים וּמִן־הַצאן מִכָּל־הַבְּהֵמָה וְנָתַתָּה אֹתָם לַלְוִיֹּס שְׁמְרֵי מִשְׁמֶרֶת מִשְׁכַּן יְהוָה : 31 וַיַּעַשׂ מֹשֶׁה וְאֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן כַּאֲשֶׁר צִיָּה יְהוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה: 32 וַיְהִי הַמַלְקוֹחַ וְתֵר הַבָּז אֲשֶׁר בַּעֲזוּ עָם הַצָבָא לֹא שָׁשׁ־מֵאוֹת אֶלֶף וְשִׁבְעִים אֶלֶף וַחֲמֵשֶׁת אֲלָפִים: 33 וּבָקָר שְׁנַיִם וְשִׁבְעֶים אֶלֶף : 34 וַחֲמרים אֶחָד וְשִׁשִׁים אֶלֶף: 35 וְנֶפֶשׁ אָדָם מִן־הַנָּשִׁים אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יָדֶער מִשְׁכָּב זָכָר כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ שְׁנַיִם וּשְׁלֹשִׁים אֶלֶף : 36 וַתְּהִי הַמֶּחֶצָה חֵלֶק הַיֹּצְאִים בַּצָבָא מִסְפַּר הַצָאן שְׁלָשׁ־מֵאוֹת אֶלֶף וּשְׁלֹשִׁים אֶלֶף וְשִׁבְעַת
CHA P. XXXI.
and their little ones, and took the 1 The Midianites are spoiled; and spoil of all their cattle, and all
Balaum is sluin. 19 Hout the their flocks, and all their goods. soldiers, 8c. are to be purified. cities wherein they dwelt,
. 10 And they burnt all their 25 And the prey divided.
their goodly castles with fire; AND the Lord spake unto Moses,
11 And they took all the spoil,
and all the prey, both of men and 2 Ayenge the children of Israel of beasts : of the Midianites: afterward shalt 12 And they brought the cap: thou be gathered unto thy people. tives, and the prey, and the spoil
3 And Moses spake unto the unto Moses and Eleazar the priest, people, saying, Arm some of your and unto the congregation of the selves unto the war, and let them children of Israel, unto the camp go against the Midianites, and at the plains of Moab, which are avenge the LORD of Alidian. by Jordan near Jericho,
4 Of every tribe a thousand, 13 And Moses and Eleazar throughout all the tribes of Israel, the priest, and all the princes of shall ye send to the war.
the congregation, went forth to 5 So there were delivered out
meet them without the camp. of the thousands of Israel, a 14 And Moses was wroth with thousand of every tribe, twelve the officers of the host, with the thousand armed for war.
captains over thousands, and cap 6 And Moses sent them to the tains over hundreds, which came war, a thousandof every tribę, them from the battle. and Phinehas the son of Eleazar 15 And Moses said unto them, the priest, to the war, with the Have ye saved all the women alive holy instruments, and the trum- 16 Behold, these * caused the pets to blow in bis hand.
children of Israel, through the 7 And they warred against the counsel of Balaam, to commit Midianites, as the LORD command- trespass against the Lord in the ed Moses; and they slew all the matter of Peor, and there was a males.
plague among the congregation of 8 And they slew the kings of the LORD. Midian, beside the rest of them 17 Now therefore kill every that were slain; namely, Evi, and male' among the little ones, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and kill every woman that hath known Reba, five kings of Midian : Balaam man by lying with him. also the son of Beor they sley 18 But all the woman-children with the sword.
that have not known a man bylying 9 And the children of Israel took with him, keep aliye for yourselves. all the women of Midian captives, 19 And do ye abide without the
made use of the expression, “If a man vow a vow upto the Lord,” foras this is a common row, it would have been sufficient to have said, -If a man yow a vow, or swear an oatbed to yowing,
&c, To which it may be answered, that this denotes an exhortation to man not to be especially not to swear by God's holy name. Hence it is observed in Medrash, that in one place
Jeremiahchap. ver. 2, we find,' “ And thou shalt swear the Lord liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness." From whence the Rabbins obserye, that it is not allowable to swear by God's name, unless they have all the following good qualities, as observed in Deut. ch. I. ver. 20, “ Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by bis name.” But if not, thou art not allowed to swear by his name at all. Hence may be perceived the heineousness of being addicted to the taking of God's name in vain, as is but too frequently the case. • It is the opinion of Jarchi, that Moses made use of the expression, " Behuld these,” because