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his apostles, for they were“ mighty signs and wonders wrought by the power
of the Spirit of God.” Rom. xv. 19. See also Matt. xii. 28. And the resurrection of Christ from the dead was effected by
1 Pet. iii. 18, 19, as the sleeping dust of all the dead shall obey his all-powerful mandate at the last day, and start into endless life. Rom. viii. 11.
It would be easy to extend these remarks, but sufficient has been adduced to prove both the Personality and Divinity of the Holy Spirit. Nor, in truth, should the evidence for both be considered as closed, till the proofs of the doctrine of the sacred Trinity were all produced.
On the Nature of Inspiration.
The Scriptures profess to be inspired. “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God.” Whether St. Paul includes any part of the New Testament depends, in some measure, on the age of Timothy, and on the time in which the respective Gospels and Epistles were written : or whether, as the construction of the passage seems to intimate, he refers exclusively to the writings of the Old Testament, their inspiration is clearly recognized ; as well as in the following passages. “As touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,—” “ David himself said by the Holy Ghost ;"_" Had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me;"_" This scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas; “Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers, saying, Go unto this people,” &c. ;——“Wherefore as the Holy Ghost saith, To-day if ye will hear his voice," &c. ;—“Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should fol. low ;"_"For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man : but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. 93
1 2 Tim iii. 16.
? Bp. Middleton's Doctr. of tbe Greek Artic. in loc.
3 Matt. xxii. 31. Mark xii. 36. John v. 16. Acts i. 16, 17; xxviii. 25, 26. Heb.
iii. 7,8. 1 Pet. i. 11. 2 Pet. i, 21.
And with respect to the New Testament, our Lord promised his disciples, that “the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” “When he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all (the) truth :—he will shew you things to come :"-words, which must refer chiefly to that assistance they should receive in their narratives of his life, and in their epistolary writings; because, no valid reason can be assigned why the Jewish Scriptures should have been written by inspiration, and not the Christian ; because, assistance in their oral communications was distinctly promised in other terms;” and because, his instructions being intended for the benefit of “all nations,” it would be difficult to conceive why persons in that age only should enjoy the advantages of being instructed by inspired
xxviii. 19, 20.
* John xiv, 26; xvi. 13.
teachers, while allsubsequent generations, equally interested in the truths taught, would be abandoned to the ever-winding maze of unwritten tradition, without even a clue to extricate themselves ;-or be required to depend upon the-perhaps -correct, but, at all events, fallible statements of the writers : but chiefly because, nothing short of inspiration can account for a very considerable portion of the Epistolary writings in particular, as will be seen hereafter. And, besides the folly of attempting to draw a line of distinction between the inspiration of the tongue and of the pen, the following passages contain the direct testimony of the writers themselves.
“I have written the more boldly unto you in some sort, as putting you in mind, because of the grace that is given to me of God.” -“God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit.”—“We have the mind of Christ.”—“ I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you.”—“ If any man think himself to be