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ness it appears that the citation of son to rejoice if it could! Yes, I Tertullian's condemoation carried have really confessed, and do hereby with it an evidence that I also ab- confess again, that Tertullian consolutely believed in its existence! dems infant baptism-be condems it I was not quite so absurd as to ima. in the third century, at a time when gine he condemned what he did not other errors had begun to shew suppose to exist! But, further, he themselves, which merited a similar alleges that his condemnation of it fate. This is, indeed, my confes. was a proofofits prevalence! Indeed! sion, and my Pædobaptist antagoWhat, a proof of its prevalence all nist is extremely welcome to it ? over the Christian church, and from But between John's death and the days of the apostles--for this is Tertulliau's conversion there was your Reviewer's argument! Whe- not quite an interval of a hundred pohy iher it is from an inferiority of logi- years; and therefore, argues our Recal genius to your Reviewer I cannot viewer, infant baptism being then es de la tell, but to me it appears, that though found to exist and to be prevalent, suustie his condemnation proved it existed, which is proved by its being conit equally proved that it was not demned, it must have been apostolie
. * *
ht prevalent! "Is it probable that Ter. So, then, a practice is found to tullian would bave condemned what erist, perhaps among some lialf Willy was the settled and universal practice dozen innovators, about a hundred yt
, ko of the church, and supported by the years after the decease of the oldest the con most ancient. examples, and, tradi. of Christ's disciples, and a presa tionally, by the apostles themselves? byter of the church condemns it, It is infinitely more probable, and therefore, it was practised by the tolerably certain, that he condemn- apostles! This is really pretty well ed a novel practice, introduced by for those who charge others with sy bed a few speculators in religion, or by being rash and illogical! If the those who were willing to practise Reviewer were not so profoundly bey mer clinical baptism for the sake of con- versed in ecclesiastical antiquity, I venience.
would venture to inform him, that entrer, it Besides, if infant baptism were we have substantial proof tbat infant generally practised, how came it to baptism was not universally pracpass that Cyprian convened sixty- tised, notwithstanding Cyprian's six bishops to give it their solemn council, even in the fourth and synodical sanction in the middle of fifth centuries ! “ Mr. Cox and the the third century ? These must Baptists of the present times say,
he lave been wiseacres indeed, to have condemns infant baptism ; and so he met in general council to enforce in. does: but his opinion is of no vafant baptism, when it already uni- lue.” No, certainly; if he condemns versally prevailed! The questions infant baptism, his opinion can be agitated respecting the period of the of no value! As the Reviewer is administration of this rite must ne- kind enough to suggest an alter. cessarily have been precluded by an ation for ny second edition, he will invariable, notorious, and apostolic perhaps allow me to hint that be practice. The canon runs ihus : should have added a word or two * It is our pleasure, that whoever at the end of this “ pithy" passage; denies that new-born infants are to namely, me judice. That he conbe baptized, let him be anathema." siders the opinion of Tertullian of Oh, but my confession cannot be no value, I do not question; and recalled! Certainly it cannot; bat had he not laboured under a misevery Pædobaptist would bave rea. take as to its purport, le would
have said the same of his testimony. being overlooked in the hurry of les Upon all the ordinary and received your first paper, may advantage. indent
principles of reasoning, we should ously be iniroduced into your sehe led to conclude, that the fact of cond; it is this, and in so doing, Tertullian's recording, without dis- became an undeniable witness to its approbalion, sundry rites and cere. existence and prevalence. This conmonies of the church, rendered it session cannot be recalled !!!" Now,
much more probable that they were Gentlemen, let your critical shade il!
prevalent and apostolic, than that a escape from this dilemma if he can! Balb en particular service which he did con With reference to Irenæus, your
deman was universal and of the critic observes the words“ infantes, bunte highest antiquity. Tertullian has parvulos, pueros, juvenes et seni
so recorded the consecration of bap- ores, as ibe omnes qui per eum ing lin
tismal water, the imposition of hands, renascuntur in Deum, cannot posortalar
the material unction used in confir- sibly be rendered of any thing else malion, prayers and oblations for but baptism. What could these ins the dead, the use of the while gar- fants and very little children know ment after baptism, and other cere- of regeneration in Mr. Cox's sense monies. Our opponent, if it suited of ibat term ?” Here it is obvious, his purpose, would say," and in so that, however justly I may be chargdoing became an undeniable wilness ed with that crime, my opponent
to their eristence and prevalence.” is not at all dogmatical, as it has a por Tertullian mentions These as before been shewa that his asser
things that were, not as things that tions are not rash nor his arguments were to be.” Nay, further, it might illogical! A few lines afterwards he alleged, he does not condemn proves, as he thinks, " that renasthem, but intimates his approbation; cuntur mcans precisely baptism, a proof they were not only preva- and nothing else.” Now, in the first lent, but universally approved. Sup- place, every scholar knows that the pose, however, it were affirmed of terms infantes, &c. are not by any any one of them, as for instance of nieans restricted in their application the consecration of water, that Ter- to infants in the common accepta. tullian condemned it;' would any tion of the word. In Greek and person in bis senses deem it a con- Latin writers, infancy is generally clusive argument that the practice extended to fourteen years of age, not only existed, but was universally and all the terms in question are prevalent and apostolic ?
used with that signification. It is It happens, moreover, that Ter. common with the fathers to speak of tullian expresses his disapprobation individuals performing the works of of another practice, namely, ibal of piety from their childhood; and in
or surelies to deed it is not an unusual expression Christ, who engaged on behalf of among ourselves; but we do not innew-born infants ihat they should tend that they are penitents or benot depart from the Christian faith lievers at eight days old. Thus it when adult. Now, were the rea- is said of Timotliy, “ from a child soning of the Reviewer legitimale, thou hast known the Holy Scripit must be equally applicable in this tures.” Ifan expositor were to argue instance, Tertullian condemns spon- that ibis must mean that Timotliy sorship; very true (nutatis mutan- knew the Scriptures when hanging dis), very true, Mr. Reviewer; but at the breast, be would be thought to complete this sentence, let us to reason very unscripturally, and propose “a trifling addition, which very foolishly; but he would be
favour from its early rise, prevalence, really se
using precisely the kind of logic for that original birth-sin, the guilt weten which your Reviewer is distinguish- which is entailed on all, is removed enteria ed. But “ renascuntur means pre- only by baptism; that, until the as he cisely baptism, and nothing else;" removal of this took place, none sa the addition of me judice is here could be admitted into Christ's soupe again requisite. If it were worth kingdom or church, but that the point the time, I think I could demon- ordinance of baptism was the actual shop strate the reverse; but it is sufficient removing of that sin, and conseto say that this assertion avails no. quently that the salvation of such pery thing; and were we to concede it, was secured. Now, from these werden the Reviewer's cause is not assisted, very notions, they must have prac. 2. ! while he his unable to prove that in tised infant baptism." fantes is exclusively applicable to Thus the Reviewer contends, that isbes
, it babes.
the most eminent Christians, after water After all, I beg leave to intimate the apostles, must have practised "ay to that we have not the words of Ire- infant baptism, on account of the the enero næus himself, but only a paltry opinion they uniformly entertained pose translation of them; of which Sca. of its being necessary to salvation. Metro liger affirme, “ The translator was This is an important concession, as spis; il an ass, and had even less learning it gives a most satisfactory account ? terance than Ruffinus.” Your Reviewer is of the early introduction of the bufe confident that he has found a testi- practice, and its rapid prevalence, mon) ad mony from the second century, in apart from any consideration of its thout the language of Justin, who speaks apostolic authority. The church die steret of persons discipled to Christ from early and universally fell into an ende infancy; and then lauds himself for error, which presented an irre- ron dipar having shown how incompetent my sistible temptation to practise in this day brief and rash statement is to satisfy fant baptism. How unnecessary is bele, and a calm inquirer.” Every tyro will it then for us to look any further for many be perccive that the preceding remarks its origin, and how absurd to infervetel, state are again applicable to the expres- from its early prevalence, that it sion of Justin, and that discipling must have originated in a divine tedre involves in it a sease which is point prescription, when it is ascertained a lisica blank against Pædobaptism !' We and acknowledged that an erroredensire are informed that Dr. Wardlaw in- existed all along, which not only toode of tends to reply to my objections, and might have given birth to the usage that those of others; be it so; I shall be in question, but was of such a nahappy to listen to the dispassionate ture, that it could not possibly fail and respectful statement of one who to produce it. The whole argu-ter dis will try at least at hard arguments ment, from its pretended antiquity, pero and soft words; and who, I verily is completely destroyed by this believe, if he reads the review in the statement. Whoever asserts that a Congregational Magazine, will ex- principle confessedly erroneous was claim, * Non tali auxilio, nec defen- sufficient to account for the adopsoribus istis. Gentlemen, do not tion of a certain practice, nay, that let us bounce, and wince, and call it could not fail to produce it; surnames, and seem as if we felt our renders at once all inferences in its selves in the wrong!"
“ There is one argument,” ob- &c. on this plain ground, that it is serves the Reviewer,“ applicable unphilosophical 10 assign more to all the early fathers, which has causes for a phenomenon, than are irresistible weight. They all held sufficient to produce it.
1, the My "preliminary observations” thod of relative religion--any more
is reas are offensively invidious." "Mr. than you perceive the beauty of a t, untio Cox and his brethren mistake the churchman's or a Papist's relative place
, ou very nature of baptism"_" the religion, when he encumbers the nto Ciri Baplists do not perceive the beauty religion of Jesus with his sponput there of relative religion, otherwise they sors, and signing with the sign of ?s the actre would see the importance of family the cross ! “ Otherwise" we should and cu piety." These are singular charges. “ see the importance of family on of er My preliminary observations are piety.” And this from a liberal, unfrom the solely intended to prove, that as assuming, and kind-hearted Pædobare por Christianity, as a whole, requires baptist? Is it then necessary to
the exercise of the intellectual and sprinkle unconscious babes, in order utends y moral faculties, it is unlikely that to see the beauty of family piety? tigos, at its divine author should have an- Cannot we dedicate them to God,
pract nexed to it any thing which did not pray for their salvation, conduct un de require their exercise; since it would ihem at a rational age to the family Poletaz be to suppose Christianity con- altar, and teach them “the way salais structed upon two essentially differ. they should go!" I ask what family
ent principles; if, however, every religion there is in the Pædobaptist,
other observance of Christianity that is not to be found in the Bapi demand the affections, and this tist family? May not every one, in nepalee (Pædobaptism) admits of its being either case, practise religion, exjog tai n practised without any personal re. cepting the unconscious babe; and e chest ligion, any interest in the transaction, does the unconscious babe, in either ime por any knowledge of it, there exists case, practise religion at all? an obvious disparity, and so far an
The whole of the remaining deci i argument is educed in favour of fence of Mr. Ewing, or rather attack, pour practice, and against that of upon my critical statement, is really the four opposing brethren. Here I so flimsy and feeble, and so con
have, indeed, stated my persuasion; trary to the acknowledged opinion of but I have not represented any many, even of their distinguislied
Pædobaptist advocate as rash, dog- men, (as I can aver from their own zipate matical, illogical! Is there any admissions, and so little calculated
thing "offensively invidious" in to produce any impression upon any such a mode of argument? Is it person on either side of the quesnot fair for a controversialist to tion, that I am happy to be relieved pursue such an inquiry? Let my from the necessity of any particular opponent attempt to demonstrate exposure. If Mr. Ewing chooses any similar disagreement in the to attempt his own defence, I have principle of our practice, from that no objection, since I venture to of the Christian system in general; predict he can produce something and I promise not to use it “ offen. at least more plausible; or if not, sively invidious," but, if he succeed I can defer my reply to another * remarkably clever;" he shall be opportunity. The insufficiency of treated with all the honours of a the criticism on my reference to the discoverer! But we “ do not un. paludamentum, I may safely leave, derstand the very nature of baptism." even to a prejudiced opponent, to This is really very good from one detect; it proceeds from utter inwho is by no means rash, illiberal, attention lo the usual language of or dogmatical! We do not per- prophecy, My quotations from ceives the beauty of relative re- the Greek fatbers, it is affirmed, ligion'.-certainly not of your me: " instead of weakening, confirm
Mr. Ewing's interpretations of the scendants of believers; and to thigtas sa word baptism by the Greeks." This baptism I am directed by every pre mi da bo is another specimen of our Re- cept and precedent of the News the 8 viewer's logical accuracy. I have Testament. Not only, again, igra in the shown that the Greek fathers, who “immersion baptism" mentioned in Tibet, understood their own Janguage, use a single case; there is no other lip back terms interchangeably with baptism, described in the New Testament, as well ten which incontestibly signify to im- I have largely shown from the word 288, a n merse; therefore I have confirmed itself; the places where baptism was. He Mr. Ewing's statement that baptism practised, the nature of the proceed. a kapist min does not signify immersion. The ing, and all the direct and incidental saa Reviewer speaks, on one occasion, allusions. But“from Scripture or ec- tier of my having “ given my under- clesiastical bistory I cannot produce er lang tida standing a holiday;" I am afraid he an example of the baptism of the wet from so frequently treats his logical adult descendants of believers, or if used telaue powers in a similar manner, that I do the victory sball be conceded !" sige, after the they grow wild and unruly amidst Take then the following :- Ambrose T-TA the inebriating festivity.
was born of Christian parents, was bapting The statement respecting Philip instructed in Christian principles, eles sind and the Eunuch is so ridiculous, and pot baptized till he was chosen sintranet that I cannot persuade myself that Bishop of Milan. Jerome, born of Woh keta tha any sensible man will repeat it; if Christian parents, was thirty years is that be tua he do, and comes in my way, I may of age when he was baptized. Ano ad agon perhaps bestow a few lines to show gustine was of full age when he was toe ede, as its futility.
baptized. Gregory Nazianzen, who alio 1 My demand for the production of was born of Christian parents in 318, a single case in which it is shown and his father a bishop, was not bap- latient of that sprinkling is the radical idea of sized till about thirty years old. Battw, and of a single instance of Chrysostom, born of Christian pada 19 sprinkling in the New Testament, or rents in 347, bad attained nearly friend of a single command, inculcating twenty-one years of age when he was presange the practice, accompanied by the baptized. Your Reviewer I take to assurance of concession in such a be a man of veracity; will he then case, and concluded by the ques. fulfil his pledge, bis solemn pledge, tion, " Will Mr. Ewing or any of his and “concede to me the VICTORY?" brethren venture to give me a simi- This may be taken as a brief hint 10 lar pledge ?"—is met by the declara. anonymous opponents; if Mr.Ewing, tion, “ Yes, we will." Reluctant, or Dr. Wardlaw, or any man with a however, to try the metal of his name, choose to accept my proposal, sword, the dextrous combatant im- I shall know how to proceed more mediately retreats, exclaiming, as he in detail. ties, “ Let Mr. Cox produce one As there is no reasoning in the single instance of such baptism as next paragraph about the final bube practises, the adult descendants riul, I shall, at present, hold my alof believers, either from Scripture or tempted confutation of Mr. Ewing any ecclesiastical history, or a single to be unrefuted. case in the New Testanient of im
Here I feel thoroughly disposed mersion baptism, and we concede to close my examination of the rehim he victory." I answer, the bap- view; having omitted to notice two tism. I practise is the baptism of or three passages, because of their adults, irrespectively of the question irrelevancy, and one or two others, whether they are or are uot the de. because of their insulting violence