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BREI all in vain, his most inveterate ene- trembling band, knocks for admisBLR mies could not convince him of sin; sion at the door of some Jewish Surat he challenged them to do it on one ruler; where having entered with is lin occasion, but they were silent. It all the composure which it was pos. The is our painful task to record, that sible for him to assume, he unfolds lazka what could not be effected by the his accursed design; he went-to 4 enemies alone, of Christ, was at betray unto them bis Lord-sad at the length accomplished by one of his errand! but they were glad, and Ten professed friends. Judas, knowing covenanted to give him money, and have the disposition of the Jewish rulers, he promised and sought how he les conceived and indulged the iniqui- might conveniently betray him unto s lepen tous thought of betraying his master them. An opportunity was all that de parents into their hands! Of betraying Judas now wanted, and one prethen him, but in what way? not by point- sently offered. In Matthew xxvi. perna ing out any duplicity in the designs we are told, that Jesus went with ath' of Christ, not by coming forward to his disciples into the garden of

le prove that the charge which bad Gethsemane; here was an opporog de been brought against him was true, tunity. Judas knew the place, pro

viz.—that he cast out devils by Beel- cures from the chief priest “a band zebub, not by shewing that he was of men and officers;" and, just after indeed an impostor ; no, this he that sad conflict in which Jesus had could not do, or gladly would he sweat, as it were, great drops of

have done it; but he concludes to blood, before that perspiration had these betray bim into their hands “ in the been wiped from his sacred temples, (51 absence of the multitude.Luke xxii, Judas appears at the head of an

6. To lay bold of him in the ab- armed multitude, and by a sign, sence of the multitude, was the chief which had been previously agreed difficulty in the way of Christ's ene- upon, delivers his master into their mies, and Judas engages to remove hands! Two principles seem to it In Mark xiv. 10. we have an have instigated Judas to the comaccount of the manner in which he mission of this crime, these were, went to accomplishi his wicked pur- covetousness and revenge; he appose; and in John xiii. 30. we are pears to have been impelled to it by told when it was. “He then having covetousness. That this was the received the sop went immediately governing principle of his mind, is out, and it was night.A very attested by the evangelists, when suitable time for the execution of so Judas found fault with Mary for foul a deed, a deed, at the perpe- anointing the feet of Jesus; he tration of which Judas himself would urged as the reason of his chiding lave blushed, we are ready to con- her, ihat the ointment might have ceive, had it not been for the vail of been sold and given to the poor ; darkness which surrounded him. but three of the evangelists assert, Methinks I see the traitor stealing that he said this, not that he cared brough the streets and lanes of the for the poor, but because he was a eity with hesitating step, feeling, thief, and had the bag, and bear through fear, an occasional moment what was put therein. Joha xii. 4. ary indecision as to whether or not This disposition, accompanied with he should put his cruel desigu into an idea that Christ was about to es, execution; but receiving a new im- tablish a temporary kingdom, inpulse to iniquity from that depravity duced him, in all probability, to bewhich reigned within him, he, at come a disciple of his at first, and length, with palpitating heart and it seems likely, that the same dispo

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sition, in connexion with his subtlety, to apprebend him. Luke xuli, 48. a mou brought him in possession of “the “ Judas, betrayest thou the Son of de of bag;” and when he found that his man with a kiss." here every word nie carnal views of Christ's kingdom is emphatical and deserves attente, were incorrect and unfounded, that tion, Jesus notices the peculiar there was

no emolument of a character of the crime itself, "Judas worldly nature connected with his betrayest thou, &c. &c." This service, he seems to bave concluded was one of the greatest offences w barin to relinquish his discipleship; but against the person of Christ which he likes for his covetousness suggests the de- could possibly commit

. Judas is sirablevess of gaining something be- here charged, not with his dishonesty 190| fore he leaves the service of Christ, in regard to the contents of the bag

, # Redo and his depravity fixes upon the not with his baving merely deserted infamous crime of betraying his Lord, Christ and gone back to his former

friented as the most likely, if not the only associates and engagements, but webold's method, of satisfying his desires; with having, in addition to his disand he went and sold him for thirty bonesty and desertion, betrayed bis und be pieces of silver, a sum equal to Lord into the hands of his enemies. about four pounds of English money. Of all crimes which one person can This sum appears, however, to be commit against another, that of but small, to be received by Judas treachery seems to be the most fafor selling his master; and this leads grant; it acts in secret, and it is to the supposition, that he was in. next to impossible to guard against duced to this act byrevenge as well as its consequences. A traitor, unlike covetousness. Covelousness seems an honourable enemy who gives to have led him to form the design notice of his attack, and opportuat first, and this seems finally to nity to prepare for it, comes upos have been connected with resent- us like a dark assassin, unawares; ment, Jesus Christ had manifested, treachery breaks all sacred bonds, some time before he was betrayed, making use, frequently, of even the an intimate knowledge of the traitor. kindness of another to bring about “I have chosen," said he, “ you bis destruction. This was the sin twelve, and one of you is a devil;" of Judas. Betrayeat thou the such an expression from the lips of Son of man.” Christ notices in this injured goodness and truth, must address, The peculiar manner in have greatly irritated the mind of which the crime was committed. Judas; and in particular, was this “ Betrayest thou the Son of man the case at the Last Supper. He with a kiss ?" This is supposed to was then pointed out by Jesus as have been the usual method of saluthe ungrateful wretch, and he heard tation betwixt Christ and his disthe most dreadful judgments pro- ciples, it was expressive of the nounced upon himself; and this truest affection, it was intended as seems to have filled his mind with a pledge of the sincerest regard, the keenest desires of resentment, particularly by the person who gave so that he rises from the table in a the kiss to another; this Judas did rage, and goes immediately and puts when he led the armed force to his purpose into execution. The apprehend Christ, he went to Jesus aggravations of his sin were very and said, “ Hail master," and kissgreat, and were most strikingly ed him.' What treachery was here! glanced at in our Lord's address to treachery continued to the last! we Judas, when he appeared at the should have supposed, that having head of tbe armed force who came united himself with Christ's enemies,

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Lakini Judas would have thrown off the given of his being the Messiah. He,

disguise of attachment to lim; but as well as the rest of the apostles,

no, he fixes upon this expression of had received from Christ power to lexorsk love itself, as the mark which should work miracles, Luke ix. i. Now the past direct the bitterest enemies of Christ when we look at the case in this teis, to his master to be the victim of way, to what an awful magnitude do their rage: we should have thought, does the sin of Judas increase in

that having deserted the Saviour, our conceptions. It was betraying Judas would not have dared again bim, who was not his master oply, to confront bis master; what could but him whom Judas himself could the monster mean, unless to mock not but be conscious was “the the Redeemer and to put him at Christ, the Son of the living God!" defiance ; rather perhaps, he was so It was to the magnitude of the sin, infatuated as to hope, that by this considered in this point of view, one bold step, of saluting his master that Christ referred at the Last Sup. in this way, his sin in betrayiog bim per. Mark xiv. 21. “The Son of would be undiscovered, and this ex- man indeed goeth, as it is written of pression of affection be received by him: but woe to that man by whom Christ as sincere; but Christ soon the Son of man is betrayed! good undeceived him, “ Judas," said he, were it for that man if he had never " betrayest thou the Son of man with been born.” And to this especial a kiss ?" The character of the per- aggravation of his offence Jesus reson whom Judas betrayed suggests ferred, with striking emphasis in the another aggravation of his offence. garden when he said to Judas, “BeThe person betrayed by Judas was trayest thou the Son of man?” The " the Son of man." It is worthy of last thing which our Lord's address remark, how Jesus, as to this, ex- to Judas at this time suggests to us, presses himself in his address to the is, The character and situation of the traitor. He might have said, “Do traitor himself. What was he?" An you betray me? I who have treated officer to the Roman governor ? A you with uniform kindness and servant to one of the chief priests ? friendship ?” But instead of this No, he was one of Chrisi's own he says, Betrayest thou the Son family, a disciple, nay, an apostle of man?" Now this appellation was of Christ! What an aggravation of expressive of Christ's Messialisbip, lis crime was this ! Jesus himself the disciples of Christ always con was troubled in spirit on this acsidered him to be “the sent of count, and said, “One of you sball God." They were mistaken, it is betray me." Upon this Jesus lays true, with reference to the particular an emphasis in his address to Judas, object of his mission into our world, “ Betrayest thou the Son of man?" but they never questioned his being This touched the tender heart of the Messiah : when Christ, on one Christ. “For it was not an enemy occasion, put the question to them, that reproached me; then I could " Whom do ye say that I am ?" bave borne it: neither was it he They answered, “Thou art the that hated me that did magnify hinChrist." This was their settled opi- self against me; then I would have nion, the confirmed conviction of hid myself from him; but it was their minds; and it is very evident, thou, a man mine equal, my guide, that Judas must bave been conscious and my acquaintance. We took of ibis, as well as the rest of the sweet counsel together, and walked apostles. He, as well as they, had to the house of God in company." seen the proofs which Christ had Psalm lv. “He that eateth bread

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with me, hath lifted up his heel to excite in our minds, a more than and he against me." The consequences of common emotion of unfeigned rethe traitor's sin were, as to himself, gret; we view him as cut off from far repe exceedingly calamitous. Attempts the heritage of God, while the adhave indeed been made to prove, versity of bis condition is augment

a nork that they were not so, but that the ed in our estimation, by reflecting to patiti repentance of Judas was evangelical, upon the elevation from which bě and consequently, that he was par- descended to it. This emotion of files by doned, and is now in heaven ; but regret we feel in reference to Judas, ret go these opinions are completely at he fell from his apostleship; to this "allate variance with the entire impression the words of Peter which we have

the which is made upon our minds, by just cited immediately refer, Actsi, the history of the traitor's conduct 25. He fell into despair. The acafter his defection, and also, as ap- count of this is given in Matt. xxvii, pears to the writer of this paper, 3, 4, 5. His despair appears to have

1 with our Lord's assertion respecting been produced gradually, it seems the traitor, “ Woe unto that man by to have commenced with what Christ the En whom the Son of man is betrayed! said to him in the garden; this, at good were it for that man if he had once, set all the aggravations of his al never been born!" If Judas ad- sin before bis eyes. We bear no vanced by penitence and faith to more of him after the treacherous heaven, and is now enjoying the kiss, till we hear of his despair; he felicity or eternity, how it could seems immediately to have slunk have been better for him that he away as though struck dumb with had never been born, is inconceiv. horror, and confounded at the greatable? No, this assertion of our Lord's, ness of his crime, and Christ's knowtogether with the natural impression ledge of it. His only hope appears which is made upon our minds by to have now been, that Jesus would the conduct of the traitor after his escape from his enemies; imagining, apostacy, force upon us the painful it is probable, that this would lessen conclusion, that the consequences bis guilt in betraying him. But, of his sin were, as to the traitor him. " when he saw ihat Christ was sell, exceedingly calamitous. These condemmed," this increased his conconsequences of the traitor's sin, sternation. He seems scarcely 10 are suggested by Peter in those have known wliat to do; at length words of his which are placed at be concludes to go to the chief the head of this article, “ Judas by priests, and in their presence to contransgression fell, that he might go fess his sin, and speak a word in fato his own place.” He fell from vour of his master, which miglit inhis apostleship. This may be con- duce them to let him go; but when sidered as the least adverse circum- they would not hear him, and all stance which attended his iniquity, hope was gone, he threw down with yet it was by no means à circum- despair the thirty pieces of silver, stance not to be deplored. When a went out and hanged himself. We person who has been raised to a see herein the billerness of his des place of eminence in the church, spair; he was naturally covetous, renders himself unworthy of his situ. yet he could not keep his ill-gotten ation; when a man is banished from money, the silver was any office in the church on account against him, it "eat his flesh as it of transgression, it is a proof that were fire;" he casts it therefore from that man's case is bad. The con- him as that, the love of which had dition of such an individual is suited been the occasion of his wretched

a witness

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inds, conness, and he went and hung himself. In the time of Ezra, five hundred

Here was no decisive evidence of years before the coming of Christ, as cat genuine repentance; he was sorry, when the Jews had regained their

but it was the sorrow of the world liberty under Cyrus the Persian motants which worketh death. “ He fell narch, and the city and temple of

into perdition.” None of them is Jerusalem were rebuilt, the differfrom 170

lost but the son of perdition. ent books of the Old Testament, “Judas by transgression fell, that historical, prophetic, moral, and be might go to his own place." devotional, had not only been writ"Lord let not all my hopes be vain,

ten, but published and received as Create my heart entirely new, genuine writings. They were soon loreler,

Which hypocrites could ne'er attain, afterwards united with the Penta.
Which false apostates never knew.” teuch, and for a series of ages ap-


pealed to by all parties in the Jew

ish state, as books of the highest LETTER II.

authority in subservience to the law, into the use On the Evidences of Christianity. During our Lord's mioistry, the Old

Addressed to a young Person of Testament scriptures were not only
Sceptical Opinions.

owned by the Jews themselves, and MY DEAR FRIEND,

publicly read in the synagogues, but I will now endeavour to redeem were appealed to by our Saviour is dew my promise, by inviting your at. and his apostles, as the standard of o bure as tention to the authenticity of the divine truth. They had also been et danske scriptures. It appears to me that translated into the Greek and Sy. dutes there is no fact, recorded on the rian languages, and were generally erhalt page of history, confirmed by great

known and acknowledged by the er evidence than the genuineness of learned in all parts of the civilized Bet on the sacred books, the acknowledged

world. repositories of the christian religion.

In reference to the New Testade By the testimony of Josepbus, and ment it is equally certain, that the

other ancient writers of unquestion profession of Christianity has exable authority, as well as by the isted in the world for nearly eighcontents of the Old Testament it teen centuries, during the whole of self

, it is proved beyond a doubt which, subsequent to the death of that the people of Israel bad existed the apostles, the books now before

in the land of Canaan, as a distinct us have been quoted and appealed they patiou, for a period of fifteen

to by its different advocates, in disturies before the commencement of puting among themselves, or repelthe christian era. During the whole ling the accusations of unbelievers. of that period, they were distin. It is as unquestionable as a fact of guished from other nations, by the this nature can be, that the people peculiarities of their civil and reli. who first received the gospels and gious institutions, which, as they epistles from their several authors, believed, bad been established and felt a deep sense of their importrecorded by divine authority in the ance as the compositions of inspired five books of Moses, their undoubt. men, and employed the utmost care ed lawgiver. In all the proceedings to have them handed down for the of their rulers, whether they were benefit of posterity unmutilated and men of piety or not, the genuineness unimpaired. In multiplying copies and authority of those writings were

of the Old and New Testament, never questioned, but uniformly ac- every precaution appears to have knowledged and maintained.

been used, both by Jews and Chris

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