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leads each to pursue a private in- outward duties, if they might but terest of his own, which has no establish their own righteousness, subordination to the divine glory, and have at least a share in meriting por connection with the general eternal life: while others would give it? good. Hence, no man can be found, up the idea of merit, and allow sal in who loves God with all his heart, vation to be of grace, if they might or his neighbour as himself, except be excused from the trouble of obe. those who have been renewed in the dience, and the necessity of cruci. W spirit of their minds. Some seek fying the flesh with the affections their highest gratification in the and lusts thereof. But a thorough lusts of the flesh, and others in the return to God, a cordial reception lusts of the mind; but all have of Christ' in all his offices, and that strayed like lost sheep, they have for all the purposes for which he is turned aside every one to his own revealed in the gospel, is more than way. And now, though a glorious can be effected by mere human : method of salvation is revealed in agency, and what will never be the pri the gospel, worthy of God, and result of the singer's own free-will. worthy of all acceptation, yet sin- We will join the most zealous Art ners hold fast deceit and refuse to minians, in asserting the justice of return. Though it suits their cir. God's commands, and the reason. Bri cumstances most exactly, yet it does ableness of obeying them; and in not suit their mental taste; it is too proclaiming the sufficiency of Christ's su humiliating in its import, and too Atonement, and the free and indeholy in its tendency, for them to finite invitations of the gospel; we relish it: because it excludes all will labour, knowing the terrors of boasting and self-righteousness, and the Lord, to persuade men to flee it forbids all sinful self-indulgence; from the wrath to come; and know. 140 and therefore sinners reject the ing the ability and willingness of counsel of God against themselves. Christ to save, we will beseech sioIt is a very hard thing to convince ners to return to God in the name them of their danger, but much of the blessed Mediator; but we harder to convince them of their must confess we should utterly deguilt, that they really deserve the spair of success, if we had nothing wrath of a holy God, and need to to depend upon, but moral suasion be saved from it, by the great pro- on our part, and the pliability of pitiation. They are unwilling to the will, on the part of our hearers. own, that there was a necessity of This leads to the fourth point of Christ's dying for them, because Calvinism. We are impious enough they were all under a just sentence to believe that God can operate of death; and they are unwilling to fectually on the human heart. He yield to his claim, that all who ad- can give a new bias to the will, be mit this humiliating truth, should can renew a sinner in the spirit of consider themselves as the property his mivd. He can take
away the of their Saviour; being not their heart of stone, and give an heart of own, but bought with a price be- flesh. We cannot believe that he yond all computation, and there has shut himself out, by any sup; fore bound to live not to themselves, posed law of nature, that in case of but to him who died and rose again. ibe most unnatural disaffection, It is possible some may be found, bellion, and disorder, breaking forth who would give up many sinful in- among rational creatures, be will dulgences, especially of the grosser never interpose immediately for its sort, and attend strictly to many removal. It might, indeed, be sus.
ben jected ?
by mers pected that the guilt of sinners not, if be please, take the most petere would be an impediment to his gra- mean, the most illiterate, the most
i cious operations on their hearts, to profligate, the most obdurate; and en ente restore them to his holy image ; but shew the power of his grace in their ander bis intinite wisdom having provided thorough conversion ? diay he not, i tre for the removal of guilt, by the on such an occasion, take whom be tenebra atonement of his incarnate Son, is pleases, and leave whom he pleases, sek és it wonderful that he should also in- to follow their own choice? If he the fu terfere for the removal of depravity, may choose, whom he will convert diren by the efficacious influence of his to-day, might he not determine updare Holy Spirit? Would it not be a ou doing so yesterday, or even from key e strange, if not an impious suppo- eternity ? What impiety would there
sition, that after all which the Sa- be in asserting that he might, and is viour had done and suffered, he did thus determine? What pious
should leave it to contingency or to man will rather choose to say with
the will of sinners, whether his gos- Greviachovius, " I made myself to one for pel should have any success, or differ, who might have chosen to tad whether it should be universally re- resist God's predetermination, but
did not;" than with Paul to acknowBut if God can thus effectually ledge, “ By the grace of God, I am work on the mind of a sinner, is he what I am?". bound to exert this influence in We have only to examine the every case alike, or may he operate fifth point of Calvinism, and see if on just whom he pleases ? Is it there be any impiety in ihat; viz, , impious for us to suppose that he in the doctrine of perseverance. We whio converted Manasseh, could do believe, that whom the Lord have converted Ahaz; that he who loveth, he loveth to the end. That humbled Nebuchadnezzar, could he who hath begun a good work in have humbled Pharaoh; that he the human heart, will carry it on, who changed the heart of Saul of till the day of Christ; that believers Tarsus, could have changed that of are kept by the power of God, his candid tutor Gamaliel ? Yet through faith, unto salvation. Is while those whom God turned to there any impiety in this belief? himself are under infinite obliga- Please to observe, it is a persevetions to distinguishing grace, those rance in holiness for which we plead. whom be left to go on frowardly in Cay this tend to licentiousness ? the
way of their hearts have no ex. Nor does the doctrine of persevecuse for their sin, por ground of rance clash with the duty of persecomplaint against God. Did any vering. It is through faith, an bafaithful minister ever preach the bitual realizing of things invisible, a gospel to a large congregation, where constant dependance on divine aid there were any hearers whose hearts and all-sufficiency, and especially a be that hath the keys of David reliance on the grace of the Reconld not have opened as he did deemer, on whom we depend for the heart of Lydia In such a con- strength as well as righteousness, gregation, is the Most High bound that we persevere. We maintain lo look out the richest, the hand- not the perseverance of every plausomest, the most sensible, the most sible professor, nor every one who pliable, or those that already pos- thinks himself converted, or presess the greatest semblance of vir- sumes that he is elected, but of lue; and make the word effectual true believers, of real saints. God to their conversion? or, may he forbid that we should tack together
a beginning and an end, and leave should be kept alive, (when believe it the the devil to fill up the middle. (I ers are in a dead and carnal frame, bevith hi use strong language to show how and have no sensible experience of stedio
, strenuously we oppose those wbo the exercises of grace, but on the Iwas to would abuse our principles.) Our contrary, are very much under the spese i doctrine is as old as the days of prevalence of their lusts, and an Job. “The righteous shall hold on unchristian spirit,) as it is to keep me with a his way,” not that he shall get to the light in the room, when the the end let him go which way he candle is put out; or to maintained esdeas will; “ and be that hath clean the bright sunshine in the air, when hands shall grow stronger and strong, the sun is gone down, Distant ex. Ibid er." Can this be an encouragement periences, when darkened by pre. Vd one to turn aside from God's way, and sent prevailing lust and corruption, to defile our hands with iniquity? will never keep alive a gracious continued alle It is acknowledged, that true bem fidence and assurance; but that all
P: lievers have turned aside, for a time, sickens and decays upon it, as necesare Land er and some eminent saints have even sarily as a little child by repeated for delisi fallen into gross sin; but in this blows on the head with a hammer. Ples stat case they lost " the joys of God's Nor is it at all to be lamented, that salvation," and fell under his fa- persons doubt of their state in such therly correction, who hath pro- circumstances; but on the contra la mong mised to “visit their transgression ry, it is desirable and every way best friended with a rod, and their iniquity with that they should.” See much more stripes;" but has added, “Never to the same purpose, in Edwards's theless my loving kindness will I not Treatise on religious Affections. utterly take away from him, nor suf- P. 82, 83. fer my faithfulness to fail.” Though Dr. Owen often expresses himself a real Christian may possibly, after in the same strain. " Some would his conversion, fall into sin of a very desirously have evangelical joy, more heinous nature than any be peace, and assurance, to countecommitted in his unregenerate state, nance them in their evil frames and yet he cannot continue in a course careless walking. And some have of sin; nor can be have any well- attempted to reconcile these things, founded comfort till he is renewed unto the ruin of their souls. But it unto repentance. There is always will not be. Without the diligent ground for the assurance of faith, exercise, of the grace of obedience, that there is forgiveness with God, we shall never enjoy the grace of though exercised in such a way as consolation." to increase our reverence and godly Owen's Meditations on the Glory fear, seeing it is granted only of Christ. P. 168. through the mediation and vicarious “ Peace in a spiritually decaying sufferings of the Son of God; but condition, is a soul-ruining security: even a backsliding Christian has not better he under terror on the acalways ground for the assurance of count of surprisal into some sin, hope, or for a confidence of his per- than be in peace under evident de sonal interest in Christ's salvation. cays of spiritual life.” P. 216. We must show diligence in the work In his treatise on spiritual mindand labour of love, or this assurance edness, Dr. Owen thus writes: will be lost. Our best divines stre. “ This I say, under an habitual denuously insist on this. " It is as clension, or decay of grace in the impossible, in the nature of things, spirituality of our affections, no man that a holy and Christian hope can keep or maintain a gracious
it , ite e sense of the love of God, or of injury among many people of that ad cenaire peace with him." P. 278. denomination, in this way. It pre
And again, “Nothing would be vents them from learning wisdom ace, Ms so ruinous to our profession, as once from experience. If they believed madue to suppose it is an easy matter, a that all true converts would perselust, a thing of course, to maintain our vere, they 'must be induced to be 2018 peace with God. God forbid but more cautious in determining who 0D, that our utmost diligence and con- is converted, by finding that so a latinued endeavours to thrive in every many of whom they hoped well do 1 theel grace, should be required there. not persevere. But when they have 1. Die unto.” Ibid.
decided that a man has received Bened yu Jadd one more specimen of Cal- grace, their notion of falling from und erp vinistic impiety on this point, from grace solves the difficulty, and too a greck: Richard Alleine's Vindiciæ Pietatis,* mapy are as ready to pronounce a man
i Part III, p. 299. “Look not that safe, upon superficial evidence, as op i et your Lord would so far countenance they were before they met with such odbyes your declinings to a more fleshly disappointments. Connecting the it a la careless state, as to smile upon you doctrine of general Redemption, or 2016 H in such a frame. God will not be the idea that the Saviour in laying
an abertor to sin. Count upon it, down his life a ransom for many, a there that your grace and peace, your had no more intention of saving one
duty and comfort, will rise and fall tban anotlier; with that notion of enido together. Suspect those comforts faith, which, one hundred and fifty in life that accompany you into the tents years ago, was considered an essende of wickedness, and that forsake you tial branch of Antinomianism, viz. not, when
God.” That Christ died for me, which he I cap scarcely forbear remarking, must have done, if he died equally that I never saw such expressions for every man; they assume that of incautious confidence in any this person is safe; he now has Calvinistic hymn book, and that grace, though he may fall from it even in respect of the future, as to-morrow. well as the present, as in Mr. Very many Arminians, I am saWesley's. At ibe same time I may tisfied, would utterly reprobate the add, that endeavouring to judge impiety of Mr. Thompson, one of impartially as to the state of reli- the first partisans of Arminianism in gion in his connection, many of England, who would sometimes inwhose followers and ministers I dulge himself in criminal excesses, highly esteem; it seems to me, that and then say, “It is true, I am a the greatest danger to which per. child of the devil to-day, but I have sons are exposed among them, is free-will, and can make myself a that of their being led to indulge a child of God tomorrow.' groundless confidence of safety, too For such a man we would by no often founded on impressions on means make pious Arminians acthe imagination, suggesting to the countable; nor are we answerable mind, Now you are justified, or for those miserable men who persanctified, or made perfect in love.' vert what are called Calvinistic prinAnd I confess, I have been induced ciples; but God is our witness that to apprehend, that the doctrine of we are therefore attached to what falling from grace, does an essential we call the doctrines of grace, be
cause we believe and feel that they Ejected from Batcombe. Joseph Al- are doctrines according to godliness. leine, of Taunton, married his daughter.
Oh that Bishop Watson bad given
as decided evidence of bis piety as being numbered amongst them. Calvin and Beza, Usher and Leigh- The sin, for the commission of Baldo ton, Owen and Edwards, Newton which Judas is distinguished, consulenze and Scott, and thousands more, sisted in betraying his Lord. It
bi whom he thus ventures to charge will here be necessary to make a with impiety!
few preliminary remarks, which, i meld Bristol
J. R. though generally known, will be remain alo
quired in order to place the subject and acco
in a proper point of view. The tested for THE TRAITOR,
Jews, it is generally known, hadispositi
long expected the Messiah, they reited a “Judas by transgression fell, that he were encouraged in this expectation for herent
“ Judas by transgression fell, that he by the promises and the prophecies in their might go to his own place.”-Peter.
of their law, and about the time of z. bot in In looking upon the punishments Christ's incarnation, a general ex. yet any which are inflicted upon our fellow- pectation prevailed that he would alaras, o creatures for the commission of soon present bimself. Jesus at lote that crime, we have different feelings ac. length appeared claiming that cha- ja bedug cording to the different degrees of racter--when he entered upon maligoity which we conceive to be public ministry he chose twelve , not attached to the crimes of which persons, whom he named apostles, they have been guilty. If, for in- to accompany bim in his labours
, we are stance, a person suffers greatly for a and to assist him in his work. Judas crime which is not aggravated in its was one of these apostles, he was nature and circumstances, we feel chosen to this office by Christ
, and for him commiseration; whereas, appears, from his being intrusted when an individual has committed a wiih the office of treasurer to the crime of great iniquity, we acquiesce rest, to have been considered as not in his punishment as just, and in one of the least. It is, moreover, some cases we cannot think of the well known, that the claims and criminal without disgust and horror; preaching of the Saviour bighly ofconceiving that the perpetration of fended the scribes and pharisees, crimes for which he suffers, indicates and rulers of the Jews, who would a more than common degree of willingly bave put an end to his mental obduracy and of desperate preaching, by putting an end to bis depravity. It is with such feelings life; but they feared the people. that we ihink of Judas, bis crime The common people, who heard exhibits such a degree of finished him without prejudice, and who saw impiety, that we cannot think of it the miracles which he did, heard without indignation and sear; these, bim gladly, and looked upon him indeed, seem to have been the gene- as a great prophet, if not as indeed ral feelings respecting him in the the Christ. In proportion as they days of the apostles : hence we find, were confirmed in their regard to that the evangelists seldom mention Christ, the enmity of the scribes and his name without adverting to his pharisees increased; but they knew sin; three of them enumerating the not how to accomplish their diabolinames of those disciples of the Sa- cal purpose: they watched him, viour who were called apostles, add, they had recourse to stratagem, try when they mention Judas, “which ing to lay hold of something in his also was the traitor,”--they thus ex- conversation which might have been press their detestation of his trans- construed into treason, seeking to gression, and his unworthiness of entangle him in his talk; but it was