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the poet Cowper had resided, and fore thought he was more peculiarly the interest with which he preserved called on to devole bis all to God. a memorial of that eminent indivi He was consistent in his charac. dual. History, and the present state ter : you would not see bim at one of the world, also engaged much of time a Christian, at another a man his leisure time; but it was in the of the world. In all places, and in history of the Christian church that every company, he acted in his prohe felt the deepest interest. Every per character. He thought Christhing that respected this subject tianity should influence him in every was valuable to him. He literally relation. In transactions of trade favoured the dust and the walls of for himself, and when acting in trust Zion, and few persons are better ac- for others, he evidenced great intequainted than he was, with the par- grity, and supreme regard to the ticulars of modern church history. laws of Christ. He professed to be
3. He was distinguished by self- a strangersand pilgrim on the earth, denial, frugality, and consistency of and acted accordingly. He profess
. pime of el character.
ed to love Jesus Christ, and he evi. Though fond of retirement, and denced that love in his spirit and averse to bringing himself into no- conduct. No man could doubt his tice, yet he denied himself, and real character; his appearance was u pould willingly came forward in every an index to his mind; for his apgood cause. He denied himself of pearance, his professions, and his many of the comforts of life, that he whole deportment spoke one lanmight have more to devote to reli- guage. gious purposes. Often, also, had 4. He was exemplary for humility, he occasion to deny his own peace meekness, and resignation to Diviue of mind, and ease of body, in his Providence. efforts to serve the church of Christ. His reverence for God was ex. lle was greatly attached to books, ceedingly great: he believed the but forbore to spend much money scripture representation of his cha. for his own gratification in this racter; he lived under its influence. respect.
Contemplation on the infinite and Few men less sought great things gracious perfections of his Creator, for themselves than be did. His do- led him to the deepest humility and mestic affairs were managed with prostration of spirit : yet, his was great prudence and economy. When, not the humility of many words; it at the decease of his parents, he appeared rather in the solemo recame into possession of a small pro
verence of his prayers, in his property, he continued his self-denying found regard to the word of God, and frugal habits. Yet his frugality in conscientious obedience to the was not that which appears in dis- Divine will, and in the low estimate training others to the last farthing, he formed of himself in the sight of or, in illiberal, uskind, and over. God and man. Often would he reTeaching dealings with his neigh. peat those striking words, as pecubours; on the contrary, in these liarly suited to his feelings on this respects, he was generous, and anxi- subject : ous to give too much, rather than “ Great God ! how infinite art thou ! too little, for any service that was What worthless worms are we: done for him. His frugality regard
Let the whole race of creatures bow, ed himself, and bis own comforts,
And pay their praise to thee."
course with mankind in general were periodical publications, and pub. pot frequent, his meekness was not lished a small pamphlet for the use much tried; but there were cases of Sunday-schools, which, on peruin which it was called into exercise: sal, will convince the reader of his and his friends will recollect many benevolent concern for mankind. instances in which it was peculiarly But it was especially in encouraging evident. In speaking of the failings missionary exertions that hi soul of others, he was very cautious. No felt all the fervour of compassion for provocations could lead him to immortal souls, and concern for the railing, or violence of temper; he Divine honour. He had been famisought to moderate the impetuous liar, from childhood, with the narfeelings of others, and to promote ratives of the Moravian Mission. peace and barmony amongst hiş He was personally acquainted with connexions.
individuals, who had devoted He was convinced of Grequity themselves to Missionary labours; and wisdom of the Divine dispensa- and some of his relatives and friends tions : ibough his health was al. were among the first promoters of a ways delicate, and often much im. Missionary Society, which has been, paired, he evidenced great resigna- through a Divine blessing, an instrution, and would commonly, when ment of great good to the Heathen: speaking of his indisposition, refer to this Society, he, by will, left a to the goodness of God, his own great proportion of his property. unworthiness, and the kindness of Various other institutions, which he his friends. He regarded the opera- had been accustomed to support tions of the Divine hand, in the during life, were also partakers of course of public events, in the oc. his small estate. He abhorred an currences of the neighbourhood, in uncandid, illiberal spirit, amongst the variations of the seasons, and in the disciples of Jesus Christ-re. his own afflictions and comforts, joiced in the prosperity of all with admiration and praise. Nor Christiansand anticipated, with could he have ever enjoyed that sacred joy, that period when the steady tranquillity and patience by whole earih shall be filled with the which he was distinguished, had he divine glory. not believed that the Judge of all It may be satisfactory to the the earth will do right; and that in- ' reader to know, that in person he finite wisdom, goodness, and truth, was tall and slender-his dress was were engaged on his behalf. of the same cast with that which he
5. I would mention Christian be- bad been accustomed to wear in his nerolence and zeal, as striking orna- early years, (for he change ments of his character.
with the changing times)--his Various were the actions by which countenance was very intelligent, be evidenced that these were his and expressive of the peace and be principles. In addition to regular nevolence of his mind-his manners contributions 10 many of our bene- to strangers were reserved, but very volent institutions, he frequently modest and unassuming: he would bought small books, which he gave have been esteemed by many a man to his neighbours and acquaintance. of few words; but if the right use of He encouraged young men of pro- speech be our guide, few men said mising talent and piety, by inviting more. His habits were punctual, them to his house, by the loan of quiet, and orderly, and his life books, and by his instructive con- retired. versation. He wrote occasionally in And now, dear reader, what im
pression has this character made rich men, weep and howl for your upon you? Here is one of that miseries that shall come upon you. cloud of witnesses with which you Behold the hire of the labourers are encompassed. Does not a voice which have reaped down your fields, call upon you to "go and do likewhich is of you kept back by fraud, wise." But, remember, your own crieth; and the cries of them which strength will never be adequate to have reaped, are entered into the the work. You are a sinner, and ears of the Lord of Sabaoth. Ye the subject of depravity. You must have condemned and killed the just, be born again, have a new heart and he doth not resist you." given to you, and a right spirit put The sun rises in the morning, but within you, before you will serve it is only to enlighten their path to God in sincerity. If you follow my the field of labour; he shives in an dear friend's example, you will ac- almost vertical direction, but they knowledge what you do to be your are, nevertheless, doomed to toil beduty, and yet ascribe all you have neath his burning rays; he sinks and are, as a Christian, to the grace beneath the western horizon, and of God, and the merits of the Re- they are allowed only a part of the deemer.
time he is absent, to recruit their W.F - exhausted strength; he rises again,
and the sound of the horn, and the
smacking of the whip proclaim, that ON SLAVERY.
they too must rise, and again repair
to the scenes of labour, and fulfil To the Editors of the Baptist Magazine, the work assigned them by their in
exorable task-masters. The SabSirs,
bath returns, but no day of rest reNotwithstanding all the “orders" turns to thousands of them; for and “ recommendations” that have although Jehovah has said, “ Rebeen sent out to the West Indies, by member the Sabbath day, to keep it his Majesty's ministers, Slavery stiil holy. Six days shalt thou labour, exists (with only one exception) in and do all thy work. But the seits most appalling form; and not. venth day is the Sabbath of the withstanding all that has been said, Lord thy God; in it thou shalt not and all that has been written in its do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor extenuation and defence, it still re- thy daughter, thy man-servant, por mains an indefensible and cruel sys. thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor tem, at which the heart sickens, the stranger that is within thy gates." and humanity revolts; and by cha- The patrons of this diabolical sys . racterizing it as one of the most cry- tem say, they shall work, or starve; ing sins of the times, we shall not they shall not " call the Sabbath a greatly err. We can read of the delight,” nor “the holy of the Lord barbarous yoke--the galling fetter- honourable.” the lacerating whip, and, often too, At this time last year, that balm with apathetic feelings, but we can- of life-Hope, was kept buoyant in not see the unavailing tears that the mind of the philanthropist, by furrow their sable cheeks, nor hear the assurance from his Majesty's the despairing groans they produce. ministers, that measures should be Their language, however, if rightly adopted, by which the state of the interpreted, would doubtless bear slave population in our West Indian some affinity to that recorded by colonies should be ameliorated, and the apostle James, “ Go to now, ye they thus be put in possession of a
part of those rights, so long, and so dian produce, more especially sugar, unjustly withheld from them. The only substituting that imported from friends of abolition fondly antici- the East; and it is intimated, that pated the time when this pledge if but one-tenth part of the populawould be redeemed, and that its re- tion of this kingdom would adopt demption would, instead of annihi- the recommendation, slavery, with lating their hopes, have gone far to- its concomitant evils, would soon wards the consummation of their cease to exist. The reasoning of wishes. But, alas ! that movement the author appeared to my mind was a relrograde one; and the conclusive, and the means well chaios of slavery are now, humanly adapted to secure the end; I bave speaking, as firmly riveted as for therefore set about the work, and in ages that are past. li is true, the order to convince others that I was discussion of ihe question has been in earnest, have left off the use of reproductive of good, and we ought fined sugar myself, (which, I believe, io feel thankful to the God of all is invariably made from West Indian grace, for what be has inclined produce) and have prevailed on ihein to do; it has elicited much iwo other persons to do likewise, by important information, and brought which, at the lowest computation, to light some of the "bidden things a consumption of between sixty and of darkness ;” and we should car. seventy pounds will be annually nestly pray, that they may not be saved; and where it is difficult to prevented from acting out their hu. dispense with the article altogether, mane intentions, by the menacing I have determined to substitute East attitude of those whose province it India in its stead, still purposing to is, not to dictate, but to obey; for employ all the influence I possess to confident we are that,
induce others to do the same. * This band of sepators, whose suffrage
For after all, why should we ask sways
the legislature to do that which is Britannia's realms; whom either Ind within our own power to accom
obeys; Who right the injured, and reward the plish? when a more easy and a more brave,
speedy remedy is at hand; and by Could stretch their arm, and prove their the late disappointment of our expower to save!”
pectations, does not Providence seem Then it would be seen that the to say, have ye done all that is in difficulties apprehended were only your own power to do? take, now, ideal, and the terrific consequences the work into your own hands, and anticipated would be found to have soon the sons and daughters of existed only in the minds of sordid Africa must be free. Sugar can be and interested men.
considered in no other light than a But my principal object in ad- luxury; and when it is recollected, dressing you at this time is, to re- that that from the West, is the pur. commend a pamphlet on this sub- chase of freedom, groans, and blood, ject, entitled, “ Immediate, not gra- it can no longer be a question whedual abolition,” which I could wish ther it is the duty of Christians to was universally known, and the ex. abstain from its use, since by not pedient recommended as extensively doing this they become “pariakers adopted. Its design is to show, of other men's sins.”
Hitherto we that nothing decisive is to be ex. have only pected from government, and that
blamed and protested, yet joined in it is in the power of the friends of
the plan, abolition to effect the business them. We have shared in the plunder, but pitied selves, by abstaining from West In the man."
mon all my powers to induce those, who disapprove of this plan, because, vamze
must be so; it is said “ I am bil ki eneb
“And David longed, and said, the bands of wickedness, to unde Oh that one would give me drink of the heavy burdens, and let the opera nie the water of the well of Bethlehem, pressed go free, and that ye breala which is by the gate! And the three every yoke?" mighty men break through the host In order, therefore, that “thesis be of the Philistines, and drew water blessing of him that is ready to powite out of the well of Bethlehem, that rish may come upon us," and we bide was by the gate, and took it and may be the means, under God, obtine brought it to David: nevertheless, proclaiming "liberty to the captives he would not drink thereof, but and the opening of the prison to state, poured it out unto the Lord. And them that are bound.”
Let all on he said, Be it far from me, O Lord, grocers forthwith get a supply of now that I should do this; is not this the East India Sugar, and recommend it usia blood of the men who went in jeo- to their customers on every possible pardy of their lives? THEREFORE occasion ; let all pastry cooks, Cox-cider
DRINK- It.” fectioners, &c. use this, when prace na Still, in this case, there was no blood ticable, in preference to the other dit actually spilt, nor was any life actu- and let all heads of families do like ally sacrificed; yet what a noble wise; and if their children or dow example of courage and affection mestics comply relunctantly, let me does this portion of holy writ afford them award a pecuniary equivalent, for for our imitation on the one hand, and recommend them to devote this and of piety and tenderness of con- to some benevolent purposc; saya science on the other. And could I towards sending the gospel to the persuade like Cicero, or thunder despised race whose cause we are like Demosthenes; had I the elo- now advocating. quence of Apollos, or could I speak It must not be disguised, how. with an angel's voice, I would sum- ever, that there are some persons who would blush at being accounted as they conjecture, a sufficient num. misanthropists, to “ go and do like- ber will not be found to secure the faster it wise.” I would say,
end proposed; and truly, if none
were more in earnest than they, it “ Hark! heard ye not that piercing cry, Which shook the waves, and rent the sky! one, and what will it avail for me to E'en now, e'en now on yonder western leave off the use of sugar? But is
shores, Weeps pale despair, and writhing anguish this objection worthy a rational be roars."
ing? Is it not the very height of
indifference? Was not the million I would cry aloud, and spare not, of men, over whom Xerxes wept, to sbew God's people their trans. composed of individuals ?" and are gressions, and the house of Jacob not whole nations thus composed? their sins. “ Wherefore have we Suppose “one” of these objectors fasted, say they, and thou seest not? had been standing on the sea-shore wherefore have we afflicted our soul, after the late storm, and wbilst “beand thou takest no knowledge? Be- holding the works of the Lord, and hold, in the day of your fast ye find the desolations he bath made," bad pleasure, and exact all your labours. descried at a distance a ship in disBehold, ye fast for strife and de. tress, with a number of his fellowbate; and to smite with the fist of creatures in imminent danger, and wickedness ; ye shall not fast as ye he should have said, is there were do this day, to make your voice to but so many of us we could rescue be heard on high. Is not this the them, but what can I do alone ? fast that I have chosen ?- 1o loose And suppose further, that the same