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Divine Legislator is to be remembered, with all their native vigour in destroying wbo, accommodating his dispensać the evils, and augmenting the enjoytions to the successive states of the ments of our temporal condition; they world, by no means intended the render to these powers an invaluable ser. Jewish code to be final. Before it vice, by extending the sphere of their vi. was fitted for such a porpose, import- sion, by widening the range of their exant changes were necessary. Against those regions of truth, which unassisted,
ertions, and by conveying them into this statement of our author, it would they could not possibly explore." be vain to attempt opposition.
The conduct of the Apostles and “ Had the law of Moses been as per primitive teachers in abstaining from fect in its nature as it was exalted in its the notice of these topics, is amply exorigin, it would have superseded all sub plained, and their silence shewn 10 merely local and temporary, would have afford no ground for inferring their demanded the implicit regard of every favourable regard to the principle of age, and of every nation. It would have slavery in any of its applications. In delineated every crime, and have affixed conclusion of this part it is stated, to each the just and immutable penalty; “ The Apostles acted as a Missionary and the state which, under the pretence ought now io act, if situated under a desof improving, should presume to change potic government, or labouriny amidst its regulations, would be guilty of rebel- the chequered population of the Western lion against God.”
Islands. There are many truths, which, A difference here, is also pointed in such circumstances, it would be not out, between merc connivance aud merely imprudent, but sinful, to preach. injunction, which is justly intitled to
Were he to assert, as is true, that the regard.
negro has a right to his freedom, his
doctrine would be replete with evils. The still more serious allegation that the misguided man, it allowed to con. Christianity itself, is not inimical to tinue his dangerous niinistrations, would slavery, yet remained to be exa- live amidst the caresses of the slaves, and mined. In this part the discussion is the execrations of their masters; the formore extended, and we have a lumi- mer, he would make hypocritical and nous and forcible exhibition of import- worthless Christ the latter, deterant principles. But as our author bas mined and bitter foes both to himself and remarked, that in oriler to rescue the the gospel." scriptores from a dishonourable impu Paving, thus far acted on the dr. tation, and to obviate a difficulty, fensive, Mr. H. becomes in turn the which would impede philanthropic assailant-and with great force anii exertion, we must consider the nature conviction illustrates Christianity as of Christianity-the specific design of its inimical to slavery, because in its naanthor-and the peculiar duties, which ture a violation of justice, devolved upon its primitive teachers-- account of its inhumanity,-and as it will be seen that we can do little exerting a tendency altogether contrary more than thus to indicate those to the influence of the gospel. We topics. We cannot deny ourselves the shall not do the injustice of attempting pleasure of an extract on tho design to epitomise the glowing sentiments of of the Christian Revelation.
these interesting pages. “ There are many, who do not suflici
In enforcing the consequent duties, ently recollect the specific design of the we bave this appcal: Christian revelation, and who appear to “ Let us, then, individually perform imagine, that it expressly denounces every our duty. Meditate on Slavery; contrast existing wrong. Christianity will, in- it with your own freedom, until the condeed, where it prevails, extend a regu- demning sentence which your judgment lating influence orer all the departments pronounces, is confirmed and enforced by and institutions of society; not by a di- every passion. Let this subject blend rect interference, but by enlightening the itself with your habitual thoughts and human mind, and improving the heart. feelings; let exercise your pity, your The scriptures are only one, not every sympathy, your benevolence, your hatred. source of knowledge ; and permitting re. Awaken similar emotions in all your flection and reason to accumulate their associates. Converse on it with your stores from every quarter, and to act friends in the language of deserved exe.
cration; seize every opportunity, sum. Spumantemque dari pecora inter inertia mon every power, and impress upon all
votis, around you a just, a deep sense of its Optat aprum, aut fulvum decendere monte il szent wickedness. Act under the full convic leonem. tion, that, to destroy this revolting sys. tem, is a part of the business of life is dreadful; but, they are put those of the dised
There are regions in which slavery Discourse on it, ye parents, among your children, and while they sport around argument, especially scriptural argnyou in the joyful consciousness of free- ment. Nothing in this latter view can dom, oh, think of those whose offspring well be imagined more impotent; as are born to the chain! Here is a theme, a source of suffering, nothing more on which the speaker ought to expatiate, dreadful. It presents little to exercise ? the writer to employ bis pen, the artist the intellect, but much to oppress the , his pencil, which demands the noblest beart. efforts of the indignant poet, and the holy pirate, which has lately infested the center the
As a practical system, the eloquence of the messengers of mercy. West Indian Seas, is, in miniature, a It is time for the ministers of truth to faint representation of its barbarity, and sound an universal alarm, and in aid of the consternation it diffuses ; in an arthis consecrated cause to wield, with all their vigour, those sacred "weapons, gumentative view, it is but the same as within which, though they are not carnal, are pirate in distress, when every hand on mighty through God.”
boarı! vainly labouring to avert an ivBrief and imperfect as is this ac
evitable catastrophe, is an object of a ligent hus count of the discourse, it will, we
commiseration rather than fear. Or trust, be sufficient to induce our rea
like a marine monster of the same ders to peruse it for themselves, which coasts, which, however, Ureadful in its is the only end we have in view, nor
native element, if ashore, would be an can they in that case, fail of deriving easy victory to an assailant. pleasure and profit from a composition like his coadjutors, in the cause of stil mot
We congratulate Mr. Hall, that Ruslubinio certainly of rare merit, and in the duction of which abilities of no ordi- slave emancipation, he will, no doubt, tilida na nary occurrence were required. It
have merited censure in the eyes of cerwould be gratifying to us, were we at tain judges, because, he has not felt it liberty to dilate on the pleasure we
a duty to restrain a generous indigva. have received, and to attempt to inves- tion, which the view of slavery excites. tigate its sources in the qualities of Those persons, who in order to justify the performance. We cannot, how their practice, require in morals, maxever, content ourselves, with saying
opposed to all the axioms, which less ihan that the discourse in regard to the reason and conscience of men have its method is characterized by perspi- ever received, in order to meet their cuity to its argument by conviction. faste in discussion, require also, a simiIn ihe style combined with much far innovation, in the most approved animation and force, there every
critical laws. It would, doubless, be where prevails natural ease and sim of advantage if they could procure plicity, which are always the least their new canons to be ratified. It has equivocal signs of just taste in com not escaped their notice, that if the position ; nor is the degree of those signs of the emotions, which rise in a qualities much inferior to that in which generous mind, at the view of a shockthey appear in the established classics ing enormity, and which he will waof the language.
turally express if he be called to depose For the purpose of doing justice to respecting it, could, by being stigmathe interest of the discourse, it is pro- tized as declamation, be associated! per to advert to a difficulty in the sub- with qualities which are seen in a weak ject, which, controversially viewed, performance, their beauty would be has a difficulty, although, one which clouded, and their energy annulled. seems paradoxical in the mention, We deem it, however, a sufficient namely, its ease. When a writer finds guard against this artifice of no great it exceedingly easy to satisfy his argu- depth, only to intreat our readers to mont, it is usually proportionably dif- bear in mind the true nature of declaficult to satisfy bis reader's attention, mation. That quality, be it remembered, which, waoting the stimulus of curi- is not to be inferred from the exbibition osity, is wont to decline.
of a bideous object, but if that havo
been represented bideous, which is not inculcate them in reference to the ac
truly so, it consists not in drawing a tual state of society, without partiallecenderu pieture of a gigantic monster, but in ity or fear. In the former justance,
thas depicting what nature has formed when the slave-trade controversy was which is small
, and with well proportioned before the public, the great aid forE but the members. A discourse being the pro. nished by ministers of the gospel, who
duction of a human mind, ought to ro- promptly lent their assistance, has been uter vieta present haman feelings in relation to the distinctly noticed by the historian of important e sabject on which it is employed. That that event.
it is not human nature, which would Another pleasing fact is, that a rc. le to ease be evinced, by writing without emo- solution has extensively been formell,
tion on slavery, we venture to affirm. consuming only the products of free laWhether it be above or below our bour. The state of mind such a resolureaders, must for themselves determine. tion evinces, cannot bat be the object
In the perusal of this piece, we have of the warmest approbation. The pracalbant a been forcibly reminded of a species of tice lias, moreover, the recommenda
, for which our epic hard has been tion of being on the safe side; and out the extolled. Milton is judged to bave should no intimation of its inexpediery lasts been peculiarly successful in depicting ency be made by those whose accurate
the impiety of the arch-fiend's cha- acquaintance with the subject entitles De olie facter, without having, however, pol- their opinion to deference, exertions to
luted his pages with dangerous blas. promote the practice in his several oir
plimies. The present subject is not cle will have become an imperative eadfe ipe so contrary in nature, as in dissallow duty on each. Foreldbero comparison, and Mr. Hall has alstain. While, bowever, the state of things
ed from shocking us with the details, at present is most encouraging, as to while his exbibition of the principles of the issue of this controversy, the need slavery, will not fail to leave an im- of active exertion is not diminished, pression of its nature, such as no de. In the presumptions, that this horrible tails could accomplish.
violation of humanity and justice is It was our iutention to add in this about to be brought to a close, we is an article
, some remarks of a more gene- may rationally rejoice; the supposition ral nature on the great question of that it has already virtually ceased, emancipation, but we have little re. that if now left alone, it will decline of maining space, and have already taken its own accord, would be a fatal mistake. mucb liberty with our reader's attention. Great exertions are made to produce We may, however, be permitted to ex- in the public mind a delusion of press the great satisfaction we feel at this nature, and from a motive which the evident proofs that the cause of ibe it is not difficult to understand, What slaves is making progress.
Founded bas already been done, is represented as as slavery is upon a violation of eternal sufficient, and tbat without further les justice, its altimate overthrow is what gislation the practice will be given up. Do good man can doubt: but the signs A great improvement in the minds of that the event is at band, may yet to the colonists is pretended, and that they regarded with delight. The public mind, bave adopted those more liberal views with respect to this subject, bas too long which will cause them, of their own acbeen in a state of comparative stayna- cord, to abandon an ignominious and tion. At present, feeling begins to flow, cruel system. Representations of this and ere long the rapid torrent will bave nature can mislead none but such as evinced the weakness of all that is op- wish to be misled on this subject. So posed to it. Among the signs of this contrary is it to truth that any favourimproved state of feeling, we observe, able change is evinced in the conduct with peculiar pleasure, that the minis- of the colonists, that it is impossible to ters of religion are taking up the cause. imagine what additional steps they With pariy politics the minister of could take to shew their settled deterChrist would desecrate the pulpit, mination to oppose the slightest innowhere be to concern himself; but as vation on their system. An improve justice and trath are ever principles ment in their views, as they are situated, which le has to inculcate, so he will would soon become apparcnt. Bence
ficial effects, like rays from a luminous plate its removal as the greatest calamity whildi hody, would issue from it in all direc- which they are able to droad. Credu meget a tions. The wretched slaves would soon lous anticipations, that slavery will oss in the become sensible of the mitigated ri- pire of its own accord; that its constit gours of the bondage under which they ductors will spontaneonsly relax in the bar groan. Especially would there take rigours of oppression, as involving the place an alteration of their state will expectation that private interest will respect to the facilities of mental im- cease to be with the mass of mankind, iri pada provement, and religious instruction. the most cogcut motive of which they beli The persons, however, who make as are sensible, are no less characterized ved sertions of the improved spirit of the by folly, than the indulgence of them
balal colonists, will have at least the pru- would be fatal to this great cause. dence to recede from these tests of the We trust our readers will not fail 10 truth of their statement; as investiga. avail themselves of the recently aug. rate 1 tions on this subject are ill adapted, mented aids for acquiring and diffusing understand they are aware, to do service to their ipfurmation of the actual state of the cause. An ordinary acquaintance system. Few labourers in this cause
and to buy with human nature, may be suffi- merit more thanks than those whose cient to convince any, that, as private investigation has enabled them to interest is the ground of the attach- give full and precise information, ment to slavery, those who regard it as and derived from the highest sources, t, linnen the source of their profit, will never in point of authority, respecting the vavoluntarily allow it to decline. The rivus aspects of the condition in which power of vital religion and, in some in the miserable slavepopulation is placed. stances, cven the valural sentimenís The perusal of their works, is a doty of morality have raised individuals above which all, capable of exerting an influthe most unfavourable circumstances, ence in this cause, (and wbu is there who therefore have readily sacrificed not included in such a statement) owe their private gains to the sentiments of to themselves, to the community, to justice, or the commands of revelation. the unbappy victims of oppression, Such instances may still be expected. whose true situation so great pains That a large body of men should simul- bave been taken wickedly to misrepretaneously concur in taking sucb sent. The effect of their acting on this step, unless by means of the prevalence suggestion we are at no loss 10 anticiof religious principles among them, as pate. It is indeed difficult to say, it is an event which no bistory records, whether ibey will most have their wonso it would be folly to expect that it der raised at the uublushing impudence should bereafter occur. The magicians of the assertious made on this subject, of old brought their books to the pile, and of which they will see the falsehood and relinquished a lucrative imposture; demonstrated; or, their pity moved at a and the reception of the gospel which condition which, after all the dreadful caused them to do so would, in this portraits which have been given of it, case, be followed by similar effects. is still at every fresh yiow found to afSuch an event, however, though within ford hitherto unnoticed proofs of dethe divine power to accomplish, is far gradation and wretchedness. It may too improbable to be allowed to enter justly be thought, that a state must be into buman calculation. The active bad which even its advocates, instead opposition bitherto uniformly made by of a denial of its wretchedness, would the planters, is the usual effect of their think of defending, by saying, there are circumstances, and will, no doubt, con- other states more deplorable ; but even tinue to be evinced. The defence of this kind of defence is shewa to be unthe system will be their great concern. tenable. Among all the forms of They will palliate its enormities is their slavery which exist, or which history representation. They will accommo- describes the modern system, is still date their tactics to the position of the found exhibiting a bad pre-eminence; Warfare.
They will labour for the no other admits maxims equally cruel, entire preservation of the system. In- or so fully denies to its objects all the stead of the abhorrence of it which its claims of hamapily, wickedness deserves, they will contem Were the cause of emancipatiou
one which instead of resting on self- sent conduct, as a nation, is certainly ill evident principles of justice, must adapted to repress such a tendency. be judged of by the character of it's To qualify conduct, to be an example chief promoters, it would still have whether in an individual, or a nation, strong claims on our support. No in- consistency is above all things necesdividuals have attained a more estab- sary, a quality, which we certainly shall lished reputation for a distinguished not exbibit, while with one band we parity of moral conduct, both in public are seen averting bondage from the and private life. It is with unspeaka- innocent-with the other, rivetting the ble pleasure we add, that not a few of chains of those who, already though them bave the reputation of most decid- equally innocent, are enslaved. That eri piety. Obloqoy has endeavoured to these cases differ onls incidentally, assail them ; but the pnblic bas known and in all important principles are bow to appreciate the attempts, and identical, every one perceives. We has well understood the motives of wish not to urge a point, on which Iliose who wished to defame. There we confess ourselves to speak on auare no persons to be found in whose thority, rather than on judgineot. Whehands the planters themselves might ther the measure of emancipation inwith greater safety leave their interests, clude in its effects this additional assured of their receiving all practicable blessing of averting the return of the attention. It is not in an enterprise of slave trade, which, as a beast of prey malevolence these persons have en- is rendered voraeions by abstinence, gaged; were such their motives, they would return with increased horrors, migbt well, so far as onr West India we are not able to judge: without this territories are concerned, deem their la- its object is sufliciently important. bour superfluous. Were it a fiend-like The deliverance of seven hundred batred of the species by which they are thousand buman beings, from the deactoated, in those wretched abodes of graded condition of slavery, and a deoppression, they might find wherewith liverance of their oppressors, from a to satiate their malevolence. But the condition scarcely less pitiable, is an spirit of their enterprise is of a quite object sufficiently great. In this cause, opposite nature, they desire that, if pos. let none refuse his aid; but with besible, none should suffer; that any class coming earnestness, and fixed perseof persons, any individual, should be verance, let each one exert himself, injured, would be regarded by them, assured, that whatever opposition be as detracting from their triumph. made, the causefof righteousness will in
We must however come to a close. the end prevail. A suggestion has recently often been made by those who have long contemplated all relating to slavery, of a peculiarly serious import-- it is l. New Sacred Melodies, by W.J. White, that, without emancipation, there of St. Albans. 38. 6d. is even danger that the slave trade might return. The very mention of such 2. A Supplement to the above. 48. a possibility may well strike the mind with indescribable borror. In the re- 3. Worship, a much admired Piece, sung moval of tbat infernal traffic, it is the
at the opening of Hatfield Independent boast of our country to have taken the
Chapel. Is. 6d. lead; nor exists there in the firmament of British glory, another brighter light,
We have paid attention to these or of morc benign influence. In that compositions of Mr. Wbite, and are great transaction, the country was seen
pleased with their general simplicity; performing an act of national justice, many of them are, we think, deservedly and setting an example to the nation's styled, Melodies. The scientific singer of Europe, and of the world. Other will not, perbaps, be much enraptured nations received her example, and trod with them; but we think, that many, in her steps. If io some of these there especially of the first book, strongly reare afflictive signs of a disposition to commend themselves to our Devotional return to this dreadful traffic, our pre