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• This author usually quotes no authority for what he advances : in this, however, he does not diifer much from his cotemporaries, who even in their arguments and opinions delivered in court, had not got into that practice of vouching authorities, which has obtained so much since. Whenever he has a point to handle which is not thoroughly lettied, he generally ftates the different opinions on it, and ijen gives his own reafons for differing or agreeing with either : and where he does not deliver an opinion deciaredly his own, the lait is supposed to be that which he is inclined to adopt. This rational and candid
of treating every thing, added to the known abilities of the author, acquired him such confidence with poiterity, that any thing out of Littleton has been taken upon that au thority alone. Thus, the want of references, which at first might seem a want of authenticity, has in the end administered to the fame of this writer; as opinions, which otherwise might be vouched from an adjudged case, are now totally rested on the words of Littleton.
“The undiminished reputation which this author ftill pofsefies, is owing principally to the choice of his subject. The law of estates and tenures, as understood at the time of Littleton, is at this day the best introduction to the knowledge of real property; and, though great part of this volume is not now law, yet so intimately was the whole of this system con. nected, that what remains of tenures cannot be understood without a knowlege of what is abolished ; and therefore the parts of Littleton which are now obsolete, are studied both with profit and pleasure. We inay ftill say what the author pronounced of his work in another respect : “ Though certain things which are moved, and specified in the said book, are not altogether law, yet such things thall make thee more apt and able to understand and apprehend the arguments and reasons of the law.”
• Besides this, the law of tenures and estates has always been thought the most natural entrance into the study of the law in general; therefore this small volume became the first book which was put into the hands of the itudent; and while it was considered by practicers and the courts as a book of the highest authority, it was at the same time the inititute to English, jurisprudence. Lawyers gave their earliest and latest application to the text of Littleton ;, every section and sentence was weighed, and every proposition confidered in all its consequences; it was translated, commented, and analysed; and every method contrived to gain a complete knowlege of its contents. Per. haps no book, in any science so confined as the municipal laws of any country must be, has more employed the labours of the learned and industrious. A writer, who was himself one of the greatest ornaments of the law, and whose name never appears greater, than when accompanied with that of our author, furnished the world with a very copious and minute commen
tary on this book; in which he has carried his attention to the import of
word so far, as to make interesting remarks on his very et cateras.
The fame of Littleton has not been confined to this island As the Norman lawyers nade Glanville a model upon which to form their cousiumier, and give system to their jurisprudence; to a modern writer of that country has Jately made a learned comment on Littleton, as the beit help towards illuftrating their own customs and laws.'
The reign of Henry VII. is a great conftitutional period; be wrested the power from the nobles, which at lait fell to the people. But as our author avoids such discuslions, the history of the law in his reign is not very interelting. The attention of the king was principally directed to criminal proccejinys, and almost all offences were made fineoble ; a circumstance which strongly marks the ruling paffion of this politic punce --the accumulation of wealth. That very technical part of the law, the doctrine of uses,
greater subtlety, especially as, by a statute of Richard III. they had become connected with the law of entails. The support given by the courts to the action of ejectment, has in the end enşirely precluded the use of real actions ; which did not merit such neglect. They seem perfectly adapted to this end, and for the decision of the several questions which could arise concerning real property. The process was certainly tedious, and full of useless formalities; but this might easily have been remedied. The method of deciding upon real property is at prefent utterly unintelligible to all except lawyers, and has given an air of myflery to a profession which is grounded on common sense, and must be supported by it.
We here take leave of a work which, if it had been finished as it was designed, we should not have hesitated to have called a great one. . We must express a hope, however, that Mr. Reeves will soon feel the insufficiency of these motives which tempted him to defert his original plan, and complete the Hiftory of the Law in a manner which may make us forget that it was ever given to the world unfinished. Not indeed that we wish, in any degree, to be understood as entertaining an un. favourable opinion of the present publication : on the contrary, however inferior it may be to that which the author promised in his outset both to himself and his readers, it is even as it now appears, a production of considerable importance. More perhaps might have been done (though if we had not been taught to expect, we should probably not have required more); yet this in justice ought not to derogate from the merit pf what is performed. The young ftudent, as well as the
more experienced proficient in the law, may reap advante age from these volumes, where they will find a well-connected recital of all the ancient statutes, and an historical di. gest of all the fundamental doctrines contained in the treatises of our first law-writers, such as Glanville, Bracton, Fleta, Britton, and the Mirrour of Magiltrates; authors, whose black-letter pages
in barbarous Latin, bad English, and worse French, however venerable they may look, opportunely dif. played upon a table, we believe to be neither fo generally nor fo attentively ftadied by modern lawyers as they deserve. The present attempt to render them more extensively known, entitles Mr. Reeves, in our estimation, to the thanks of all who wish well to the advancement of legal science. [Corresp.
Sketch of a Tour into Derby hire and Yorkshire, including Part of
Buckingham, Warwick, Leicester, Nottingham, Northampton,
The work is now so much extended as to form a moderate volume in large octavo. To give a regular detail of the narra. tive, would be to relate the author's progress and observations through the whole of the Tour : and though this might perhaps be no disagreeable task, it is such a one as must be
precluded by the necesity of accommodating the limits of our Review to a variety of other subjects. In performing this Tour the author has proceeded by Buckingham, Banbury, Edge-hill, Warwick, Coventry, Leicefter, Derby, Matlock, Buxton, Sheffield, Leeds, Rippon, and Afkrig; whence he returned through the wilds of Yorkshire, called Craven, and by Mansfeld, Nottingham, Northainpton, Woburn, and Se. Alban's.
For the gratification of such of our readers as are unacquainted with the beauties of Siowe, we shall lay besore them our author's account of those gardens, in delineating which he has chiefly followed the description of the late Mr. Whately.
. In the front of the house, which stands on the brow of a gentle rise, is a considerable lawn, open to the water, beyond which are two elegant doric pavilions, placed in the boundary of the garden, but not marking it as such, though they correi. pond to each other; for, ftill further back, on a riling ground without the inclosure, stands the Corinthian arch, which is seen in the approach.
* Crit. Rev, vol. xlv. p. 159.
• I Mall not attempt to describe all the buildings, which are very numerous, but shall mention some of the principal scenes.
On entering the garden, you are conducted to the left by the two Doric pavilions, from whence the magnificent front of the house is full in view. You pats by the side of the lake (which, with the bason, flows about ten acres) to a temple dedicated to Venus, looking full on the water; and over a lawn, up to the temple of Bacchus, to which you are led by a winding walk. This last building itands under cover of a wood of large trees. The lawn, which is extensive, is bounded by wood on each side, and Nopes down to the water, on the oppofite side of which is the very elegant temple of Venus, just mentioned, thrown into perspective, - by being inclined a little from a front view. Over the tops of the surrounding wood is a view of the distant country, terminated by Brill-hill, near Oxford ; and Quainton-hill, near Aylesbury.
• From hence you cross the lawn by the front of the house, which is nearly in the centre of the gardens, dividing them as it were into two parts. In the latter division, the tower of the parish church, bofomed in trees, the body of it wholly concealed from view, is one of the first things which strikes the eye, and you are uncertain whether it is more than one of the ornamental buildings. Passing by it you enter the Elysian fields, under a Doric arch, through which are seen, in perspective, a bridge, and a lodge in the form of a castle. The temple of Friendship is in fight; and within this spot are those of Ancient Virtue and of the British Worthies, adorned with bufts of various eminent men, and inscriptions, mentioning their particular merits. Here is also a roftral column to the memory of captain Grenville, brother of the late earl, who was killed in that successful engagement with the French fleet in 1747, when Mr. Anson took the whole of the convoy. In the bottom runs a stream, which, with the variety and disposition of the trees dispersed over gentle inequalities of ground, make this a very lively and beautiful scene.
Close to this is the Alder-grove, a deep recess in the thick. est shade. The water, though really clear, is rendered of a dark blue colour by the over-hanging trees : the alders are of an uncommon size, white with age; and here are likewise some large and noble elms. At the end is a grotto, faced with fints and pebbles, in which the late earl fometimes fupped. On fuch occasions this grove was illuminated with a great number of lamps, and his lordship, with a benevolence which did him honour, permitted the neighbourhood to share the pleasure of the evening with him and his company, the park gates being
• The temple of Concord and Victory is a most noble build. ing. In the front are fix Ionic columns supporting a pediment
filled with bas-relief, the points of which are crowned with ftatues. On each side is a beautiful coionade of ten lofty pillars. The inside is adorned with medallions of those officers who did so much honor to their country, and under the auspices of his lordship's immortal relation, Mr. Pitt, carried its glory to so high a pitch in the war of 1755; a war moft eminently diftinguithed by Concord and Victory. This temple stands on a gentle rise, and below it is a winding valley, the sides of which are adorned with groves and clumps of trees, and the open space is broken by fingle trees, of various forms. Some ftatues are interspersed. This valley was once flowed with water, but the springs not supplying a sufficient quantity, have been diverted, and it is now grats.
On the opposite fide of this vale is the Lady's Temple, on an elevated spot, commanding the distant views. Below is a stream, over which is thrown a plain wooden bridge.
On another eminence, divided from this by a great dip, stands a large Gothic building, fitted up in that tate, and furnished with some very good painted glass.
The Temple of Friendship is adorned with elegant marble busts of some whose friendship did real honour to the noble owner.'
In treating of Banbury, Mr. Bray observes that Puritans were always numerous in the town. · Camden speaks of it as a place famous for cakes and ale ; and when Holland translated his Britannia without his confent, he played him a trick: getting at the printer, he changed cakes and ale, into cakes and zeal, which alteration got Holland many enemies.'
The seat of lord Scarsdale, at Kedlefton, affords our author a large subject for architectural description; but for an 'account of this magnificient building, as well as of Chatsworth, already well-known, and of Wentworth Castle, we must refer to the work; in which the reader will meet with an agreeable mixture of anecdote and topographical delineation, accompanied in some places with etchings.
The Life of Cervantes: together with Remarks on bis Writings, by
Mr. de Florian. Translated from the French by William Wall. beck. Small Svo. Bew. R.
, found to have executed his task as translator very ably. And I think, when you have perused the Life of Cervantes and the remarks upon his writings, you will agree with me that the Frenchman has evinced no lefs good sense, than liberality and candour : and, if he is not quite a Rousseau or D'Alembert, he is a good writer, and no despicable critic.'
We have transcribed these words, because they are well fitted to characterise, this • shadow of a shade,' the tranflation