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• This Resolution is founded on an assumption which I positively declare to be false and inadmissible, viz. that Ireland enjoys no just right or claim to the participation of commercial advantages, and must therefore engage to purchase them by a compensation from Great Britain. - This is not only an infera ence, but the foundation of the whole plan, and by treating on such terms, Ireland would directly acknowledge the exclufive right of Great Britain to deny her that participation, without a compensation of an annual supply.
• That Ireland ought to contribute to the defence of the trade of the empire, I am molt ready to admit. And she has ever shown an inclination to bear her thare of the public expence even beyond her abilities.--My objection is to agreeing to pay that contribution as a purchase of what she has a right to claim on other grounds, namely, as a compensation for a participation of fiinilar commercial advantages granted by her to Great Britain.-For
• The only commercial advantages that are to be communicated to Ireland, by virtue of this act, are a permission to send her manufactures, and the importable produce of foreign states, or our own colonies, into Great Britain. It is not material to advert to the regulations to be adopted on this trade.-I only ak if Great Britain does not now enjoy the power of sending fimilar articles, and her manufactures into Ireland; and if he has not ever since the union of the crowns enjoyed this advantage?'
In these remarks, it is obvious that the author endeavours to bend the subject to his own prejudices; and that he might do this with the greater success, he very artfully observes, it is not material to advert to the regulations to be adopted on this trade. But we must beg leave to contend, that an attention to the proposed regulations is a matter of the utmost importance; and in support of this affercion we may appeal to the conduct of both the houses of the British parliament on the present occasion. On what other account than for the purpose of establishing proper regulations, has so much time been'employed in examining the petitions of the various manufacturers ?
The author, in his remarks on the Fourth Resolution, appears likewise to indulge himself in a strain of misrepresentation. He infifts, that were the propositions adopted, they would directly affect the independence of Ireland; but, by this affertion, he seems to lose sight of the reciprocity which it is intended that the legislatures of both countries should equally exercise with respect to commercial regulations.
In treating of the Ninth Relolution, the author professes a deteftation of the idea that Ireland should be prohibited from a trade with the East Indies. But he ought to reflect, that this is a prohibition not peculiar to Ireland, fince, excepting the capital, all the ports in Great Britain are excluded from enjoy. ing the privileges of the East India Company.
According to this author, the people of Ireland never can be satisfied without a total rejection of the Second, Fourth, Fifth, Eighth, Ninth, and some parts of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Resolutions. He certainly has done all in his power to infti. gate the Irish, particularly the volunieers, to such a rejection ; and we cannot, without expressing the strongest disapprobation, behold any writer on a great national subject, appeal to the pallions of the uninformed populace, in preference to the legislature of the country. Such a conduct is evidently dictated by the worst of motives, and deserves to be reprobated by the opponents, as well as the abertors of the Resolutions. Ar Andress to the King and People of Ireland. 8vo. 15. Debrett.
The author of this address holds, that the system contained in the Twenty Resolutions is inadmislible; and that the terms of it, on the part of the two contracting parties, viz. the parliament of Great Britain, and the parliament of Ireland, are of pecellity as to the one, or as to the other, a surrender FUR È VER of those inherent rights which neither can of right for EVER forego.' The author of this pamphlet writes dispassionately; but his arguments are as inadmisible, in our opinion, as the fys. ten of Resolutions is in his own.
Original Papers, 8vo. 15. Jarvis. These Papers have fo mach the appearance of being genuine, that, with the concurring evidence of some additional circumftances, we cannot doubt of their authenticity. They confift of a Letter from the late Earl of Hardwicke to a 'near Relation, on the Subject of a Miniferial Negociation in the Year 1763 ; and of a Letter from the Hon. Charles Yorke to the Rev. Dr. Birch. The letter from lord Hardwicke is dared Sept. 4, 1763. and contains an account of two conferences which Mr. Pitt had with a great personage at the Q's palace, relative to a new administration. At the formes of those conferences, which was about ten days before, on a Saturday, every thing seemed to be in a fair train for a new ministerial arrangement; but, lo! at the conference on the sublequent Monday, this Hattering prospect entirely vanished.
Mr. Pitt likewise affirms, says the writer of the Letter, that if he was examined upon oath, he could not tell upon what this negociation broke cff, whether upon any particular point, or upon the general complexion of the whole : bar that if the ***** fhall afrigp any particular reason for it, he will never contradict it.”
In the beginning of the Letter, we are presented with an account of the feps which led to the conferences above men. tioned. As this part is frongly marked with the characteristics of a political negociation, we shall lay before our readers an cxtract of it.
• I have
• I have heard the whole from the duke of Newcastle, and Friday morning de fource from Mr. Pitt.
But if I was to attempt to relate in writing all that I have heard in two conver. fations of two hours each, the dotterels and wheat cars would stink before I could finiih my letter. Besides, it is as strange as it is long, for I believe it is the most extraordinary transaction that ever happened in any court in Europe, even in times as extraordinary as the present.
"I will begin, as the affair has gone on, preposterously, by telling you, that it is all over for the present, and we are all come back re infecta.
. It began, as to the substance, by a message from my lord B-e to Mr. Pitt at Hayes, through my lord mayor, to give him the meeting privately at some third place. This his lord. fhip (lord B.) afterwards altered by a note from himself, saying, that as he loved to do things openly, he would come to Mr. Pitt's house in Jermyn-treet, in broad day-light. They met accordingly, and lord B-e, after the first compliments, frankly acknowledged, that his ministry could not go on, and that the was convinced of it, and therefore he (lord B.) defired that Mr. Pitt would open himself frankly and at large, and tell him his ideas of things and persons with the utmost freedom. After much excuse and hanging back, Mr. Pitt did so with the utmost freedom indeed, though with civility. Here 1 mult leave a long blank, to be filled up when I see you. Lord B-e heard with great attention and patience ; entered into no defence; but at last said, “ If there are your opinions, why fhould you not tell them to the **** himself, who will not be unwilling to hear you ?"" How can I, my lord, prelune to go to the ****, who am not of his council, nor in his fervice, and have no pretence to ask an audience. The presumption would be too great "_" But suppose his my should order you to attend him, I presume, fir, you would not retuse it." - The ****'s command would make it my duty, and I should certainly obey it."
The Letter to Dr. Birch is dated O&tober 9, 1762, and re. commends, for good reasons, the eralement of a few words printed in brackets, in the doctor's edition of Sir Francis Bacon's Letters. Obervations on the Jurisprudlence of the Court of Seffion in Scotland.
8vo. Murray. Much has been said, and much written, of the neceffity of a reform in different departments of the state ; but, if the representation of this author be weli founded, nothing can require it so much as the mode of jurisdiction in the court of fellion in Scotland, According to his account, not only the jurisdiction of this court, but the mode of exercising it is in. definite. Instead of favouring the prompt decision of civil caufes, it is calculated to protract them even to an unlimited
period. The forms of process being governed by no deter. minate rules, a field of endless litigation is left open to the lawyers, while their clients are involved in ruinous expences, and the judges are oppressed with the accumulated load of contradictory arguments, suficient to demand the attentive examination of several months, if not of years. In a word, it appears to be a court fo únhappily constituted as to obtruct the objects of jurisdiction, even under the dispensation of the most falutary laws; and it certainly calls aloud for speedy and effectual regulation. The Speech of the Right Hon. Charles James Fox on the Irish Refo
lutions, May 12, 1785. 8vo. Debrett. Mr. Fox's Reply to Mr. Pitt, upon reporting the Fourth Proposition
of the Irish System, May 31, 1785. 8vo. 6d. Kearlley.
As a literary Review is not the channel for the conveying of parliamentary debates, our readers will not expect from us an account of either of those Speeches. To judge of the force of the arguments, it is neceffary to be acquainted with those which were used by the oppofite party; and in respect of rhetorical abilities, Mr. Fox's character is sufficiently known. The Debare in the House of Commons, on the Motion of the Right
Hon. William Pitt, for Leave to bring in a Bill to amend the Representation of the People in Parliament. 8vo. Is. Stockdale.
This interesting debate brought the long agitated affair of a parliamentary reform to a crilis. For, though the press had groaned these several years with publications on the subject, we have not, fince that period, met with one on either side of the question. A Political Psalm, for the Service of the Year 1785. 4to. Is.
Ridgeway. Below the notice of criticism.
M IS CE L L A NE OU S. The Case of our Fellow-creatures the opprefed Africans. Svo. 2d.
Phillips. This is a serious and well-meant address on slavery. We have often had occasion to mention the subject, and have always born our testimony against this inhuman practice. We wish therefore the greatest Tuccess to the exertions of this very benevolent Society of Quakers. We shall probably, at some future period, have an opportunity of showing, that it is not less expedient than humane. Heraldry of Nature; or, Infructions for the King at Arms. Small
8vo. 25. 6d. Smith. This is a new mode of satire, or rather a new form of abuse, The idea promises entertainment; but the execution is miser
ably ably deficient. The author should have described the men, and their striking characteristics, inttead of aiming at their foibles. The best part of the work is the selection of the mottos, and their translations; in which he discovers focy and ingenuity.. The motto to the marquis of B's arms is Clam; but often, in his choice of cheie, he links into puns and fallu wit. The Reviewers correzzed: or False Criticism analysiil. Ey I'. Edu
monftone, Surycon. čvo. 61. Richardson.
Speratum meritis.' This complaint was a very ancient one, and complaints of this kind will always continue. Mr. Edmontone's animadverfions were excited by the criticisin on lis • Eflay on the Prevention of an Evil injurious to Health, and inimical to Enjoyment, in the Monthly Review. Adventures of a Pincushion, defigned chicfly for the Use of Young
Ladies. 24to. 6d. Marihall. This is an instructive and amusing lictle book : the lessons are inculcated with great address, and they are strictly moral and juft. It is a favourable prospect for the succeeding age, that the little books for children are so much improved in every respect. Elay to prove the insufficiency of Subalterns Pay in the Army, &c.
Small 8vo. 25. 6d. in Boaris, Stockdale. Nothing is more generally acknowledged than that the pay of a subaltern officer is really inadequate to his station. Accordin. to a calculation made by this writer, and which we think is far from being exaggerated, the almost unavoidable yearly expences of a subaltern officer exceed his income by a fun nearly equal to his pay. The author pleads the cause of the milicary officers with modesty ; and has subjcined some sensible hints for more effectually recruiting the army.
Practical Benevolence. 8vo, 1s. Murray. A well-written letter, addressed to the public by a universal friend, who offers his advice to persons of all denominations, in the most delicate circumstances of life. The confpicuous philanthropy of the author merits our warmest praise; and we heartily with success to a plan fo fingular, benevolent, and gratuitous. Elements of Nature ; or, Free Opinions Sported in the interior Ca.
binet of Venus. By Montaigne. 12mo. 25. 6d. Peacock.
According to the compiler, this pamphlet includes the beauties of Montaigne; but he would have acted more ingenuously, to have called these extracts the Deformities of that agreeable author.