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lift of re-agents, but in this kingdom they are seldom én. ployed A concise Pelation of the Effiets of an extraordinary Styptic, latchy

discovered. By Barth. Rufpini, Surgcon Dentist. Svo. Johnfon.

This remedy has been employed chiefly on animals, though, in one or two initances, it has been applied to wounded arteries of the human body. The author, with a commendable candour, does not speak from him felf, but in the words of those who made the experiments, and related the events. The teitimony is greatly in favour of the ftyptic, which is supposed to act as a ledative rather than an astringent. We do not indeed approve of this method of considering its effects, which seems to be somewhat inaccurate; but this does not change the facts themselves. The remedy seems a valuable one, even though it should not be so extensively useful as the eagernefs of an inventor may expect; and we would recommend it to the atterie tion, (may we add to the candour?') of the faculty.

MI S CE L L A N E O US. The History of Nerv- Hampshire. Pol. I. By Jeremy Belknaf,

A.M. 870. The history of New-l lampshire, as weli as of the other parts of America, has been related by several writers, fome of whom not having any opportunity of consulting records, have depended entirely upon the authority of their predecessors. The author of his volume, who is a native of the province of NewHampshire, has, it seems, had access to useful manuscripts on the fubject of his work; and of these he has industriously availed himself. The present volume contains the history of the province from its seitlement to the year 1715. The narrative, which is perspicuous, appears to be conducted with fidelity; and in an Appendix is given a variety of papers relative to different transactions.

Mr. Belknap has inserted the subsequent petition as a curiofity, and from the time consideration we also present it to our readers.

• Portsmouth, the 7th of Sept. 1687. • To the much honred cort now fiung in faid Portsmouth, for

the prouinc of Newhamphir, * The humbel petifhon of William Houchins, on of his ma

gely subgicis belonging to faid prouinc, humbly seweth for aduic, ade and releff in his deplorabell eltat and con

dition. • That whareas it has plesed God to lay his hand uppon him, and that hee is in such a condition not being abell to help him felff, as to the geting a living or proquering help or remedy for my deftemper, being low in the world, and hauing useed all the menes and aduic porabell for nere fiue year past ; hauing bin

informed by fom that it is a destemper caled the king's euell, so can not be qureed but by his magefiy. Hauing littell or nothing in this world, if my liff should go for it am not abell to trancsport my self for England to his magesty for releff; thares ffor humbly and hartly beg the help, ade and affiftanc of this honred cort, that thay would so far com miserat my deplorabell condition as order som way ether by breff or any other way that youer honers Thall think most meet to move the harts of all cristen people with compation to betto fomthing uppon mee, to trancsport mee for England, whar, God willing, I intend forth wish to goo iff pofabell, but without help not posabell. This humbly leuing my felff in the fad condition I am in, trufting in God and youer honers for help and aduice, fubferib youer por deplorabell faruant,

WILLEAM HOUCHINS.' Apology for the Life of George Anne Bellamy. Vol. VI.

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356 Bell.

The public curiosity, scarcely yet satisfied with the former volumes of Mrs. Bellamy's Life is again excited by a fucceeding one. This volume is intended to correct miltakes, and to supply defects; but those who perused the former part, with an anxious attention to dates and periods, will not meet with many elucidations. As Mrs. Bellamy supposed that she was born in 1733, and firit performed Monimia in 1744, many were surprised at her attempting this character, at eleven years of age. But, on a more, accurate enquiry, the year of her birth was 1731, and she was consequently thirteen at that time: and the has been also reminded of having forgotten to mention, that fhe had before played the part of Miss Prue, for Bridgewater's benefit. Perhaps the circumstance is not much leis fure prising for this very important correction ; and Mrs. Bellamy might have answered with the contemptuous smile of Voltaire, who was once informed that he had committed an important mistake in history, by transferring the date of a battle, from one day, or from one year to another. In fact chefe minute details, these labours of little minds, are only important when magnified by dullness.

Yet we muft own that the additions in this volume are feldom of more importance; but they are often amusing, and to the lovers of the stage interesing. We hall select a inort one, as a picture of the theatre at no very diftant period.

• Mr. Ryan might truly have been denominated, in the theatrical phrase, a wear and tear man ; that is, one who had conftant employment, and fills a partin almost every piece that is performed. This frequently occasioned his coming late to the theatre. I have known him come at the time the last music has been playing ; when he has accoiled the Moe-black at the Stage door in his usual tremulous tone, (which it is impossible to give those an idea of on paper that never heard it, but thote who bate, will eafily recollect it) with, boy, clean my shoes. • As soon as this needful operation has been performed, he has hastened to his dressing room, and having hurried on an old laced coat and waittcoat, not a little the worse for wear, a tye-wig pulled buckilhly over his forehead, and in the identical black woried tiockings he had on when he entered the house, order the curtain to be drawn up. Thus adorned, he would then make his appearance in the character of Lord Townley; and, in the very tone of voice in which he had addressed his intimate of the bruth, exclaim,

Why did I marry; was it not evident, &c.” And in the fame harsh monotony did that gentleman speak. every part he played.

• I have not introduced the foregoing circumstances to ridi. cule Mr. Ryan; as from the acknowledgment of Mr. Garrick, he was a just as well as useful actor'; but to point out the real state of the theatrical community, at the period I was interested in it.

• It will likewise be seen from it, that the dress of the gentlemen, both of the rock and bukin, was full as absurd as that of the ladies. Whilst, the empreffes and queens appeared in black velvet, and, upon extraordinary occasions, with the additional finery of an embroidered or tissue petticoat; and the younger part of the females, in caft gowns of persons of quality, or altered habits rather foiled; the male part of the dramatis perfonæ ftrutted in tarnished laced coats and waistcoats, full-bottom or tye-wigs, and black worsted stockings.'

The volume is filled with what, in a classic, would be styled the testimonies of authors; in fact, with the character of the

Apology' in the different literary journals, and a fhort interlude, written by the late Mr. Woodward. We will coincide with Mrs. Bellamy in her wish not to injure his pofthumous fame; but this will oblige us to say not a word of his dramatic performance. The Village School; or, a Collection of Entertaining Histories for

the Instruction and Amusement of Good Children. Two small Vols. Marshall.

These little books are in themselves 'scarcely objects of criticism; but, as their design is important, and their influence may be extensive, we have perused them with some care. In general, the execution is judicious, and we have no objection to the lessons inculcated: these are highly proper, and the language frequently clear and exact. but we must also add, that it is in a few inttances incorrect, or colloquial- off of the grafs-dawdled and played,' are both exceptionable expreffions. Ugly cricks,'

Ugly tricks,' i a clever history,' look purely again,' are deformities which should have been avoided. But we muf acknowledge that there are very few of these defects : we have mentioned them to guard against their recurrence, for these carly lessons often leave a lasting impresion. Ser' instead of fit,' may be a preis error.

is.

T HE

CRITICAL REVIEW

For 'Ö CTO B E R,

1785.

Esays on the Intellettual Powers of Man. By Thomas Reid, D.D.

F. R. S. E. Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University of

Glasgow. 410. il. 55. in Boards. Robinson. THI *HIS ingenious author presented us, fome years since, with

an' Inquiry into the Human Mind, on the Principles of Common Sense; a work that, in some respects, enlarged our views, and in others corrected our mistakes. It has been the subject of much controversy; but, if we allow for a few er. rors, which humanity can scarcely avoid, and, in one or two instances, for a little intricacy, which the unsettled state of metaphysical language must necessarily occasion, enough will remain to raise Dr. Reid into a very respectable rank among authors of this class. The Efrays before us are chiefly to be distinguished for the precision of the language, the perfpicuity of the definitions, and the clearnefs of the reasoning. The definitions, indeed, are not always new; but we have often wished to find them in a valuable work, where they may be easily referred to, and whose acknowleged excellence will give them permanency and authority. This rank they have now attained. Dr. Reid, in his illustrations, often contends with Mr. Hume; but we have much reason to suspect, that this sceptical enquirer purposely confused some parts of his rea. foning. The man who would substitute doubts for certainty, and perplexity for order, may often, in the threshold, prepare for the subsequent confusion ; and there is some reason tod, for supposing, that he wished to preclude chose from reading his works, whose deficiencies rendered it probable that they would miftake the application. From some of these causes it has certainly happened that Mr. Hume's works, whatever he might have intended, have really done less injury to religion than many laboured injudicious defences of it.

The fuft Effay is styled preliminary. It contains the explanation of words ; treats of analogy, hypothesis, and their dif. VOL. LX. Od. 1785.

.-R

ferent

ferent use. It explains the causes of the flow advance of metaphysics, particularly from the difficulty of attending to the operations of our own mind; for emotions or passions prevent the exertion of attention, at the only time when it is chiefly requisite. After the passion is gone, our recollection is generally too imperfect to make our enquiry of much confequence. There is one chapter on the Social Operations of the Mind, viz. those which are carried on with some other intelligent being, without exciting any of the usual mental ope. rations.

The second Essay is on the Powers we have by Means of our external Senses,' and includes an account of the organs of fense; of perception, its theory, and the various fentiments which have prevailed respecting its cause. Dr. Reid then proceeds to the objects of perception, enquires how matter and fpace are perceived, and concludes with the improvement, and the fallacy of the fenfes.

The third Essay is on Memory, which introduces the en. quiries into duration and identity, as connected with it. Some remarks are added on Mr. Locke's account of the two last, and the different theories of memory.

The fourth Essay is on Conception, or Simple Apprehenfion, a subject which has been much mistaken. Indeed our minds are fo rapid in their operations, that he must be a very cautious and experienced enquirer, who can always distinguish between simple apprehension and the result of reasoning. After some time, we leap at once to the conclufion, without taking the intermediatę steps ; so that the consequences of our experience, and our former reasoning, seem to belong to simple apprehenfion. Dr. Reid explains the different theories on the subject, and detects some mistakes respecting it.

The next operation of the mind is Abstraction, and it is the subject of the fifth Essay. General conceptions are acquired both by combination and analyfis. General words, in our author's sense, are not only those which form the predicate or subject of the propofition, but the auxiliaries and accessories, viz. the prepositions and conjunctions, &c. Each of these subjects shares Dr. Reid's attention.

The fixth Essay is on Judgment; and, in this part tho author introduces common sense as a species of judgment. Our metaphysical readers will remember the contest which this term and its application, in Dr. Reid's Enquiry, formerly occasioned. It may be truly said, that some of the writers lost the substance in pursuit of the word. Our author has introduced many respectable authorities to justify his use of common sense in the manner in which he employed it.

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