« PreviousContinue »
doses in the morning : but in general the truce obtained by the opiate given in the evening made the succeeding day pats on tolerably easily; and the patient took the cordial mixture and food better; which last I always found to be a favourable symptom, as much as a total averlion to aliment was a bad one.
We have attended to this part of Dr. Campbell's work, because it seems chiefly to deserve attention. The practice and the regulations are generally judicious; but (we mean it not as a censure) seldom new. We should be inclined to dispute the contagious nature of the disease ; for we have seen more than one epidemic of this kind, supposed to be contagious, which was really not so. It is very difficult to separate the effects of a generally prevailing cause from contagion. We will beg leave to add one precaution to those which have been so very properly employed, in order to preserve the healths of the manufacturers, viz. frequent showers of water through the room, or probably of lime-water. These may be effe&tually procured, without danger from damp, by that very convenient machine, a chamber-bath.
Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica.
410. 55. Nichols. HIS publication contains an account of the Literary Society established on rules, in 1712, by a number of gentlemen, who, in the true style of monastic antiquity, assumed to themselves the denomination of a Cell to the Society of Antiquaries in London*; at once expressing their modeity, and their connection with that respectable body, of which most of them were also members, and with which they kept up an uninterrupted correspondence for upwards of forty years.
This fociety took its rise from a few gentlemen of the town, who met at a coffee-house, to pass away an hour in literary conversation, and reading some new publications. The founder was Maurice Johnson, efq. a native of Spalding, of the Inner Temple, London. He was only occa Gonally their president: but was their secretary thirty-five years; during which time he filled four large folio volumes with their acts and observations. A fifth volume was continued to the end of the year 1753. Thefe volumes contain a fund of discoveries, foreign and domestic, in antiquities, hiftory, and natural philolo.
• The first meetings of the Suciety of Antiquaries were in 1707. The members made a regular election of vificers in 1717-18; and were incor. porated in 1751. VOL. LX. Sept. 1785.
fophy, interspersed wità manuscripts of deeds at length, anec dotes, poems, &c. adorned with drawings by Mr. Johnson, and his daughter, Anne Alethea, and others.' Members on their admision presented some valuable book to the Society, and paid twelve fhillings a year, besides a fhilling at each meeting. By these means they had formed a valuable library.
In 1743, the theological part was given to the church, and placed in cases in the veitry, where it still remains; and the grammatical part to the school, where it still is; but both are reserved for the Society's use, till disolved; and then these and all in the meeting room, to be appropriated to public ufe.
Mr. Johnson's communications to the Society of Antiquaries in London were frequent and numerous. Transcripts of the Minutes of the Spalding Society were regularly fent up and read to them; and if they do not appear fairly entered in the register of the latter, it must be owing to the negligence of the secretaries. - Mr. Johnson, the founder, died in February 1755.
In this publication we have a complete list of the members of this Society, from its first inftitution, to the year 1753. lor which lift we have the naines of fir Isaac Newton, tir Hans Sloane, fir Jofeph Ayloffe, bithops Pearce, Pococke, Lyttelton, Drs. Jurin, Taylor, Bentley, Knighe, Stukeley, Birch, Mr. Pope, Mr. Gay, Mr. Gale, and a multitude of other eminent men, accompanies with many curicus biographical anecdotes.
Besides this lift, the present Number contains the Introduc. tion to the Minute Books of the Spalding Society; an Account of a Seal of Amethyst ; of a MS. of St. Paul's Epistles ; of Murrhine Vessels ; of Franchises, and Counties Palatine ; of the Astize of Bread ; of the Mint at Lincoln; and other pieces by Mr. Johnson. Some Account of St. Ambrose ; an Oration on the Art of Engraving; a Dissertation on the Celts; a Vindicaticn of a Paliage in Virgil, Georg. iv. 511; an Account of several Antiquities in different Parts of the Kingdom, by Samuel Gale, &c.
The most entertaining part of this publication is the Biogra. phical Account of the Spalding Society,
I TIC CA L.
Debt. 8vo. Law. IN IN the pamphlet, of which this is an explanation, the author
proposed a general impoft on all the property in Great Britain, in the room of the taxes at present existing; and he now
endeavours to convince the public that, in consequence of the
Necesity of properly connecting ibeir Commercial Interest with
This author argues for the utility of a free port in the West India islands, and the place he proposes is a fine bay in Grenada, where he thinks there ought also to be a royal dock, for the use of the Englifh thips of war employed in the protection of those colonies. The old Leeward islands, he observes, require aflittance, to afford which, he points out a mode that would not injure the public revenue. According to his statement, the four and a half per cent. now paid and levied in each iland; after the deductions, before the lugar, for the payment of it is exported, and before the sales are completed on its arrival in England, leave not in the public coffers one half of what is paid by the planters. He therefore proposes that this tax should cease to be paid in the West Indics, and that one half of what he terms the present ideal tax be paid on the artival of the sugar, together with the prefent English duties. To give general relief to the planters and sugar-merchants, he also recommends to have sugar bonded, in the fame manner as tobacco, in public ware-houfes; or if the merchant, on entering the sugar when it arrives, would allow a douceur, instead of giving his boņd for future payments, such an alternative would often be productive of case; and, from the opulent merchant, immediate payment of the duties would give life and efficiency to the revenue.
Among the proposals recommended by this author, is that of a free trade between the British West India islands and Ames rica. As arguments in favour of this measure, he mentions the former habits of commerce between those islands and the con. tinent, and likewise the reciprocal friendship which would refult from a revival of such intercourse. These are doubtless considerations which ought to be allowed their due weight; but they would have merited greater regard, had the author previously removed the strong objections, offered by lord Sheffield, and other writers, againt this much agitated proposal.
The Power of Gold displayed. By Frs. Spilbury. Folio. 61.
Mr. Spiisbury has changed his argumentative style into vehement declamation; and has filled fix folio pages
with a bitter Philippic again the medicine act and the minister. If he has any specific in his dispensary against madness, we would recommend that he be allowed to swallow it gratis, for the extraordinary care which he has taken of the health and pockets of his majesty's liege subjects.
PO E T RY.
8vo. 6d. Bladon.
• To schismatic objections now having attended,
* See Crit. Rev. vol. Ivii. p. 318.
+ Crit. Rev. vol. Iviii. p. 77.
And let not the night-cap be deck'd out with lace,
35. Robinson. We suspect that we are indebted for these Fables to the ingenious author of the Letters on Taste and Genius. In this work he has assumed a humbler guise, and condescended to infrac in the ancient and simple form of Fable. Compositions of this kind do not strike by the brilliancy of genius, or enlarge the mind by new and unexpected discoveries. It is fufficient, if they are plain and simple ; and this praise we can safely bestow on the Fables of our benevolent author. The morals also are drawn with truth; they are extended beyond the usual length, and instead of didactic dulnefs, are rendered pleasing and entertaining. On the other hand, we perceive no great variety of subjects, nor are the old ones enlivened by new incidents, or entertaining descriptions.
The introduction is clear and easy: we shall extract from ir the distinction between Allegory and Fable, rather on account of the illustration than for the accuracy of the definition.
• The terms Fable and Allegory are frequently used indiscriminately, and perhaps cannot admit of definitions wholly distinct from one another. To allegorize truth under a fable, is not held an improper expresion : and yet Fable, in the fimplett sense, and as #iop understood it, that is, excluding the fables of the epic, of the drama, of romance, and novel, may be considered as distinct from allegory. This would be found to be the case, were we to have recourse to painting as a criterion. In that piece of Holbein called Death's Dance, we see emperors, beggars, and others of intermediate stations led up
promiscuously, and without regard to rank. In this painting, the allegory is obvious. But were we to see a landscape con, taining, among other objects, an Ass and a Dog, a Frog and a Mouse, an Cak and a Reed, or other subjects of Æfopic fae bles; we could not know what fable the painter intended, or whether he meant any fable at all : much less would we be enabled to form any conjecture relating to a moral sense.'
In fact, when human pafsions are personified under the names of brutes, the Fable becomes to all intents and purposes an Allegory. But, when it relates to human conduct, which, though often under the influence of the passions, is not the object of the apologue, whoever are the personages, it is then a Fable. That of the Belly and the other Members, by which Menenius Agrippa checked the tumult at Rome, deserves the name of a Fable, though no animated being is introduced : that of the Grashopper and Ant, though not ftrictly an allegory, on the other hand, approaches nearly to it. This subject is however too extensive for our present discussion : we can only