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known, the secret was divulged, and all security at an end; but by the improvement made by Mr. Marfall, the Jetters or figures allowing an almost infinite variety of changes, the owner may, in one minute, alter the secret in such a man. ner that even the maker would be as unlikely to open it, as he would be of gaining the highest prize in a lottery, by the chance of a single ticket; thus this kind of escutcheon is ina finitely more secure than any hitherto in use, especially as the alteration of the letters ́ may be made every day for years, without recurring to their first state, and as the owner may, at one time, chufe to trust a friend or a domeitic with the secret, so that they might have recourse to his valuables, &c. he may also, at another time, wish to exclude them from that privilege, which this contrivance renders very easy to be done. As this improvement relates only to the efcutcheon, it is obvious that every attempt to pick the lock it.covers, or to open it by means of false keys, is prevented; a circumstance of ino small importance, when locks of a curious construction, and with a number of fine wards are made use of.'
Next follows an abstract of the proceedings of the Society, from which we can extract nothing particularly interesting, and the usual lists of the members, &c. · The volume is concluded by a list of the premiums offered in the present year.
Among the premiums, we perceive an encouragement for the propagation of the red willow, sometimes called the upland willow. It is certainly, in many respects, an useful plant; but it also tends to chear the sandy wastes, as it floysishes in dry sandy grounds, and its cultivation will contribute to cover them with mould, so as to make them fit for bettes purposes.
We cannot enlarge on the different subjects, for which the Society have offered premiums; but would only hint that, with respect to rhubarb, their good intentions may be frus, trated, if they do not limit the age at which the root of the plant should be taken up. We suspect that, at three or four years, it may be apparently good, yet not nearly equal in its properties to the Rusian rhubarb; and it is most probable, that the Society confine their remarks to the obvious properties only. It certainly is not at its greatest perfection, under eight years, and probably not under twelve. We particularly men, tion this circumstance, because we perceive an eagerness to use it much earlier ; and the character of the remedy will of course suffer by this precipitate conduct.
We shall only add, that the Society confines its views of improvement of waste lands to those which have been hi, therto useless,' and we shall conclude with wishing them all the fuccefs which their benevolent designs deserve.
The Adventures of Six Princesses of Babylon. 446. 635. Buckland THE age of allegory is now paft
, for it approaches too nearly to positive precept ; and we wish to be allured into virtue, and cheated into health. The luxuriance of Hawkesworth, and the energy of Johnson, for some time fupported it; but their labours, in this mode of instruction, are, we believe, less popular than any other parts of their lucubrations. These objections are not intended to depreciate the pleasing performance before us, but to animate the exertions of the author in a more successful line. There is much fancy in the descriptions, and much wholesome initruction from the events : the wonders of fairy land, calculated to engage the imagination, are employed to fix the lesions more firmly on the heart. If there be a fault in the moral, it is, that the heroines are too often relieved from the distress, induced by their own misconduct, by supernatural affiftance, without any ef. forts of their own. The great lesson to be inculcated on young minds, on the contrary, is, that though they have suffered from distress, yet chat they do not deserve ailistance, till they have amended the fault and rectified their conduct.
A king and queen, driven from their dominions, are obliged to seek felter in a lonely desert; but the queen, sitting one day on the sea shore, sees a benevolent fairy, who tells her that she will be restored to her throne by the virtues of her daughters. These young
ladies are, however, to be educated by the fairy, who. adorns their minds with every valuable quality ; and, after a proper education, the addresles them in the following words.
• You have now lived, my dear children, several years in this folitude, insensible of the great designs for which you were brought hither. But, before I proceed farther on this subject, it is necessary to inform you, that the fate of your parents is so strongly connected and bound up in yours, that is in your power, by your fortitude and virtue, to restore them again to empire and dominion, or, by your mutability and vice, to bring them with shame and misery to the grave.-Know then, that there are fix wonders lie hid in nature, ordained as a trial of your constancy; they are attended with innumerable perils, but when once possessed, and kept among you, will render you more powerful than the most absolute monarch.
• The first, (said she, addresling the eldest princess) is the Diftaff of Industry; an inestimable treasure ! for, by apply. ing one end of ic to your right hand, you are instantly put in
possession of the thing you desire. This, (continued she) Miranda, is allotted for your pursuit.
. The next, (faid the) Florissa, muft be your care': a Bottle of Water, taken from the River of Good-nature, no less va, luable than the Distaff, being endowed with the power of reconciling all differences; one draught uniting the most bitter enemies : and it has also this peculiar quality, that, when once attained, it can never be exhaufted, since the more it is used, the more it continues to increase.
• The Spear of Truth is the next, and possesses even fuperior virtues to the former, having the power of overcoming all evil enchantment. Provided you keep the straight road, you need not fear any thing; but, Mould you once turn aside, the dangers are so numerous as to require the greatest experience and fortitude to surmount. Be this your pursuit, Clementina.
The Mantle of Meekness is the fourth, which confers a degree of immortality on the poffeffor : the who is fortunate enough to obtain its immediately becomes beautiful as an angel, and, though the Mould live to the most extreme age, will Itill continue to wear the full bloom of youth on her counte
May your best endeavours, my dear Bonnetta, not be wanting to acquire fo great an ornament !
• The fifth (faid she) is the Magnet of True Generosity: whosoever is possessed of it, is endowed with the power of transferring that pleasure they poffefs to another, which, at the fame time, increases it in themselves. This, my dear Orinda, is the reward held up to you.
Last of all comes the White Wand of Contentment (not less defirable than the rest), poffefling the pleasing power of rendering the most disagreeable objects in nature agreeable. Let it be your care, Matilda, to return with this invaluable treasure.'
Their Adventures are the subjects of the work; and, with the aflistance of benevolent fairies, the fix heroines fur. mount cvery difficulty, and conquer the impediments which the baser passions scatter in their path. They procure these rarities, and each adventurer brings home a' gentle knight,' to whom she is afterwards married. The father and mother are also restored to their kingdom.
We Mall not enlarge on the particular Adventures, or anticipate the public curiosity by any extracts. The young ready ers who peruse this work with attention, will be amply repaid both by its eniertainment and instruction,
Observations on the Typhus, or Low Contagious Fever. By
D. Campbell, M. D. 8vo. 25. Johnson. UR author very clearly and accurately describes a variety
of the Typhus, which is frequently called the nervous fever, and perhaps deserves this title better than that which he has assigned to it. It is diftinguished from the other varieties, they are scarcely species, by a considerable affection of the nervous system, by a cause operating unseen, and producing an irritation, or the effe&ts which frequently follow from a flight but constant stimulus. In this state Dr. Campbell recommends opium in considerable doses : he recommends it, however, in a rational manner; and we are persuaded, from what we have ourselves seen, that it may be rendered ufeful. He refers to the practice at Edinburgh, not the wild visionary scheme of Brown and his young adherents, but one we suppose of the late amiable and benevolent Dr. Gregory. We shall mention the foundation of this plan, for the information of our author, who seems to have received no very fatisfaétory account of it. In the decline of the nervous fever, the symptoms of irritation of course increased; and, though opiates were occasionally employed during the progress of the disease, yet their full force were reserved for this period. When the more violent delirium had fubfided, and the fubfultus tendinum had grown into pretty general convulsions, laudanum was frequently employed both by Dr. Gregory and Dr. Cullen. It was precisely directed, as Dr. Campbell designs, to produce a sedative effect, or rather, to avoid insignificant cavils, leffen irritation and its consequences. In this way, we are well informed that many desperate cases have been relieved ; but those who are conversant with fevers and their periods, will learn to distrust the effects of any medicine used about the crisis, when the power of the remedy cannot be easily feparated from the efforts of nature. It must, at the same time, be allowed, that the remedy was well directed, and promised to be useful.
The appearances, which indicate the use of opium, are feen in the following short and faithful account of our attentive author :
• After the symptoms of the first attack, such as lallitude, shivering, pains in the back, limbs and bead, the patient takes to his bed; his nights are pafled without sleep; or if he falls into a short slumber, he awakes disturbed by some unpleasant dream ; he starts up, and wants to get out of bed; he is continually turning and changing his posture ; complains much of pain, or confusion in his head; of noise in his ears, and thirit.
is either dry and hard, or covered with a thick, disagreeable brown fur. His eyes begin to grow nuddy, and 7
affume a dull look. The pulse is about 120 strokes in a mic, nute, and small.
The skin dry, or bedewed with partial sweats, which produce no alleviation of the complaints. These fymptoms continue, and grow more alarming; uneasy days fucceed to restless nights; the patient is exhausted by pains, and by watching; the inclination and ability to take nourishment diminishes; the delirium, which for a while only took place upon coming out of his slumbers, is now more constant; and if some means cannot be found to interrupt the progress of the disease, Night convulsions, total refusal of food, and insensibility, are certain to enfue; which, with cold extremities and involuntary evacuations, close the scene.'
We shall next select the mode of employing the remedy.
( With these considerations in my mind, I began to exhibit this medicine. As it is when joined to camphor so efficacious in producing a determination to the skin, and as this last me. dicine has been looked upon as an useful one in these fevers, I first gave it in the following formula : • R. Opii pur. gr. i. ad gr. iß.
Camphor. gr. x. ad gr. xv. f. bol. hora decubitus fue
mendus. • In this dose, when the symptoms were mild, or in the early ttages of the diforder, it was attended with all the expected good effects; but when the disease had been some time formed, and the symptoms more violent, it was not adequate to the purpose: I then augmented the quantity, and the fore mula which I now generally use is as follows:
• R. Tinct. Thebaic. gr. Ix. Julep e camphora une. iß. m. and sometimes with the addition of thirty or forty drops of an. timonial wine when the tongue is particularly dry and hard, or the thirst considerable.
• Of this the patient took two thirds in the evening, and the remainder at the end of two hours, if neep, or at least sest, did not ensue. There was in the acme of the disorder generally a necessity for the whole quantity, but seldom any occafion for more. I have, however, in some, though few initances, found it neceffary to give twenty or thirty drops more of tinctura thebaica, at the end of other two hours. For it mutt be obferved, that unless the sedative effects of the opium he produced, that I never saw any good effects from this medicines By this I mean that it should be given in a quantity sufficient co induce sleep, or at least rest, ease, and quietness, in opposition to restlessness and watchfulness: and until the patient ceases to be sensible of the head-ach, and pains in the limbs or other parts of the body; which is generally effected by the above dose. With respect to any farther quantity, it must be left to the discretion of the practitioner, and result from the necesity of the case. From the return of head-ach and tendency to delirium, I have sometimes been obliged to repeat the