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To fr Jolhua Reynolds, as usual, he is by turns ironical and çivil; to Mr. Weft not very complaisant. Speaking of the want of distinction in the public, he fays with inanite drollery,
• For me, tho' blest with Phæbus' lyre,
And born on Fancy's strongest wing
Did I of gods and heroes sing,
Nor feel one ftiver in one's breeches.
And with your lords get sav'ry dinners;
And crouch to publicans and inners.' His ninth ode is less personal than the rest. After having declared that the works are rather the objects of his fafire than the men, he proceeds,
: My cousin Pindar's strains, as well as mine;
But with obitrep'rous envy strove to drown :
And on their efforts look'd contemptuous down,
Whóm ye would fain fee like the lion fick:
There's not an ass among you but would kick !!
We cannot help expressing a wish that this gentleman would chuse an object of imitation where his wit and genius may Thinc, undebased with vulgarity and personal abuse. Lyric Odes, for the Yiar 1785 : by Peter Pindar, Esq. a diftant
Relation of the Poct of Íbebes, and Laureat to the Royal Acaç demy. 410. 25. 6d. Kearney,
Two publications, with titles nearly fimilar, might lead us to suspeat the authenticity of one or the other ; but we have reason to suppose that both are the production of the facetious gentleman whore genius and vivacity we have often commended, It is now time, however, to employ the rein, rather than the spur; to hint that, though spirited fatire is sometimes amusing, yer, when it degenerates into licentiousness, it loses the charm, and disgusts the reader more than it has ever pleased him. A little wholefqme chafifement may be necessary when we obferve
faults i faults; but when the lash is so often repeated, and so severely Vaid on, we are apt to Tuspect a deeper cause for it than profes fional errors.
As we hope this is the last time we shall review any odes on this subject, we will extract a part of one before us, as a specia men of his manner. It is an Ode which he properly addrefiles to himself.
• A thousand frogs upon a lummer's day,
They show'd their gold-lac'd .cloaths with pride,
In harmless fallies, frequent vied,
• It happen'd that a band of boys,
Observant of their harmless joys.,
One frenzy seiz'd both great and small,
On the poor frogs the rogues began to fall,
• As Milton quaintly sings, “ the stones 'gan pour,"
Indeed, an Otaheite show's!
One's eye was beat out of his head,
This limp'd away, that lay for dead,
+ Amongst the smitten it was found
And drew a tear from ev'ry eye :
And so they might be to us frogs,
You dam.nd, young, good-for-nothing dogs !
they break our bones. **
Mad, Jebu-like, o'er harmleis people riders If the author wants farther advice on this subject we recomme mend the following.
Build not, alas ! your popularity
POLITICA L. Summary Explanation of the Principle of Mr. Pitt's intended Bill for amending the Representation of the People in Parliament. By the Rev. Chriftopher Wyvill. 8vo. 1s. Stockdale.
The reform of parliament, in former periods, has been often the engine of opposition ; and when the principal object has been obtained, this subordinate one has been eluded in various ways. In modern times, the maneuvres of lord North and Mr. Fox, on this subject, are within every one's remembrance : Mr. Pitt's plan is still more recent. We ought not to suspect his fincerity ; but, when the nation is oppressed with numerous taxes, it furely was no additional recommendation of the plan twice negatived within a few years, that it was to be effected at the expence of a million of money; and that this sum was to be expended in what many thought a visionary innovation. In-deed the present itate of the dispute is fo questionable, that we fhall not enlarge on it. Our author explains, but neglects to defend'it. Perhaps he thinks this has been already done with success : we think otherwise, and the event is not to be decided by single comb. t. Thoughts on Taxation, and a New Sysion of Funding. Small 8vo.
6.1. Kearsley. This author modestly fuggefis his thoughts on the means of supplying government with pecuniary resources in any future exigency, He proposes that people should ke obliged to contribute towards ihe public fcrvice, in proportion to what they enjoy of the nation. I flock. With regard to real property, le observes, that in confequence of the eftablished mode of affefling land, every land-holder esteems his ellate more or less valuable according to the rate he pays per pound, and therefore they who are under-rated, would have cause to complain of an equal tax under four shillings. But fuppofing government required a tax above four shillings, the author thinks that it might with great propriety be equally afiefied ; and he proposes that this should be levied upon the receipt for the tenant's net rent. He would likewise tax money on mortgage, but would have the horrower relieved, fo that having paid the tax for the land, he Mould have a right to demnand a return of so much in the pound from the mortgagee. A tax of this kind, at the rate of fix pence in the pound, he is of opinion, might produce great advantages even to the landed
property. A Polirical Enguiry into the Consequences of inclosing Wafie Lands,
and the ' auses of the bigh Price of Butchers Meat. Evo. 25. 6d. L. Davis.
This Enquiry was first suggested by Mr. Lamport's • Rerrarks on Agriculture, which we reviewed in the 57th volume, Base 456. A great portion of that little work was employed
in recommending inclosures, and this task he seemed to have executed with success. His facts were in general well eftaa blished; for many of them had frequently occurred to us. That which seemed most decisive, and we knew it to be true, was that a well grown animal, which had been well fed in its youth, and exposed to few hardships, was fattened sooner and at a le's expence than a deformed ill-shaped one, fed on a com
Our present author allows the fact; but observes that, in many places, the catile fed on moors are little exposed to hard thips, and generally solded in the winter. Indeed he allows that Mr. Lamport's Observations are more juft in a limited, than in a general view; that they seem to have been suggest. ed by experience, acquired in nô very extensive field.
The reasoning contained in the “Remarks' is examined with great strictness; and some lcose assertions and fallacious arguments are jusly reprehended. The author opposes inclosures by very different means, hy arguments, by computation, and experiment. He endeavours to show, that the high price of butcher's meat is owing to the expences in breeding cattle; and these are ultimately to be referred to the contraction of commons, and the diminution of common-right. Indeed many of these arguments occurred to us in reading Mr. Lamport's work; but some positive assertions, which we could not contradict, and plaufible arguments, which our own experience had not opposed, led us unwilling captives to his opinion.
In other refpects, there is much tautology in this pamphlet, and a little untairness in some of the representations; but the · principal arguments are enforced with ability, and conducted with candour.
We shall select a short specimen, and recommend the whole to the representatives and guardians of the landed property of the kingdom.
• But methinks I hear gentlemen say, you may make as many calculations and estimates as you please, but they can never convince us, that if by cultivation we make the ground that produced grass of only three inches length before it was cultivated, to produce grafs of fix or nine inches in length, of equal thickness and good quality, that such cultivation is a de. triment to the nation, for certainly the more the ground is made to produce of any valuable commodity, the more benefit to the nation. I answer; this, being a general principle, so obvious and certain a truth, has greatly milled gentlemen, who talk or think on the subject, becaule they apply this general principle to all cases without exception ; and I beg leave further to observe, that though it is devoutiy to be wished, that all the com. mons in England would produce twice the herbage they now do; yet even gold, as I have before observed, may be bought too dear. And therefore I cannot think it adviseable for the fake of obtaining this good, to bring on an evil, which I apprehend more than adequate to the advantage gained. And if,
as I apprehend, I have already demonstrated, that the enclos. ing and improving all the waite lands, will tend to double the price of butchers meat; it will be an evil for which the encreased produce of the ground cannot compensate.
• But the reader may say, it is an inexplicable paradox to assert, that the more provender is produced for rearing and fattening of cattle, the dearer they will be. —Yet, respecting the present argument, I will maintain it to be a paradox far from being inexplicable. I have already observed, it is not the plenty or Scarcity which makes an article dear for any long continuance of time, because the price depends on the necessary charges and expences in the production of it. - If a beggar coines to me for relief from hunger, and I give him half of a quartern loaf for nothing, no person will pretend to assert, that if he had bought a whole loaf at the baker's, and given seven-pence half-penny for it, that because he would, in that case, have had a greater plenty, that therefore it was cheaper to him iban my haif loaf
And this is very nearly the case with regard to the caitle now fed on commons; the little they get is not paid for, and therefore the owners can afford to tell them cheaper than if they paid for their food either by the way of rent of land, or by any other means.
. If what I have here fated be true, what becomes of Mr. Lamport's plan of cheapness of provisions by cultivating waite land
D 1 V. Ι Ν Τ Τ Υ. Commentaries and Elays, published by the Society for promoting the
Knowlege of the Scriptures. No. Ií. To be continued occasionally, . 8vo. is. Johnson.
The first article in this Number confifts of Critical Notes on the first Nineteen Verses of the First Chapter of Genesis.
Some of the explications of the text are new ; particularly the interpretation of the word 778, which is usually translated light, in the third verse. This light or fame, our author deo duces from numberless volcanos, which he fuppofes to have · been generated by the great mass of phlogistic or inflammable matter, then existing in the earth ; but now difpersed in the bodies of animals and vegetables, and in the atmosphere, • God divided the light from the darknels :' that is, according to this writer, the volcanic eruption's broke out at different successive periods, betwixt which darkness prevailed.
Art. II, is a Paraphrafe and Notes on Rom, v. 8–19. It has been inagined by many eminent divipes, that mortality became the lot of all mankind, in consequence, not of per. fonal, but of Adam's transgreffion. This opinion, our author thinks, appears to be a relic of the doctrine of original fin, The part of Scripture which is thought to be its principal fupport; is Rom. v. 12-19. He therefore examines this passage, together with what precedes and follows it. His general idea