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1 Ps. 86.5. 119. 68. 7 Ex. 20. Rom. 13. 9.
12 And if a woman shall put away her husband, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and and be married to another, she committeth adultery. asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may
13 And they brought young children to him, that inherit eternal life? he should touch them: and his disciples rebuked 18 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou those that brought them.
me good? There is none good but one, that is, 14 But when Jesus saw it, he was "much dis-God. pleased, and said unto them, Sufler the little children 19 Thou knowest the picommandments, Do not to come unto me, and forbid them not; for of such commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not is the kingdom of God.
bear talse witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father 15 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not and mother. receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall 20 And he answered and said unto him, Master, not enter therein.
all "these have I observed from my youth. 16 And he took them up in his arms, put his 21 Then Jesus, beholding him, loved him, and hands upon them, and blessed them.
said unto him, One othing thou lackest : go thy way, 17 And when he was gone forth into the way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, & Mati. 19. 13. Luke 18. 15. h Eph. 4. 20. i Mall. 18. 10. I Cor. 14. 20, 1 Pet. 1. M. Rev.14.5. kat. 1o. 18, c. Luke 18. is,&c.'
n ls. 58. 2. Ex. 33. 31, 32. Mal. by consent, and be married to another, she commits adultery, and a portion. 5. He received the children, and gave them (v. 12,) and it will be no excuse at all for her, to say, that it what was desired; (0.16,) He took them up in his arms, in was with the consent of her husband. Wisdom and grace, token of his affectionate concern for them; put his hands upon holiness and love, reigning in the heart, will make those com- them, as was desired, and blessed them. See how he outdid mands easy,
which to the carnal mind may be as a heavy the desires of these parents; they begged he would touch them, yoke,
but he did more. (1.) He took them in his arms. Now the V. 13-16. It is looked upon as the indication of a kind and scripture was fulfilled, (Is. 40. 11.) He shall gather the lambs tender disposition, to take notice of little children, and this was in his arms, and carry them in his bosom. Time was, when remarkable in our Lord Jesus; which is an encouragement not Christ himself was taken up in old Simeon's arms, Luke 2.28. only to little children to apply themselves to Christ when they And now he took up these children, not complaining of the burare very young, but to grown people, who are conscious to den, (as Moses did, when he was bid to carry Israel, that peethemselves of weakness and childishness, and of being, through vish child, in his bosom, as the nursing father bears the sucking manifold infirmities, helpless and useless like little children. child, Num. 11. 12,) but pleased with it. If we in a right manHere we have,
ner bring our children to Christ, he will take them up, not only I. Little children brought to Christ, v. 13. Their parents, or in the arms of his power and providence, but in the arms of his whoever they were that had the nursing of them, brought them pity and grace; (as Ez, 16.,) underneath them are the everto him, that he should touch them, in token of his commanding lasting arms. (2.) He put his hands upon them, denoting the and conferring a blessing on them. It doth not appear that bestowing of his Spirit upon them, (for ihat is the hand of the they needed any bodily cure, nor were they capable of being Lord,) and his setting them apart for himself. (3.) He blessed taught: but it soems, 1. They that had the care of them, were them with the spiritual blessings he came to give. Our children mostly concerned about their souls, their better part, which are happy, if they have but the Mediator's blessing for their ought to be the principal care of all parents for their children; portion. It is true, we do not read that he baptized these chile for that is the principal part, and it is well with them, if it be dren, baptism was not fully settled as the door of admission into well with their souls. 2. They believed that Christ's blessing the church, till after Christ's resurrection; but he asserted their would do their souls good; and iherefore to him they bring them, visible church-membership, and by another sign bestowed those that he might touch them, knowing that he could reach their blessings upon them, which are now appointed to be conveyed hearts, when nothing their parents could say to them, or do for and conferred by baptism, the seal of the promise, which is to them, would reach them. We may present our children to us and to our children. Christ, now that he is in heaven, for from thence he can reach V. 17-31. Here is, them with his blessing, and therein we may act faith upon the I. A hopeful meeting between Christ and a young man ; such fulness and extent of his grace, the kind intimations he hath he is said to be, (Matt. 19. 20—22,) and a ruler, (Luke 18. always given of favour to the seed of the faithful, the tenor of 18,) a person of quality. Some circumstances here are, which the covenant with Abraham, and the promise to us and to our we had not in Matthew, which make his address to Christ very children, especially that great promise of pouring his Spirit upon promising. our seed, and his blessing upon our offspring, Is. 44.3.
1. He came running to Christ, which was an indication of II. The discouragement which the disciples gave to the his humility; he laid aside the gravity and grandeur of a ruler, bringing of children to Christ; They rebuked them that brought when he came to Christ : thus too he manifested his earnesto them; as if they had been sure that they knew their Master's ness and importunity; he ran as one in haste, and longing to be mind in this matter, whereas he had lately cautioned them not in conversation with Christ. He had now an opportunity of to despise the little ones.
consulting this great Prophet, in the things that belonged to his III. The encouragement Christ gave to it. 1. He took it peace, and he would not let slip the opportunity: very ill that his disciples should koop them off'; When he sau 2. He came to him when he was in the way, in the midst of it, he vras much displeared, v. 14. “What do you mean Will company: he did not insist upon a private conference with him you hinder me from doing good, from doing good to the rising by night, as Nicodemus did, though like him he was a ruler, generation, to the lambs of the flock ?" Christ is very angry but when he shall finul him without, will embrace that opportunity with his own disciples, if they discountenance any in coming to of advising with him, and not be ashamol, Cant. 8. 1. him themselves, or in bringing their children to him. 2. He 3. He knceled to him, in token of the great value and veneraordered that they should be brought to him, and nothing said or tion he had for him, as a Teacher come from God, and his done to hinder them; suffer little children, as soon as they are earnest desire to be taught by him. He bowed the knee to the capable, to come to me, to offer up their supplications to me, Lord Jesus, as one that would not only do obeisance to him now, and to receive instructions from me. Little children are wel. but would yield obedience to him always; he bowed the knee, as come betimes to the throne of grace with their hosannas. 3. He one that meant to bow the soul to him. owned them as members of his church, as they had been of the 4. His address to him was serious and weighty; Good Jewish church. He came to set up the kingdom of God among Master, what shall I do, that I may inherit eternal life? Etesmen, and took this occasion to declare that that kingdom ad- nal life was an article of his creed, though then denied by the mitted little children to be the subjects of it, and gave them a Sadducees, a prevailing party; he thinks it a thing possible, title to the privileges of subjects. Nay, the kingdom of God is that he may inherit eternal life, looking upon it not only as set to be kept up by such: they must be taken in when they are before us, but as offered to us; he asks, What he shall do now little chiliren, that they may be secured for hereafter, to bear that he may be happy for ever! Most men inquire for good to up the name of Christ. 4. That there must be something of the be had in this world, (Ps. 4. 6,) any good; he asks for good to temper and disposition of little children found in all that Christ be done in this world, in order to the enjoyment of the greatest will own and bless. We must receive the kingilom of God as good in the other world ; not, Who will make us to see good ? little children, (v. 15:) that is, We must stand affected to Christ But, "Who will make us to do good ?" He inquires for hap. and his grace, as little children do to their parents, nurses, and piness in the way of duty ; the summum bonum-chief good teachers. We must be inquisitive, as children, must learn as which Solomon was in quest of, was that good for the sons of children, (that is the learning age,) and in learning must be- men which they should do, Ec. 2. 3. Now this was, (1.) A lieve, Oportet discentem credere -A learner must beliere. The very serious question in itself; it was abont eternal things, and mind of a child is white paper, (tabula rasa-a mere blank,) you his own concern in those things. Note, Then there begins to may write upon it what you will ; such must our minds be to the be some hope of people, when they begin to inquire solicitously, pon of the blessed Spirit. Children are under government; so what they shall do to get to heaven. (2.) It was proposed to must we be. Lord, what wilt thou hare me to do?
a right Person, one that was every way fit to answer it, being receive the kingdom of God as the child Samuel did, Speak, himself the Way, the Truth, and the Life, the true way to life, Lord, for thy serdant heareth. Little children depend upon their to eternal life ; who came from heaven on purpose, first to lay parents' wisdom and care, are carried in their arıns, go where open for us, and then to lay open to us; first to make, and then they send them, and take what they provide for them; and thus to make known, the way to heaven. Note, Those who would must we receive the kingdom of God, with an humble resigna- know what they shall do to be saved, must apply themselves to tion of ourselves to Jesus Christ, and an easy dependence upon Christ, and inquire of him ; it is peculiar to the Christian rehim, both for strength and righteousness, for tuition, provision, 'ligion, both to show eternal life, and to show the way to it,
and thou shalt have treasure rin heaven: and come, But Jesus answereth again, and saith unto them, take up the cross, and follow me.
Children, how hard is it for them that trust 'in riches 22 And he was sad at that saying, and went away to enter into the kingdom of God! grieved; for he had great possessions.
25 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye 23 And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches kingdom of God. enter into the kingdom of God!
26 And they were astonished out of measure, 24 And the disciples were astonished at his words. saying among themselves, Who then can be saved? p Matt. 6. 19, 20. Luke 12. 33. 16. 9.
Job 31. 24. Ps. 52. 7. 62. 10. Hab. 2. 9. I Tira. 6. 17. Rev. 3. 17. (3.) It was proposed with a good design-to be instructed, lay hold on etemal life, and keep hold of his temporal possesWe find this same question put by a lawyer, not kneeling, but sions too. But since he could not come up to the terms of disstanding up, (Luke 10. 25,) with a bad design, to pick quarrels cipleship, he was so fair as not to pretend to it; He went away with him; he tempted him, saying, Master, what' shall I do? grieved. Here appeared the truth of that, (Matt. 6. 24,) Ye It is not so much the good words as the good intention of them cannot serve God and mammon; while he held to mammon he that Christ looks at.
did in effect despise Christ, as all those do who prefer the world 5. Christ encouraged this address, (1.) By assisting his faith, before him. He that bids for what he has a mind for in tho v. 17. He called him good Master; Christ would have him market, yet goes away grieved, and leaves it, because he canmean thereby, that he looked upon him to be God, since there not have it at his own price. Two words to a bargain. Mois none good but one, that is God, who is one, and his name tions are not marriages. That which ruined this young man, one, Zech. 14. 9. Our English word God, doubtless hath affi-was, he had great possessions : thus the prosperity of fools denity with good; as the Hebrews name God by his power, Elo- stroys them, and those who spend their days in wealth, are him, the strong God; so we by his goodness, the good God. tempted to say to God, Depart from us; or to their hearts, (2.) By directing his practice; (v. 19,) Keep the command- Depart from God. ments; and thou knowest what they are. He mentions the six III. Here is Christ's discourse with his disciples. We are commandments of the second table, which prescribe our duty tempted to wish that Christ had mollified that saying which to our neighbour; he inverts the order, putting the seventh frightened this young gentleman from following him, and by any commandment before the sixth, to intimate that alultery is a explanation taken off the harshness of it: but he knew all men's sin no less heinous than murder itself. The fifth command hearts; he would not court him to be his follower, because he ment is here put last, as that which should especially be re-was a rich man and a ruler; but, if he will go, let him go. Christ membered and observed, to keep us to all the rest. Instead of will keep no man against his will; and therefore we do not find the tenth commandment, Thou shalt not covet, our Saviour here that Christ called him back, but took this occasion to instruct puts, Defraul not. Mi đTootepions-that is, saith Dr. Ham- his disciples in two things. mond, “Thou shalt rest contenied with thy own, and not seek 1. The difficulty of the salvation of those who have an abunto increase it by the diminution of other men's.” It is a rule dance of this world; because there are few who have a deal to of justice not to advance or enrich ourselves by doing wrong or leave, that can be persuaded to leave it for Christ, or to lay it injury to any other.
out in doing good. 6. The young man bid fair for heaven, having been free from (1.) Christ asserts this here ; He looked about upon his disany open gross violations of the divine commands. Thus far he ciples, because he would have them all take notice of what he was able to say in some measure, (v.20,) Master, all these have said, that by it they might have their judgments rightly informed, I observed from my youth. He thought he had, and his neigh- and their mistakes rectified, concerning worldly wealth, which bours thought so too. Note, Ignorance of the extent and spi- they were apt to overrate; How hardly shall they who have ritual nature of the divine law, makes people think themselves riches enter into the kingdom of God! v. 23. They have in a better condition than really they are. Paul was alive many temptations to grapple with, and many difficulties to get toithout the law. But when he saw that to be spiritual, he saw over, which lie not in the way of poor people. But he explains himself to be carnal, Rom. 7. 9, 14. However, he that could himself, v. 24, where he calls the disciples children, because as say he was free from scandalous sin, went further than many such they should be taught by him, and portioned by him with in the way to eternal life. But though we know nothing by our better things than this young man left Christ to cleave to; and selves, yet are we not thereby justified.
whereas he had said, How hardly will those that have riches get 7. Christ had a kindness for him; Jesus, beholding him, to heaven; here he tells them, that the danger arose not so much loved him, v. 21. He was pleased to find that he had lived from their having riches as from their trusting to them, and placing inoffensively, and pleased to see that he was inquisitive how to their confidence in them, expecting protection, provision, and a live better than so. Christ particularly loves to see young portion from them; saying that to their gold, which they should people, and rich people, asking the way to heaven, with their say only to their God, Thou art my hope, Job 31. 24. They that faces thitherward.
have such a value as this for the wealth of the world, will never II. Here is a sorrowful parting between Christ and this be brought to put a right value upon Christ and his grace. They young man.
that have ever so much riches, but do not trust in them, that see 1. Christ gave him a command of trial, by which it would the vanity of them, and their utter insufficiency to make a soul appear whether he did in sincerity aim at eternal life, and press happy, have got over the difficulty, and can easily, part with towards it: he seemed to have his heart much upon it, and if them for Christ: but they that have ever so little, if they set 80, he is what he should be ; but has he indeed his heart upon their hearts upon that little, and place their happiness in it, it it? Bring him to the touchstone. (..) Can he find in his will keep them from Christ. He enforces this assertion with, heart to part with his riches for the service of Christ? He hath v. 25, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, a good estate, and now, shortly, at the first founding of the than for a rich man, that trusts in riches, or inclines to do so, to Christian church, the necessity of the case will require that enter into the kingdom of God. The disproportion here seems those who have lands, sell them, and lay the money at the apos- so great, (though the more so, the more it answers the intentles' feet; and how will he dispense with that? Acts 4. 34. tion,) that some have laboured to bring the camel and the eye After a while, tribulation and persecution will arise, because of the needle a little nearer together. [1.] Some imagine there of the word; and he must be forced to sell his estate, or have might be some wicket gate, or, door, to Jerusalem, commonly it taken from him, and how will he like that? Let him know known by the name of the needle's eye, for its straitness, through the worst now; if he will not come up to these terms, let him which a camel could not be got, unless he were unloaded, and quit his pretensions; as good at first as at last. “ Sell what made to kneel, as those camels, Gen, 24. 11. So a rich man soever thou hast over and above what is necessary for thy sup- cannot get to heaven, unless he be willing to part with the burport:" probably, he had no family to provide for; let him there- den of his worldly wealth, and stoop to the duties of an humble fore be a father to the poor, and make them his heirs. Every religion, and so enter in at the strait gate. (2.) Others sugman, according to his ability, must relieve the poor, and be gest that the word we translate a camel, sometimes signifies a content, when there is occasion, to straiten himself to do it. cable-rope, which, though not to be got through a needle's eye, Worldly wealth is given us, not only as maintenance to bear yet is of greater affinity to it. A rich man, compared with the our charges through this world, according to our place in it, poor, is as a cable to a single thread, stronger, but not so pliable. but as a talent, to be used and employed for the glory of our and it will not go through the needle's eye, unless it be ungreat Master in the world, who hath so ordered it, that the poor twisted. So the rich man must be loosed and disentangled we should have always with us as his receivers. (2.) Can he from his riches, and then there is some hope of him, that find in his heart to go through the hardest costliest services he thread by thread he may be got through the eye of the needle, may be called to as a disciple of Christ, and depend upon him otherwise he is good for nothing but to cast anchor in the for a recompense in heaven? He asks Christ what he shall do, earth. more than he has done, to obtain eternal life; and Christ puts (2.) This truth was very surprising to the disciples; They it to him, whether he has indeed that firm belief of, and that were astonished at his words, v. 24. They were astonished out of high value for, eternal life that he seems to have. Doth he really measure, and said among themselves, Who then can be saved? believe there is a treasure in heaven sufficient to make up all They knew what were generally the sentiments of the Jewish he can leave, or lose, or lay out, for Christ? Is he willing to teachers-that the Spirit of God chooses to reside upon rich deal with Christ upon trust? Can he give him credit for all he men: nay, they knew what abundance of promises there were, is worth; and be willing to bear a present cross, in expectation in the Old Testament, of temporal good things; they knew of a future crown?
likewise that all either are rich or fain would be so, and that 2. Upon this he flew off ; (v.22,) He was srul at that saying; they who are rich have so much the larger opportunities of was sorry that he could not be a follower of Christ, upon any doing good,
and therefore were amazed to hear that it should easier terms than leaving all to follow him; that he could not be so hard for rich people to go to heaven.
27 And. Jesus, looking upon them, saith, With priests, and unto the Scribes; and they shall condenin men it is impossible, bui not with God : für with him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles; God all things are possible.
34 And they shall mock him, and shall scourge 28 Then Peter began to say unto him, Lo, we him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him; have left all, and have followed thee.
and the third day he shall rise again. 29 And Jesus answered and said, Verily I say 35 And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or come unto him, saying, Master, we would that thou brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wite, or shouldest do for us whatsoever we shall desire. children, or lands, for my sake, and the Gospel's, 36 And he said unto them, What would ye that
30 But he shall receive an hundred-fold now in I should do for you? this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and 37 They said unto him, Grant unto us that we mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; may sit, one on thy right hand, and the other on thy and in the world to come, eternal life.
left hand, in thy glory. 31 But many that are first, shall be last; and the 38 But Jesus said unto them, Ye know not what last, first.
ye ask. Can ye drink of the cup that I drink of? 32 And 'they were in the way going up to Jeru- and be baptized with the baptista "that I am bapsalem; and Jesus went betore them: and they were lized with ? amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. 39 And they say unto him, We can. And Jesus And he took again the twelve, and began to tell said unto them, ye shall indeed drink of the cup them what things should happen unto him,
that I drink of; and with the baptism that I am 33 Saying, Behold, we “go up to Jerusalem; and baptized withal, shall ye be baptized: the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief 40 But to sit on my right hand and on my left
y Matt. 10.
u Ace 2). 22. Ps. 22.6, 7, 13.
me Jam. 4. 3.
Gen. 18. 14. Job 12. 2. Jer. 32. 17. Luke 1. 37. Matt. 20.16. Luke 13. 30. t Mall. 20. 17, &c. Luke 19. 13, ke.
Luku 12. 50.
(3.) Christ reconciled them to it, by referring it to the for all their losses. But because they talked so much, and almighty power of God, to help even rich people over the dif- really more than became tht m, of leaving all for Christ, he ficulties that lie in the way of their salvation ; (v. 23,) He tells them, though they were first called, that there should be lookerl upon them, to engage their attention, and said, Il'ith men disciples called after them, that should be preferred before them; it is impossible; rich people cannot by their own skill or resolu as St. Paul, who was one burn out of lue time, and yet laboured tion get over these difficulties, but the grace of God can do it, more abundantly than all the rest of the apostles, 1 Cor. 15. 10. for with him all things are possible. If the righteous scarcely are Then the first were last, and the last first. swell, much more may we say so of the rich; and therefore, V. 37-45. Here is, when any get to heaven, they must give all the glory w God, I. Christ's prediction of his own sufferings ; this string he who worketh in them both to urill and to do.
harped much tipon, though in the ears of his disciples it sound2. The greatness of the salvation of those that have but a ed very harsh and unpleasing. little of this world, and leave it for Christ. This he speaks of, 1. See here how bold he was ; when they were going up to upon occasion of Peter's mentioning what he and the rest of the Jerusalem, Jesus uent before them, as the Captain of our salradisciples had left to follow him: Behold, (saith he,) ve hare tion, that was now to be made porfert through sufferings, ". 32. lone all, to follow thre, v. 28. “You have done well,” saith Thus he showed himself forward to go on with his undertaking, Christ, and it will prove in the end that you have done well even when he came to the hardest part of it. Now that the for yourselves; you shall be abundantly recompensed, and not time was at hand, he said, Lo, I come; so far was he from only you shall be reimbursed, who have left but a little, but those drawing back, that now more than ever he pressed forrard. that have ever so much, though it were so much as this young Jesus went before them, and they ucre amazed. They began man had, that could not persuade himself to quit it for Christ; now to consider what imminent danger they ran themselves yet they shall have much more than an cquivalent for it.' into, when they went to Jerusalem; how very malicious the (1.) The loss is supposed to be very great; he specifics, [1.] sanhedrim which sat there was against their Master and Worldly wealih; houses are here put first, and lands last. If them; and they were ready to tremble at the thought of it. To a man quit his house, which should be for his habitation, and hearten them therefore, Christ uent before them. “Come," saith his land, which should be for his maintenance, and so make he, " surely you will venture where your Master ventures." himself a beggar and an outcast, this has been the choice of Note, When we see ourselves entering upon sufferings, it is suffering saints; farewell houses and lands, though ever so encouraging to see our Master go before us. Or, He went bea convenient and desirable, though the inheritance of fathers, for fore them, and therefore they were amazed, they admired to the house which is from heaven, and the inheritance of the see with what cheerfulness and alacrity he went on, though he saints in light, where are many mansions. [2.] Dear relations, knew he was going to sutler and dic. Note, Chrisi's courage father and mother, wife and children, brethren and sisters ; in and constancy in going on with his undertaking for our salvathese, as much as in any temporal blessing, the comfort of life tion are, and will be, the wonder of all his disciples. is bound up ; (without these, the world would be a wilderness ;) 2. See here how timorous and faint-hearted his disciples yet, when we must either forsake these, or Christ we must were; A: they follourd, they were afrail, afraid for themremember, that we stand in nearer relation to Christ than we do selves, as being apprehensive of their own danger; and justly to any creature; and therefore, to keep in with him, we must might they be ashamed of their being thus afraid. Their be content to break with all the world, and say to father and Master's courage should have put spirit into them. mother, as Levi did, I have not known you. The greatest trial 3. See here what method he took to silence their fears. He of a good man's constancy, is, when his love to Christ comes did not go about to make the matter better than it was, nor to to stand in competition with a love that is lawful, nay, that is feed them with hopes that he might escape the storm, but told his duty. It is easy to such a one to forsake a lust for Christ, them again what he had often told them before, the things that for he hath that within him that rises against it; but to forsake should happen to him. He knew the worst of it, and therefore a father, a brother, a wife, for Christ, that is, to forsake those went on thus boldly, and he will let them know the worst of it. whom he knows he musi love, is hard. And yet he must do Come, be not afraid; for, (1.) There is no remedy, the matter so, rather than deny or disown Christ. Thus great is the loss is determined, and cannot be avoided. (2.) It is only the Son supposed to be; but it is for Christ's sake, that he may be ho- of man that shall suffer; their time of suffering was not at noured, and the Gospel's, that that may be promoted and pro- hand, he will now provide for their security. (3.) He shall pagated. It is not the suffering, but the cause, that makes the rise again; the issue of his sufferings will be glorious to him
And therefore, (2.) The advantage will be great. sell, and advantageous to all that are his, v. 33, 34. The 11.! They shall receive a hundred-fold in this time, houses, and method and particulars of Christ's sufferings are more largely broihren, and sisters; not in specie, but that which is equivalent. foretold here than in any other of the predictions-that he shall He shall have abundance of comfort while he lives, sufficient first be delivered up by Judas to the chief priests and the to make up all his losses; his relation to Christ, his communion Scribes; that they shall condemn him to death, but, not having with his saints, and his title to eternal life, shall be to him bre-power to put him to death, shall deliver him to the Gentiles, to thren, and sisters, and houses, and all. God's providence gave the Roman powers, and they shall mock him, and scourge Job double to what he had had, but suffering Christians shall him, and spit upon him, and kill him. Christ had a perfect forehave a hunılred-fold in the comforts of tho Spirit sweetening sight, not only of his own death, but of all the aggravating their creature comforts. But observe, It is added here in Mark, circumstances of it; and yet he thus went forth to meet it. with persecutions. Even when they are gainers by Christ, let II. The check he gave to two of his disciples for their amthem still expect to be sufferers for him; and not to be out of bitious roquest. This story is much the same here as we the reach of persecution, till they come to heaven. Nay, The had it, Matt. 20. 20. Only there they are said to have made persecutions secm to come in here among the receiringa, in this their request by their mother, here they are said to make it present time; for unto you it is given, not only to believe in themselves; she introduced them, and presented their petiChrist, but also to suffer for his name; yet this is not all, [2.] tion, and then they seconded it, and assented to it. They shall have eternal life in the world to come. If they re Note, 1. As, on the one hand, there are some that do not ceive a hundred-fold in this world, one woulil think they should use, so, on the other hand, there are some that aluse, the great not be encouraged to expect any more. Yet, as if that were encouragements Christ has given us in prayer. He hath said, a small matter, they shall have life eternal into the bargain; Ask, and it shall be given you ; and it is a commendable faith to which is more than ten thousand-fold, ten thousand times told, I ask for the great things he has promised; but it was a chipoble
hand, is not mine to give; but it shall be given to 46 And they came to Jericho: and as he went them for whom it is prepared."
out of Jericho, with his disciples, and a great num41 And when the ten heard it, they began to be ber of people, blind Bartimeus, the son of Timeus, much displeased with James and John.
sat by the highway side, begging. 42 But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto 47 And when he heard that it was Jesus of Naza them, Ye know that they which are *accounted to reth, he began to cry out, and say, Jesus, thou son rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; of David, have mercy on me. and their great ones exercise authority upon them. 48 And many charged him that he should hold
43 But so shall it not be among you: but "who- his peace: but he cried the more sa great deal, soever will be great among you, shall be your Thou son of David, have mercy on me. minister:
49 And Jesus stood still, and commanded him to 44 And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, be called. And they call the blind man, saying unto shall be servant of all.
him, Be of good comfort, rise: he calleth thee. 45 For even the Son of man came not to be mi 50 And he, casting kaway his garment, rose, and nistered unto, but dto minister, and to give his life came to Jesus. a ransom for many.
51 And Jesus answ
swered, and said unto him, What
a Matt. 25. 31. Heb. 11. 16. 29. c. 9. 35. Luke 9. 43.
1 Luke 22, 25. • or, think good. c Matt. 2. 26. John 13, 14. Phil. 2. 7. Is. 53. II, 12. Dan. 9. 26.
2 Cor.5, 21. Gal. 3. 13. 1 Tiro. 2.6. Tit. 2. 14. Matt. 20. 29, &c. Luke 18. 35, &c. & Jer. 29. 13. h Ps. 62, 12. i Johu 11. 28. 6 Phil. 3. 7-9.
presumption in these disciples to make such a boundless demand fore them his own example; (v. 45,) “ The Son of man subupon their Master; We would that thou shouldest do for us mits first to the greatest hardships and hazards, and then enters whatsoever we shall desire. We had much better leave it to him into his glory, and can you expect to come to it any other to do for us what he sees fit, and he will do more than we can way; or to have more ease and honour than he has? (1.) desire, Eph. 3. 20.
He takes upon him the form of a servant, comes not to be 2. We must be cautious how we make general promises. ministered to, and waited upon, but to minister, and wait to be Christ would not engage to do for them whatover they desired, gracious. (2.) He becomes obedient to death, and to its domibut would know from them what it was they did desire ; Whai nion, for he gives his life a ransom for many; did he die for the would ye that I should do for you? He would have them go on benefit of good people, and shall not we study to live for their with their suit, that they might be made ashamed of it.
benefit? 3. Many have been led into a snaro by false notions of V. 46-52. This passage of story agrees with that, Matt. Christ's kingdom, as if it were of this world, and like the king- | 20. 29, &c. Only thai there we were sold of two blind men; doms of the potentates of this world. James and John con- here, and Luke 18. 35, only of one: but if there were two, clude, If Christ rise again, he must be a king, and if he be a there was one. This one is named here, being a blind beggar king, bis apostles must be peers, and one of these would will that was much talked of; he was called Bartimeus, that is, the ingly be the Primus pour regni-The first peer of the realm, and son of Timeus; which, some think, signifies the son of a blind the other next him, like Joseph in Pharaoh's court, or Daniel in man; he was the blind son of a blind father, which made the Darius's.
case the worse, and the cure the more wonderful, and the more 4. Worldly honour is a glittering thing, with which the cyes proper to typify the spiritual cures wrought by the grace of of Christ's own disciples have many a time been dazzled. Christ, on those that not only are born blind, but are born of Whereas to be good should be more our care than to look great, those that are blind. or to have the pre-eminence.
I. This blind man sat begging; as they do with us. Note, 5. Our weakness and short-sightedness appear as much in Those who by the providence of God are disabled to get a our prayers as in any thing. We cannot order our speech, livelihood by their own labour, and have not any other way of when we speak to God, by reason of darkness, both concern- subsisting, are the most proper objects of charity; and partiing him and concerning ourselves. It is fully to prescribe to cular care ought to be taken of them. Guil, and wisdom to subscribe.
II. He cried out to the Lord Jesus for mercy; Hare mercy 6. It is the will of Christ that we should prepare for suffer on me, O Lord, thou Son of David. Misery is the object of ings, and leave it to him to recompense us for them. He needs mercy, his own miserable case he recommends to the compasnot be put in mind, as Ahasuerus did, of the services of his sion of the Son of David, of whom it was foretold, that, when people, nor can he forget their work of faith and labour of love. he should come to save us, the eyes of the blind should be opened, Our care must be, that we may have wisdom and grace to know Is. 35, 5. In coming to Christ for help and healing, we should how to suffer with him, and then we may trust him to provide have an eye to him as the promised Messiah, the Trustee of in the best manner how we shall reign with him, and when, mercy and grace. and where, and what, the degrees of our glory shall be.
III, Christ encouraged him to hope that he should find III. The check he gave to the rest of the disciples, for their mercy; for he stood still, and commanded him to be called. We uneasiness at it; They begin to be much displeased, to have in must never reckon it a hinderance to us in our way, to stand dignation about James and John, v. 41. They were angry at still, when it is to do a good work. Those about him, who had them for affecting precedency, not because it did so ill become discouraged him at first, perhaps were now the persons that the disciples of Christ, but because each of them hoped to have signified to him the gracious call of Christ ; “Be of good comit himself. When the Cynic trampled on Alexander's foot- fort, rise, he calls thee; and if he call thee, he will cure thee." cloth, with Calco fastum Alerandri-Now I tread on Alexan- Note, The gracious invitations Christ gives us to come to him, der's price, he was seasonably checked with Sed majori fustu are great encouragements to our hope, that we shall speed well -Bu with greater pride of thine own. So these discovered if we come to him, and shall have what we come for. Let the their own ambition, in their displeasure at the ambition of guilty, the empty, the tempted, the hungry, the naked, be of James and John ; and Christ took this occasion to warn them good comfort, for he calls them to be pardoned, to be supplied, against it, and all their successors in the ministry of the Gos- to be succoured, to be filled, to be clothed, to have all that done pel, v. 42, 43. He called them to him in a familiar way, to give for them, which their case calls for. ihem an example of condescension, then when he was reprov IV. The poor man, hereupon, made the best of his way to ing their ambition, and to teach them never to bid their disciples Christ; He cast away his loose upper garment, and came to keep their distance. He shows them,
Jesus, (v. 50;) he cast away every thing that might be in dan1. That dominion was generally abused in the world; (v. 42,) ger of throwing him down, or might any way hinder him They that seem to rule over the Gentiles, have the name and in coming to Christ, or retard his motion. Those who would Litle of rulers, they exercise lordship over them, that is all they come to Jesus, must cast away the garment of their own sufstudy and aim at, not so much to protect them, and provide for ficiency, must strip themselves of all conceit of that, and must their welfare, as to erercise authority upon them; they will be free themselves from every weight, and the sin that, like long oheiled, aim to be arbitrary, and to have their will in every garments, doth most casily beset them, Heb. 12. 1. thing. Sic volo, sic jubeo, stat pro ratione voluntas-Thus I V. The particular favour he begged, was, that his eyes might will, thus I command ; my good pleasure is my law. Their be opened ; that so he might be able to work for his living, and care is, what they shall get by their subjects to support their might be no longer burdensome to others. It is a very desirable own pomp and grandeur, not what they shall do for them. thing to be in a capacity of earning our own bread; and where
2. That therefore it ought not to be admitted into the church: God has given men their limbs and senses, it is a shame for “It shall not be so among you; those that shall be put under men by their foolishness and slothfulness to make themselves, your charge, must be as sheep under the charge of the Slup- in effect, blind and lame. herd, who is to tend them and feed them, and be a servant to VI. This favour he received; his eyes were opened, (v. 52 ;) them, not as horses under the command of the driver, that and two things Mark here adds, which intimate, 1. How Christ works them and beats them, and gets his pennyworths out of made it a double favour to him, by putting the honour of it upon them. He that affects to be great and chies, that thrusts him- his faith; " Thy faith has male thee whole; faith in Christ as self into a secular dignity and dominion, he shall be servant of the Son of David, and in his pily and power; not thy importuall, he shall be mean and contemptible in the eyes of all that nity, but thy faith, setting Christ on work, or rather Christ setare wise and gool; he that eralteth himself shall be abased.' ting thy faith on work." Those supplies are most comfortable, Or rather, “He that would be truly great and chief, he must that are fetched in by our faith. 2. How he made it a double lay out himself to do good to all, must stoop to the meanest favour to himself; When he had received his sight, he followed services, and labour in the hardest services. Those not only Jesus by the way. By this he made it appear that he was shall be most honoured hereafter, but are most honourable now, thoroughly cured, that he no more needed one to lead him, but who are most useful." To convince them of this, he sets be could go himself; and by this he evidenced the grateful senso
I Matt. 9. 22. c. 5. 34.
wilt thou that I should do unto thee? The blind | tied by the door without, in a place where two ways man said unto him, Lord, that I might receive my met; and they loose him. sight.
5 And certain of them that stood there said unto 52 And Jesus said unto him, Go thy way; thy them, What do ye, loosing the colt? 'faith hath made thee whole. And immediately he 6 And they said unto them even as Jesus had received his sight, and followed Jesus in the way. commanded : and they let them go.
7 And they brought the colt to Jesus, and cast CHAPTER XI.
their garments on him; and he sat upon him.
8 And many spread their garments in the way; We are now come to the Passion Week, the week in which Christ died, and the great occurrence of that werele Christmine
impianti disuke and others cut down branches off the trees, and those out of the temple, that turned it into an exchange, v. 15–19. IV. His strewed them in the way. discourse with his disciples concerning the power of faith and efficacy of panyer, 9 And they that went before, and they that folon occasion of the withering of the fig tree he cursed, v. 2020. y. His repiy to those who ques uoued his authority, v. 27-33.
lowed, cried, saying, Hosanna ; Blessed is he that
cometh in the name of the Lord : ND awhen they came , unto
be of father he sendeth forth two of his disciples,
the highest 2 And saith unto them, Go your way into the 11 And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into village over against you: and as soon as ye be en- the temple: and when he had looked round about tered into it, ye shall find a colt tied, whereon never upon all things, and now the eventide was come, man sat; loose him, and bring him.
he went out unto Bethany with the twelve. 3 And if any man say unto you, Why do ye this?
12 And "on the morrow, when they were come say ye that the Lord hath peed Sof him: and from Bethany, he was hungry: straightway he will send him hither.
13 And seeing a fig-tree afar off, having leaves, 4 And they went their way, and found the colt he came, if haply he might find any thing thereon: or, sared thee. a Matt. 21.1, &c. Luke 19. 29, &c. Ć Zech. 9. 9. d Ps. 118. 26. Is. 9. 7. Jer. 33. 15. Ps. 148. 1. & Zeph. I.
12. En. 8.9. k Matt. 21. 18, &c. he had of Christ's kindness to him, that when he had his sight, taking the wrong. 4. Christ received the joyful hosannas of he made this use of it. It is not enough to come to Christ for
the people; that is, both the welcome they gave him, and their spiritual healing, but, when we are healed, we must continue to good wishes to the prosperity of his kingdom, v. 9. It was God follow him; that we may do honour to him, and receive in
that put it into the hearts of these people, to cry Hosanna, who struction from him. Those that have spiritual eyesight, see were not by art and management brought to it, as those were, that beauty in Christ, that will effectually draw them to run who afterward cried Crucify, crucify. Christ reckons himafler him.
self honoured by the faith and praises of the multitude, and it
is God that brings people to do him this honour beyond their XOTES TO CHAPTER XI.
own intentions. V.1-11. We have here the story of the public entry Christ (1.) They welcomed his person ; (v. 9,) Blessed is he that made into Jerusalem, four or five days before his death. And cometh, the è lpxóuevos, he that should come, so often promised, so he came into town thus remarkably, 1. To show that he was not long expected; he comes in the name of the Lord, as God's afraid of the power and malice of his enemies in Jerusalem. Ambassador to the world; Blessed be he! let him have our apHe did not steal into the city incognito, as one that durst not plauses, and best affections ; he is a blessed Saviour, and brings show his face; no, they needed not send spies to search for blessings to us, and blessed be he that sent him. Let him be him, he comes in with observation. This would be an en blessed in the name of the Lord, and let all nations and ages call couragement to his disciples that were timorous, and cowed at him Blessed, and think and speak highly and honourably of the thought of their enemies' power and rage; let them see him. how bravely their Master sets them all at defiance. 2. To (2.) They wished well to his interest, v. 10. They believed show that he was not cast down or disquieted at the thonghts that, mean a figure as he made, he had a kingdom, which of his approaching sufferings. He came not only publicly, should shortly be set up in the world, that it was the kingdom but cheerfully, and with acclamations of joy. Though he was of their father David, (That father of his coumtry,) the kingdom now but taking the field, and girding on the harness, yet, being promised to him and his seed for ever; a kingdom that came fully assured of a complete victory, he thus triumphs as though in the name of the Lord, supported by a divine authority. Blessed he had put it off.
be this kingdom; let it take place, let it get ground, let it come I. The outside of this triumph was very mean; he rode upon in the power of it, and let all opposing rule, principality, and an ass's colt, which being an ass, looked contemptible, and power,
be put down; let it go on conquering and to conquer. made no figure; and being but a colt, whereon never man sat, Hosanna to this kingdom; prosperity be to it; all happiness we may suppose, was rough and untrimmed, and not only so, attend it. The proper signification of hosanna is that which but rude and ungovernable, and would disturb and disgrace the we find, Rev. 7. 10, Salvation to our God, that sitteth on the solemnity. This colt was borrowed too. Christ went upon throne, and to the Lamb; success to religion, both natural the water, in a borrowed boat, ate the passover in a borrowed and revealed. Hosanna in the highest. Praises be to our God, chamber, was buried in a borrowed sepulchre, and here rode who is in the highest heavens over all, God blessed for ever;or, on a borrmveil ass. Let not Christians scorn to be beholden let him be praised by his angels, that are in the highest heavens, one to another, and, when need is, to go a borrowing, for our let our hosannas be an echo to theirs. Master did not. He had no rich trappings; they threw their Christ, thus attended, thus applauded, came into the city, and clothes upon the colt, and so he sat upon him, v. 7. The per went directly to the temple. Here was no banquet of wine presons that attended were mean people, and all the show they pared for his entertainment, nor the least refreshment: but he could make was, by spreading their garments in the way, and immediately applied himself to his work, for that was his meat strewing branches of trees in the way, (v. 8,) as they used to do and drink. He went to the temple, that the scripture might be at the feast of tabernacles. All these were marks of his humi- fulfilled; “ The Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his liation; even when he would be taken notice of, he would be temple, without sending any immediate notice before him; he taken notice of for his meanness; and they are instructions to shall surprise you with a day of visitation, for he shall be like a us, not to mind high things, but to condescend to them of low refiner's fire, and iike fuller's soap," Mal. 3. 1—3. He came to estate. How ill doth it become Christians to take state, when the temple, and took a view of the present state of it, y. 11. Christ was so far from affecting it!
He looked round nhout upon all things, but as yet said nothing. II. The inside of this triumph was very great; not only as He saw many disorders there, but kept silence, Ps. 50. 21. it was the fulfilling of the scripture, (which is not taken notice Though he intended to suppress them, he would not go about of here, as it was in Matthew,) but as there were several rays the doing of it all on a sudden, lest he should seem to have done of Christ's glory shining forth in the midst of all this mean it rashly; he let things be as they were for this night, intending ness. 1. Christ showed his knowledge of things distant, and ing the next morning to apply himself to the necessary reformahis power over the wills of men, when he sent his disciples tion, and to take the day before him. We may be confident for the colt, v. 1-4. By this it appears that he can do every that God sees all the wickedness that is in the world, though thing, and no thought can be withholden from him. 2. He he do not presently reckon for it, nor cast it out. Christ, hav. showed his dominion over the creatures in riding on a coll that ing made his remarks upon what he saw in the temple, retired was never backed. The subjection of the inferior part of the in the evening to a friend's house at Bethany, because there creation to man is spoken of, (Ps. 8. 5, 6,) with application to he would be more out of the noise of the town, and out of the Christ, (Ps. 8. 5, 6, compared with Heb. 2.8;) for to him it way of being suspected, as designing to head a faction. is owing, and to his mediation, that we have any remaining V. 12-26. Here is, benefit by the grant God made to man, of a sovereignty in this I. Christ's cursing of the fruitless fig-tree. He had a conlower world, Gen. 1. 28. And perhaps Christ, in riding the venient resting place at Bethany, and therefore thither he ass's colt, would give a shadow of his power over the spirit of went at resting time; but his work lay at Jerusalem, and thiman, who is born as the wild ass's coll, Job 11. 12. 3. The ther therefore he returned in the morning, at working time; colt was brought from a place where two ways met, (v. 4,) as if and so intent was he upon his work, that he went out from Christ would show that he came to direct those into the right Bethany without breakfast, which, before he was gone far, he way, who had two ways before them, and were in danger of 'found the want of, and was hungry, (v. 12,) for he was subject