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obtained. They have printed more than 30,000 books and tracts, most of which have been circulated among the natives, and have been read, probably, by several hundred thousands. They have under their care eighteen schools, containing about 900 pupils; and, not long since, they had twenty-five schools, containing 1,200 pupils, but were obliged to discontinue several, for want of pecuniary means to support them. In various ways, they are daily extending the circle of their acquaintance and influence among the natives.
For a long time, a Mission Chapel has been needed. More than a year ago, the foundations of one were laid, and, during the last summer, the building, which is 60 feet by 35, was probably completed.
Should it please God to give success to the plans of the missionaries, a Mission College will soon be very desirable.
On the 27th of September last, the Rev. Edmund Frost, Missionary, with his wife, and Mrs. Graves, the wife of the missionary at Mahim, embarked for Calcutta, whence, by leave of Providence, they will proceed immediately to Bombay.
very useful assistants, three of whom have been licensed to preach the Gospel. One of these licentiates possesses very superior talents. Others of the scholars, not belonging to the church, are hopefully pious; others are seriously disposed; and very many, not particularly serious, are of good promise.
It is quite indispensable to the ultimate success of the mission, that a Native College be soon established.
III. MISSION AMONG THE CHEROKEES.
On the 13th of January 1817, Mr. Kingsbury arrived at Chickamaugah, since called Brainerd, and commenced preparations for an establishment there. The mission among the Cherokees has, at the present time, six stations,-Brainerd, CreekPath, Carmel, Hightower, Willstown, and Haweis.
CARMEL.-Formerly called Taloney.
Batticotta.—Six miles north-west of Sixty-two miles S. E. from Brainerd, on
PANDITERIPO.-Nine miles north-west of Jaffnapatam.
Rev. John Scudder, M. D. Missionary. George Koch, Native Medical Assistant.
MANEPY.-Four miles and a half northwest of Jaffnapatam.
Rev. Levi Spaulding, Missionary.
The original missionaries from this country to Ceylon, were four in number,-the Rev. Messrs. Warren, Richards, Meigs and Poor. The two first named have rested from their labors. At the date of the last intelligence, Messrs. Meigs and Poor had been laboring, with a competent knowledge of the language, but little more than five years; and the others above named, less than three years. Yet they have procured, to be boarded and educated in their families, and under their entire control 118 heathen youths, who are supported, and to whom names have been given, by individuals and societies in this country. They have also established thirty-two free-schools, containing more than 1,500 scholars; have admitted into their church seventeen converted natives; and, by means of their schools, and tracts, and conversations, and preaching, are constantly exerting a powerful influence on a considerable population, most of which is composed of the higher casts. Nine young men, members of the church, are
what is called the Federal Road. A school was established here in May 1820. Mr. Hall resided here six months before the opening of the school.
Rev. Daniel S. Butrick, Missionary, and Mr. Moody Hall, Schoolmaster.
CREEK-PATH.-One hundred miles W. S. W. of Brainerd. A school was established here in April 1820.
Rev. William Potter, Missionary.
HIGHTOWER.-On a river named E
tow-ee, but corrupted into Hightower; eighty miles S. S. E. of Brainerd, and thirty-five miles west of south from Carmel. A school commenced in April of the present year.
Mr. Isaac Procter, Schoolmaster.
WILLSTOWN.-About fifty miles S. W. of Brainerd. A school was established at this station, in May last.
Rev. William Chamberlain, Missionary.
HAWEIS. About sixty miles S. of Brainerd. Preparations are making for a school.
Mr. John C. Elsworth, Schoolmaster.
IV. MISSION AMONG THE CHOCTAWS.
The mission among the Cherokees being
Survey of Missionary Stations,
in successful operation, Mr. Kingsbury and Mr. Williams left Brainerd, about the first of June 1818, for the Choctaw nation. They selected a site for their station, and about the 15th of August felled the first tree. "The place was entirely new, and covered with lofty trees; but the ancient mounds, which here and there appeared, shewed, that it, had been once the habitation of men." The station was named Elliot, in honor of the "Apostle of the American Indians." This mission has six stations.-Elliot, Mayhew, Bethel, Emmaus, and two which have not yet received names.
ELLIOT.-Within the chartered limits of the state of Mississippi; on the Yalo Busha creek; about forty miles above its junction with the Yazoo; 400 miles W. S. W. of Brainerd; and 145 from the Walnut Hills, on the Mississippi.
Mr. Cyrus Byington, Licensed Preacher and Missionary; Dr. Wm. W. Pride, Physician; Mr. Joel Wood, Schoolmaster; and Messrs. John Smith, and Zechariah Howes, Farmers.
MAYHEW.-On the Ook-tib-be-ha creek, twelve miles above its junction with the Tombigbee, and 100 miles E. of Elliot. Commenced in the spring of 1820.
Rev. Cyrus Kingsbury, Missionary and Superintendent of the Choctaw Mission; Mr. William Hooper, Schoolmaster; Mr. Calvin Cushman, Farmer; and Messrs. Philo P. Stewart and Samuel Wisner, Mechanics.
BETHEL. On the Natchez road, southwest of Mayhew. A school was established here in November 1821.
Mr. Loring S. Williams, Schoolmaster. Mr. Stephen B. Macomber, Schoolmaster, resides here for the present.
EMMAUS.-About 140 miles south-easterly from Mayhew. Commenced near
the latter part of 1822.
Mr. Moses Jewell, Schoolmaster, and Mr. Anson Gleason, Mechanic.
Mr. Elijah Bardwell, Farmer, and Mr. Anson Dyer, Schoolmaster, commenced preparations for a school near the centre of the Six Towns, during the summer past.
Rev. Alfred Wright, Missionary, resides in this district.
Mr. Adin C. Gibbs, Schoolmaster, has, also, commenced a school, recently, in the neighborhood of Mingo Moo-sha-la-tubbee, in the S. E. District of the nation.
Mr. Samuel Moseley, Licensed Preacher
Among the Indians, the Board has thirteen stations. At seven of these stations, churches have been organized. About sixty Indians and blacks have been received into these churches; and there are several, at almost every station, who are seriously disposed. With the Moravian church, in the Cherokee nation, about thirty Indians are connected. From the missionaries of the Board, more than 500 Indian children and youth have received the rudiments of a Christian education, and thousands of adults have heard the Gospel.
The Indians live principally in villages, great numbers of which are scattered through the wilderness; and at most, if not all, of these villages, they would receive Christian preachers with kindness, and would attend respectfully on the public worship of God. They have made greater progress, within a few years, in civilization, and in preparation for receiving the means of grace, than is generally supposed. The Cherokees, especially, have courts, court-houses, judges, and a police; and many of them possess comfortable houses, cattle, and cultivated fields.
The object of the Board is, to place schoolmasters and evangelists in every district, who shall perform the same labors, and exert the same kind of influence, as the village schoolmaster and parish minister in New England. And the time may not be far distant, when, from almost every hill in the Indian country, shall be seen the spires of churches, overtopping the wilderness, and imparting a religious and pleasing aspect to the whole landscape.
VI. MISSION AT THE SANDWICH ISLANDS.
Established in April 1820. The principal station is Hanaroorah, on the island of Woahoo. Another station is at Wymai, on the island of Atooi. The present distribution of laborers is not yet known, as intelligence has not been received of the arrival of the reinforcement, which embarked at New Haven near the close of last year.
tain persons in Boston and elsewhere are under engagements to pay 83,000 annually for five years,-in all 15,000. A number of valuable tracts have been printed, both in Romaic or Modern Greek, and Italian, nuseveral of the countries bordering on the Mediterranean. merous copies of which are now circulating and read in
April last, Messrs. Fisk and King took up their residence at Jerusalem, where they find many opportunities for promoting the great object of their mission.
Rev. Hiram Bingham, Rev. Asa Thurs- || ton, Rev. William Richards, Rev. Charles S. Stewart, and Rev. Artemas Bishop, Missionaries; Dr. Abraham Blatchely, Physician; Messrs. Samuel Whitney,In Joseph Goodrich, and James Ely, Licensed Preachers and Assistant Missionaries; Mr. Levi Chamberlain, Superintendent of Secular Concerns; Mr. Elisha Loomis, Printer; and Thomas Hopoo, John Honooree, and George Sandwich, Native Assistants.
This mission, the third anniversary of which was in April last, has been attended, probably, with more remarkable interpositions of Providence, for the time of its existence, than any other mission on record. Its prospects of ultimate, if not of speedy, success, are most cheering. Almost all the principal men of the islands, with many of the common people, attend on the instructions of the missionaries. At the last dates, their congregation on the Sabbath consisted of more than 1,000 persons.
The Rev. William Ellis, Missionary, is not named in the above list, because, though he labors in close connexion with the missionaries of the Board, he is under the patronage of the London Missionary Society, and is regarded as a missionary of that institution. The same is true of Auna, an Assistant Missionary from the Society Islands.
Mr. Parsons,-now we trust an inhabitant of the heavenly Jerusalem,-visited this city two years before. It has been remarked as a singular fact illustrating the wonderful moral revolutions which diversify the history of man, that the first Protestant missionary to Jerusa lem went from a land of which the Apostles had no knowledge. And, at present, the only Protestant missionaries in the city of David, are two from this same land unknown to the apostles, in company with a Christian descendant of Abraham.
VIII. SOUTH AMERICA.
On the 25th of July last, Mr. John C. Brigham and Mr. Theophilus Parvin,-the former from the Theological Seminary in Andover, and the latter from the Theological Seminary in Princeton,-sailed from Boston for Buenos Ayres. Their object is, to circulate Bibles and Tracts, and to ascertain the religious and moral state of the interesting countries, in the southern and western parts of that continent.
IX. FOREIGN MISSION SCHOOL.
Situated in Cornwall, Con. Established in 1816.
Rev. Herman Daggett, Principal, and Mr. John H. Prentice, Assistant.
About sixty different heathen youths, from various nations, have enjoyed its privileges at various times. Of these youths, nearly, if not quite, half, became hopefully pious at Cornwall. At present, the school has thirty-five members.
In the above survey are the names of eighty-one persons, of whom twenty-nine are ordained ministers of the Gospel, and ten are licensed preachers. Besides these, there are about sixty-five females, a few of whom are single women, but most are wives of the missionaries.
The sum of the whole is briefly this:-The Board employs among the heathen not less than one hundred and forty-six competent adult persons, of whom more than one quarter part are preachers of the Gospel. It has established these laborers in twenty-five different stations; in six or eight different nations, speaking as many different languages, and comprising many millions of people. It has translated a considerable part of the Bible, and is now printing it in the language of a numerous population. It has organized ten Christian churches in the midst of Pagan countries; has established about seventy schools, containing more than 3,000 scholars; and is making a gradual, but constant and sure progress, towards raising from a degraded and vicious barbarism, several interesting portions of our race. The voice of the preacher is heard, and religious books and tracts are seen to circulate,
Mission at Bombay:-Joint Letter of the Missionaries.
in numerous villages; and the germs of Christian civilization are beheld shooting forth in a multitude of places.
We ask, in closing this survey, whether money, which is producing such grand results, is not well employed? To what more noble object can it be applied, than that of sending the Gospel, with its ten thousand attendant blessings, to a number of nations, and to millions of people?-in doing for the ancestors of generations who shall live a thousand years hence, what was done for our ancestors a thousand years ago? The enterprise is certainly feasible; for similar enterprises have been achieved. Were not our progenitors pagans-barbarous pagans? And were they not such, long after the Apostles had left the world, and long after miracles had ceased? By what means, then, were they converted to the Christian faith? Was their conversion the spontaneous result of their own reflections? Were they christianized by philosophers? Was the grand effect produced by farmers and mechanics, acting without the contemporaneous aid of religious truth? No such thing. Philosophical wisdom had no agency in those changes; and the arts were, in most cases, introduced subsequently to the Gospel. The nations were christianized, and, in fact, civilized, by means of MISSIONARY EFFORTS. France, Germany, Russia, Denmark, and Great Britain, are indebted to MISSIONARIES, to FOREIGN MISSIONARIES, for the blessings of the Gospel. By means of such efforts, more feeble than those of the present day, and made under circumstances far less advantageous; and by means of such missionaries, not half so well sustained by the churches of those times;-by means of such efforts and such agents were the barbarous nations of Europe, and our ancestors among them, won over to a Christian profession. Why, then, should modern attempts to convert barbarous pagans to the Christian faith, be thought visionary? The experiment has been often tried, and has often succeeded. Unbelief need not wait for future events to remove its doubts. Missions to heathen nations, are as old as the Christian religion. The Gospel has always been propagated by means of them. Every church established by the Apostles, out of Judea, and every Gentile nation and tribe, which has acknowledged Jesus Christ to be the Messiah, is an undeniable proof of the feasibility of attempts made to evangelize the heathen;-of the feasibility of the heavenly enterprize, in which the American churches are engaged. Let the enterprize, then, be prosecuted,-fearlessly, perseveringly, systematically, and with ever increasing energy!
MISSION AT BOMBAY.
FROM the joint letter of the missionaries, dated Jan. 6, 1823, we make the following extracts, which will be acceptable to our readers.
Method of preaching the Gospel.
We still continue our usual method of
addressing the Gospel to the people, by the || in their assemblies, as we meet with them way side, in the field, at their houses, and on going out for the purpose daily. Besides this, we avail ourselves of opportuni
ties, which we esteem suitable, of making regular appointments, in various places; sometimes weekly, sometimes daily, and sometimes twice a day, according to our ability and the prospect of collecting the people. Our method of conducting these meetings is various, according to the circumstances of the hearers. We sometimes commence and close by singing and prayer. Sometimes we deliver written discourses. At others, we read and explain, and endeavor to apply, the Scriptures; and, often, after reading a portion of Scripture, we address the people extempore, from some particular text. The number of hearers is various, from ten individuals to two or three hundred. Some persons of every class are occasionally present. Sometimes the stillness and attention almost or quite equal that of an assembly in our native country; and sometimes there is conversation and confusion, opposition, resentment, reviling, and blasphemy. And though we see much to discourage expectation from human means alone, yet we see nothing which leads us to think a general and powerful effusion of the Divine Spirit impossible or improbable. We see nothing, which proves in the least, that such a blessing will be long delayed. Nor can we exhibit any positive evidence that it will soon be granted. It is not for us to know the times and seasons, which our Heavenly Father has put in his own power. But the more extensively we declare the Gospel, and the greater the increase of the knowledge of it among those who have heard it most, the stronger are our hopes that it will prove saving. And we think we discern some favorable symptoms; none infallible indeed; but some, which we think we should mention with gratitude to Him, who holds the hearts of all men in his hands.
The Jews in this region, though they are not numerous, naturally excite much of our interest and compassion. Our Jewish school teachers, and some others of that people with whom we are acquainted, have manifested an encouraging attention, and a degree of impression in favor of the truth, which we cannot but hope will soon ⚫ break through the fear of man and be openly avowed. We have similar but stronger hopes, in regard to our Jewish superintendent of schools. He expresses a speculative conviction of the truth of the Christian religion; and also, at times, manifests a considerable degree of concern for his soul. One of our Jewish school teachers, after reading, in company with him and several other Jews, from our tracts written for them, said so much in favor of the Chris
tian religion, as to subject himself to a fine imposed by his people. There are also some Hindoos, who manifest a rather increased attention; and, to a considerable extent, give evidence of a speculative conviction of the truth. So do, also, a few
Mussulmans and more Catholics.
Some of the latter have manifested a determination to read the Scriptures, at all events. Others, indeed, some of every class, Hindoos, Catholics, Mussulmans, and Jews, manifest a determined and settled opposition to the Gospel. But few are so much opposed as to prevent their receiving occasional instruction and admonition.
We trust, therefore, that our Christian friends, who know the power and ways of God, will neither faint nor fear; but encourage themselves in Him, and perseveringly seek his blessing, on the work of our hands.
Internal state of the Mission.
As to our own spiritual state, which is no trifling criterion of our hopes, we confess we have much to lament; and feeling this, we have commenced a monthly fast, on the same day as that observed by our brethren in Ceylon. These seasons we have found precious, and we trust they will be found profitable, by contributing to prepare us to witness displays of divine power among the people, and to keep us nearer our precious Savior. We cherish the hope that, through divine grace alone, we shall still be made to rejoice, according to the days wherein we have been afflicted, and the years in which we have seen evil. But, however this may be, we will endeavor, in regard to our own mission, to confide in the divine wisdom and goodness; and, in regard to others, we will ever rejoice and praise the Lord, for the blessings which rest on them, and for the effusions of the Holy Spirit in our native land, as well as for all the success divinely vouchsafed towards every institution formed to promote the cause of Christ. By all events, distant or near, which favor that cause, we feel ourselves refreshed and blessed; and, believing it to be essential to our holy religion, to possess and exhibit a spirit of universal benevolence, we take the present opportunity of declaring ourselves, unitedly and individually, deeply interested in the prosperity of all societies, that seek the promotion of peace and the complete abolition of war. May they all prove greatly instrumental in establishing that kingdom, which is to extend over the whole earth, and which consists in peace and love.
To the foregoing account, which is given by all the missionaries, it is deemed proper to