« PreviousContinue »
it, faying, Take, eat, This is my Body which is broken for you: This do in Remembrance of Me. And then, after the fame manner, He took the Cup, faying, This Cup is the New Teftament in my Blood: This do in Remembrance of Me, 1 Cor. 11. 23, 24.
2. What do you learn from hence?
A. That feeing St. Paul, fpeaking to the Corinthians, in general, tells them, That Chrift commanded both Bread and Wine to be received, I learn that the Papifts are guilty of a great Sin, in denying the Cup to all their Lay.Communicants.
But feeing the whole Sacrament of the Lord's Supper is rightly and duly adminiftred in this Church, what Obligation does this bring upon you?
A. Both I and all the Members of it are bound duly and most thankfully to receive it, left by neglecting this Sacrament we again provoke God to take away. the Cup of Bleffing from us.
Q. What is the Inward Part, or Thing fignified, in the Lord's Supper? A. The Body and Blood of Chrift, which are verily and indeed taken and received by the Faithful in the Adminiflration of it.
HAT do you obferve from that Queftion and Anfwer?
A. That the Body and Blood of Chrift is not really or corporeally prefent; but is indeed the Inward Part, or Thing fignified, in and by this Ordinance.
Is not then the Body and Blood received by all Communicants in general?
A. No; but by the Faithful only. Others receive nothing more than the Outward Part of that Sacrament, which to them is only Bread and Wine.
Q. Is there then no Change in the Bread and Wine after the Confecration? A No;
A. No; they remain what they were before, and are not changed in Nature, but only in the Ufe and Signification?
How do you prove this?
A. From the Teftimony of my Senfes. And St. Paul calls That which reprefents Chrift's Body, and conveys the Merits of it, Bread, no kefs than three times, 1 Cor. xi. 26, 27, 28.
Why then are the Bread and Wine called the Body and Blood of Chrift?
A. First, Because they were appointed to reprefent Chrift's Body, that was broken, and his Blood, that was fhed for us: And for the fame Reason that the Pafchal Lamb was called the Paffover, the Bread and Wine are called the Body and Blood of Chrift; the Signs carrying the Name of the Things fignified by them.
But if the Body and Blood are not really prefent, how can they be verily and indeed taken and received? A. We may verily and indeed take and receive the Benefits of Chrift's crucified Body, without the receiving the very Body and Blood of Chrift: And if we do by thole Outward Elements partake of them, that is fufficient to juftify this Expreffion.
Q. But how do you prove this?
A. From the Words of St. Paul, 1 Cor. x. The Bread which we break, is it not the Communion of the Body of Chrift? And the Cup which we blefs, is it not the Communion of the Blood of Chrift?
Q. What do you infer from hence?
A. That feeing the Body and Blood are indeed com. municated, but not in Subftance, they must be fo in the Virtues and Effects of them.
What then is the Faithful Communicant to expect from this Sacrament?
4. All the Graces that come from, and were purchafed by Christ's Crucified Body; and more particųarly, Pardon for our Sins and Grace for our Natures. By which most ineftimable Bleffings our Souls are
ftrengthened and refreshed, as our Bodies are by Bread and Wine.
Q. What is required of them who come. to the Lord's Supper?
4. What our former Lives have been, and what is now to be altered and amended in them; whether we defire, and do indeed refolve, by God's Grace, to make that Change and Alteration in our Lives, which our own Confciences and the Laws of Chriftianity. command and require. And lastly, Whether we have P good reafon to believe we fhall put our Refolutions into Practice, and fo bring forth Fruits meet for Repentance. 2. What is to be confidered in our Faith?
A.To examine themselves, As St. Paul exhorts the Corinthians; that is, to take a moft ferious View of their Lives and Actions; and, in particular, to confider the Nature of their Repentance, Faith, Thanksgiving, and Charity.
What is to be confidered in the Duty of Repen
A. Whether we have a general Belief in the Promifes of the Gofpel, and the Merits of Chriff's Death; and can, in a good Affurance of Hope, apply to our felves the Mercy of God, through Chrift Jefus: Which is the Meaning of having a lively Faith in God's Mercy, through Chrift.
2. But what must they do, who cannot in any da gree attain to this lively Faith?
4. They ought again to examine and renew their Repentance; and then again confider what is promiled to, and has been done for Penitent and Believing Sinners. But Repentance muft prepare the Way for Faith and Hope, Repent and believe the Gospel, fays our Saviour, Mark 1. 15. And he charged his Difciples that Repentance and Remiffion of Sia fhould be preached in His Name, Luke xxiv. 47. First, Repentance, and then Remiffion of Sin.
2. What Thankfulness ought to accompany our Faith?
A. Most humble and hearty Thanks to God the Father, the Son, and the H. Ghost, for the Redemption of the World, by the Death and Paffion of our Saviour Chrift, both God and Man; Who did humble Himself even to the Death upon the Cross, for us miferable Sinners, who lay in Darkness, and in the Shadows of Death, that he might make us the Children of God, and exalt us to Everlasting Life.
2. What is required by being in Charity with all Men? A. It is required that we should be ready to perform both Parts of that Duty; ready to distribute; and, as an Earneft of this charitable Temper, willing to offer up fomething at the Holy Table, for Pious and Charitable Ufes.
And, 2dly, not only to give, but to forgive Men their Trefpaffes: And, in fhort, to govern and regulate our Charity, by that molt admirable Description of it, I Cor. xiii. 4, 5, 6, 7.
But why are all thefe Graces of Repentance, Faith, Thankfgiving, and Charity, required as a neceffary Preparation for the Lord's Supper?
A. Becaufe without them we cannot partake of the Benefits of Chrift's Death, and therefore ought not to partake of that Sacrament which was ordained by Chrift, as a Means to convey the Benefits of his Death to us.
Q. What is the Meaning of thofe Expreffions; He that eateth and drinketh unworthily is guilty of the Body and Blood of Christ our Saviour; and eateth and drinketh his own Damnation, not confidering the Lord's Body?
4. That to come without due Preparation to the Lord's Table is to do a great Dishonour to the Body and Blood of Chrift, is indeed a great Sin. But not fuch (as fome have imagined) that will, without all Remedy, confign Men over to eternal Damnation.