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or ambition to exalt one's self, Ps. 131. 1; Pr. 17. 19; 18. 2; 25. 6 ; Jer. 45.5;-reproved, Matt. 18. 1; 20. 20; Luke 22. 24 ; Mark 9. 34 ; 10. 42; Luke 11. 43; 14. 9; Rom. 12. 16; 1 Thess. 2. 6;—motives to guard against it, Ps. 10. 4; 12.3; 18. 27; Pr. 6. 17; 13. 10; 15. 25; 16.5; 28. 25; Is. 14. 13, &c.;—the marks of it, Ps. 13. 4 ; Pr. 17. 19; 30. 12; Matt. 23. 5; Luke 11. 43; John 7. 18;-of Korah, Dathan, and Abirain, Num. 16. 1;—of Haman, Esth. 3. 1, &c. ;-of Nebuchadnezzar, Dan. 4. 30;—of Simon Magus, Acts 8. 9, 10 ;-of Herod Agrippa, 12. 22.*

(119.) Of Humility-recommended, Ps. 138. 6; 144. 3; Pr. 11. 2; 16. 19; 18. 12; 22. 4; 25. 7. Be humble; affect not high things; keep thyself quiet; and thou shalt live at ease, in safety, and in peace. "Why was it,' says a wise heathen on this subject, that Dædalus winged his way safely, while Icarus his son fell, and gave name to the Icarian sea ? Was it not because the son flew aloft, and the father skimmed the ground? For hoth were furnished with the same kind of wings. Believe me, that he who lives privately, lives safely; and every one should live within his own income. Envy no man; pray for a quiet life, though it should not be dignified; seek a friend ; and associate with thine equals.' Ovid, Trist. 1. iü. El. 4. v. 21--28.f Is. 57. 15; Mic. 6.8; Matt. 18. 4; 23. 12; Luke 18. 14; Rom. 12. 3, 10, 16; Phil. 2. 3 ; Col. 3. 12; James 4. 10; 1 Pet. 2. 17; 5. 5;--examples of it in Elijah, 1 Kings 19. 4;—Daniel, Dan. 2. 30 ;-the Psalmist, Ps. 131. 1 ;-John the Baptist, Luke 3. 16;-Peter, Acts 3. 12; 10. 26;—Paul and Barnabas, 14. 15;-Paul, 1 Cor. 15. 9; 2 Cor. 12. 11; Eph. 3. 8; 1 Tim. 1. 15. *

(120.) Of Mocking—at others censured, Job 13. 9; Ps. 35. 16; Pr. 17. 5; 30. 17;—of Ishmael at the birth of Isaac, Gen. 21. 9 ;-of young men at Elisha, 2 Kings 2. 23;—of the Athenians at Paul's preaching, Acts 17. 32.*

(121.) Of Scoffers—at God and religion described and condemned, Ps. 1. 1; Pr. 3. 34 ; 9.7; 13. 1 ; 14. 6; Is. 29. 20; 2 Pet. 3. 3 ;-at their neighbours, censured, Pr. 10. 10.**

(122.) Of Obedience,—the rewards of it, Lev. 25. 18; 26. 3, &c.; Deut. 11. 13, 22; 28. 1, &c.; 30. 1, &c. ;—with threatenings in case of disobedience, Deut. 8. 1, &c. ; 29. 9, &c. ;—must be universal, 2 Cor. 7. 1; Jam. 2. 10, 11;-better than sacrifice, 1 Sam. 15. 22 ; Ps. 50. 8; 51. 16; Pr. 15.8; Is. 1. 11, &c.; Jer. 7. 21 ; Hos. 6. 6; Am. 5. 22 ; Mic. 6. 6; Matt. 9. 13; 12. 7.**

(123.) Of Disobedience, curses attending it, Lev. 20. 14; Deut. 28. 15.*

(124.) Of Temperance,-recommended, Pr. 23. 1; 1 Cor. 9. 25; Gal. 5. 23; Eph. 5. 18; Tit. 1.8; 2. 2; 2 Pet. 1. 6.*

(125.) Of Drunkenness—censured, Pr. 20. 1; 23. 31; Is. 5. 22; Luke 21. 34; Rom. 13. 13; 1 Cor. 5. 11; Eph. 5. 18; 1 Thess. 5.7; 1 Pet. 4. 3;-leads to other vices, Pro. 23. 31–33; Is. 5. 11, &c.; 28. 7; Hos. 4. 11; Hab. 2. 5 ;-to poverty, Pr. 23. 21;—destroys health, Pr. 23. 29, 30;—the cause of quarrels, Pr. 23. 29, 30 ;-excludes from the kingdom of heaven, Matt. 24. 49; Luke 12. 45; 1 Cor. 6. 10; Gal. 5. 21 ;-examples of it, of Noah, Gen. 9. 21 ;-of Lot, Gen. 19. 33, 35; -of Nabal, 1 Sam. 25. 36 ;-of Elah, 1 Kings 16. 9;—of Benhadad, 1 Kings 20. 16.*

* Comprehensive Bible, Iudex to Subjects, in voce.

+ Idem, Note in loco,

(126.) Of Murder—forbidden, Ex. 20. 13; Deut. 5. 17;—punishable with death, Gen. 9. 6;—ławs relating to it, Num. 35. 30; Lev. 24. 17; -uncertain, how expiated, Deut. 21. 1;-of Abel by Cain, Gen. 4. 8; —of the sons of Gideon, Judg. 9. 5, 24 ;-of Abner by Joab, 2 Sam. 3. 27 ;-of Amasa by Joab, 2 Sam. 20.8;-of Baasha by Zimri, 1 Kings 16. 9;--of Naboth by Ahab, 1 Kings 21. 8;—of Zechariah by Joash, 2 Chr. 24. 21 ;-of Zechariah king of Israel by Shallum, 2 Kings 15. 10;-of Amon by his servants, 2 Kings 21. 23.*

(127.) Of Revenge—to be refrained from, Lev. 19. 18; Pr. 20. 22; 24. 29; Matt. 5. 39; Rom. 12. 19; 1 Thess. 5. 15; 1 Pet. 3. 9.*

(128.) Of Enemies,—their cattle to be brought to them if found astray, Ex. 23. 4;-their misfortunes not to be rejoiced at, Job 31. 29 ; Ps. 35. 13 ; Pr. 24. 17;-good to be done for their evil, Pr. 25. 21 ; Matt. 5. 44; Luke 6. 27, 35.*

(129.) Of Fornicationforbidden to the Israelites, Lev. 19, 29; Deut. 23. 17;-a law concerning it, Deut. 22. 28;-censured in general, Pr. 2.

5. 3; 6. 25; 7.6; 22. 14; 23. 27; 29.3; 31. 3; Ecc: 7.26; Hos. 4. 11; Matt. 15. 19; Mark 7. 21; Acts 15. 20; Rom. 1. 29; 1 Cor. 5. 9; 6. 9; 13. 15; 2 Cor. 12. 21 ; Gal. 5. 19; Eph. 5. 3,5; 1 Thess. 4. 3; 1 Tim. 1. 10; Heb. 12. 16; 13. 4; Rev. 2. 14, 20.; 21.8; 22. 15;—motives to avoid it, Pr. 2. 16; 5. 3 ; 6. 24; 7.5; 9. 18; 29. 3; Hos. 4. 10; 1 Cor. 6. 18; Eph. 5.5; Col. 3. 5; Heb, 13. 4; Jude 7; Rev. 21. 8; 22. 15;—laws relating to it, Ex. 22. 16; Lev. 19. 20;the price of it not to be given to the sanctuary, Deut. 23. 18.*

(130.) Of Sensuality-censured, Am, 6. 4; Luke 16. 19, &c.; 1 Cor. 15. 32 ; Jam. 5. 5.*

(131.) Of Lusts—of the flesh to be repressed, Matt. 5. 29; 15. 19; Rom. 8. 13; 1 Cor. 9. 27; Gal. 5. 16, 19; Col. 3.5; 1 Pet. 2. 11;unnatural, Rom. 1. 26; Eph. 5. 12; 1 Thess. 4. 5.*

(132.) Of the Flesh,—the motions of it tending to sin, Rom. 7.5;not to walk after it, but after the Spirit, Rom. 8. 9, 12; 13. 14';—the works of it, Gal. 5. 19;—to be abstained from, 1 Pet. 2. 11; 2 Pet. 2. 10.*

(133.) Of the Body,—to be kept pure, Rom. 12. 1; 1 Cor. 6. 13; 1 Thess. 4. 4;—not to be disfigured, Lev. 19. 28; 21.5; Deut. 14. 1;changed at the resurrection, Matt. 22. 30; 1 Cor. 15. 42, 51; Phil. 3. 21.*

16 ;

(134.) Of Self-denial,

,-a Christian duty, Matt. 16. 24; Mark 8. 34 ; Luke 9. 23.*

(135.) Of Purity of heart, or perfection of character—required, Rom. 6. 19; Eph. 1. 4; Phil. 2. 15; 2 Pet. 3. 14 ;—respecting the works of the flesh, Gal. 5. 16; Eph. 5. 3; Col. 3. 5; 1 Pet. 2. 11.*

(136.) Of the Heart-should be pure, Josh. 24. 14; 1 Sam. 16.7; 1 Chr. 28. 9; 29. 17; Ps. 7. 8; 24. 4; 51. 6; 73. 1; 119. 80 ; 125. 4 ; Pr. 4. 23; 23. 26 ; 24. 9; Matt. 5. 8; Luke 8. 15; 11. 39; Rom. 2. 29; 1 Tim. 1. 5; 2 Tim. 2. 22; James 4. 8;—the evidence of its being so, Ps. 15. 4; Matt. 12. 35 ; 15. 18; Luke 6. 45; James 3. 11;under the direction of God, and therefore a subject of prayer, 1 Kings 8. 58; Ps. 51. 10; 119. 36; 141. 4 ; Jer. 32. 40; Gal. 4. 6; 2 Thess. 3. 5.*

(137.) Of Thoughts-govern the actions, and therefore to be attended to, Pr. 4. 23; 23. 7; Matt. 5. 28, &c.; 15. 18; Acts 26. 9; Rom. 2. 15; 2 Cor. 10. 5; 1 Tim. 1. 13.*

(138.) Of Wishes,-evil, to be suppressed, Job 31. 1, 30; Ps. 40. 14.*

(139.) Of Perfection—to be aimed at, 1 Kings 8. 61; Matt. 5. 48 ; Luke 6. 36; 2 Cor. 13. 9, 11 ; Eph. 5. 1 ; Heb. 13. 21;—not attainable by man, Job 4. 18; 15. 14; Pr. 20. 9.*

(140.) Of Meritnot to be pleaded with God, Deut. 9. 4; Job 35. 7; Pr. 16. 2; Rom. 4. 2 ; 11. 6; 2 Tim. 1. 9; Tit. 3. 5.*

(141.) Of Ingratitude,-censured, Ps. 7. 4; 100. 7, &c; Pr. 17. 13; Jer. 3. 5; 2 Tim. 3. 2 ;—of Pharaoh's butler to Joseph, Gen. 40. 23;of the Israelites to the family of Gideon, Judg. 8. 34 ;-of Saul to David, 1 Sam. 18. 6, &c.*

(142.) Of Murmuring,—or unreasonable complaining, censured, 1 Cor. 10. 10 ; Phil. 2. 14; Jude 16 ;-of the Israelites at Moses in Egypt, Ex. 5. 20; 14. 11 ;—at Marah, Éx. 15. 23 ;—at Sin for want of bread, Ex. 16. 2;—for water, Ex. 17. 2;-at Taberah, Num. 11. 1;—at the report of the spies, Num. 14. 1 ;-after the death of Korah, &c. Num. 16. 41 ;loathing manna, &c. Num. 21. 5.*

(143.) Of Infidelity, or Unbelief,—the causes of it, John 5. 44; 2 Cor. 4. 4; Eph. 2. 2; 2 Thess. 2. 12 ;-consequences of, Matt. 24. 11, 12; 2 Tim. 3. 2–5; 2 Pet. 2. 12;—the danger of it, Mark 16. 16; Luke 12. 46; Rom. 1. 28; 2 Tim. 2. 12; Rev. 21. 8;—of the Israelites, Ps. 106. 24;—of the inhabitants of Nazareth, Matt. 13. 57;—of the brethren of Jesus, John 7.5;-of the Jews at Jerusalem, John 12. 37 ;-at the preaching of Paul, Acts 12. 44.*

(144.) Of Infidels or Unbelievers --Christians should not marry with them, 2 Cor. 6. 14, 15, 19;—to be shunned, Matt. 6. 15; Rom. 16. 17; 1 Tim. 6.5; Phil. 3. 2; 2 Thess. 3. 6, 14;—how to be distinguished in order to be avoided, 1 Thess. 5. 21; 1 John 4. 1—3 ;-threatenings of God against, Pr. 3. 34; 19. 29; Jer. 14. 15; 23. 32 ;-obstinate, their fate, Mark 16. 16; Luke 12. 46; Heb. 3. 19; 4. 1; Rev. 19. 20; 20. 10; 21. 8. *

* Comprehensive Bible, Index to Subjects, in voce.

(145.) Of Conscience,-common to all men, Pr. 20. 27; Rom. 2. 14, 15;—a weak one to be respected, Rom. 14. 2; 1 Cor. 8. 12 ;-the happiness of a good one, Job 27.6; Pr. 14. 14; 28. 1; 29. 6; Rom. 14. 22; 2 Cor. 1. 12; Gal. 6. 4; 1 Tim. 1. 19; 1 John 3. 19, 21; Acts 23. 1; 24. 16; 1 Cor. 4. 4; 2 Tim. 1. 3; Heb. 13. 18;-the terror of an evil one, Gen. 42. 21; 2 Sam. 24. 10; Ps. 38. 3; 40. 12; Pr. 14. 14; 18. 14; 28. 1; 29.6; Matt. 27.3; Acts 24. 25; Tit. 1. 15. *

(146.) Of Temptations,—whence they arise, Jam. 1. 13;—to be guarded against, Matt. 6. 13; 26. 41; Eph. 6. 10, &c.; 1 Pet. 5. 9.*

(147.) Of the Tempting of God-censured, Ex. 17. 2,7; Deut. 6. 16; Ps. 78. 19; 95. 9; Is. 7. 12; Matt. 4. 7; 1 Cor. 10. 9.*

(148.) Of Company,-bad, to be avoided, Ps. 1. 1; 26.4; Pr. 1. 10; 2. 12 ; 4. 14, 15; 12. 11; 13. 20; 14. 7; 19. 27; 22. 24; 28. 7, 19; 29. 24; Rom. 1. 32; 1 Cor. 5. 9; 15. 33 ; 2 Cor. 6. 14; Eph. 5.7;may be necessary, and do good, Matt. 9. 10; 11. 19; Mark 2. 15; Luke 15. 2; 1 Cor. 5. 10; 1 Thess. 5. 14;-of the virtuous, beneficial, Pr. 13. 20.*

(149.) Of Example,-good, to be followed, Luke 10. 37; John 8. 39 ; 1 Cor. 4. 16; 11. 1; Phil. 3. 17; 4. 9; 1 Thess. 1. 7; 2 Thess. 3. 9; Heb. 6. 12; James 5. 10;—evil, to be avoided, 1 Cor. 10. 6; 2 Pet. 2. 6; Jude 7;-of Christ, Matt. 11. 29; John 13. 15, 34; Rom. 15. 5; Phil. 2. 5; Heb. 3. 1 ; 12. 2; 1 Pet. 2. 21; 1 John 2. 6.*

5. From the harmony of the Sacred Writers. Of this the doc

trines and precepts exhibited under the preceding head will furnish ample confirmation, especially if the parallel passages of the several texts referred to be consulted. It will, therefore, only be necessary here to state a few evidences of their agreement, derived from the undesigned coincidences discoverable in the writings of the Apostles, and to reconcile any apparent discrepancies that occur.

Of undesigned coincidences, the following may be taken as a sample; and for a further elucidation of this subject, the reader is referred to the excellent work of Dr. Paley, entitled Horæ Paulinæ.

Acts xxvii. 20. “For this cause therefore have I called for you, to see you, and to speak with you : because that for the hope of Israel I am bound with this chain.”. That is, the chain with which he was bound to the soldier that kept him, (ver. 16); a mode of custody which Dr. Lardner has shewn was in use among the Romans. It is in exact conformity, therefore, with the truth of St. Paul's situation at this time, that he declares himself to be an ambassador in a chain,' ev alvoel, (Eph. vi.

20); and the exactness is the more remarkable, as alvois, a chain, is no where used in the singular number to express any other kind of custody.*

Rom, xv. 19.—“Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.” Illyricum, or Illyria, was a country of Europe, lying N. and N. W. of Macedonia, on the eastern coast of the Adriatic gulf, opposite Italy. It was distinguished into two parts : Liburnia north, now Croatia; and Dalmatia south, still retaining the same name. The account of St. Paul's second visit to the peninsula of Greece, (Acts xx. 1,) says Dr. Paley, leads us to suppose, that, in going over Macedonia, he had passed so far west, as to come into those parts of the country which were contiguous to Illyricum, if he did not enter Illyricum itself. The history and the Epistle therefore so far agree; and the agreement is much strengthened by a coincidence of time : for much before the time when this epistle was written, he could not have said so, as his route, in his former journey, confined him to the eastern side of the peninsula, a considerable distance from Illyricum.*

Rom. xvi. 3. “Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my helpers in Christ Jesus.” Had the notes of time in this epistle fixed the writing of it to any date prior to St. Paul's first residence at Corinth, the salutation of Aquila and Priscilla would have contradicted the history, because it would have been prior to his acquaintance with these persons. If they had fixed it during that residence at Corinth, during his journey to Jerusalem, or during bis progress through Asia Minor, an equal contradiction would have been incurred, because, during all that time, they were either with St. Paul, or abiding at Ephesus. Lastly, had they fixed this epistle to be either contemporary with the first epistle to the Corinthians, or prior to it, a similar contradiction would have ensued, for they were then with St. Paul. As it is, all things are consistent.*

2 Cor. viii. 19. “And not that only, but who was also chosen of the churches to travel with us with this grace, which is administered by us to the glory of the same Lord, and declaration of your ready mind.” By “ this grace" is meant the charitable contributions for the saints in Judæa; respecting which Dr. Paley has some excellent remarks. There is, he observes, a circumstance of nicety in the agreement between the two epistles, which, I am convinced, the author of a forgery would not have hit upon, or which, if he had hit upon it, he would have set forth with more clearness. The Second Epistle speaks of the Corinthians as having begun this eleemosynary business a year before, (ver. 10, ch. ix. 2.) It appears, however, from other texts in the epistle, that the contribution was not yet collected, or paid ; for brethren were sent from St. Paul, to Corinth, 'to make up their bounty, (ch. ix. 5.) They are urged to perform the doing of it,' (ver. 11,) and every man was exhorted to give as he purposed in his heart,’ (ch. ix. 7.) The contribution, therefore, was in readiness,

Comprehensive Bible, Note in loco.

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