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(4.) Concerning Angels,-wise, good, and immortal, 2 Sam. 14. 17, 20; Ps. 103. 21; Matt. 25. 31; Luke 20. 36; 1 Tim. 5. 21;—are created and imperfect beings, Job 4. 18; Matt. 24. 36; 1 Pet. 1. 12 ;are appointed as guardians of men, Ps. 34. 7; 91. 11; Eccles. 5. 6; Matt. 18. 10; Acts 12. 15; Heb. 1. 14;-charged with folly, Job 4. 18; -ignorant of the day of judgment, Matt. 24. 36;—are in great numbers, Deut. 33. 2; Ps. 68. 17; Dan. 7. 10; Matt. 26. 53; Luke 2. 13; Heb. 12. 22 ; Jude 14; Rev. 5. 11 ;-are in the immediate presence of God, Matt. 18. 10; Luke 1. 19; this is an allusion to the privilege granted hy eastern monarchs to their chief favorites; hence among the Jews the angels were termed og «xsa,' angels of the presence.'*_Are of different ranks, Dan. 10. 13; Jude 9; are subject to Christ, 1 Pet. 3. 22; Heb. 1.6;—not to be worshipped, Judges 13. 16; Col. 2. 18; Rev. 19. 10; 22. 8;—worship God, Neh. 9. 6; Ps. 148. 2 ;-rejoice when sinners are converted, Luke 15. 10;-conduct souls to Paradise, Luke 16. 22.

(5.) Concerning the Devil,—his names and characters: Abaddon, i. e. a destroyer, Rev. 9. 11 ;-accuser of the brethren, Rev. 12. 10;-adversary, 1 Pet. 5. 8;-angel of the bottomless pit, 9. 11;—Apollyon, i. e. a destroyer, Rev. 9. 11;—the beast, Rev. 19. 19, 20;-Beelzebub, Matt. 12. 24; Mark 3. 22, &c. ;-deceiver, Rev. 12. 9; 13. 14; 20. 3;—great dragon, Rev. 12. 7, 9; 20. 2;—evil one, John 17. 15;—god of this world, 2 Cor. 4. 4;- liar and murderer, John 8. 44;—prince of this world, John 12. 31; 14. 30; 16. 11;--prince of the power of the air, Eph. 2. 2 ;-Satan, 1 Chr. 21. 1; Job 1. 6; Matt. 4. 10; Rev. 12. 9; -old serpent, Gen. 3. 4, 13; 2 Cor. 11. 3; Rev. 12. 9 ;—sinner, 1 John 3. 8 ;-tempter, 1 Thess. 3. 5;—wicked one, Matt. 13. 19, 38; John 2. 13;-he that had the power of death, Heb. 2. 14;—the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, Eph. 2. 2;—he appears in the Divine presence, Job 1.6 ; 2. 1;-ear

earnestly labours after man's destruction, Job 1. 7 ; 2. 2; Matt. 13. 19; 1 Pet. 5. 8;—may be conquered, if properly resisted, Eph. 4. 27 ; 6. 10; 2 Tim. 2. 26; James 4. 7; 1 Pet. 5. 9; 1 John 2. 13;—his suggestions to be carefully guarded against, Matt. 13, 19; 2 Cor. 11. 3; Eph. 6. 11 ;-inspires evil thoughts, and draws men into sin, Gen. 3. 1; 1 Chr. 21. 1; Luke 22. 3; John 13. 2, 27 ; Acts 5. 3; 1 Cor. 7.5; 2 Cor. 2. 11 ;-his suggestions are always contrary to the word of God, or to faith, or charity, Matt. 4. 2, 6, 9; Eph. 6. 16; 1 John 3.8, 10;-can do nothing without God's permission, Judg. 9. 23; 1 Kings 22. 22; Job 1. 12; 2.6; 12. 16; Ezek. 14. 9; Matt. 8. 31; 2 Thess. 2. 11 ;—is sometimes permitted to afflict men and disappoint their desires, Job 1. 12 ; 2. 6; Luke 13. 16; 2 Cor. 12. 7; 1 Thess. 2. 18; Rev. 2. 10;—had power granted him of working miracles, Ex. 7. 11, 22; 8. 7; Matt. 24. 24; 2 Thess. 2. 9; Rev. 13. 13; 16. 14; 19. 20 ;—and also to possess human bodies, 1 Sam. 16. 14, 23; 18. 10;

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* Comprehensive Bible, note on Matt. 18. 10.

19. 9; Matt. 4. 24; 8. 16; 9. 32 ; was formerly in heaven, but cast out for his disobedience, John 8. 44; 2 Pet. 2. 4; Jude 6.*

The Devils are many, and of different ranks, acting under the direction of one, Matt. 9. 34 ; 12. 24; Mark 5. 9; Luke 8. 27; Eph. 6. 12; Rev. 12. 7, 9;—are reserved to farther punishment, 2 Pet. 2. 4; Jude 6; Rev. 20. 3 ;-expect and fear their final sentence, Matt. 8. 29; Mark 1. 24; James 2. 19;—sacrifices not to be offered to them; Lev. 17.7; Deut. 32. 17; 2 Chron. 11. 15; 1 Cor. 10. 20.*

(6.) Concerning Man,—his primeval dignity, Gen. 1. 26, 27 ; 2. 7; Ps. 8.5; Ecc. 7. 29;—his fall, Gen. 3. 17; 6.5; 8. 21; Ps. 14.3; Jer. 17. 9;—universal corruption of his nature, Job 14. 4; Ps. 51. 5; John 3. 6; Rom. 3. 23; Gal. 5. 17; Eph. 2. 1, &c.; Col. 2. 13;—his mortality, Job 7. 10; 14. 5, 7, 10, 12 ; Ecc. 12.7; Rom. 5. 12; 1 Cor. 15. 22;what is best for him in this world, Ecc. 2. 24; 3. 12, 22 ; 5. 18; 7. 1, 2, 3, 5, 8; 9. 7 ;—the great business of his life, 12. 13; Amos 4. 12; Luke 10. 27 ; Mark 8. 36 ; 2 Pet. 1. 10;—his frailties, Ps. 62. 9; 78.39; 103, 14; 144. 4 ; 146. 3; Rom. 7. 18; 1 Pet. 1. 24 ;-his dignity restored by Christ, Cor. 15. 49; Eph. 5. 25, 27; Phil. 3. 21; Col. 3. 4, 10; Heb. 2. 10; 2 Pet. 1. 4; 1 John 3. 2.*

(7.) Of the Soul,-exists in a separate state, Ecc. 3. 21; 12. 7; Matt. 22. 32; Luke 8. 55, “And her spirit came again,” &c. This expression, thus used of one who had been dead, strongly implies, that at death the soul not only exists separately, but returns and is re-united to the body, when it is raised from the dead.t-Luke 16.22; 20.37; there is a remarkable passage in Josephus (De Maccab. c. 16), which proves that the best informed among the Jews believed in the immateriality and immortality of the soul, and that the souls of righteous men were in the presence of God in a state of happiness. They who lose their lives for the sake of God, live unto God, as do Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and the rest of the Patriarchs.' Not less remarkable is a passage in Shemoth Rabba (fol. 159. 1), · Why doth Moses say (Ex. 32, 13), Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob ? R Abin saith, The Lord said unto Moses, I look for ten men from thee, as I looked for that number in Sodom. Find me out ten righteous persons among the people, and I will not destroy thy people. Then saith Moses, Behold here am I and Aaron, Eleazar and Ithamar, Phinehas, and Caleb, and Joshua; but saith God, There are but seven, where are the other three? When Moses knew not what to do, he saith, O Eternal God, on977 on bøn, do those live who are dead ? Yes, saith God. Then saith Moses, If those that are dead do live, remember Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.'+—Luke 23.43; Phil. 1. 23; Num. 27. 16; 1758 17178 a 535 nmn, Yehowah elohey haroochoth lechol basar, ‘ Jehovah, the God of the spirits of all flesh.' This address sufficiently proves, that this holy man (Moses) believed man to be compounded of flesh and spirit; and that these principles are perfectly distinct. Either the materiality of the soul is a human fable, or, if it be a true doctrine, Moses did not pray under the influence of the Divine Spirit. There is a similar form of expression in ch. 16. 2, - O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh;' and in Job 12. 10, • In whose hand is the soul (wo), nephesh), of all living; and the spirit (1717, rooach), of all flesh of man.' These seem decisive proofs, among many others, that the Old Testament teaches that there is an immortal spirit in man; for though ni, rooach, sometimes denotes breath or wind, yet it certainly has not that signification here, nor in the other passages cited.*

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+ Idem, Note in loco.

(8.) Of Life,—the value of it, Ps. 49. 8; Matt. 16. 26; Mark 8. 36; Luke 9. 25;—short and uncertain, 1 Chr. 29. 15; Job 7. 16; Ps. 39.5; 90. 5, 6, 9; 103. 15; Is. 40. 6; Luke 12. 20; James 4. 14; 1 Pet. 1. 24;—full of trouble and vanity, Job 5. 7; 14. 1; Ecc. 1. 2; 12.8;long life, promised as the reward of virtue, Ex. 20. 12; Deut. 5. 33; 6. 2; Pr. 3. 2, 16; 9. 11; 10.27;—not to be preferred to our duty, Matt. 10. 39; 16. 25; Mark 8. 35; Luke 9. 24; 17. 33. John 12. 25.4

(9.) Of Death,-how it came into the world, Gen. 3.17, 19; Rom. 5. 12 ; 1 Cor. 15. 22 ;-certain to all, Job 14.5; 21. 13; Ps. 49. 19; 89. 48 ; Ecc. 8.8; 9.5; 11.8 ;-levels all men, Job 1. 21; 3. 17, &c.; Ecc. 5. 15;—to be frequently thought of, Ps. 39. 1; 90. 12;—sometimes desirable, Job 3. 21; 6.8; Phil. 1. 23;—sudden, a blessing, Job 21. 13;Christians have hope in it, 2 Cor. 5. 1, &c.;—the second, Rev. 2. 11; 10. 14; 21. 8.7

(10.) Of Heaven,—the place where holy souls dwell, 2 Kings 2. 1, 11; Luke 2. 15; Eph. 3. 15; Col. 1. 5; 1 Pet. 1. 4; the happiness of it, Ps. 16. 11; Dan. 12. 3; Matt. 5. 12; 13. 43; Luke 12. 43; John 12. 26; 17. 24; 1 Cor. 2. 9; 13. 12; 1 Pet. 1. 4; Rev. 14. 13;-degrees of happiness in it, Matt, 16. 27; Luke 19. 17; John 14. 2; 1 Cor. 15. 41; 2 Cor. 9.6;—who will be admitted into it, Matt. 5. 3—12; John 3. 15; Rom. 2. 7; 1 Tim. 6. 19;—who will be excluded from it, Matt. 7. 21; Luke 13. 27; 1 Cor. 6. 9; Gal. 5. 21, &c.t

(11.) Of Hell,—the place appointed for the punishment of devils and wicked men, Ps. 9. 17; Pr. 15. 24; Matt. 5. 29; 10. 28; 23. 33; Mark 9. 43; Luke 12.5; 16. 23; 2 Pet. 2. 4;—the horrors and punishments of it set forth, Matt. 13. 42; 18. 9; 25. 30; Jude 13; Rev. 14. 10; 19. 20; 20. 10, 14; 21. 8;-sufferings in it various, according to the degrees of guilt, Matt. 11. 22; 23. 14; Luke 12. 47, 48;—the eternity of the torments thereof asserted, Dan. 12. 2; Matt. 3. 12; 25. 46; Mark 944; Luke 16. 26; Jude 13.7

(12.) Of the Resurrection, --Job's hope of it, Job 19.25;—David's, Ps. 16. 10;-of the dry bones, representing the restoration of the Jews, Ezek. 37. 1, &c. In this vision, the dry bones aptly represent the ruined and desperate state both of Israel and Judah ; and the revivification of these bones signify their restoration to their own land after their captivity, and

also their recovery from their present long dispersion. Although this is the primary and genuine scope of the vision, yet the doctrine of a general resurrection of the dead may justly be inferred from it; for a simile of the resurrection,' says Jerome, after Tertullian and others, 'would never have been used to signify the restoration of the people of Israel, unless such a future resurrection had been believed and known; because no one attempts to confirm uncertain things by things which have no existence.'* Mentioned to Daniel, Dan. 12. 2, 13;—preached by Jesus, Matt. 17. 23; 22. 31; John 5. 21, 28;—Paul's account of it, 1 Cor. 15. 1, &c. 1 Thess. 3. 13;—the first, 1 Cor. 15. 23; 1 Thess. 4. 16; Rev. 20. 5.7

(13.) Of future Judgment,-intimations of it, Ps. 1.5; 9.7; 50 ; Ecc. 3. 17; 11. 9; 12. 14;—to be administered by Christ, Matt. 16. 27; 25. 31; John 5. 22, 27; Acts 10. 42 ; 17. 31; Rom. 2. 16; 2 Cor. 5. 10; 2 Tim. 4. 1;—the time of it unknown, Matt. 24. 44; Mark 13. 32; 1 Thess. 5. 2; 2 Pet. 10;—why delayed, 9. 15;-to be preceded by false Christs, Matt. 24. 5, 24;~the appearance of the man of sin, 2 Thess. 2. 8; 1 John 2. 18;—the preaching of the gospel to all nations, Matt. 24. 14; Luke 21. 24; Rom. 11. 25; Rev. 14. 6;—the conversion of the Jews, Hos. 3. 5; Rom. 11. 23, &c.; 2 Cor. 3. 16;-remarkable wars and other calamities, Matt. 24. 6, 12 ;--the circumstances of it, a trumpet will be sounded, Matt. 24. 31; 1 Cor. 15. 52 ;-a change will take place in the bodies that are raised, Matt. 22. 30; 1 Cor. 15. 42 ; Phil. 3. 21; Col. 3. 4; 1 John 3. 2 ;--a conflagration or change in the world, Zeph. 3. 8; 2 Thess. 1. 8; 2 Pet. 3. 7;-Christ coming in the clouds, Dan. 7. 10; Matt. 16. 27; 24. 30; 26. 64; Luke 21. 27; Acts 1. 11; 1 Thess. 3. 13; 4. 16; Rev. 1. 7;—who will then judge all men, Matt. 24. 31; 25. 31; Rom. 14. 10; 2 Cor. 5. 10; Jude 15; Rev. 20, 12; 22. 12;-the apostles to be judges with him, Matt. 19. 28; Luke 22. 30; 1 Cor. 6. 3; -the righteous will be separated from the wicked, Matt. 13. 49; 25. 32.4

(14.) Of Sing—wherein it consists, John 15.22; Rom. 3.20; 4.15; 1 Cor. 15. 56; Jam. 1. 15; 1 John 3. 4; 5. 17;—incident to all men, 1 Kings 8. 46; Job 15. 14; 25. 4; Ps. 130. 3; Pr. 20. 9; 24. 16; Ecc. 7. 20; Jam. 3. 2; 1 John 1. 8;-comes from the heart, Mạtt. 15. 19; Jam. 1. 14;—presumptuous, the danger of it, Num. 15. 30; Ps. 19. 13; 59. 5; Luke 12. 47; Rom. 1. 32; Heb. 10. 26.7

(15.) Of Holiness,—the necessity of it, Lev. 11.44; 19. 2; Ps. 4. 3; Rom. 6. 19; 12. 1; 13. 12; 2 Cor. 7.1; Eph. 1. 4; 4. 24; Phil. 1. 27; Col. 1. 10; 1 Thess. 2. 12; Heb. 12. 14; 1 Pet. 1. 15; 2 Pet. 3. 11 ;-a motive to it from the holiness of God, Lev. 11. 44.7

(16.) Of Repentance—necessary, 1 Kings 8. 47; Ps. 7. 12; Ezek. 18. 30; Luke 13.3; 15.7; 24. 47; Acts 2. 38; 3. 19; 17.30; 26. 20; 2 Pet. 3. 9;--wherein it consists, 1 Kings 8. 47; Ps. 15. 17; 119. 59; Ezek. 18. 21; 36. 31; Hos. 14. 1; Joel 2. 12;—exhortation to it, Lev. 26. 40; Deut. 30. 1; Is. 1. 16; Jer. 3. 12; 4.4; 22. 1; 26. 1, &c.; Ezek. 18.

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+ Idem, Index to Subjects i

30; Hos. 6. 2; 12. 6; 14. 1; Joel 1. 8; 2. 12; Am. 5. 4; Zeph. 2. 3 ; Zech. 1. 3; Acts 3. 19;-motives to it, 1 Sam. 7. 3; Neh. 1.9; Job 22. 23; Ps. 32. 5; Is. 1. 16; Jer. 4. 1; Ezek. 33. 11; Zech. 1. 3; Rev. 2. 5;—if genuine, will obtain pardon, Lev. 26. 40; Deut. 4. 29; 30.1—3; Pr. 28. 13; Is. 55. 6,7; Jer. 18. 8; 36. 3; Ezek. 18. 21; 36, 31; Acts 2. 38;-danger in delaying it, Ps. 18. 41 ; 119. 60; Pr. 1. 28; 29. 1; Is. 55.6; Jer. 7. 16; 11. 11; 14. 10; Ezek, 8. 18; Mic. 3. 4; Zech. 7. 13; Matt. 25. 10; Luke 12. 20; 19. 44; Acts 3. 23; Rom. 13. 12; 2 Cor. 6. 2; Heb. 3. 7, 13; 12. 17; Rev. 2. 22.*

(17.) Of Faith in God,—necessary to please him, Gen. 15.6; Ex. 4.31 ; 14. 31 ; Num. 20. 12; Deut. 32. 20; 2 Chr. 20. 20; Neh. 9. 8; Ps. 78. 22; 106. 12; Is. 7. 9; 43. 10; Dan. 6. 23; Jon. 3. 5; Hab. 2. 4; John 14. 1; Rom. 4.3; 5. 1; Heb. 11.6;—the want of it a cause of sin, Num. 14. 11; Deut. 1. 32; 2 Kings 17. 14; Ps. 106. 13; Rom, 11. 23; Heb. 3. 19 ;-in Christ, necessary, Mark 1. 15; 16. 16; John 1. 12; 3. 15; 5. 24; 8. 24; Acts 13. 39; 16. 31; Rom. 1. 16; 3. 26; 11. 20; 1 Cor. 1. 21; Eph. 6. 16; Heb. 10. 39; 1 John 5. 4; Rev. 21. 8;—must be unfeigned and durable, Rom. 10. 9; Col. 1. 23; 1 Tim. 1.5; 2.8; Jam. 1.6;—the efficacy of it in the case of the Apostles, Matt. 17. 20; 21. 21; Mark 11. 22; Luke 17. 6;—insignificant without good works, 1 Cor. 13. 2; Gal. 5. 6; James 2. 14;-demons have it and tremble, Jam. 2. 19; examples of it, Heb. 11.*

(18.) Of Works,—Men are to be judged by them, Job 34.11 ; Ps. 62. 12; Pr. 24. 12; Is. 3. 10; Jer. 17. 10; 32. 19; Ezek. 7.8, 27; 24. 14; Matt. 16. 27; Rom. 2.6; 2 Cor. 5. 10; 1 Pet. 1. 17; Rev. 2. 23; 20. 12; 22. 12 ;-good, arise from good principles, Matt. 7. 17; Jam. 2. 14, &c.; 3. 13 ;-absolutely required, Matt. 5. 16; 2 Cor. 9. 8; Eph. 2. 10; Col. 1. 10; 1 Tim. 2. 10; 2 Tim. 2. 21; 3. 17; Tit. 2. 14; 3. 8, 14; Heb. 13. 16, 21; Jam. 2. 17;—of the law will not justify, Rom. 3. 20; 4. 2 ; 11. 6; Gal. 2. 16; Eph. 2. 8, 9.*

(19.) Of the Grace of God,-necessary to the performance of good works, 1 Kings 8.58 ; Ps. 119. 32; 143. 10; John 6. 44; Rom. 8.8; 1 Cor. 3. 6; 12. 3; 15. 10; Phil. 2. 13; Heb. 13. 21;—is freely offered to every Christian, John 1. 12; Tit. 2. 11; 2 Pet. 3.9 ;—will be effectual to those who co-operate with it, 1 Cor. 15. 10; 2 Cor. 6. 1; Heb. 12. 15;—will be increased to those who desire it, Matt. 13. 12; Luke 8. 18; John 15. 2 ;-should be earnestly sought in prayer, Prov. 2. 3, 4; Heb. 4. 16; James 1. 5.*

(20.) Of divine Assistance,-necessary in all our undertakings, John 15. 5; 1 Cor. 15. 10; 2 Cor. 3.5; Phil. 2. 13; 1 Tim. 1. 12 ;-promised upon proper application, Ps. 37. 4, 5; Isa. 58.9; Jer. 29. 12, 13; Matt. 7. 11 ; 21. 22; Luke 11. 9; James 1. 5; 1 John 5. 14;-instances and acknowledgment of such, Gen. 14. 12; 1 Sam. 1. 10; 2 Kings 19. 20 ; 20.5; 2 Chr. 33. 13; Job 42. 20; Ps. 3. 4; 118. 5; 120. 1.*

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