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ligious observances which move our indignation and wrath, may appear of minor importance in the eyes of our Lord, and even be covered and concealed by the sincerity and devotion with which they are maintained and practised ; and many of our dissensions may be overlooked as frailties inherent in human nature.
If these pacific principles were more prevalent, ministers would calmly prosecute their professional studies without irritation from without, or jealousies or suspicions within their congregations, and would make con.. tinual progress towards the truth. As they discovered new light, their people would gradually learn to walk by it, and in process of time attain to the fulness of evan-, gelical truth. Some may think that this conciliatory plan would damp the spirit of proselytism, and cramp the diffusion of truth. It might, indeed, tend to suppress that passion for personal proselytism which so nearly resembles that condemned by our Lord sowing discord in families, setting a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law, so that a man's foes are those of his own household; but it would not obstruct the diffusion of the Gospel among remote nations, and savage tribes. At home it would bring the disciples into the state of the primitive Christians, when they were of one heart and one soul. Farewell,
POPERY UNDER THE ROBE OF JOHN CALVIN.
TO THE EDITORS OF THE BIBLE CHRISTIAN. The Calvinistic Presbyterians, having first derired the leading articles of their faith from the charch: of Rome,--the Trinity, Original Sin.--Infant Damnation, satisfaction to divine justice, and imputed righteousness, -are the very foremost to inveigh against the arrogant pretensions of their mother church. But where is the mighty difference? They both set up human authority in matters of religion; they both agree in what are called fundamentals of religion and neither the sufficiency of Holy Scripture nor the right of private judgment is an apology for those, who venture to dissent from the faith which these churches have marked out for their priests, and parsons, and lay members. The same spirit of ar
rogance, intolerance, and presumption, characterizes both alike ; and I feel well assured, that if the power of the Calvinists was equal to that once possessed by the Romanists, the United Kingdom should be cursed with as cruel an inquisition as ever disgraced the Spanish dominions.
I send you the following extracts from the Westminster Confession of Fa the doctrines of which must now, let the Bible contain what it will, be professed and taught by the ministers of the General Synod of Ulster, and to which you will please give a place in your valuable publication.
“Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit, who worketh when, and where, and how he pleaseth. So also are all other elect persons, who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the word. Chap. 10, Sect. iii."
“Others not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the word, and may have some common operations of the Spirit, yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved ; much less can men not professing the christian religion be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they ever so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do profess; and to assert and maintain that they may is very pernicious, and to be detested. Chap. 10, Sect. iv.”.
“ The Lord Jesus, as king and head of his church, hath therein appointed a government in the hand of church-officers, distinct from the civil magistrate. Chap. 30, Sect. i.”
“ To these officers the keys of the kingdom of heaven are committed, by virtue whereof they have power res. poctively to retain and remit sins, to shut that kingdom against the impenitent, both by the word and censores; and to open it unto penitent sinners, by the ministry of the gospel, and by absolution from censures, as occasion shall require. Chap. 30, Sect. ii.”
UNITARIANISM IN THE “FAR WEST.”
(From the Boston Christian Register.) We have been permitted to publish extracts from the correspondence of a clergyman of Boston, who has been absent for several months on a missionary tour in the West. The letters were addressed to the secretary of the American Unitarian Association.
It will be soen from the statements which he gives of facts and impressions, that the demand for Liberal preachers in that interesting portion of our country has not been exaggerated in the accounts of those who have preceded him. The fact is, that able and devoted Evangelists—no matter of what name, so that they be earnest followers of Christ, and more anxious to build up
holiness than a sect-are needed in our Western cities more than in any part of the World, and would exert a tremendous influence upon the destiny of their inhabitants.
BUFFALO, N. Y. I left Boston on Monday afternoon, a week ago yes. terday, and after diligent travelling in car, coach, and steam-boat, by night and by day, arrived in Buffalo, early on Saturday evening. * I was well satisfied with the Buffalo congregation. *
The house was well filled ; not crowded, for the weather was hottest of the hot; and many of the people are absent.
A more attentive congregation, I never preached to: every thing appeared orderly and decent; a good organ, very fairly played, and one female voice in the choir, superior to any which we often hear in our Boston churches. One finds it hard to persuade himself that he is out of Massachussets ; the appearance of the peo. ple, the order of the services, Greenwood's hymn-book, every thing but sitting down in prayer, reminds one of home: and so far, there is no touch of the real west. Mr. Hosmer's society shows the importance of organizing a Unitarian church in every growing place where two or three Unitarians can be found. They began in Buffalo with six; they have now sixty times six; and command respect and exert influence every where.
July 2.- A week ago yesterday, I preached in Buffalo for the second time, Mr. Hosmer having previously taken his departure for Erie. The congregation was nearly the same as the Sunday before, containing a very large proportion of young men, and the principal people, as
far as I became acquainted with them, from New England.
Mr. Hosmer, I am told, has exerted an admirable influence on the young men of the city; he is always on the alert, watches for every opportunity, nothing seems to escape him, and not only as a minister, but as a citizen, he has established a weight of character which he turns to the best account.
Buffalo of all places in the world, needs a ministry at large. If I bad the means, it should not be without it another day.
ERIE, PA. I arrived here at midnight on Friday, aud took up my abode at the Mansion-House. Having some letters to write, I remained at home all Saturday morning. Nobody came to inquire whether I had arrived or not ; though I saw it announced in the papers, that I was to preach twice in the Court-House the next day. So as the mountain would not come to me, there was no belp, but for me to go to the mountain.
I succeed. ed in making myself known, and in getting such information as I wanted before Sunday. A drenching rain came on; and fixed at a miserable house, though the best in the place, with no acquaintance, and uncertain of success, I felt my spirits a little damped. Sunday morning came however, cool, bright, and cheerful. I was well at once, and at 11 o'clock, proceeded to the Court-House, a large building, capable of holding from 3 to 400 persons ;
and found it well filled on the lower ficor with about an equal proportion of men and women, a few children, and a great many dogs. The children and dogs were utterly irreverent; apparently without any sense of the Lord's day whatever; coming in and going out, as it liked them best. However, much improvement may be expected from the action of our Association; the human and adult portion of the congregation were all that could be wished-except musicians. With my best efforts, I could not get a Hymn sung ; at which I was much grieved. *
We were crammed full as we could bold in the evening; and all two-legged animals without feathers; not a dog among them. With the help of a layman who deaconed off the hymn for lack of light and books, we succeeded in making music, which, if not that of the spheres, was very well for this world. *
You know the position of Erie, beautifully overlooking Lake Erie, mid-way between Buffalo
and Cleveland, and an older and more settled place than either of them. It compares very well with Northampton, in point of external appearance, not indeed equal to it, but more like it, on the whole, than any place that I happen to think of. It is built in a long and handsome street, extending from the Lake, one mile or more, and intersected by cross streets at right angles, to the number of ten at least, which I have counted. In the centre is a spacious square, on which stand the public buildings, three great Hotels, stores, dwelling houses, &c. The population is now 4000; a canal is nearly completed to the Ohio river, and a railroad laid out to Philadelphia. Of course, it cannot failto be a large business-place and that before, long : while, at the same time, it has a substantial population of nearly 40 years growth, which will save it from the hurry-scurry character of Buffalo and Toledo. At this moment, the balance of influence, intelligence, and stand. ing, if not of wealth, is on the side of liberal Christianity. I am told since I wrote last that there could not have been less than 450 at our services last Sunday night; that is, nearly as many as were present at the village and county celebration of the 4th of July, which was held at the same place, the Court-House. The Me thodist society usually meets at the Court-House, and it is the largest society here ; it turns out, however, to make room for us.
* Many of the most re. spectable and influential men are all ready to form a sos ciety; they need and wish thorough instruction ; and would receive an able and earnest Unitarian minister as an angel of light. I am aware that this sounds almost like exaggeration, but it is not highly colored in the least. The state of things arises from a strong excitement produced here some four or five years since, by a Presbyterian revival; the best part of the people were sickened by the horrors which they were made to see without mingling ; and they betook themselves in a body to the Episcopal church. This answered for a short time but it would not do at last; and they now say, give us a better religion than we have heard hitherto, or we shall all be infidels without remedy.
There are some dark shades in the pictnre however; cousisting principally in the apathy, as to all decided action, on the part of those who are swift to hear, but slow to do; in the want of some leading spirit, ready to go forward himself, and compel the rest to follow. Not a man of