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-believe that he is the promised Messiah who came in to the world to save sinners; but I never read, "believe that Jesus Christ is the Almighty God, the second person of the Trinity, very God and very man; " therefore I prefer to read our Saviour's own words, and believe them in preference to Mr. Gregg's, (or any other person's), that he was "a man who told the things he heard from God;" and it must be allowed by all, that " never man spake like this man-(John, viii., 46)" How, then, can Mr. Gregg so presumptuously assert that Roman Catholics and Unitarians cannot be saved? Are not the Unitarians Protestants ? I ask him, too, have not the most able defences of the Christian religion that were written in any language, been written by other than men of the Church of England? I ask him, who were those who defeated Woolaston, Collins, Shaftes bury, or the famous Bolingbroke?-UNITARIANS! and so was the great Nathaniel Lardner, the ablest defender of our holy Christian religion, and whose works have been quoted so often, and been so extensively circulated, and extracted from, and made use of by the Church of England in her controversies and works on Divinity, &c., &c. But I suppose his sweeping condemnation of them was caused by Mr. Maguire (unintentionally, I believe,) eulogising the Unitarians, by asserting they were the real Protestants, because they stood on the Bible alone, and consistently maintained that "man is accountable to God alone for his religious opinions." Truly, a Churchman, or any other professor of creeds, or man fettered by articles, could not argue with a Unitarian. Instead of the Bible, he would exhibit a prayer-book, and read out of it some creed, or the 39 articles, all of which I defy him to prove, or, to prove, what is of more consequence, that those only who profess them shall be saved. But,

"If the clergy of Christendom would now lay aside their party and sectarian animosities, and unite their exertions to cultivate and diffuse the Gospel principles of love, forbearance, and peace, how glorious would be its effects. Soon might the several countries be filled with the blessed fruits of that wisdom which is from above."-N. WORCESTER, D.D.

Happy, indeed, would it be for the interests of mankind, if all who glory in the name of Christians

would turn away from the clouds of words which divide them into hostile parties, making the Holy Jesus, the Son of God, their point of union, and giving the right hand of fellowship to every one who, by obedience to the will of God, through our Lord and Master, shows that he loves him in sincerity."-BLANCO WHITE'S 2d Letter on Heresy and Orthodoxy.

Finally, my brethren, let me caution you not to allow the assertion of any preacher of any church, to have any weight in your mind, till it be weighed in the balances with the Holy Bible, nor let it cause you to think one thought contrary to what is taught therein, "for there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the Gospel of Christ." His Gospel pre-eminently teaches love-1st, it shows the love of God to a penitent world, looking in hope to him for salvation, "through Jesus Christ, by whom we have been reconciled to God;" and 2dly, the love that man is commanded to have for his brother man. Our Saviour taught the first, emblematically, in the beautiful parable of the prodigal son, and the second, practically, in the no less beautiful parable of the good Samaritan.

Be not deceived, my brethren, "he that doeth righteousness is righteous" (1 John, iii., 7,) and " he that works righteousness is accepted of God"-(Acts, x., 35). And now 1 say unto you, "bear and forbear," "be ye wise as serpents, and harmless as doves"-(Mat., x., 16), "do all things without disputing"-(Phil., ii., 14), “flee these things, and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness; fight the good fight of faith; lay hold on eternal life, whereunto ye are also called, avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science, falsely so called, which some professing have erred concerning the faith. Grace be with you. Amen."-(1st Tim., vi., 11, 21.)

Dublin, 1st June, 1838.



There is at present a growing interest manifested, among the ministers and laity of the Non-subscribing Presbyterian bodies in this coun-try, in Sunday School education. In many congregations Sunday Schools have been for some time established, and in others arrangements are being made to form them. We regard this circumstance as

perhaps the strongest evidence of an increased zeal among our brethren. For some years the mind of Ministers was necessarily occupied in advocating the doctrines of our churches and meeting the open attacks of our opponents, as well as striving against their secret and insidious wiles. The period of such warfare is not past, but we believe there is so far rest in the church as to enable its friends to cultivate more diligently the fruits of piety, and enable them to direct their zeal to the general and Scriptural education of the people, especially of the young.

On the advantages of Sunday Schools we do not mean to dwell; they must be obvious to all. To children employed during the week, the Sabbath, sacred to rest from work, becomes the only day of instruction; to children who may attend weekly schools, an hour or two on the Sunday devoted to religious improvement gives a sacredness to that holy day, and is a relief from the indolence by which it is too often kept; to the teacher as well as to the taught, such an occupation is a source of abundant improvement and we cannot in the present age see a more powerful vehicle of national good than well regulated Sunday Schools conducted on liberal and Christian principles.

At the approaching meeting of the three bodies' in Belfast, we earnestly hope that this subject may obtain the attention of the brethren, and that measures may be adopted to aid the exertions now made for the increase of Sunday School education. To other churches there are facilities which we do not possess. There is the Sunday School Society for Ireland' which, though professing to promote the establishment of Schools without reference to sect or party, has most strangely refused our congregation Bibles, Testaments, and other requisites, while to all others of every denomination grants are freely made. The society presume to judge our opinions, which, as a society, they have no right to do; and when they find us guilty of holding false doctrine, they refuse to give us the Scriptures, in which alone they believe truth may be found.

Turning away from the inconsistency and injustice of this society, let us hope that the three bodies,' at their approaching meeting, will co-operate in forming a Sunday-school society for themselves, and any other Christians who may unite with them. We know that a proposal of this kind will be brought before them, and we trust that they will not suffer their time to be occupied with minor points, to the exclusion or hurried consideration of a matter so seriously important.

By small subscriptions from individuals, or collections in congregations, a fund could easily be raised sufficient to enable the 'Society to afford Bibles, Testaments, Spelling-books, and Tablets, at a re

duced rate, and thus afford to our connexion the same facility of establishing Schools, as that enjoyed by other churches.

Were such an association incorporated with the Tract Society, it would give new life to the latter, and supersede the necessity of twodistinct societies.



THE twenty-third anniversary of the West-Riding Unitarian Tract Society, was held at Wakefield on Wednesday, May 9th. After hearing a truly eloquent and original discourse from the resident minister, the Rev. J. Cameron, the members and friends of the association partook of a refreshment at the Bull Inn. They then adjourned to Willis's large room to hold the meeting for business. The heartstirring appeals of the only consistent advocates of the great Protestant principle, the "right of private judgment in matters of conscience" -of the only Christian ministers who are unshackled by articles of faith, and creeds of human invention, and who can truly say that the Bible, and the Bible only, is their rule of faith and practice, presented indeed a most refreshing contrast to the wretched sophistries by which, in nearly the middle of the 19th century, it is attempted to gild that bitter pill, the Athanasian creed. Although to outward appearance the Unitarian "corpuscle of theology," as it has been sneeringly called, numbers but few amongst its open professors, yet it has evidently done much to liberalise and soften the dogmatic spirit of orthodoxy, and no doubt numbers among its timid friends many in all sects, who have not the moral courage to brave the persecution and absurd odium which attaches to its open profession. Its most eloquent and effective advocates have ever been found amongst those master minds that have had the courage to pursue truth wherever she may lead, such as Priestly, Lindsey, Belsham, Cameron, &c., and it is a curious fact that they have all been converts from the ranks of orthodoxy.


ON Monday evening, May, 14th, 1838, the congregation at Sheffield belonging to the Unitarian interest, held a social tea meeting to welcome their newly elected pastor, the Rev. B. T. Stannus, who commenced his ministry at Sheffield on the preceding day. The company met at the large Saloon in the Baths, and amounted to between three and four hundred, amongst whom, besides avowed friends to the cause, were many strangers,-Dr. Philipps, the late pastor, presided..

He opened the business of the meeting by several appropriate remarks, and by expressing his cordial wishes for the prosperous career of his successor. He then gave out a hymn, and the Rev. H. H. Piper offered a short introductory prayer. Mrs. Palfreyman then rose, and in a very neat speech, which we regret was not more generally heard in so large a room, welcomed their new minister; and expressed the deep interest she felt on such an occasion, on her own account, and especially on account of her's, and the rising families of the congregation. The manner she dwelt on this part of her address, conveying her maternal feelings for the best interests of her children, was very beautiful and touching. She then presented to Mr. Stannus a very handsome surplice, the gift of the ladies of the congregation. Mr. T. A. Ward then read a short address on the occasion of presenting the minister with a pulpit Bible and hymn-book. Mr. Ward eulogised the stile of the now venerable version, but referred with regret to the spurious passages and other imperfections which are allowed to remain and tarnish this important work. Of this he was glad that their pastor would be fully aware; and with the expression of affectionate wishes for his health and happiness, and of confidence that he would faithfully expound the word of God, concluded by presenting the Bible and hymn-book. Mr. Stannus responded to these addresses in a manner that interested all the company. He was deeply affected, and a general sympathy pervaded the He spoke of the solemn importance of the work he had undertaken, and of his confidence in the sincere and hearty co-operation of his people. His reception had filled him with gratitude, and his life, with the blessing of God, would be devoted to the interests of his flock. The Rev. Peter Wright then shortly addressed the assembly-hailed the arrival of this able and honest champion of liberal views of Christian truth, and concluded with offering him publicly the right hand of fellowship. The effect of this truly Christian and simple act, was quite electric. Mr. Piper then briefly addressed the audience. He regarded the meeting as having all the solemnity of an ordination, with none of the superstition with which, in modern times, that ceremony is too frequently accompanied. He expressed his wish that the pleasures of anticipation, such as belong to a Christian's faith, as well as the pleasures of retrospect, might sooth the evening of the venerable chairman's days; and he spoke of the merciful provision of a new race of advocates springing up, when the growing infirmities of life removed the aged from the active scene. He then followed the example of Mr. Wright, in welcoming their new brother to the important sphere in which he is now about to


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