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that they, who are born of the spirit, should bring forth the fruit of the spirit-that they should grow in grace and in christian knowledge. I believe in vital piety, heart religion, evangelical religion; and that the true and faithful followers of Christ possess it. I believe that he that doeth righteousness is righteous; and that the pious soul enjoys communion with his Father and Saviour here on earth, and will dwell with them in heaven for ever. I believe that the more we love our God and Redeemer, the more we shall love our fellow men, and that love worketh no ill to his neighbour. I believe that true repentance consists not only in remorse of conscience and sorrow of heart, but also in amendment of life-in ceasing to do evil, and learning to do well. I believe in the resurrection of the dead, both of the just and of the unjust-and that all shall be judged according to their works; that the wicked will be miserable, and the righteous happy.

I believe in the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; and yet I believe that the doctrine of the Trinity, as taught in the Athanasian and Nicene creeds, in the Book of Common Prayer, and in the Assembly's catechism, is not taught in the Bible. I believe that neither the Pope of Rome, nor Luther, nor Calvin, nor Hopkins, had any divine authority for framing articles of faith for their fellow-men. I believe that the doctrines of election, reprobation, and total depravity, as taught by Calvin, and many others, are not taught in the Scriptures; and that one may be a Christian and be saved, without being either a Calvinist or a Trinitarian. I believe there have been, and are still, pious and devout persons among the Universalists, Quakers, Arminians, Arians, Socinians, Unitarians, Swedenborgians, and Roman Catholics. I believe that there were many real Christians before Calvin was born; and that it is our duty to acknowledge no other master but Christ. I believe that to slander and defame those who differ from us in opinion, is no sure sign that we are born of God.

In the parable of the Pharisee and the publican, I believe, that the publican gave more evidence of humility than the Pharisee. I believe that, by a new creature, Paul means a better creature-a good creature. I believe that Jesus Christ came to save men from their sins, not in them, and that the object and tendency of his gospel are, to promote peace and good-will on earth, as

well as to prepare men for glory in heaven. I believe that pious frauds should not be countenanced by the friends of Zion; and that the end does not, in the sight of God, sanctify the means. I believe that Jesus Christ never gave to any of his followers, power and command to torture and murder those who could not understand the Scriptures just as others did. I believe that he never encouraged the use of oppression, injustice, artifice, deceit, and guile, to build up his cause in the world. I believe that there has been, in all ages, a deplorable want of charity, and much unholy zeal, among Christians; and that some of them, who were burnt as heretics, were better men than those who tied them to the stake, and kindled the devouring fire around them. I believe that pride, envy, ambition, and earthly-mindedness, have often assumed the mask of religion, and that the works of the flesh have often been incorporated with the fruit of the spirit. I believe that imagination and fancy have often been mistaken for a work of grace; and the promptings of some distempered passions, for divine influence. I believe that God is merciful to forgive, not only sins, when repented of, but errors also, when involuntary. I believe that the Spaniards took wrong measures to convert the natives of South America to the Christian faith; and that wrong measures are still often resorted to and pursued, to increase the number and power of a party. I believe that carnal weapons have often been used in the defence and spread of the most mysterious opinions. I believe that many of those who are opposed to Unitarians, have no definite and distinct views of their doctrines, nor of the gospel reasons which they can bring for them. I believe that the time is coming when no holy and good being in the universe will acknowledge the doctrine of the Trinity, as taught in the Assembly's catechism. I believe that humility and love should distinguish the followers of the Prince of peace. I believe that when Paul said, all that live godly in Christ Jesus, shall suffer persecution, he did not intend that it should ever be understood, that all who live godly in Christ Jesus should persecute those whom they thought in an error. I believe that one may be intemperate, though he drink nothing but water; and proud and extravagant, though he wear tattered and coarse garments. I believe that avarice, covetousness, lying and uncharitableness, are as great sins as

drunkenness that no Christian, and no man, should be guilty of either of them. I believe that some of those who have been anathematized on earth, as damnable heretics, will be acknowledged by Jesus Christ as his disciples, and admitted into the kingdom of heaven. I believe that there have been good men belonging to different denominations; and that those who are the most forward to write curses on their brethren's creeds, are not always the most meek and lowly, nor the most amiable and unblemished. I believe that one sign of our loving God is, that we keep his commandments. I believe that much of the religion of the present day, consists in religious hatred and warfare; and that a love of money, of distinction, of contention, and of power, in many, is greater than their love of either the social or spiritual welfare of their fellow-men. I believe that the day is coming, when Christianity will exert a mightier influence on mankind than it ever has yet.

Instead of proceeding to give you any more articles of my faith, I will now give you some directions for forming articles of faith for yourselves, and for growing in virtue and piety.

Read the Scriptures frequently and daily. Search them seriously and prayerfully. There would not be so much error and delusion in the world, if this sacred volume were more diligently studied. If you compare scripture with scripture, you will be able to understand a great many passages, which now are dark to you. Read the historical books in course; and as large portions as you conveniently can, at a time; and endeavour to impress on your minds the things recorded.

And as you read, inquire, what does this mean? What doctrine is here taught? What instruction does this event afford? To what uses can I apply this passage? Observe what doctrines you are required to believe what duties to perform-what affections to cherish, in order to please God, to honour and follow Christ, and to inherit eternal life. Read the preceptive and devotional books often, to enliven your conscience and your moral powers, and to excite your pious feelings. Pay great attention to the New Testament, and to what the Saviour testifies concerning himself. He tells you how you ought to pray, believe, and behave. Neither he nor his apostles tell you that you must believe in the

doctrine of the Trinity, and of total depravity, in order to be saved. Look at the confession of Peter, of Martha, of Nathaniel. John says, that he wrote his gospel, 'that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing, ye might have life through his name.' Jesus says, 'and this is life eternal, that they might know thee, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom thou hast sent.' Let those passages of Scripture, which are plain, guide you in faith and duty. There are many passages in scripture, which you are not able fully to understand, and they are not required of you in order to your salvation. The whole substance of religion is frequently summed up in few words: you need not mistake it, if your great desire and aim are to live a holy, righteous, and charitable life. You have the moral character of God set before you, which you are to imitate; and also, the moral character and the example of your Saviour. You know you should strive to love, honour, and obey them-to repent of your sins, and bring forth the fruits of repentance-to believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, the Saviour, and Mediator-that you should be baptized, profess yourselves friends and followers of Christ, and commemorate his dying love in the ordinance of the Supper.

You will embrace every opportunity to increase your knowledge of divine things; but remember, that a holy life is the great and needful preparation for a happy death and a glorious immortality. The substance of true religion is frequently expressed in few and simple words, so that if you make the scriptures your guide, you may walk in a plain and safe way.

In this proselyting age, you may often meet with those who will endeavour to distract you with doubtsto unsettle your present faith-to persuade you to embrace other opinions-to fill you with prejudices, suspicions, and fears-to draw you away from your wonted place of worship. They may attempt to persuade you that you do not hear the gospel preached, and that, if you listen to my instructions, you can never become a Christian, nor reasonably hope for heaven. I pray that such persons may never have any power or influence over your minds, since they must be either very ignorant of gospel truth and Christian piety, or of the doctrines which I hold and teach, or they must be very

vicious and sinful, and be actuated by worldly and wick, ed motives.

Remember that there have been vile sinners and hypocrites among those who accounted themselves Orthodox, as well as among those denounced as heretics; and that those, who will probably be the most meddlesome,obtrusive and bold, to spy out your liberty, to condemn your errors, and to subvert and change your faith, may be those of very questionable piety, who wish to draw you off, only to glory in their conquest, to increase their party, to destroy another society, to forward some earthly project, or to diminish their own taxes. A little consideration and reflection might convince you, that, generally, you ought not to pay much regard to their counsels and advice. This is a proselyting age; and there are abundant reasons for believing, that many are busy and noisy about religion, whose love of Christ and of souls is very doubtful. They show many signs of pride, selfishness and arrogance, and of a fondness for judging and condemning those, who will not let them dictate and domineer in things pertaining to religion.

The apostle says, 'believe not every spirit ; so I would say to you; and also, believe not every tract. There are many tracts now published and sent abroad, the good tendency and gospel truth of which I not only doubt but disbelieve. I hope you will regard them with a cautious eye, especially if they are conveyed to you in a secret and artful manner. Remember what our Saviour says to Nicodemus about the light-to Pilate, about his speaking openly to the world, and saying nothing in secretand what he says to all who are ashamed of him, and of his words; and what Paul says to Agrippa-' these things were not done in a corner.'

There are many denominated Calvinists, Trinitarians, and Orthodox, who are good, pious men, and who disapprove these measures to which I have alluded, as much as I do. Indeed, I believe the number of those, who are designedly opposed to Unitarians, is comparatively small. But a few restless or ambitious persons may embroil, embitter, and divide many families; and hush to silence, or persuade to co-operation, the ignorant, the prejudiced, and the inconsiderate multitude, by telling them that it is the work of God.


Beloved, I say these things to you with sorrow, pray that the time may speedily come, when the various

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