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God of Jacob?' God is not a God of the dead, but of the 33 living*." And when the multitudes heard this, they were amazed at his doctrine.

34 But when the Pharisees heard that he had put the Sad

ducees to silence, they were gathered together for the 35 same purposet. Then one of them, who was a teacher

of the law, asked him a question, trying him, and say36 ing, "Master, which is the great commandment in the 37 law?" And Jesus said unto him, "Thou shalt love the

Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, 38 and with all thy mind.' This is the first and great com39 mandment. And the second is like it; Thou shalt love 40 thy neighbour as thyself.' On these two commandments depend all the law and the prophets."


Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus 42 asked them, saying, "What think ye of Christ? whose son is he?" They say unto him, "The son of David." 43 He saith unto them, "How then doth David by the spirit 44 call him Lord, saying, 'Jehovah said to my Lord, Sit

thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy 45 footstool?' If David then call him Lord, how is he 46 his son?" And no man was able to answer him a word; nor durst any man from that day ask him any further question.

CH. XXIII. Then spake Jesus to the multitudes, and to his dis2 ciples, saying, "The scribes and the Pharisees sit in the 3 seat of Moses: all things therefore whatsoever they com

mand you to observe, observe and do; but do not ac4 cording to their works for they say, and do not. For they bind heavy burthens, [and hard to be borne,] and lay them on the shoulders of men: but they themselves 5 will not move them with their own finger. And all their works they do in order to be seen by men; and make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their 6 garments, and love the chief place at feasts, and the chief

* i. c. in the view and decree of God, See Luke xx. 38, note. W. in the same place, N.

7 seats in the synagogues, and salutations in the market8 places, and to be called by men, Rabbi*. But be not ye called Rabbi for one is your Leadert; and all ye are 9 brethren. And call not any man your father upon earth: 10 for one is your Father, that is in heaven. Nor be ye called 11 Leaders for one is your Leader, [even the Christ.] But 12 he that is greatest among you, shall be your servant. And whosoever shall exalt himself, shall be humbled; and whosoever shall humble himself, shall be exalted.



"But alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither enter in yourselves, nor suffer those that are 15 entering in to enter.|| Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye traverse sea and land to make one proselyte; and when he becometh such, ye make him 16 twofold more a son of hell than yourselves. Alas for you, ye blind guides! who say, 'Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is bound by his oath." 17 Ye fools, and blind! for which is greater; the gold, 18 or the temple which sanctifieth the gold? And, 'Who

soever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing: but whosoever shall swear by the gift that is upon it, he is bound 19 by his oath.' Ye fools, and blind! for which is greater ; 20 the gift, or the altar which sanctifieth the gift? He there

fore who sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by 21 all things thereon. And he who sweareth by the temple, 22 sweareth by it, and by Him who dwelleth therein. And

he who sweareth by heaven, sweareth by the throne of 23 God, and by Him who sitteth thereon. Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithes of

Master, Master, N.

teven Christ, R. T.

The words in brackets are probably a marginal gloss. N. Ver. 14. Wo unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation. R. T. This verse is interpolated from Mark xii. 40; Luke xx. 47. N. See Griesbach.

mint and anise and cummin, and omit the weightier matters of the law, justice, and pity, and faithfulness: now these things ought ye to have done, and not to leave the 24 other undone : ye blind guides, who strain out a gnat, 25 and swallow a camel! Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the dish; but within they are filled by rapine 26 and injustice*. Thou blind Pharisee, first make clean the inside of the cup [and the dish]; and then their out27 side also will be clean. Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees,

hypocrites! for ye resemble whited sepulchres, which outwardly indeed appear beautiful, but within are full of 28 dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness. In like manner ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but 29 within are full of hypocrisy and iniquity. Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and adorn the sepulchres of the 30 righteous; and say, 'If we had lived in the days of our

fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in 31 the blood of the prophets.' Wherefore ye bear witness to yourselves, that ye are the sons of those who slew the 32 prophets. Fill ye up therefore the measure of your fa33 thers. Ye serpents, ye offspring † of vipers, how can ye 34 escape the judgement of hell? Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye will kill and crucify: and some of them ye will scourge in your synagogues, and persecute from city to 35 city so that upon you will come all the righteous blood

shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel, unto the blood of Zachariah, [son of Barachiah,] whom 36 ye slew between the temple and the altar. Verily I say unto you, that all these things shall come upon this generation.


"O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, that killest the prophets, and stonest those that are sent unto thee, how often would + generation, N.

* intemperance. R. T.

I have gathered thy children together, as a hen gathereth 38 her chickens under her wings; but ye would not! Be39 hold, your habitation shall be left by you desolate. For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me hereafter, till ye shall Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the




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CH. XXIV. And Jesus went out, and was departing from the temple and his disciples came near, to show him the 2 buildings of the temple. And Jesus said unto them, "See ye [not] all these things? Verily I say unto you, There will not be left here one stone upon another, which will not be thrown down."


And as he was sitting on the mount of Olives, the disciples came near to him privately, saying, "Tell us, when will these things be? and what will be the sign of 4 thy appearance, and of the end of the age?" Then Jesus answered, and said unto them, "Take heed that no man 5 deceive you. For many will come in my name, saying, 6 I am Christ;' and will deceive many. And ye will soon hear of wars, and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but 7 the end is not yet. For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and there will be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in many places. 8 But all these things are the beginning of sorrows.


"Then will men deliver you up to affliction, and will kill you; and ye will be hated by all nations because of 10 my name. And then many will fall away, and will deliver 11 up one another, and will hate one another. And many 12 false prophets will rise, and will deceive many. And be

cause iniquity will be multiplied, the affection of* many 13 will become cold: but whosoever endureth to the end, 14 he shall be preserved. And these glad tidings of my kingdom will be preached in all the world, for a witness to all nations; and then the end will come.

Tove toward, N.


"When therefore ye see the desolating abomination", spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing on holy ground, 16 (let him who readeth consider,) then let those that are 17 in Judea flee to the mountains: let not him that is on the

house-top go down to take any thing out of his house: 18 nor let him that is in the field turn back to take his gar19 ments. But alas for them that are with child, and for 20 them that give suck, in those days! And pray ye that your flight be not in winter, nor on the sabbath. For 21 then will be great affliction, such as hath not been since the beginning of the world to this time; no, nor 22 ever will be. And unless those days should be shortened, no man could be preserved: but because of the elect those days will be shortened.



"Then if any man say unto you, 'Lo, here is the 24 Christ, or there;' believe him not. For false Christs and false prophets will rise, and will propose † great signs and wonders, so as to deceive, if it were possible, even 25 the elect. Lo, I have foretold you this. Wherefore, if 26 men say unto you, 'Behold, Christ is in the desert;' go

not forth: Behold, he is in the secret chambers,' believe 27 them not. For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth to the west; so will the appearance of the 28 Son of man [also] be. For wheresoever the carcase is, thither the eagles will be gathered together.


"Now, soon after the affliction of those days, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give her light, and the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the 30 heavens will be shaken. And then will appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven; and then will all the tribes of the land lament, and will see the Son of man coming on the clouds of heaven, with great power and 31 glory. And he will send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet; and they will gather together his elect

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