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Fourthly obferve, the most important part of this duty, o wit, the manner in which it should be performed. It is not matter fuddenly to be rushed into, without ferious thought or confideration, nor haftily paffed over as of little moment. Choose a proper place of retirement, and time for the purpofe, and enter not upon it, as is the cafe with too many, with pre. poffeffions and preconclufions in your favour. Engage in it with fome proper understanding of the fcriptures, and a determination they shall be the standard of the trial. Confider well the operations of your own minds, and how you have felt your hearts inclined to good or evil; whether you have yielded to temptations or refifted them. Let your fouls be awakened and aroufed to all attention in the investigation of yourfelves, your tempers and lives. Be impartial and honest as far as poffible in the fearch, Accompany all your reflections with folemn and fervent prayer. Strive with your reluctant hearts and compel them to the work. Keep them from wandering and trifling, and especially guard against deceit. "Keep the "heart with all diligence for out of it are the iffues of life.”

A fifth obfervation is, that we fhould attend to the things about which we should examine ourselves. Thefe are elegantly fummed up in our shorter catechism in the answer to this quef tion, "What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's "fupper? It is required that they examine themselves of their "knowledge to difcern the Lord's body, of their faith to "feed upon him, of their repentance, love and new obedi"ence, left coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment "to themfelves." The compend is important and the arrangement beautiful. The firft matter of this examination is of our knowledge. The apoftle fully fuggefts to us that we must have a competency hereof to difcern the Lord's body. Know ledge may be confidered as of two kinds, doctrinal and experi mental. By the former is meant an underftandig of the truths of the gofpel; by the latter an acquaintance with the power of

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then on the heart and confcience. This knowledge would feem fhould proceed thus far at least; that we should have fome proper views of the perfections of God and his law; of the evil of fin and our own miferable state by nature and practice, of the extent and efficacy of the remedial provifion for the falvation of finners through the fulness of the atonement of Jefus Chrift; and fome juft apprehenfions of the nature, defign, and ufe of this holy ordinance. The more perfons have of this knowledge and experimental acquaintance with divine truth, they are likely to have the clearer difcernment of the Lord's body, the intention of his fufferings and death, and the more comfort and joy in the holy communion.

Secondly, we are to enquire into our faith to feed upon him. We approach not the table of the Lord merely to eat a fmall morfel of bread or drink a little quantity of wine, but to fhew forth his death, and to feed upon his body and blood, for our fpiritual nourishment and growth in grace, and this only can be done by faith. Chrift is often spoken of under the figure of bread, and it is neceffary we should eat this bread of life, and faith is the means by which it must be done. Bread is necessary for the fuẞtenance of our mortal bodies, so faith in Jefus Chrift is of equal importance to the falvation ofour immortal fouls. Without faith it is impoffible that any fhould be faved. Hence we fhould fincerely enquire whether we are possessed of this grace. Have we been convinced of our fin and mifery, our inability to deliver ourfelves? Have we fled to Jefus of Nazareth, and unfeignedly accepted him as the Lord our righteoufnefs --Have we embraced him in all his offices, and do we wait upon and truft in him alone for eternal life?

Thirdly, our repentance must be examined into. We must come to the Lord's table forrowing and mourning over our

fins, confeffing our iniquities, with real purposes of heart to

carry on a constant war against our corruptions.


A fourth branch of examination refpects our love; love to God, love to the Saviour, and love to our neighbour., Do we love God fupremely? Is the bleffed Redeemer precious to us as he is to them that believe?--and are we cultivating love to our neighbour, or loving him as ourselves?


Laftly, we should enquire into our new obedience; whether our obedience arifes from new views, new principles and new .motives. Do we make choice of the law of God for the rule of our life? Do we delight in it after the inward man? Are we honeftly endeavouring after conformity thereto ?--Thus we should examine ourselves as a duty preparative to our ce lebration of the fupper of the Lord, left coming unworthily we eat and drink judgment to ourselves.

But it is time that this fubje&t fhould be brought to a conclufion. And this fhall be done in a brief exhortation.

Let all be folemnly exhorted to the practice of this impor tant duty of felf-examination. Be not flothful and careless in : a matter of fuch momentous confequence. Beware you attend not upon this ordinance through formality, or as cuftom leads the way. But engage in it in felf-dedication, renewing your covenant with God, fetting to it this feal, that God is true. Maintain a deep fenfe of your exceeding great finfulnefs and unworthinefs. Loath and abhor yourfelves and repent around the 'facred board with a broken heart. Look on him whom you have pierced and crucified by your iniquities, and mourn in' bitternefs, with all that melting feeling, and fincerity, which afflicts the foul of him who mourns for a fir born child.

Confider the fius you have been guilty of fince the last time of communicating; the paflions which have burst forth; the corruptions that have been indulged, and acknowledge them in deep contrition before God. Let us lay afide malice, envy, wrath and every bafe propenfity and inclination, and wait on

our precious Saviour in faith and love, in the exercife of every grace, and with full purpose of foul to live in the practice of every virtue. "Purge out the old leaven, that ye may be a "new lump as ye are unleavened, for Chrift our passover is "facrificed for us. Therefore let us keep the feast not with "the old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of fincerity and "ruth.”

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Remembering Chrift at his Table.

Luke xxii. 19. This do in Remembrance of mes

TO love, receive and truft in the precious Redeemer of the world, to commit our fouls to his holy keeping, and reft folely on his atoning merits for eternal life, is the abfolute duty of all the children of men, to whom the revelation of his name is made known. All who enjoy the light of the gofpel, ought to have his character engraven upon their hearts in everlasting remembrance. And the happy individuals who have felt the power of his grace and tasted his loving kindness, is it poffible they should ever forget him? Alas! they forget and neglect him often. But wonder, O Heaven! and be aftonifhed, O Earth! he never either forgets or neglects you. However careless, O! chriftians, you may be at feafons with refpeft to the bleffed Saviour, the Shepherd of Ifrael, who never flumbers nor fleeps, ceases not for a moment his watch over you. "Thus faith the Lord, the Redeemer of Ifrael,-Can a wo"man forget her fucking child, that she should not have com"paffion on the fon of her womb; yea, they may forget, yet

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