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ST. MATTHEW'S Gospel was written before the other three. The author was an eye witness of most of the facts, which he relates, being early called to the apostolic office, by Jesus Christ himself. Besides the name of Matthew, he had also that of Levi, being the son of Alpheus ; but not of that Alphe'us or Cleophas, who was the father of James. He was originally by profession a Publican, or collector of the Roman Taxes. His business was to collect the customs of such commodities, as came by the sea of Galilee, and to receive tribute from such passengers, as went by water. This lucrative office he cheerfully left for the sake of Jesus Christ, to whom he became a faithful attendant, and an eye-witness of all his mir: acles.

St. Matthew's Gospel was, according to the best judges, written between A. D. 61 and 64, at a time when the Hebrews were suffering a heavy persecution, which almost drove them to apostacy, and which induced St. Paul to write his Epistle to them. In these circumstances nothing could be more necessary and useful to them, than a history of the miracles and resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is probable, therefore, that both this Gospel and the Epistle to the Hebrews were written with the same view, which was to preserve and confirm the Christians of Judea in the faith.

This Gospel contains several plain predictions of the miseries and desolations about to come upon Jerusalem, and of the destruction of the temple: besides many other figurative intimations of the same thing, which could not safely be published, til} towards the conclusion of the Jewish state.

St. Matthew wrote this Gospel for the service of the Jews in Palestine, with a view to confirm those who believed, and to convert, if possible, those who did not believe. This opinion is supported by several passages of his Gospel. Thus this evangelist begins with the genealogy of Jesus Christ from Abraham ; which, agreeably to the Jewish custom, he gives according to his legal descent by Joseph his supposed father : deducing it down from Abraham through David, to show his title to the kingdom of Israel. Thus also he often refers to Jewish customs; relates most of our Saviour's discourses against Jewish errors and superstitions; (see chapter xxiii. 1–33.) quotes the greatest number of passages from the Jewish Scriptures; answers the most considerable Jewislı objections; and frequently makes use of the terms and phrases of Jewish theology.

Nothing certain is known of the death of St. Matthew. Some have supposed he suffered martyrdom in Perisia, others, that he died in Abyssin'ia, after having there preached the Gospel.

In this edition of the New Testament, proper names are generally accented where they first occur. The scholar must be very careful to learn the true pronunciation of every name where it first occurs. Some of the most difficult names are accented in many places; and when the mark for accent will not make the pronunciation perfectly plain, the word is spelled at the bottom of the page as it ought to be pronounced.

“ It is well known to the learned, and should be to all, that the division of the Bible into chapters and verses, the punctuation, and the words usually printed in italics, are of no au. thority whatever. The several Bouks of the New Testament, according to the best authority wo can get, were written in an uniform character, without capitals, without chapters, without verses, without punctuation, or any break or other index by which to determine whether a particular letter belonged to this or that word, or whether a particular word belonged to this or that sentence; the sense was the only guide to the proper division. But as in reading it is necessary to have some punctuation, either expressed or understood, it is probable that some marks for pauses were very early introdúced into the text. As to the division into chapters, it was introduced in the thirteenth century, by Cardinal Hugo, for the purpose of adapting the New Testoment to a Latin concordance; and the division into verses was performed by Robert Stevens, while on a journey from Lyons to Paris, in order to adapt it to a Groek Concordance which he was then preparing for the press. He placed the figures in the margin of his page. The first edition in which the verses were printed separate with the number prefixed to each, was the English New Testament, printed at Geneva, A. D. 1557. In translating from one language to another it is perhaps necessary to introduce some words which have not words corresponding to them in the original. This arises from the different idioms of different languages; one often requiring the explicit statement of what the other conveys by implication. But as the implication may not always be understood, the explicit statements in the translation may be wrong. The translators of our New Testament have therefore done wisely in printing those words in italics which have no corresponding words in the original; thereby keeping them distinct, and giving to every one liberty to supply their place with any thing or nothing, as they shall think most agreeable to the sense and order of the context."

THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO ST. MATTHEW.

TH

CHAP. I.

ham to David, are fourteen genera1 The genealogy of Jesus Christ : 18 tions; and from David until the car

his conception and birth; 21, 23 his rying away into Babylon, are fourteen names, with their interpretation. generations and from the carrying WHE' book of the generation of away into Babylon unto Christ, are

Jesus Christ, the son of David, fourteen generations. the son of Abraham.

18 Now, the birth of Jesus Christ 2 Abraham begat Isaac, and Isaac was on this wise; When as his mother begat Jacob, and Jacob begat Judas Mary was espoused to Joseph, before and his brethren,

they came together, she was found 3 And Judas begat Pha'res and Za'- with child of the Holy Ghost. ra of Tha'mar, and Pha'res begat Es'- 19 Then Joseph her husband, being rom, and Esrom begat Aram, a just man, and not willing to make

4 And A'ram begat Amin'adab, and her a public example, was minded to Amin adab begat Naas'son,? and Na- put her away privily. asson begat Sal mon,

20 But while he thought on these 5 And Salmon begat Bo'oz of Ra- things, behold, the angel of the Lord chab,4 and Bo'oz begat Obed of Ruth, appeared unto him in a dream, saying, and Obed begat Jesse,

Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to 6 And Jesse begat David the king, take unto thee Mary thy wife ; for and David the king begat Solomon of that which is conceived in her is of her that had been the wife of Uri'as, the Holy Ghost.

7 And Solomon begat Robo'am, and 21 And she shall bring forth a son, Roboam begat Abi'a, and Abia begat and thou shalt call his name JESUS; Asa,

for he shall save his people from their 8 And A'sa begat Jos'aphat, and sins. Josaphat begat Joʻram, and Joram be- 22 (Now all this was done, that it gat Ozi'as,

might be fulfilled which was spoken of 9 And Ozias begat Jo'atham, and the Lord by the prophet, saying, Joatham begat A'chaz, and A'chaz 23 Behold, a virgin shall be with begat Ezeki'as,

child, and shall bring forth a son, and 10 And Ezekias begat Manas'ses, they shall call his name EMMANU. and Manasses begat A'mon, and Amon EL; which, being interpreted, is, God begat Josi'as,

with us.) 11 And Josias begat Jechoni'as and 24 Then Joseph, being raised from his brethren about the time they were sleep, did as the angel of the Lord had carried away to Bab'ylon:

bidden him, and took unto him his wife; 12 And after they were brought to 25 And knew her not till she had Babylon, Jechonias begat Sala'thiel, brought forth her first-born son; and and Sala'thiel begat Zorob’abel, he called his name JESUS,

13 And Zorobabel begat Abi'ud, and Questions. What message was sent by the Abiud begat Eliakim, and Eliakim Lord to Joseph ? begat A'zor,

By what name was our Saviour to be called ? 14 And Azor begat Sa'doc, and Sa

Why was he to be called by this name? doc begat A'chim, and Achim begat

What is the meaning of EMMANUEL? Eli'ud,

CHAP. II. 15 And Eliud begat Elea'zar, and 1 The wise men,, coming to Jesus Eleazar begat Mat'than, and Matthan Christ, 11 worship him, and offer begat Jacob,

their presents. 14 Joseph fleeth into 16 And Jacob begat Joseph the hus- Egypt with Jesus and Mary. band of Mary, of whom was born

NOW, when Jesus was born in Jesus, who is called CHRIST.? Beth'lehem of Judea, in the days of 17 So all the generations, from Abra- 8 Espoused, not married, but betrothed or

engaged to be married. 1 Generation. The history or lineage of

i Bethl-lehem, called also Eph'rath, or EphlJesus Christ.

ratah, was a city of Judah or Judea, six or 2 Na-agl-son.

seven miles south of Jerusalem. It was called 3 Bol-oz.

the city of David, from his being born and 4 Ral-kab.

educated there. It was also the birth place of 5 Al-kim.

our Saviour, as was predicted, Micah v 2 6 Jesus. That is, Saviour.

2 Judea, an extensive, rich country, spread. 7 Christ. Messiah, or Anointed

ing along the eastern coast of the Mediterra

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Herods the king, behold, there came 9 When they had heard the king, wise ment from the east to Jeru'sa- they departed; and lo, the star, which lem,

they saw in the east, went' before 2 Saying, Where is he that is born them, till it came and stood over where King of the Jews ? for we have seen the young child was. his start in the east, and are come to 10 When they saw the star, they worship him.

rejoiced with exceeding great joy. 3 When Herod the king had heard 11 {[ And when they were come into these things, he was troubled, and all the house, they saw the young child Jerusalem with him.

with Mary his mother, and fell down 4 And, when he had gathered all the and worshipped him; and, when they chief priests' and scribes10 of the peo- had opened their treasures, they preple together, he demanded of them sented unto him gifts; gold, and frankwhere Christ should be born.

incense, and myrrh. 5 And they said unto him, In Beth- 12 And being warned of God in a lehem of Judea ; for thus it is writ- dream that they should not return to ten by the prophet,!!

Herod, they departed into their own 6 And thou Beth-lehem, in the land country another way. of Juda, art not the least among the 13 And, when they were departed, princesla of Juda; for out of thee shall behold, the angel of the Lord appearcome a Governor, that shall rule my eth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, people Israel

and take the young child and his mo7 Then Herod, when he had privily ther, and flee into Egypt, anù be thoa called the wise men, inquired of them there until I bring thee word; for diligently what time the star appeared. Herod will seek the young child to

8 And he sent them to Beth-lehem, destroy him. and said, Go, and search diligently for 14 When he arose, he took the young the young child ; and, when ye have child and his mother by night, and de found him, bring me word again, that parted into Egypt; I may come and worship him also. 15 And was there until the death of

Herod; that it might be fulfilled which nean sea. It has at different times been called was spoken of the Lord by the prothe Land of Ca'naan, the Land of Israel, phet, saying, Out of Egypt have I Judea, the Land of Promise, the Holy Land, called my son. &c. and by the Greeks and Romans, Palles

16 Then Herod, when he saw that 3 This Herol was called the Great, there he was mocked13 of the wise men, was being several of this name. Augus'tus Cæ'sar, exceeding wroth, and sent forth' and emperor of Rome, made him king or governor slew all the children that were in of Judea, which at this time was reduced to Beth-lehem, and in all the coasts a Roman province. Herod was cruel, and thereof, from two years old and under, jealous lest the goverr.ment should pass out according to the time which he had of his hands.

4 Wise men. Heathen or Gentile philoso- diligently inquired of the wise men. phers, called Magi, probably from Persia or 17 Then was fulfilled that which India.

was spoken by Jeremyl4 the prophet, 5 Jerusalem, the capital of Judea.

saying, 6 Star. Probably a meteor or luminous va

18 In Ra'ma was there a voice heard, ? In the east. We in the east, &c. for the lamentation, and weeping, and great wise men came from the east to Judca, and mourning, Rachel weeping for her inust have seen the star in the west.

children, and would not be comforted, 8 Was troubled, lest he should lose his king- because they are not. dom, and the succession of it in his own family. 19 But when Herod was dead,

9 The chief priests were the leaders of the behold, an angel of the Lord appear24 orders or classes of priests. There was leth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, strictly speaking but one chief or high-priest ; though in case of sickness or other detention 20 Saying, Arise, and take the young from duty, the second in order officiated, and child and his mother, and go into the was then sometimes called high-priest. land of Israel ; for they are dead which

10. Scribes. Writers and expositors of the sought the young child's life. law of Moses, (see Introduction, page 4.) They were a corrupt set of men, who perverted the child and his mother, and came into

21 And he arose, and took the young Scriptures, and extolled the traditions of the elders or ancients above them.

the land of Israel, 11 Prophets. The word prophet signifies

22 But when he heard that Archeteacher. The prophets instructed and admo- laus15

did reign in Judea in the room nished the Jews. They also frequently had visions, and foresaw future events, and for

13 Mocked, deluded or deceived. this reason they were sometimes called seers. 14 Jeremy, Jeremiah the prophet. 12 Princes. That is, chief cities,

15 Ar-ke-la-us.

tine.

pour.

rene.16

note.

of his father Herod, he was afraid totion of vipers, who hath warned you go thither ; notwithstanding, being to flee from the wrath to come? warned of God in a dream, he turned 8 Bring forth, therefore, fruits meet aside into the parts of Galilee ; for repentance. 23 And he came and dwelt in a city

9 And think not to say within yourcalled Nazareth ; that it might be ful-selves, We have Abraham to our fafilled which was spoken by the pro- ther; for I say unto you, That God is phets, He shall be called a Naza- able of these stones to raise up chil

dren unto Abraham. Questions. In what place was Jesus born ? 10 And now also the axe is laid unto By what other names was it called ? See the root of the trees ;8 therefore every

tree which bringeth not forth good Who was king of Judea at this time? What is said of Judea in the note?

fruit is hewn down, and cast into the Who were the wise men ?

fire. What was the capital of Judea?

11 I indeed baptize you with water Where did the magi find the young child ? unto repentance; but he that cometh To what place was Jesus carried, to escape after me is mightier than I, whose What did Herod do when he found himself shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost,

shoes I am not worthy to bear; he deceived by the magi?

Where did Jesus reside after the death of and with fire: Herod ?

12 Whose fan' is in his hand, and CHAP. III.

he will thoroughly purgelo his floor, 1 John preacheth ; 4 his apparel, meat, and gather his wheat into the gar:

and baptism. 7 The fruits of re-ner ; but he will burn up the chaff pentance. 13 Christ baptized by John with un quenchable fire. in Jordan.

13 1 Then cometh Jesus from GaliIN those days came John the baptist, lee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized preaching in the wilderness of Judea, of him.

2 And saying, Repent ye; for the 14 But John forbade him, saying, kingdom of heaven is at hand. I have need to be baptized' of thee,

3 For this is he that was spoken of and comest thou to me? * by the prophet Esaias, saying, The 15 And Jesus answering, said unto voice of one crying in the wilderness, him, Suffer it to be so now ; for thus Prepare ye the way of the Lord, it becometh us to fulfil all righteousmake his paths straight.4

ness.12 Then he suffered him. 4 And the same John had his rai- 16 And Jesus, when he was bapment of camel's hair, and a leathern tized, went up straightway out of the girdle about his loins; and his meat water; and, lo, the heavens were openwas locusts and wild honey.

ed unto him, and he saw the Spirit of 5 Then went out to him Jerusalem, God descending like a dove, and lightand all Judea, and all the region rounding upon him: about Jordan,

17 And, lo, a voice from heaven, 6 And were baptized of hin in Jor-saying, This is my beloved Son, in dan, confessing their sins.

whom I ain well pleaced., 7' But when he saw many of the Questions. Who came to prepare the way Pharisees and Sadduceeso come to his for our Lord ? verses 1, 2 baptism, he said unto them, O genera

How was he clothed

What did he teach that men must do in or16 Nazarene, one devoted to the peculiar | der to become disciples of Jesus Christ, or to service of God; it was also a term of reproach prepare for the kingdom of heaven? among the Jews, who would not fail to fix it

How did he address the Pharisees ? on our Saviour.

By whom was Jesus baptized 1 Kingdom of heaven, the kingdom of God, What appeared when he was baptized ? and the Gospel of the kingdom, generally mean the same ng, i.e. the Gospel dispen- 7 Let your conduct prove your répontande sation, or the Christian religion, which is a sincere. spiritual kingdom in the hearts of men.

8 And now the aze, &c. 'The Gospel is the 2 Esaias, Isaiah.

last dispensation of mercy we are ever to ex3 Lord. In the Hebrew of the Old Testa- pect. They who neglect and disobey it, must ment, Jehovah.

suffer all the evils it denounces upon the im4 Make his paths straight. In ancient penitent. times, when princes and sovereigns journeyed, 9 Fan, an instrument to winnow grain or pioneers or attendants went before to level cor. and straighten the way for them; 80 John 10 Purge or cleanse his floor ; will entirely preached repentance and reformation to pre- separate the grain from the chaff. pare the way for the Saviour of men.

11 Garner. Granary, or store-house. 5 Camel's hair, a coarse cloth.

12 Fulfil all righteousness; perform all the 6 Pharisees and Sadducees; see Introduc- duties and ordinances of God according to his, tion, page 3

appointment.

v. 2.

CHAP. IV.

and dwelt in Capernaum, which is 1 Jesus fasteth, is tempted, and over- upon the sea-coast, in the borders of

cometh; 17 beginneth to preach, and Zab'ulon and Neph'thalim : calleth some to be his disciples. 14 That it might be fulfilled which

THEN was Jesus led up of the spi- was spoken by Esai'as the prophet, rit into the wilderness, to be tempted saying, of the devil.

15 The land of Zab'ulon, and the 2 And when he had fasted forty land of Neph'thalim, by the way of the days and forty nights, he was after- sea, beyond Jordan, Gal'ilee of the ward an hungered.

Gen'tiles : 3 And when the tempter came to 16 The people which sat in darkhim, he said, If thou be the Son of nesse saw great light; and to them God, command that these stones be which sat in the region and shadow of made bread.

death light sprung, up. 4 But he answered, and said, It is 17 | From that time Jesus began to written, Man shall not live by bread preach, and to say, Repent; for the alone, but by every word that pro- kingdom of heaven is at hand;9, ceedeth out of the mouth of God. 18 11 And Jesus, walking by the sea

5 Then the devil taketh him up into of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon the holy city, and setteth him on a called Peter, and Andrew his brother, pinnacle of the temple,

casting a net into the sea; for they 6 And saith unto him, If thou be were fishers. the Son of God, cast thyself down; 19 And he saith unto them, Follow for it is written, He shall give his an- me, and I will make you fishers of gels charge concerning thee; and in men. their hands they shall bear thee up, 20 And they straightway left their lest at any time thou dash thy foot nets, and followed him. against a stone.

21' And going on from thence, he 7. Jesus said unto him, It is written saw other two brethren, James the son again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord of Zebedee, and John his brother, in thy God.

a ship with Zebedee their father, 8 Again the devil taketh him up into mending their nets; and he called an exceeding high mountain, and them. sheweth him all the kingdoms of the 22 And they immediately left the world, and the glory of them; ship and their father, and followed

9 And saith unto him, All these him. things will I give thee, if thou wilt 23 | And Jesus went about all Galfall down and worship me.

ilee, teaching in their synagogues, 10 10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get and preaching the Gospel of the kingthee hence, Satan; for it is written, dom, and healing all manner of sickThou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

4 Caper/naum, one of the principal cities 11 Then the devil leaveth him; and, of Galilee, at the north end of lake Genesbehold, angels came and ministerediareth, where, after leaving Nazareth, Jesus umto him.

frequently resided and taught; hence it was 12 1 Now, when Jesus had heard said to be exalted to heaven; but from its that John was cast into prison, he de-Christ, he said it should be cast down to hell.

negligence in improving the instructions of parted into Galilee ;2

The sufferings of this city from the Romans, 13 And, leaving Nazareth, he came soon after, were excessive.

5 Jordan, the most considerable river of

Judea, rises in mount Libanug. It falls into 1 Ministered unto, waited upon.

the earth and runs about fifteen miles under 2. Galilee, a large fertile territory in the ground, whence it rises again in a cave at the northern parts of Canaan. Here our Saviour foot of a mountain. In its course it flows and most of his disciples were educated; and through the lake Genes/areth, the sea of Galihere he taught, and wrought most of his mira- lee or Tiberias, and thence southward, after a cleg.

winding course of about 150 miles, it falls into 3 Nazareth, a small city of Galilee, about the large bituminous lake Asphaltites, called 50 miles north of Jerusalem, and a little west! also the Dead sea, the Salt sed, and the sea of of Mount Tabor. It was noted for the wick-Sodom. edness of its inhabitants. In this obscure 6 Darkness, ignorance. city our Saviour lived and laboured most of 7 Light, the divine instruction of Jesus the thirty first years of his life; but when he Christ. began to preach, the people being offended, and 8 Region and shadow of death, great igno attempting to destroy him, by throwing him rance and wickedness. from the brow of a hill, he escaped from their 9 Kingdom of heaven, see Matt. jii. Note 1. hands, and afterwards resided little in the 10 Synagogue, a Jewish meeting house, or place.

place of public worship.

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