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Justified by the righteous.

raoh's chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea. The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone. Thy right hand, O Lord, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O Lord, hath dashed in pieces the enemy. And in the greatness of thine excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up against thee: thou sentest forth thy wrath, which consumed them as stubble. And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as a heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea. The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil: my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them. Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters. Who is like unto thee, O Lord, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?

Ps. 28. 4. Give them according to their deeds, and according to the wickedness of their endeavors: give them after the work of their hands; render to them their desert. Because they regard not the works of the Lord, nor the operation of his hands, he shall destroy them, and not build them up.

Ps. 94. 1. O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself. Lift up thyself, thou Judge of the earth: render a reward to the proud. Lord, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph?

Rev. 6. 9. And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?

Rev. 15. 3. And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Al

Sources of misery.

mighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints. Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

Rev. 19. 1. And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia: Salvation, and glory, and honor, and power, unto the Lord our God: For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand. And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia. And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great. And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. [See 234.]

549. What are some of the sources of the misery of lost souls?

Ps. 73. 19. They are utterly consumed with ter


Pr. 5. 11. And thou mourn at the last, when thy flesh and thy body are consumed, And say, How have I hated instruction, and my heart despised reproof; And have not obeyed the voice of my teachers, nor inclined mine ear to them that instructed me! I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation and assembly.

Is. 57. 20. The wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt. There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.

Jer. 8. 20. The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and we are not saved.

Ezk. 22. 14. Can thy heart endure, or can thy hands

Disbelieved and denied.

be strong, in the days that I shall deal with thee? I the Lord have spoken it, and will do it.

Dan. 12. 2. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

Lk. 16. 23. And in hell he lifted up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. 25. But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy life time receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.

Rom. 3. 19. That every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.

Tit. 3. 3. Living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.

Rev. 6. 16. Hide us from the face of him that sitteth upon the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb.

Rev. 14. 10. And he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up forever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night.

550. Are mankind disposed to disbelieve and deny their desert and danger of the punishment which God has threatened and predicted?


Gen. 3. 4. And the serpent said unto the woman, shall not surely die. 12. And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.- -And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

Dt. 29. 19. I shall have peace, though I walk in the imagination of mine heart, to add drunkenness to thirst.

1 S. 15. 13. And Saul said unto him, Blessed be thou of the Lord: I have performed the commandment of the Lord. And Samuel said, What meaneth then this bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the lowing of

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the oxen which I hear? ple spared the best of the sacrifice unto the Lord.

A radical change-Nature of-Necessary.

And Saul said

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sheep and of the oxen, to

Ezk. 13. 22. With ye have made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made sad; and strengthened the hands of the wicked, that he should not return from his wicked way, by promising him life.

Mat. 25. 44. Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungered, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee? [See 192.]


551. Is regeneration a radical change?

and a

Ezk. 36. 26. A new heart also will I give you, new spirit will I put within you.

2 Cor. 5. 17. Therefore, if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things have passed away; behold, all things are become new.

Gal. 5. 24. They that are Christ's have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts. [See No. 572.


552. What is the nature of regeneration?

Jn. 3. 6. That which is born of the Spirit, is spirit. Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.

Ep. 4. 22. Be renewed in the spirit of your mind.

553. Is regeneration necessary?

Ezk. 18. 31. Make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?

Dependence in-Preceded by conviction.

Mat. 18. 3. Verily, I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.

Jn. 3. 3. Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. 5. Except a man be born of water, and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. 7. Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.

Ac. 3. 19. Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out.

Rom. 2. 28. He is not a Jew which is one outwardly

-But he is a Jew which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men but of God.

Gal. 6. 15. For in Christ Jesus, neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new crea


Tit. 3. 5 He saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.

554. Are persons dependent upon God for conversion and sanctification?

Mat. 15. 13. Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.

Jn. 1. 13. Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

Jn. 6. 44. No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him. 65. No man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father.

Jn. 15. 5. Without me ye can do nothing.

555. Is regeneration preceded by conviction, and the death of false hopes?

Lk. 15. 17. And when he came to himself, he said,

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