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Here 'twill be convenient to fubjoin the Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth Questions of the Locus Duodecimus of Turretin's Syftem, concerning the Nature of the Covenant of Grace; and alfo the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth and Ninth Chapters of the Sixth Book of Limborch's Syftem, concerning Juftification, Sanctification, Obfignation of the Spirit, Certainty of Salvation, Actual Reprobation, Excecation and Induration.

We are in the next place to confider the Nature, Unity and Communion of the Catholic Church. See Bishop Pearfon on the Ninth Article.


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of Clerical Powers.

The Diftinction of Church Members into Clergy and Laity, and the feveral Powers and Offices appropriated by God to the Clergy, are treated of in the Rights of the Clergy. What Form of Goverment Chrift

has appointed in his Church, you'll of the Form of learn in the Courfe of your reading Church Goverment: our Controverfies with the Papists

on the one hand, and our English Sectaries on the other.

For the Controverfies with the


Papifts, 'tis poffible the Confutation of the Popish Con
of Popery may at prefent fuffice you.
But one thing I muft add, which I ought indeed to
have mention'd in the First Chapter of the Second
Part, viz. that those who leave the Proteftant Re-
ligion, and become Profelytes to the Church of
Rome, are obliged to profefs the Trent Creed. This
appears from that (a) Advertisement which is pre-

(a) Atque eadem profeffione uti tenentur, quicunque ab hærefi remeantes ad fidem Ecclefiæ Catholicæ revertuntur, P. 518. Lugdun. 1676.

fix'd to the Bull of Pius IV. at the End of the Catechifmus ad Parochos. So that 'tis plain,that the Church of Rome allows not either the Clergy or the Laity any Liberty of diffenting from her in any of thofe Errors and Practices, upon the account of which I have fhewn it to be unlawful to join in Communion with her.

As for the Judgment of the ancient Fathers con'cerning those many Points which are controverted between our felves and the Church of Rome; I can by no means advise you to give your felf any Trouble about it at prefent. An impartial Enquiry after it will cost more Time, than perhaps you are aware of. When you are at leisure to profecute your Theological Studies, after your Ordination, 'twill be no difficult matter for you to furnish your self with fuch Books as will affift you in it.

As for the Lutheran Doctrins, the


Of Confubftanti- only one that deferves your Confideration, is that of Confubftantiation ; concerning which fee Turretin's Twenth eighth Queftion of his Locus Decimus nonus, and Limborch's Seventy first Chapter of the Fifth Book of his Syftem. Defcend we now to the Controverfies with our English Sectaries.

The Errors of the Quakers are treated of in the Confutation of Quakerifm. Touching Infant Baptifm read the Fifth Chapter of the Abridgment of the London Cafes. Then reflect upon the following Hints. First, in Teyem. (the Word used in Matth. 28. 19.) fignifies, not to teach, but to difciple, or make Difciples of. This is evident from the ufe of it in the New Teftament. Secondly, Infants are in their own Nature capable of being difcipled or made


of the Quaker Controverfies.

of the Controverly with the Anabaptifts about Infant Baptifm.

Difciples of. This is evident from the Circumcifion of Infants under the Law; for they thereby entred into a Covenant with God, and were made the Difciples of Mofes. Thirdly, 'Tis acknowledged, that they are not exprefly excluded by Christ. Nor, Fourthly, is actual Faith or actual Repentance abfolutely and indifpenfably required in order to Baptifm. This is prov'd in the aforefaid Chapter of the Abridgment. And confequently, Infants are net virtually excluded by Chrift. Wherefore, Fifibly, the Command to difciple or make Difciples of all Nations, Matth. 28. 19. extends to the Infants of thofe Nations; because it extends to all that are capable of Baptifm. By this Means it appears, that we have a divine Precept for the Bap tifm of Infants.

Concerning the Obfervation of the Lord's Day as the Chriftian Sabbath, fee the First Chapter of Mr. Nelfon's Companion for the Feftivals and Fafts of our Church, and the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Queftions of Turretin's Locus Undecimus.

Our Controverfies with other Diffenters refpect, Firft, Lay Conformity; Secondly, Minifterial Conformity.

of the Controversy with the Saturday bout the Chriftian Sabbath.



of the Controver fies with other Dif Senters.

With respect to Lay Conformity, you are to confider in the firft Place the Difputes about a precompos'd Liturgy in general, and our own Liturgy in particular. See the Brief History of the joint Use of precompos'd fet Forms of Prayer, with the Difcourfe of the Gift of Prayer annex'd to it, the Difcourfe of joint Prayer, and the Paraphrafe with Annotations upon the Book of Common Prayer. Then add what Mr. Nelson


Firft, About Lay

has written concerning the Piety and Prudence of our Church in her Festivals and Fafts, and the religious Improvement of them, in his Companion for them. Only you may now omit the Firft Chapter, because you have already perused it, when you confider'd the Christian Sabbath. The Terms of Lay Conformity being vindicated, the Neceffi ty of joining in Communion with the Establish'd Church of England,is fhewn in the Difcourfe of Schifm, with the Answer to Thomas against Bennet annex'd to it, down to p. 140. the Two firft Chapters of Mr. Hoadly's Defence of Epifcopal Ordination, and his Reply to Dr. Calamy's Introduction. You may then add Chapters the Second, Eighth, Ninth, &c. down to the end of the Abridgment of the London Cafes. Secondly, About Touching the Lawfulness of MiMinifterial Confor- nifterial Conformity, fee Mr. Hoad ly's Reasonableness of it.


"Twill now be proper for you to read fome Exposition of the Church Catechifm. There is indeed a great Number of that fort of Books; but I am apt to think, that Bishop Wake's Commentary is beft futed to your Purpose.

Of the Church Catechifm.

The Cafuiftical and Practical Part of Divinity ought to entertain you upon the Lord's Days, and other Days of Retirement and Devotion. You'll do well to begin with Mr. Kettlewell's Measures of Obedience, and the Whole Duty of Man. To thefe you may add (or as Opportunity offers, you may confult) Bifhop Sanderfon's Prelections and Cafes of Confcience, Dr. Hammond's Practical Catechifm, the other Works of the Author of the Whole Duty of Man,the Sermons which Arch-Bishop Tillotson publifh'd in his Life time, Mr. Kettlewell on the Sacrament, and of Chriftian Pru


of Cafuiftical and Practical Writers.

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dence, and Dr. Barrow's English Works. These are fufficient to give you a fair View of the Cafuiftical and Practical Part of Divinity, and to furnish you with good plenty of Matter for Sermons. If you have Leifure to perufe or confult more Books of this Kind, there is a great Number of excellent ones to be had, and 'twill be difficult for you to make an ill Choice. But there is one Book, which I would beg you to be much converfant in, and to make your conftant Companion; I mean Dr. Stanhope's Chrifti an's Pattern, being his Tranflation of Thomas à Kempis's Book de Imitatione Chrifti.

There are, I confefs, in fome of thefe Cafuiftical and Practical Books, diverfe Controverfies intermixt. But if 'twas not impoffible, yet 'twas certainly needlefs, for me to feparate them; efpecially fince they will amply recompenfe all the Labor you will beftow in the Perufal of them. And indeed, I would advise you by all means, before you are ingag'd in a conftant Courfe of Preaching, to be fo well acquainted with them,that whenfoever you are about to compofe a Sermon, you may readily have recourse to fuch Parts of them as relate to your Subject. This will make your Compofition very eafy; and you cannot but be immediatly fenfible of the Advantage of it. Be perfuaded therefore to turn over their Indexes frequently,and take a curfory View of what they write about. Make your felf able to find whatsoever is contain'd in them; that altho you have not at prefent Leifure to confider it, yet you may inftantly run to it, when you have Occafion for it.

There are many Queftions commonly mention'd by the Writers of Syftems, which I did not think it worth while to refer to particular

The ufe of Turre

tin's and Lim

borch's Systems.


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