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and abhor such persons asC«» was, and the reason is double. Fast, For that there is a wrong done to the canty when a man is wilfully murthered $ chat is, (he is bereaved of one of those that should till tnd dresse if, and of one of her Inhabitants. It is the reason why the Crowners fit upon those that wilfully make away themselves , for they are no leftt injurious to the cairn than they that kill others. Secondly, Because the earth must needs abhorre that which is contrary to nature, and doth violate the course of nature $ for nature doth will all men to seek the safety and preservation of others, buc Cain wickedly and unnaturall sliccdcththc blood of hb Brother, which Go J doth rhi toricall and pathetically expresse thus5 That blood which Cain doth unnaturally (hed, she earth doth kindcly and lovingly receive, that it should not he open in the sight of the Sunne : which act is Ike rot-ac or Rizpab, which David commended so highly, that (he took sackcloth and covered the dead bodies of them that were hanged, and suffered neither the birds of the air to light upon them by day, nor the beasts of the field by ntght, in the second ot Samuel, the twenry first chapter and the rerun vcrle* wherein theeaithic self, void of fe nse, appeared more kinde to Jlel than Cain * for as the Wise-man faith, God mil arm hu creatures to be revenged of his enemies , in the fist chapter ot the tVtfedome of Solomon ai d the tenth verse; omnit ereatnra ingemefeit, Remans the eighth chapter, they shall all grieve and abhorre that act which is unn <tu all. As before the blood itself cried to God for vengeance, so here rhe earth "it self receives the blood into her bosom, which was so unnaturally slied 5 and these are two witnesses, by whose testimony Can is sufficiently convicted of his finne, and howsoever they be dumb in themselves, yet they have a voice which God heareth} fothat no man can kef p his sinne so secret but it will be revealed, as $ob confessed), Job the rhirty first chapter and the thirty eighth verse * A/y land witterif against me, andthe furrowes thereofmi A'complain together, ifl have eaten tit fruits thereof without silver.
Which detestation conceived by the earth agiinst the fact of Cain, is further set forth in the next verse, two waics, First negando cibum, Secondly negando srdem$ for the first it is said, when thou tilcst the earth it shal not yecld her strength unto thee.io feed thee. Secondly, thou shalt be in contiuall scare, and it shall deny it self to thee, not affording thee any certain mansion, for thou (bolt be an Exile and Vagabond us on earth. All that the ca th a ff >rds us is pabulum & latibulum, that is, as the Apostle speaks, Jutiejrh ^«t*VdJ«. Lithe first to Timothy the sixt chaprer, it doth both alere & [ustinere. Two things we desire on earth, sufficiencieof liv ng and maintenance, and peace and rest against trouble. Against rhese twoare set for Cains punishment, First want, in that the earth shall deny its strength; and unquietness or restlefnefs, in that he jhal be an Exile and Vagabond,
For sufficiencie of feeding, albeit God before had cursed the earth, yet not so, but that by labour it should yeeld to man bread | but now God faith, \icain labour and take never so great pair* in
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tilling the earth, his labour (hall be in vain * ihough he swear and labour never so much, yet it shall withdraw that humor and fatness, whereby ic is wontio fend forth corn for food 5 that is, her fruit shall not make bread, and maintain the lite of him that is a sliedder of blood : So whatsoever Cain enjoytth upon earth, is not of right) for except the earth be willing both to feed him and to sustain him, he hath no jast possession or interest in it, & qusdjure nan fopdetur, furto & latrocinio ufurfatur j every peece of bread that Cam and all those that walk in his way doe eat, they eat it wrongfully, and (hall make and an account for it, as it they had stolen it. So that though Cain speak never lo much to the corn, and wine, andoyle, and they in hu behalf (all to the earth, and the earth to the heavens, and the heavens erie unto God, yet there (hall be no answer for his relief, Hose a the second chapter and the twenty first verse, but they (hall ail conspire and plague Cain for his sinne. fob faith, // / have eaten the fruit of the earth mt hout stiver, or grieved thesoules of the Masters thereof, -fob the thirty first chapter and the thirty nin.h verse, to (hew us there is a right, not only of labour, but of person for Adam may eat of the fruits of the earth, by rightofhis labour bestowed in dressing itj bur Gain for that he is a person accursed, cannot eat thereof. * God gives Adam food upon condition of his labour, but food is deny ed to Cain though he take never so much pains 5 for that Cain is a person accursed by God, and hath no part in that blessed seed, inwhom all the promises of God, touching this life and the life to come, are yea and amen, in the second to the Corinthians, the first chapter and the twentieth verse.
Secondly, As we desire sufficientic of living against want, so we desire rest and quietness from trouble; and this we desire rather than the other, For a little with the fear of the Lord is better than great treasure with trouble, Proverbs the fifteenth chapter aud the sixteenth verse -, but as the earth denyed him (ufficiencic, (ok will not afford him a dwelling place to rest in.
Of these words there are two constructions,and both profitable.
First, The Scp uagint translate these words (Vagabond znd Xmmg/ite) gemens ejrtremens, that is in geief and scare (bait thoubca.ll the daiesos thy life, without any certain dwelling to rest in. He that is in grief is heavie and burthenfom to himself, but he that is in fear is suspicious of others, which is a great vexation •, which kindc of punishment is laid upon them that keep not Gods Commandements, that they (hall be smitten with f carefulness, they (hall fly at the (baking of a leaf, Leviticus the twenty sixt chapter and the fevententh verse, They shall stye when no man fursuet h, Proverbs the twenty eighth chapter. And albeit they goc from place to place seeking for rest and peace, yet non eft fax imfiis, Isaiah the fifty seventh chapter. Of this Fear we have an example in Cain, who being guilty of the breach of Gods Command, confessed, that he was now in that cafe, that whosoever stall finde him might kill him.
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Secondly, The other sense which they gather ot these words, that where there arc but two places tor men to rest in, cither his own native Country, or some otherwhere he can be : CamfaiW tarry neither in his own Country, nor in any other, but/ball shit and remove from piace to place, and finde reft no where j therefore he went out of his own Country, and went arid built a City in the land ot Nod • and yet was not quiet there neither. And this is the cafe of an et ill conscience, not to rest any where $ for to a good conscience Angulutfufficit^ but tor him thai harh a bad conscience, if ft mundus Angulut est t Therefore we arc to think of these things when we begin to commit any fins, namely, that thereby we deprive our selves both ot living and dwelling •, to that it wesinnea. gainst God by transgressing his Precepts, we can neither look to have food sufficient, nor place convenient to dwell and rest in.
The qualification of this Sentence or mercy with God fhcwei h herein, is, that albeit Cain be punished with want of food a id dwelling, yet it is but [user tenant ■ therefore if he repent while he is on the earth, he may set himself in a better state; for this restraint doth shew that God gave to Cain space to repent, Apocaljps the second chapter and the twenty first verse • so that there is hope for sinners so long as God suffers them to continue upon earth: for if God would not have Cain repent, he should have been presently swallowed up of the earth as Korah was, and have dyed suddenly as Ananias did Therefore this super ttrram is a mercy. Itshcwcth also that all Cains care was set upon earth, and therefore God doth We ire punu punish him with that which was his delight : as he had no care at shed with that all ot heaven, as appeared by the manner of his Sacrifice which he dSiJta °Ut offered to God, without any choice at all, but set his affection upon earth* so God punifheth him with an earthly punishment, that he should finde no comfort or rest on earth • and this he doth both in justice and mercy, to draw him back to repentance, and to make him sorry having a sense of his miseries,//^ the second chapter and the seventh verse, 7 will gee and return to mjt first husband, that the want of food enearth and of rest, might make him ferry with the prodigaU Sen, in the fifteenth chapter ot Luke, I will gte te my Father. God iuffers Cain to live in penury, that the fense thereof might inforce him to this resolution, Redtbo ad Patrem : As the dovesent out tf the Arke, finding no rest,bid no place togocto,but to,the Ark, from whence she came, Genesis the eighth chapter 5 so God doth punish Cain with a rcstlcsse life on earth, that he might feck for rest in heaven. And as the Angell called Agar,w\\iT\ (hewandred from her Mistris , te return to her,and humble her self under her hands,Genesis the sixteenth chapter, and the ninth verse j so it was Gods will that Cain considering his rcstlcsse life on earth, should return to God, from w horn he had now strayed as a lost sheep, by means of his greivous sinnes, and sttbmit himself under his mighty hand, as it is in the first epistle of Ptffr,confcssing hissinne, and craving forgivencssc, That so God ) ——1
might have mercy on him,& recievehim into everlasting Tabernacles,Luke the sixteenth chap.cr, where is rest void of trouble, and sufficiency of all good things.
Turn Kajin dixit 9ehoy<ey Major efl pana tHea quam ut fuStimri am. 4. Ij. pofim. *
H E word which signisieth sinne here, in other Septemb. *. places ot Scripture is used for the punishment of i j». sinne, as in the thirty second chapter of Numbers and the twenty third verse, Tee have finnedagainstthe Lord, and be sure jour (inne shall pnde you out: Which double signification maketh that there is a double reading of this verse: The one in the Text, Ms punishment it greater than I can bear. The other in the Mzrgct\t,MyJtn ugreater than can be pardotttd.So in the Text the word is transt itcu the punishment of sinne, in the Margentthe sinne itself, which is the primarie signification of the word. And they thai turn it punishment for sinne, doe thereby expressc Cain's murmuring against Cod .• They that turn it for sinne doe shew Cain's desparation. I rather follow that in the Margent, that the sense is thus 5 My sinne it greater than can be pardoned. First, because punishment ot sinne. Secondly, because the Hebrews expound it so. Thiraly j for that all the old Fathers read it so. Fourthly > for that there is no mention of the third person. Lastly, because the full fense is comprehended in the next verie. So that we arc to take it thus, That Cain being examined, and hearing the sentence pronounced by God upon him, breakes forth into this complaint, My sinne it greater than can be forgiven.
In which words gencrally,wee fee a new Cain, for no man would imagine that Cain, who a little before answered God so presumptuously, would submit himself so gcntly,thathe which said, I knot* not where my brother is, would now upon the sudden confess his factjthat he that before was so bold, should now become so dejected, in the sightofhissinne 5 hethat had shfwcd himselfa gyaor, should so ■ suddenly become a Peasant j but it is not Cains case only, but the; case of al I his progenie For Pharaoh thit so proudly and boldly said, in the fifth chapter of Exodus, and the second verse, Who is the Lori that I should hear his voice'. J know mt the Lord; after doth acknowledge the Lord, and submit himself to him, in the ninth chapter of Exodus, and the twenty seventh verse, / have now finned, the Lord is righteous, but I and my people are me ked i Pray thou to the Lord that there be no n.ore thunders.
Saul having committed a very grievous transgression against God, doth notwithstanding very bololy say to Samuel, in the first ofsamu
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e/,thc fifteenth chapter and thiriccnih vcilc, I have fulfilled the tornmandement ofthe Lord •, but a Ikle after (verle the thirtieth) heiubrnitteth himself, / have finned, but honour me. And $udas the pcr« sect example ot Cain, albeit he had purpoied to deliver his Master into the hands of the Scribes and Pharisees,is as bold to deny that he had any such intent as any, as it is in the twenty fix. h chapter of Matthew, and the twenty fifth verse* but after the deed done, we fee he is touched with remorse for it, and said, in the twenty seventh chapter of Matthew, and the fourth verse, J have finned, betraying the innocent blood: f his is a strange metamorphosis, and it is expedient thac we mark this new stile, That when a man fees Cain's offering, he may fay with the Prophet, in the fist chapter of feremiah, and the thirty first verse, g*idfiet in novifiimo? For if our cafe were as Cains was, that no man should stand in our way, but presently we mighe be revenged of him without danger, it wcie a thing to be liked •, but wee see Cain himself doth not escape unpunished. Who would not desire to be in their case, of whom f^Æspcakcs, in the twenty first chapter of Job, and the seventh verlc ? If their flourishing estate would hold, which live and wax old and grow in wealth, their feed it established in hu fight, and hit generation before their ejes: But that which maketh their condition miserable, is that which followetb in the thirteenth verse, They spend their dayes in wealth, and suddenly thcygoe down to the grave. The Prophet confesseth he was greatly disquieted at the prosperity of the wicked, till he went to the Sanftuarie of God-, for there he understood their end, that they are set in flips erie places, Psalm the seventy third. So albeit Cam had the dominion over his brother and slew him, thinking none would call him to account for it; yet wee fee at length he acknowledgeth his sinne, and affirmeth it to be so great as that it can have no pardon.
Wherefore if we will judge rightly ofCain, whom we have heard before what he was5 we must not stay there, but read on forward, and fee what he is now .*. For we must judge of the wicked by their deed; & of them our Saviour Christ faith,in the 12. chapter of Matthew,their end it worse than their beginning 1 Before his sin lay still,and his condemnation slept: And thus it is with the wicked, that while they arc asleep in sinne, they will believe nothing, nor give credit to any word of God. Wherefore we see a plain example in Lot's sons in law, in the nienteenth chapter of Genesis, and the fourteenth verse, when he told them the Lord would destroy the City, he seemed to them to be som jester: And when sinne awaketb, and damnation slccpeth no longer, then it is a matter of earnest •, it maketh Cain to cry out, My sinne it greater than an be pardoned. And howsoever Efau contemn his Birth right, yet, when he fecks, it cannot be had ait maketh hint wees bitterly, Genesis the twenty fifth chapter, and Hebrews the twelfth chapter.• So that albeit at the first, they fee not the inconvenience and danger of sinne, yet in novistmo, Jeremiah the thirtieth chapter,and the twenty fourth verse, at the last day they shall understand it plainly.