Down, Up, and Over: Slave Religion and Black Theology
Hopkins contends that the lives of enslaved African Americans were the foundational source of liberating faith and practice for African Americans today. Down, Up, and Over draws on their religious experience, and the example of their faith and witness, to develop a constructive theology of liberation. "African American belief structures and hope practices blossom from the black folk's religious encounters with God," Hopkins contends. The first half of his ambitious work reconstructs the cultural matrix of African American religion-a total way of life formed by Protestantism, American culture, and the institution of slavery (1619-1865)-in which racial identities developed. Whites from Europe and blacks from Africa arrived with specific, differing views of God, faith, practice, and humanity. Hopkins recreates their worldviews and how white theology sought to remake African Americans into naturally inferior beings divinely ordained into subservience. The counter voice of enslaved blacks begets the Spirit of Liberation. Tracking that Spirit, Hopkins crafts an explicit black theology of the Spirit of Liberation for us (God, chapter 4), with us (Jesus, chapter 5), and in us (human purpose, chapter 6). Out of the crucible of slavery emerges the lineaments of a constructive religious vision: the constitution of a new self and a divinely purposed "liberation toward full spiritual and material humanity." Hopkins sweeping vision, impressive scholarship, and astute social analysis make for a fascinating and important volume, one that can help all readers find meaning and purpose in the daunting 350-year pilgrimage of African Americans.
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Knowledge of GodEpistemologyHow Does God Reveal?
The Attributes of God
JesusThe Spirit of Total Liberation with Us
The Goal of Liberation with Us
The Road to the Goal
Fruit of the Journey
Architecture of Slavery Churches
From Sundown to Sunup The African American CoConstitutes the Black Self
Seizing Sacred Domains
A Divine Right to Resist
Creating a Syncretized Religion
Constructive Black Theology The Spirit of Liberation
GodThe Spirit of Total Liberation for Us
The Acts of GodEthicsWhat Does God Do?
The Being of GodOntologyWho Is God?
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African Traditional Religion American culture American Slave Anti-Slavery biblical black body black theology black workers bondage Boston Public Library Cade Library Archives chattel Christ Christian co-constitution Common Wealth created creation demonic divine earth emancipation enslaved African Americans enslaved blacks evil ex-slave faith Five Black Lives Five Slave Narratives former chattel former slave Frederick Douglass full humanity full spiritual Georgia gift goal God's grace Henry Bibb Hill Memorial Library History of Slavery holy Jesus labor language least in society Lord Lucy Delaney master material humanity Negro norm one's oppressed oppressor person plantation plantation owners poor prayer privilege Protestantism and American racial cultural identity religion religious ritual sacred Slave Narratives slavemasters slavery churches social space Spirit of liberation Spirit of total spiritual and material struggle for liberation tion total liberation Unwritten History voice West African whip white Christians white supremacy word Yahweh
Page 14 - Being thus arrived in a good harbor, and brought safe to land, they fell upon their knees and blessed the God of Heaven who had brought them over the vast and furious ocean, and delivered them from all the perils and miseries thereof, again to set their feet on the firm and stable earth, their proper element.
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