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him a penny.
of the dead. 18 But Jesus perceived their 25 Now, there were with us wickedness, f and said, Why seven brethren; and the first, tempt ye me, ye hypocrites ? when he had married a wife,
19 Shew me the tribute-mo- deceased; and having no isney. And they brought unto suegi left his wife unto his
brother: 20 And he saith unto them, 26 Likewise the second also, Whose is this image and super- and the third, unto the seventh. seription ? g
27 And last of all the wo21 They say unto him, Ce- man died also. sar's. Then saith he unto 28 Therefore, in the resurthem, Render, therefore, unto rection, whose wife shall she Cesar the things which are Ce- be of the seven ? for they all sar's; and unto God the things had her. that are God's.
29 Jesus answered and said 22 When they had heard unto them, Ye do err, not these words they marvelled, knowing the scriptures nor the and left him, and went their power of God. way.
30 For in the resurrection 23 | The same day came they neither marry nor are to him the Sadducees, h which given in marriage; but are as say that there is no resurrec- the angels of God in heaven. tion, and asked him,
31 But, as touchingj the 24 Saying, Master, Moses resurrection of the dead, K have said, If a man die, having no ye not read that which was children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed i Issue, children. unto his brother.
As touching, concerning. k Resurrection, &c. In the 31 and
32d verses our Saviour is reasoning to of Tbeir wickedness consisted in en- shew there was a future state, which deavouring, by indirect questions, to the Sadducees denied. Jesus told induce Jesus to tell them whether it them, that God proclaimed himself were lawful for the Jews to obey the the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, Roman emperor,or whether he him. long after they had been dead, (see self had come to be their temporal Exodus iii. 6.) which he could not prince to relieve them from the yoke have done, unless they still existed in of their enemies.
a future state ; for he could not with & Image and superscription. The any propriety style himself the God current coin at this time in Judea of those who were finally dead, or had the head of Cesar and his name did not exist; he can be a God only impressed upon it; the piece of mo- of those who live either in this or a Dey here called a penny, was a Ro- future state; therefore the Sadducees man coin, in value about 14 cents. might have understood from the Old
b Sadducees, a Jewish sect, who Testament, which they believed, that denied the resurrection of the dead, there was a future state, and might and that there were angels or spirits be a resurrection.
Sadducees confuted. S. Matthew. Pharisees exposed. spoken unto you by God, say- 43 He saith unto them, How ing,
then doth David in spirit call 32 I am the God of Abra- him Lord, n saying, ham, and the God of Isaac, 44 The Lord said unto my and the God of Jacob? God Lord, Sit thou on my right is not God of the dead, but of hand, till I make thine enethe living;
mies thy footstool ? 33 And when the multitude 45 If David then call him beard this they were astonish- Lord, how is he his son ? ed at his doctrine. /
46 And no man was able to * 34 9 But when the Phari- answer him a word ; neither sees had heard that he had put durst any man, from that day the Sadducees to silence they forth, ask him any more queswere gathered together. tions.
35 Then one of them, which CHAP. XXIII. was a lawyer, asked him a 1 The scribes' and Pharisees question, tempting him, and good doctrine, but evil exsaying,
amples of life. 34 The des36 Master, which is the truction of Jerusalen foregreat commandment in the told. law ?
THEN spake Jesus to the 37 Jesus said unto him, multitude, and to his disciples, Thou shalt love the Lord thy 2 Saying, the seribes and God with all thy heart, and the Pharisees sit in Moses' with all thy soul, and with all seat. a
3 All, therefore, whatsoev38 This is the first and er they bid you observe, that great commandment.
observe and do ; but do not ye 39 And the second is like after their works; for they unto it, Thou
halt love thy say, and do not. neighbour as thyself.
4 For they bind heavy bur40 On these two command- dens, and grievous to be borne, ments hang m all the law and and lay them on men's shoulthe prophets.
ders; but they themselves will 41 T While the Pharisees not move them with one of were gathered together, Jesus their fingers. b asked them,
5 But all their works they 42 Saying, What think ye do for to be seen of men; they of Christ ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The son of
m See Psalm cx. David.
a Moses' seat, the chair of Moses, 1 Doctrine, instruction.
b Burdens, &c. which they theme m Hang, depend.
selves will not put a finger to.
against hypocrites. make broad their phylacteriesc them that are entering to go in. and enlarge the borders d of 14 Wo unto you, scribes their garments,
and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for 6 And love the uppermost ye devour widows' houses, and rooms at feasts, and the chief for a pretence make long seats in the synagogues,
prayer; therefore ye shall re7 And greetings in the mar- ceive the greater damnation. kets,e and to be called of men, 15 Wo unto you, scribes and Rabbi, Rabbi.f
Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye 8 But be not ye called Rab- compass h sea and land to make bi; for one is your Master, one proselyte;i and when he even Christ; and all ye are is made, ye make him two-fold brethren.
more the child of hell than 9 And call no man your fa- yourselves. ther upon the earth ; for one 16 Wo unto you, ye blind is your Father, which is in guides !j which say, Whosoheaven.
ever shall swear by the tem10 Neither be ye called ple, it is nothing; but whosoMasters; for one is your Mas- ever shall swear by the gold ter, even Christ.
of the temple, he is a debtor.k 11 But he that is greatest 17 Ye fools, and blind ! for among you shall be your ser- whether is greater, the gold, vant.
or the temple that sanctifieth 12 And whosoever shall ex- the gold? alt himself shall be abased 18 And, Whosoever shall and he that shall humble him- swear by the altar, it is no, self shall be exalted.
thing; but whosoever swear13 | But wo unto you, eth by the gift that is upon it, seribes and Pharisees, hypo- he is guilty. crites ! for ye shut up the 19 Ye fools, and blind! for kingdom of heaven against whether is greater the gift, or men ; for ye neither go in the altar that sanctifieth the yourselves, neither suffer ye gift?
20 Whoso, therefore, shall c Pbylacteries, scrolls of parchment,
swear by the altar, sweareth containing sentences of the Mosaic Law, bound to the forehead and by it, and by all things thereon. wrists. Deut. vi. 8. xi. 18.
21 And whoso shall swear d Borders, &c. See Numb. xv. 38. by the temple, sweareth by it, Deut. xxij. 12.
& Greetings, to be honoured with b Compass, ye traverse or pass over respect in public places.
sea and land. f To be called Rabbi, Rabbi, and i Proselyte, a convert to Judaism. to be called by men, master, master, j Blind guides, false teachers. at every word.
k He is a debtor ; he is bound to & Abased, shall be humblech
regard his oach.
Concerning outward S. Matthew.
appearances. and by him that dwelleth beautiful outward, but are therein.
within full of dead men's 22 And he that shall swear bones, and of all uncleanness. by heaven, sweareth by the 28 Even so ye also outwardthrone of God, and by him that ly appear righteous unto men, sitteth thereon.
but within ye are full of hy23 Wo unto you,scribes and pocrisy and iniquity. Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye 29 Wo unto you, scribes and pay tithe l of mint, and anise, Pharisees, hypocrites! because and cummin, and have omitted ye build the tombs of the prothe weightier matters of the phets, and garnishn the sepullaw, judgment, mercy, and chres of the righteous, faith; these ought ye to have 30 And
If we had been done, and not to leave the oth in the days of our fathers, we er undone.
would not have been partakers 24 Ye blind guides! which with them in the blood o of the strain at a gnatm and swallow prophets. & camel.
31 Wherefore ye be witness25 Wo unto you, scribes and es unto yourselves, that ye are Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye the children of them which make clean the outside of the killed the prophets. cap and of the platter, but 32 Fill ye up then the mea. within they are full of extor- sure of your fathers. tion and excess.
33 Ye serpents, ye genera26 Thou blind Pharisee ! tion of vipers ! how can ye cleanse first that which is with- escape the
damnation of hell ? in the cup and platter, that the 34 Wherefore, behold, I outside of them may be clean send unto you prophets, and also.
wise men, and scribes; and 27 Wo unto you, scribes and some of them ye shall kill and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye erucify; and some of them are like unto whited sepul- shall ye scourge in your synachres, which indeed appear gogues, and persecute them
from city to eity; ! Tithe was a tax of one tenth part all the righteous blood shed
35 That upon you may come of income, which the Jews devoted to God. The Pharisees were scru- upon the earth, from the blood pulously exact in the observance of of righteous Abel unto the ceremonies, but negligent of the du- blood of Zacharias, son of Baties of humanity, and the love of God. rachias, whom ye slew between
ich strain at a gnat, &c. In the temple and the altar. this verse our Saviour tells the Pha. risees, ye affect to be scrupulous about trifles, but disregard things of n Garnish, adorn. the greatest importance
o The blood, in killing.
Jerusatem's destruction. Chap. xxiv. Calamities before it.
36 Verily I say unto yon, these things be ? and what All these things shall come shall be the sign of thy comupon this generation.
ing, and of the end of the 37 0 Jerusalem, Jerusalem, world ? thou that killest the prophets, 4 And Jesus answered and and stonest them which are said unto them, Take heed sent unto thee, how
often would that no man deceive you: I have gathered thy children
shall come in together, even as a hen gather- my name saying, I am Christ; eth her chickens under her and shall deceive many. wings, and ye would not! 6 And ye shall hear of wars,
38 Behold, your house is and rumours of wars; see that left unto you desolate.
ye be not troubled ; for all 39 For I say unto you, Ye these things must come to pass, shall not see me henceforth, but the end is not yet. till ye shall say, Blessed is he ng For nation shall rise athat cometh in the name of the gainst nation, and kingdom Lord.
against kingdom; and there CHAP. XXIV. shall be famines, and pestilen1 The destruction of the tem- ces, and earthquakes, in di
ple foretold. 29 Of Christ's vers places. coming to judgment.
8 All these are the beginAND Jesus went out, and ning of sorrows. departed from the temple; and 9 Then shall they deliver his disciples came to him, for you up to be afflicted, and to shew him the buildings of shall kill you ; and ye shall
be hated of all nations for my 2 And Jesus said unto them, name's sake. See ye not all these things ? 10 And then shall many be Verily I say unto you, There offended, and shall betray one shall not be left here one stone another, and shall hate one upon another, that shall not another. be thrown down.
11 And many false prophets 3 [ And, as he sat upon shall rise, and shall deceive the mount of Olives, a the dis- many. ciples came unto him private- 12 And because iniquity ly, saying, Tell us, when shall shall abound, the love of many
shall wax cold. a Mount of Olives, or Mount Olivet, 13 But he that shall endure was a little more than half a mile unto the end, the same shall east of Jerusalem, and separated from be saved. it by the valley of Jehoshaphat, through which run the brook Ki
14 And this Gospel of the dron. From the top of this moun- kingdom shall be preached in zain our Saviour ascended into heaven. all the world, for a witness