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Lapland to the 55th deg., 1300; in
Brandenburg, between the 52nd and
54th deg., 2000; in Piedmont, be-
tween the 43rd and 46th deg., 2800;
nearly 4000 in Jamaica, which is be-
tween the 17th and 19th degree; in
Madagascar, situated between the
13th and 14th deg., under the
Tropic of Capricorn, more than
5000.
New Monthly Mag.

THE JACK TREE.

Ir is a singular circumstance respecting this tree, which is, perhaps, not generally known, that it produces its fruit at the same time from the boughs and the stem, and from that part of the trunk which is under ground, where the natives find it upon digging. The fruit dug up in this way is reckoned the best, and the time of its maturity is known, from the ground over it cracking and opening. This tree which is one of the most beautiful and useful in the universe, has not been long known to European botanists. Its foliage is very close and shady, and the leaf bears some resemblance to the laurel. The fruit is of a most extraordinary size, and conceals a wholesome and sweet pulp, interspersed with small kernels called jack nuts, of an exquisite flavour and nutritious quality. The natives of some of the hills of India use these kernels as bread.

THE DRIPPING TREE.

In Cockburn's voyages we find the following account of a dripping tree, near the mountain of Fera Pag, in America. "On the morning of the fourth day we came out on a large plain where were great numbers of fine deer; and in the middle stood a tree of unusual size, spreading its branches over a vast compass of ground. Curiosity led us up to it. We had perceived, at some distance off, the ground about it to be wet, at which we began to be somewhat surprised, well knowing there had fallen no rain for near six months past, according to the certain course of the season in that latitude. At last to our great astonishmeut as well as joy, we saw water dripping, or as it were, distilling, first-from the end of every leaf of this wonderful (nor had it been amiss if I had said miraculous) tree at least it was so with respect to us, who had been labouring four days through extreme heat, without

receiving the least moisture, and were now almost expiring for the want of it. We could not help looking on this as liquor sent from heaven to comfort us under our extremity. We catched what we could of it in our hands, and drank very plentifully of it; and liked it so well, that we could hardly prevail upon ourselves to give over. A matter of this nature could not but incite us to make the strictest observations concerning it; and accordingly we staid under the tree near three hours, and found we could not fathom its body in five times."

THE CHATODON ROSTRATUS. This fish is a native of the fresh waters of India, and is celebrated for the extraordinary manner in which it takes its prey, which principally consists of the smaller kind of flying insects. When it observes one of these, either hovering over the water, or seated on some aquatic plant, it shoots against it, from its tubular snout, a drop of water, with so sure an aim as generally to lay it dead, or at least stupified on the surface. In shooting at a sitting insect, it is commonly observed to approach within the distance of from six to four feet, before it explodes the water. When kept in a state of confinement in a large vessel of water, it is said to afford high entertainment by its dexterity in this exercise, since if a fly or other insect be fastened to the edge of the vessel, the fish immediately perceives it, and continues to shoot at it, with such admirable skill as very rarely to miss the mark.

URIM AND THUMMIM.

There was a remarkable imitation of this sacred ornament among the Egyptians; for we learn from Diodorus (lib. i. p 68. ed. Rhod.) and from

hian (Var. Hist. Z. xiv. c. 34) that "their chief priest, who was also their supreme judge in civil matters, wore about his neck, by a golden chain, an ornament of precious stones, called TRUTH, and that a cause was not opened till the supreme judge had put on this ornament."

THE MOOSE DEER.

The perfect head, (with the horns attached and twelve teeth perfect in each jaw,) and other bones of a Moose Deer, have very lately been dug out of the bog at Killinew, in the county of Meath, Ireland.

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The famous astronomer Piazzi, Director of the Observatories at Naples and Palermo, and the discoverer of the planet Ceres, died at Naples on the 22d of July, at the age of eighty years.

LITERARY NOVELTIES.

mirable work upon that bitherto nearly unknown quarter of the globe will appear, we understand, in the course of the present month, in 8vo.

M. Larrey, the well-known French surgeon, lately presented to the Academy of medicine in Paris, the heart of a man who, in a fit of derangement produced by grief, stabbed Major Denham, the enterprising himself with a watchmaker's file. and successful explorer of Central After having penetrated several Africa, has arrived in Paris from Viinches, the instrument broke off enna. A second edition of his adlevel with the skin. The unhappy being was conveyed to an hospital, where it was determined that no operation could be attempted. He survived for twenty-one days, in but little pain, and without feeling any difficulty in changing his position. On opening the body, it was seen with surprise that the file had not only pierced the pericardium, and one of the coats of the heart, but that, entering that organ at three inches from the point, it had passed obliquely, from the left to the right, and from the lower to the higher part; crossing the left cavity, the middle membrane, and the right cavity!

MAGNETISM.

M. Poisson, the mathematician, has been lately engaged in studying the nature of the magnetic fluids. He has established, that, besides the effects produced in the interior of bodies by the magnetic fluids (austral and boreal) when they are at rest, there are others which are pro

The MSS. left by the late Mr. Jefferson in a condition prepared for publication, are said to be a Memoir of his own Life and Times, three volumes of Anas, and twelve or fifteen volumes of Correspondence.

The Rev. John Mitford has nearly ready for publication a volume of devotional poetry, entitled, Sacred Specimens, selected from the early English Poets, with prefatory Verses. The work will contain extracts on religious subjects from many scarce publications, commencing from the year 1565.

NEW PUBLICATIONS.

A Sermon occasioned by the decease of the Rev. J. Proud, 8vo. Is. Fyfe's Manual of Chemistry, 7s. Bekker's Plato, with variorum Notes, 11 vols. 10 10s. bds. Newton on the Prophecies, 14s.

Obituary.

DIED on Sunday, September the 3rd 1826, Mr. Edward Melling, of Upholland. This gentleman was one of the earliest receivers in this part of Lancashire. He became acquainted with the doctrines through the medium of Mr. J. Bugby, 30 years ago. In the early part of his life he was inclined to Methodism, but since his reception of the New Jerusalem Doctrines, he was ever willing to proclaim their superiority. This worthy and affectionate man was universally beloved and respected. A funeral sermon was delivered on the 10th instant by Mr. Sheldon of Liverpool, to about 100 persons, at Upholland.

On Saturday Morning September 9, 1826, at his house, King Street, St. James's Square, London, after a few days illness, Mr. John Presland, in the 52d year of his age. This worthy and excellent man had been a receiver of the heavenly doctrines above 30 years. The way in which Mr. P. became acquainted with the Doctrines was rather singular. His father, we believe, belonged to a Dissenting body of Christians in Essex, and about 34 years ago came to London on a visit to a friend. During the time of his stay in the Metropolis, his friend took him to hear a variety of preachers, and among the rest to hear the Rev. James Hindmarsh, who then preached the doctrines of the New Jerusalem in East Cheap. The Sermon made a powerful impression upon the mind of Mr. Presland, and he observed to his friend, that although he had been connected with a religious body all his life, he never heard the TRUTH till then. Upon his return home to his family, he related what he had heard, and his eldest son, John, the subject of our present memoir, then about 18 years of age, was much delighted with his father's account of what he had heard. Shortly after this period, the subject of our memoir came to London to reside, and went to hear Mr. Hindmarsh. From that time he began to read the works of Swedenborg, and became a most cordial receiver and promoter of the heavenly doctrines. Mr. Presland was a most liberal supporter of most of the institutions connected with the New Church. He was a man of strict integrity and virtue, and perhaps no man has adorned the doctrines by a religious life more than our departed friend. He was a most affectionate husband-a kind and indulgent parent-the true christian, and the sincere friend. The Rev. S. Noble preached, on the occasion, an impressive discourse, in Hanover Street Chapel, on Sunday, September 24th, in which he observed, after giving a short sketch of the life of Mr. P. that he thought the words of his text might safely be applied to him, "Behold an Israelite indeed in whom is no guile." John i. 47. Reader! time is short-every moment is precious! "Go, and do thou likewise."

POETRY.

MISSIONARY HYMN,

Composed by the late Bishop of Calcutta, and set to Music by Mr. Wesley, organist in ordinary to his Majesty, recently published for the benefit of the Church Missionary Society.

FROM Greenland's icy mountains

From India's coral strand,
Where Afric's sunny fountains

Roll down their golden sand:
From many an ancient river,
From many a palmy plain,

They call us to deliver

Their land from error's chain.

What though the spicy breezes
Blow soft o'er Ceylon's Isle ;
Though every prospect pleases,
And only man is vile-
In vain with lavish kindness
The gifts of God are strewn ;
The heathen in their blindness
Bow down to wood and stone.
Shall we, whose souls are lighted
By wisdom from on high,
Shall we to man benighted,'
The lamp of life deny ?
Salvation! O Salvation!
The joyful sound proclaim,
Till each remotest nation
Has learnt Messiah's name.

Waft, waft, ye winds, his story,
And you ye waters roll,
Till, like a sea of glory,

It spreads from pole to pole;
Till o'er our ransom'd nature,
The Lamb for sinners slain,
Redeemer, King, Creator,
In bliss returns to reign.

SONNET TO TIME.

FAIN Would I disabuse thee, mighty Power!
From wailings of the melancholy brood
Who deem thine influence devoid of good,
And chide with each successive, silent hour
That comes eventless: and when Fate doth lower,
Think not of patience. All things tell of thee-
The mossy glory of the aged tree,

And the gray pall of ivy-cinctured tower.
Thine is the key of History's marble page—
The halo that the head of Genius crowns-

The wonders of the dim, dismantled age

The breath that long-forgotten scrolls embrownsThe crumbling touch of withering decay

The changes of a year-the chances of a day.

THE

NEW JERUSALEM MAGAZINE,

AND

Theological Inspector.

NOVEMBER, 1826.

To the Editors of the New Jerusalem Magazine. GENTLEMEN,

The late Dr. Watson, bishop of Landaff, (whose talents as an advocate and defender of the christian religion are too generally known and appreciated to require the eulogy of the person who now addresses you) was so esteemed amongst the most exalted personages in the state, that no surprise can be excited by his opinions being sought after and regarded by those who even differed with him as to principles, but who, nevertheless were glad to avail themselves of his discriminating judgment on subjects most intimately connected with the best interests of our happy constitution. Restricting, however, my observations to his illustrious character as a learned divine, I apprehend his apology for christianity addressed to the sceptical Gibbon, and his "Apology for the Bible," intended, as it proved to be a complete antidote to the vulgar ribaldry of that implacable but impotent infidel Thomas Paine, will be read with intense delight by every true and sincere christian, and will occupy a niche in the temple of fame, when these adversaries of truth shall be consigned to their merited oblivion.

Amongst the number of the bishop's familiar correspondents and admirers of his luminous talents was the late Duke of Grafton, whose mind, there is too much reason to suspect was infected with the fertile but specious dogmata of modern Unitarianism. Dissatisfied most probably with the errors he had embraced, the Duke felt desirous to avail himself of this worthy prelate's advice on the momentous subject of his eternal salvaltion, and in the year 1801; a correspondence was commenced between these two exalted characters, which it is to be hoped ultimately proved No. 11.-VOL. I.

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