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S E R M O N XVIII.
The Liberty of Believers, opened and stated.
John viii. 36. “ If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye
“ Thall be free indeed,"

379
S E R M O N XIX.
The Saints coming Home to God, by Reconciliation, and

Glorification, opened and applied. I Pet. iii. 18. “ For Christ hath once suffered for sins, the just “ for the unjust, that he might bring us to God,"

388 S E R M Ο Ν XX. The great usefulness of the Law or Word of God, in or

der to the Application of Christ. Rom. vii.9. For I was alive without the law once ; but when “ the commandment came, sin revived, and I died,” 397

S E R M ON XXI. Rom. vii.

9. “ For I was alive without the law once," & Co 405

S E R M ON XXII.
The Teachings of God opened, in their Nature and Ne-

cessity.
John vi. 45. “ It is written in the Prophets, And they shall be

“ all taught of God. Every man therefore thar hath beard,
“ and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me,” 417

S E R MON XXIII.
John vi. 45. “It is written in the Prophets,” &c.

429 S E R M Ο Ν XXIV. Of the Manner, and Importance of the Spirit's Indwelling. I John iii. 24. “ -„And hereby we know that he abideth in * us, by the Spirit which he hath given us,"

440 S E R M ON XXV. Of the Nature and Necessity of the New Creature. 2 Cor. v. 17. “ Therefore if any mao be in Christ, he is a new “ creature: old things are passed away ; behold, all things are become new,"

S E R Μ Ο Ν XXVI. 2 Cor. v. 17.

" Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new “ creature," doc.

473 S E R M ON XXVII, Of the Nature, Principle, and Necessity, of Mortification.

“ And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts,"

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Gal. v. 24

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Τ Η Ε É Ó UNTAIN OF LIÊ E. bricana acanau

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SERMON

XXXVIII.

Wherein four weighty Ends of Christ's Humiliation

are opened, and particularly applied. Isa. liii. 2. He fall see the travail of his soul, and be satisfied.

E are now arrived at the last particular which we design.

ed to speak to in Christ's state of humiliation, namely, the designs and blessed ends for which he was so deeply abafed. It is ioconlistent with the prudence of a common agent, to be at vast expences of time, pains, and cost, and not to propound to himfelf a design worthy of all those expences. And it is much less imaginable, that Christ should so stupendously abase himself, by stooping from the bosom of his Father to the state of the dead, where our lalt difconrse left him, if there had por been some excellent, and glorious thing in his eye, the attaioment whereof, might give him a content and satisfaction, equivalent to all the forrows, and abasements, he endured for it.

And so much is plainly held forth in this scripture, “ He shall « see the travail of his soul, and be satisfied.” In which words three things fall under our consideration.

First, The travailing pangs of Christ. So the agonies of his foul, and torments of his body are fitly called, not only because of the sharpness and acuteness of them, being in that respect, like birth-pangs of a travailing woman, for fo this * word significs, but also because they fore-run, and make way for the birth, which abundantly recompences all those labours. I shall not here infift upon the pangs and agonies endured by Christ in the garden, or upon the cross, which the prophet ftiles “ the travail of his “ foul," haviog, in the former fermons, opened it largely in its particulars, but pass to the

305, www, This word fignifies both the birth and pain attend. ing it. Strigel. VOL. II.

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Second Thing considerable in these words; and that is the ajured fruits and effects of this his travail; he fall see the travail of his soul. By seeing, understand the fruition, obtainment, or enjoyment of the end of his sufferings. He shall not shed his blood upon an hazard : his design hall not milcarry; but he shall certainly see the ends he aimed at accom. plished.

And Thirdly, This shall yield him great fatisfaction : as a

woman forgets her forrow, for joy that a man is born into “ the world,” John xvi. 21. he shall see it, and be satisfied. As God, when he had finished the work of creation, viewed that his work with pleasure and satisfaction; so doth our exal. ted Redeemer, with great contentment, behold the happy ifTues of his hard sufferings. It affords pleasure to a man to fee great affairs, by orderly conduct, brought to happy issues. Much inore doth it yield delight to Jesus Christ, to see the results of that most profound wisdom and love, wherein he carried ou redemption-work. All runs into this doctrine.

: Doct. That all the blessed designs and ends for which the Lord

Jesus Christ humbled himself to the death of the cross, shall certainly be attained, to his full content and satisfaction.

MY present business is not to prove, that Christ shall cere tainly obtain what he died for ; nor to open the

great satisfacti. on and pleasure which will arise to him out of those issues of his death, but to point at the principal ends of his death; making fome brief improvements as we pass along.

First, Then let us enquire into the designs and ends of Christ's humiliation, at least the main and principal ones; and we shall find, that as the sprinkling of the typical blood in the Old Testament was done for four weighty ends or uses, anfwerably, the precious and invaluable blood of the Teftator and furety of the New Testament is shed for four weighty ends also.

First, That blood was shed and applied to deliver from danger ; Exod. xii. 13. 66 And the blood shall be to you

for + token upon the houses where you are ; and when I see “ the blood, I will pass over you : and the plague Mall oot be

upon you, to destroy you when I smite the land of Egypt.”

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+ The Jews implicitly acknowledged by this ceremony, that they were to be liberated from eternal death by the blood of the Messiale Vatab,

Secondly, That blood was shed to make an atonement betwixt God and the people; Lev. iv. 20. ." And he shall do with the “ bullock as he did with the bullock for a lin-offering ; so thall " he do with this; and the priest Mall make an atonement for “ them, and it shall be forgiven them."

Thirdly, That blood was shed to purify persons from their ceremonial pollutions, Lev. xiv. 6. 7. “ He Mall dip the cedar " wood, and scarlet, and hyllop, with the living bird, in the “ blood of the bird that was killed over the running water, and " he shall sprinkle upon him that is to be cleanled from the " leprofy seven times * ; and shall pronounce him clean, and ** Thall let the living bird loose in the open field.”

Fourthly, That # blood was shed to ratify and confirm the testament or covenant of God with the people, Exod. xxiv. 8. " And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people and “ said, behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord hath " made with you concerning all these words." These were the four main ends for shedding, and sprinkling that typical blood. Suitably, there are four principal ends for thedding and applying Christ's blood. As that typical blood was saed to deliver from danger, fo this was Med to deliver from wrath, even the wrath to come. That was shed to make an atonement, so was this. That was shed to purify persons from uncleanness, fo was this. That was shed to confirm the Testament, so was this.

As will appear in the following particulars more at large.

First, One principal design and end of shedding the blood of Christ was to deliver his people from danger, the danger of that wrath which burns down to the lowest hell. So you find, i Ther, i. 10. “ Even Jesus who delivered us from the wrath to come: Here our mifery is both specified and aggravated. Specified, in calling it wrath, a word of deep and dreadful signification. The damned beft understand the importance of that word. And aggravated, in calling it wrath to come, or coming wrath. Wrath to come implies both the futurity and perpetuity of this wrath. It is wrath that shall certainly and inevitably come upon sianers. As sure as the night follows the day. As füre as the winter follows the summer, so Thall wrath follow sin, and the pleasures thereof. Yea, it is not only certainly future, but when

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* Seven times, Signifies perfect expiation ; this number was consecrated to denote perfection. Menoch.

† The shedding and sprinkling of blood fignifies that the covenant would be sure and table, eyen with the hazard of life. Rivet.

it comes it will be abiding wrath, or wrath ftill coming.. When millions of years and ages are past and gone, this will still be wrath to come. Ever coming as a river ever flowing.

Now, from this wrath to come, hath Jesus delivered his people by his death. For that was the price laid down for their redemption from the wrath of the great and terrible God, Rom. v. 9. " Much more then being justified by his blood, we shall “ be saved' from wrath through him.” The blood of Jesus was the price that ransomed man from this wrath. And it was shed not only to deliver them from wrath ta come, but to deliver them freely, fully, distinguishingly, and wonderfully from it.

Fird, Freely, by his own voluntary interposition and fufception of the mediatorial office, moved thereunte by his owo bowels of compassion; which yearned over his elect in their misery 1. The faints were once a lost generation, that had fold themselves, and their inheritance also; and had not wherewithal to redeem either : but they had a near kinsman (even their elder brother by the mother's side) to whom the right of redemption did belang; who being a mighty man of wealth, the heir of all things, undertook to be their Goell; and out of his own proper substance to redeem both them and their inheritance. Them to be his owo inheritance, Eph. i. 1o.

And heaven to be theirs, 1 Pet. i. 4. All this he did most freely, when none made fupplication to him. No sighing of the prifoners came before him. He designed it for us before we had a being. And when the purposes of his grace were come to their parturient fulness, then did he freely lay out the infinite treasures of his blood to purchase our deliverance from wrath.

Secondly, Christby death hath delivered his people fully. A full deliverance it is, both in respect of time and degrees. A full deliverance in respect of time. It was not a reprieve, but a deliverance. He thought it not worth the shedding of his blood to refpite the execution for a while. Nay, in the procurement of their eternal deliverance from wrath, and in the purchase of their eternal inheritance, he hath but an even bargain, not a jot more than his blood was worth. Therefore is he become “ the author of (eternal falvation) to them that obey him,' Heb. v. 9. And as it is full in respect of time, so likewise in respect of degrees. He died not to procure a mitigation or abatement of the rigour or feverity of the sentence, but to refcue his people fully from all degrees of wrath. So that there

See Mr. Case's Mount Pisgah, p. 85.

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