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IT has long been desired by the friends of Mr. Edwards that a number of his manuscripts should be published ; but the disadvantage under which all posthumous publications must necessarily appear, and the difficulty of getting any considerable work printed in this infant country hitherto, have proved sufficient obstacles to the execution of such a proposal. The first of these obstacles made me doubt, for a considerable time after these manuscripts came into my hands, whether I could, consistently with that regard which I owe to the honor of so worthy a parent, suffer any of them to appear in the world. However, being diffident of my own sentiments, and doubtful whether I were not over jealous in this matter, I determined to submit to the opinion of gentlemen, who are friends both to the character of Mr. EDw ARDs and to the cause of truth. The consequence was, that they gave their advice for publishing them. The other obstacle was removed by a gentleman in the church of Scotland, who was formally a correspondent of Mr. Edwards. He engaged a bookseller to undertake the work, and also signified his desire, that these following discourses in particular might be made public. Mr. EDw ARDs had planned a body of divinity, in a new method, and in the form of a history; in which he was first to show, how the most remarkable events, in all ages from the fall to the present times, recorded in sacred and profane history, were adapted to promote the work of redemption; and then to trace, by the light of scripture prophecy, how the same work should be yet further carried on even to the end of the world. His heart was so much set on executing this plan, that he was considerably averse to accept the presidentship of
Princeton college, lest the duties of that office should put it out of his power.
* The outlines of that work are now offered to the public, as contained in a series of sermons, preached at Northampton in 1739,” without any view to publication. On that account, the reader cannot reasonably expect all that from them, which he might justly have expected, had they been written with such a view, and prepared by the Author's own hand for the press. As to elegance of composition, which is now esteemed so essential to all publications, it is well known, that the Author did not make that his chief study. However, his other writings, though destitute of the ornaments of fine language, have it seems that solid merit, which has procured both to themselves and to him a considerable reputation in the world, and with many an high esteem. It is hoped that the reader will find in these discourses many traces of plain good sense, sound reasoning, and thorough knowledge of the sacred oracles, and real unfeigned piety; and that, as the plan is new, and many of the sentiments uncommon, they may afford entertainment and improvement to the ingenious, the inquisitive, and the pious reader ; may confirm their faith in God's government of the world, in our holy Christian religion in general, and in many of its peculiar doctrines; may assist in studying with greater pleasure and advantage the historical and prophetical books of scripture; and may excite to a conversation becoming the gospel. That this volume may produce these happy effects in all who shall peruse it is the hearty desire and prayer of The reader’s most humble servant,
JONATHAN EDWARDS. JWewhaven, Feb. 25, 1773.
* This is necessary to be remembered by the reader, in order to understand some chronological observations in the following work.
4. Present state of things with regard to the success of the gospel, - - 31 o
The particular manner in which this success is accomplished, - - - ibid.
R E D E M PT I O N.
ISAIAH li. 8.
For THE MOTH SHALL EAT. THEM UP LIKE A GARMENT,
THE design of this chapter is to comfort the church under
her sufferings, and the persecutions of her enemies; and the ar
gument of consolation insisted on, is, the constancy and perpetuity of God’s mercy and faithfulness towards her, which shall. be manifest in continuing to work salvation for her, protecting her against all assaults of her enemies, and carrying her safely
* - through all the changes of the world, and finally crowning her
with victory and deliverance.
In the text, this happiness of the church of God is set forth “by comparing it with the contrary fate of her enemies that oppress her. And therein we may observe, 1. How short lived the power and prosperity of the church's enemies is : The moth shall eat them us, like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool; i.e. however great their prosperi
...ty is, and however great their present glory, they shall by de
grees consume and vanish away by a secret curse of God, till
they come to nothing ; and all their power and glory, and so
their persecutions, eternally cease, and they be finally and irre
coverably ruined: As the finestand most glorious apparel will in Vol. I. B