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contradicts it, even though it be received upon the authority of a St Paul or a St John-i.e. the Gospel is to be employed practically as the canon and standard for all its later historical accretions. He who cannot see eye to eye with me in these two conditions had better leave my book unread; for even if he were to read it, he would not understand why I have been obliged to write so many passages in the style of a polemical pamphlet rather than in that of a purely

historical essay.


BASEL, December 1900.


The publication of my work in an English translation is especially gratifying to me, for it is indebted in more than one place to English thought. I consider myself fortunate in having made the acquaintance of Thomas Carlyle while I was still a student at the University.

He has become my leader and the leader of many of my friends. Here and there in this book the English reader will perhaps catch an echo of certain passages in Carlyle's writings.

The translation strictly follows the German edition of 1900. It is only the first two chapters about Jesus which have been altered, and that merely so far as to make them correspond with statements contained in the author's later publications.


BASEL, February 1903.

of death. Sin and its source. The ultimate

results of pessimism. The crisis : Jesus the

Redeemer. The roots of the Pauline Chris-

tology. The proof of the love of God. The

dawn of the world to come. The Son of God

from heaven. St Paul and Jesus. The redemp-

tion of believers. The source of the doctrine of

redemption. Theory of experienced phenomena.

The redemptive power. The miraculous powers.

Knowledge. The Spirit of prayer. The ethical

manifestations of the Spirit. The Spirit of God

and the Spirit of Christ. The means of salva-

tion. Faith. The Word. The Church. The

Sacraments. Hindrances in the way of salva-

tion and their removal. The hindrances. The

struggle. Faith. Hope. The certainty of

salvation. Theory of the postulates concerning

the future. The outlines of the Pauline escha-

tology. The problems. Result of the theology

of redemption



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