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the appearance of bread and wine in Melchisedech, all figures now fulfilled, under our eyes : this is the reason of having those three great patriarchs selected from the host of true adorers, who by faith haye offered their oblations, and made their vows in. spirit and in truth.

Then bowing down before the altar, in the posture of humility, the celebrant prays that the “ Almighty God would command these things to be carried by the hands of his holy angel to his altar on high, in the sight of his divine majesty."

There are two explanations given of this prayer. One by Le Brun and a number of authors whom he, cites, in which it is stated that the angel here men. tioned is “ the angel of the New Testament," " the messenger of glad tidings,” Jesus Christ himself, and that the object of the prayer is by showing the earnestness of our desire we intreat of God in the phrase “ command," to cause this angel to present not only his flesh and blood, but also our supplications before our eternal Father, that being now presented by him, they may become acceptable eren upon the altar of heaven ; for, as St. Augustine says, *** The good and the wicked approach the altar which is on earth, but there is a sublime invisible altar whither the unjust man cannot come.”

The other explanation may be found in Bellare, mine, Bossuet, &c. They state that we only seek the intercession of the angels, and that our prayers may be carried by them as those of Tobias were by the angel Raphael, to be presented before the Lord. This also appears to be the opinion of Innocent III, in bis explanation of the Mass, and some of the old liturgies have the word angels in the plural; the meaning would appear to be, that as Bossuet remarks, it was an old and constant tradition of the church, as may be seen in Tertullian, and many of

*In Psal. 25 and 42.

; so that

Lord. Amen."

the appearance of bread and wine in Niekiera the fathers, that one or more angels presided in the all figures now fulfilled, under our eyes: metings of the faithful ; we now having the victiin the reason of having those three great patriarcas produced, which must be pleasing, beg also that the lected from the host of true adorers, who ha presiding angel or angels of the assembly, may, at the have offered their oblations, and made their pay command of the most powerful God, bear our pray, spirit and in truth.

ers to that invisible altar on high, to lay them in Then bowing down before the altar, in the procese union with this victim before the throne of mercy, of humility, the celebrant prays that the " Alone that we may find grace in seasonable aid. God would command these things to be came to

This prayer is specially made for those who are to the hands of his holy angel to his altar on ball receive the holy sacrament of the eucharist, as must the sight of his divine majesty."

appear from its conclusion, “ That as many as shall One by Le Brun and a number of authors what Son at this altar, may be filled with every heavenly

There are two explanations given of this pro partake of the most sacred body and blood of thy cites, in which it is stated that the angel here na

erance and blessing, through the same Christ our tioned is the angel of the New Testament, messenger of glad tidings," Jesus Christ himsek

. so

tar, and pot to bless, but to show the source of bless

In repeating this part the celebrant kisses the althat the object of the prayer is by showing list of nestness of our desire we intreat of God in the long, be makes the sign of the cross, once over the “command," to cause this angel to present sx body, and once over the blood ; and lastly to become his flesh and blood, but also our supplications bedste

& partaker of the merits of the death upon the cross, our eternal Father, that being him, they may become acceptable

Then closing his hands as when he prayed for the tar of heaven ; for, as St. Augustine sars, they living, he now prays for the faithful departed, “ Who good and the wicked approach the altar which pa

are gone before us with the sign of faith," baptism, earth, but there is a sublime invisible altar de

and rest in the sleep of peace;" having received the unjust man cannot come."

the sacraments of the church, and being in the full The other explanation may be found in Belo enjoyment of her communion, which is her peace mine, Bossuet, &c. They state that we only the intercession of the angels, and that our papp0 the arms of death, to be roused from their slurn

they but rest from their labours, sleeping for a time may be carried by them as those of Tobias wex! the angel Raphael, to be presented before the Lee

ber by the archangel's trumpet, to enter, as the This also appears to be the opinion of Innocente,

church hopes, into the enjoyment of glory. liturgies have the word angels in the plural; <3 in his explanation of the Mass, and some of the

church, by rejecting her doctrines, disclaiming her

They who have separated themselves from the marks, it was an old and constant tradition the meaning would appear to be, that as Boscut

authority, ridiculing her observances, transgressing church, as may be seen in Tertullian, and many

creating obstacles to the discharge of her ministerial her precepts, breaking her unity, exciting strife, duties, abstaining from her sacraments, sneering at her solicitude for their welfare and conversion, and scandalizing her children by the turpitude of their

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eren upon the

*In Psal. 25 and 42

conduct, frequently desire to be consoled by her in death, and to be ranked amongst those pious children whose pride has been their adherence to the spouse of Christ. But they should reflect that if they have estranged themselves from her through life, it would be only justice that she should treat them as strangers in death. But no ! She still ex. tends to them the arms of charity, and if they desire sacraments, and declare their dispositions to be those of repentant though prodigal children, she not only gives them the banquet of reconciliation, and flings over them the robe of grace, but moreover in the hope of serving them even after death, follows them with her prayers into the regions of eternity.

She knows that the unrepenting criminal is lost for ever; for him she has no hope for him prayer, oblation, commemoration, are useless. His doom is irrevocable. She knows that they who die in the perfection of virtue, having been made partakers of the fullness of atonement, are happy in the Lord, they need not our prayer. But contemplating the conduct of the Lord towards repenting sinners, as manifested in various instances in the sacred vol. umes, she knows that a temporal punishment fre. quently remains due to the sinner, after the guilt of his crime has been remitted ; thus Adam was sentenced to earn his bread in the sweat of his brow; Moses was excluded from the land of promise ; Da vid lost his child, and was afflicted in his family. She knows that frequently her children are summoned from life with part of this penalty unpaid, and that they endure a purgation therefor in the other world, until being no longer debtors to justice, they shall be made partakers of mercy, and having paid the last farthing, they shall enter into the joy of the Lord.

She knows the frailty and the imperfection of man, and that we are all transgressors, in many things. She knows the mercy of God to be equal to his justice, and therefore she knows, as she has learned from

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conduct, frequently desire to be consoled by list the apostles, that when taken unawares, with many death, and to be ranked amongst those piersi e

of our minor transgressions unrepented for, we will

not be condemned to eternal torrents, but having dren whose pride has been their adherence to spouse of Christ. But they should reflect tr

suffered a temporary purgation, we shall be admitted they have estranged themselves from her down life, it would be only justice that she should s

They who are in this state of purgation, are still them as strangers in death. But no ! She sale tends to them the arms of charity, and if there members of the church, and may therefore be aided

days of the apostles, commemoration was made for of repentant though prodigal children

, abe per

them in the Mass. The memento for the living was gives them the

banquet of reconciliation, and by over them the robe of grace, but moreover 5

made before the consecration, that grace may be ob

tained by them to assist worthily thereat, but that for hope of serving them even after death, follows

the dead was made after the production of the victim, with her prayers into the regions of eternity,

She knows that the unrepenting criminalia which we offer on their behalf. The names of those for ever; for him she has no bope--for halen to be specially prayed for, were found on the dyptics

of the various churches. All the old liturgies menoblation, commemoration, are useless. His dw irrevocable. She knows that

they who died

tion the custom ; especially those of St. Peter, St. perfection of virtue, having

been made partie

James, and St. Mark, as does St. Clement, in his aposthe fullness of atonement, are happy in the la

“ This tradition" of praying for they need not our prayer. But contemplate conduct of the Lord towards repenting sites

Dion. lib. Eccles. Hierar. cap. 7. St. John Chrysos

the departed, “has come to us from our divine chiefs." manifested in various instances in the sacrament

torn says, * " It is not in vain that it has been regulaumes, she knows that a temporal punishment

ted by the apostles, that in celebrating the venerable quently remains due to the sinner, after the

mysteries, mention should be made of the dead; they his crime has been remitted; thus Adam a

knew well that it would be highly serviceable to Moses was excluded from the land of tenced to earn his bread in the sweat of bis hin

them." Tertullian says, t " we make the oblations for

the dead on their anniversary day." St. Cyprian, in vid lost his child, and was afflicted in his famil,

his 66th epistle, mentions that a man in his diocess, naknows that frequently her children are sungan from life with part of this penalty uopaid, adi

med Victor having died, leaving a priest named Faus. they endure a purgation therefor in the other man

tinus the executor of his will, he having a consider

able property, prevented i until being no longer debtors to justice, they still woul, or the commemoration being made for him at made partakers of mercy, and having paid the farthing, they shall enter into the joy of the Lord

the memento, stating as his justification a statute of She knows the frailty and the imperfection dimas

a provincial synod in Africa, which forbad any perand that we are all transgressors, in many thing

son at his death to impose upon any clergyman such tice, and therefore she knows, as she has learned til She knows the mercy of God to be equal to her #

a duty as would draw off his attention from the dis

Homily 3 in Ep. ad Philip. De corona. Milit.

tolic constitutions,

promis;

mass being offered for his charge of his clerical office; and this under the pen. alty of not having prayers or oblations offered for the repose of his soul. St. Gregory of Nyssa informs us* that he offered the body and blood of Jesus Christ for the soul of his sister. $t. Ambroset offered Mass for the soul of his brother, and for that of the empe. ror, Valentinian; be also consoles Faustinuss upon the death of his sister, and exhorts him not to grieve in tears, but to have her soul commended to God, in the oblations, and in his liturgy we have the commemoration, as well as in that of St. John Chrysostom. St. Augustine mentionsg the request of his mother, St. Monica, at the time of her death, to be remembered at the holy altar. In fact the documents are to be every where found, in support of the antiquity, universality, and apostolicity of the custom ; whether we examine the records of couucils, study the works of the fathers, look into the liturgies of the east or the west, of Egypt or of Thrace.

Formerly the names on the dyptics were read aloud; now the celebrant and the congregation only mentally recommend the individuals for whom they desire to pray, an then the request continues, " to these, O Lord, and to all that sleep in Christ," that is, who through his merits are to awake to glory, “ grant we beseech thee, a place of refreshment," after the labours of their endurance under the infliction of justice, “ light" instead of the darkness and uncertainty of even their temporary exclusion from heaven, and especially that light which from the throne of God, shines upon and envelopes the just, “ and peace” in the speedy admittance to eternal joy“ through the same Christ, our Lord. Amen."

Having now paid the tribute of charity to our departed brethren, but just that we should come back to a recollection of ourselves, and to recal us to * Orat. in Macria ux. + Deobitu fratris Satyr. Con

fes. lib. 9. c. 13. Ep. ad. Faustin. de obit. sor.

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