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monies of the holy sacrifice of the Mass, and of those prayers which appeared to need explanation.

The doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church is, "That in the Mass, there is offered to God, a true, proper, and propitiatory sacrifice for the living and the dead," and that the victim offered to God, is the body and blood, together with the soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, under the appearance of bread and wine.” Assuming this doctrine to be true in all its parts, the Editor trusts the candid reader will find, upon examination, that the ceremonies are not only not ridiculous, but are deeply significant, highly instructive, wisely lasti tuted, and greatly edifying: : Every Roman Car

tholic necessarily believes this doctrine in its full

yoke of Britain had been flung off; the disgraceful quarrels of several congregations, and the unfounded pretensions of ignorantand obstinate individuals, who, whilst they fancied themselves endowed with the spirit and power of Apostles, were sabrerting the foundations of the faith, all tended to check the progress of Catholicity in this country, and to confirm the prejudices of their separated brethren against the Catholics, and against their religion.

Notwithstanding those appaling obstacles, the zeal of the American Prelates, and of many of their clergy, had effected, by the aid of the Lord,

much good; and one of the principal objects to ::ibicheliesaad is thuc pattention as circumstances :: Srould allor; *as.cite diffusion of knowledge by

the pubdication of instructive books. The present: Archbishop of Baltimore was particularly anxious to.base .a translation of the Missal pubtisinil. House of the Laity, and at his request the venerable Doctor Tessier, president of the Sea minary in Baltimore, undertook to superintend its publication. The present Editor not being aware of those facts, had also come to a similar determination; upon discovering which, Doctor Tessier kindly furnished the excellent materials which be had prepared, and which have greatly abridged the labours of the Editor.

The work consists, first, of an historical and instructive explanation of the plan and decoration; of a Roman Catholic Church, of the restinents of the different Clergymen who may officiate therein, of the nature and institution of the various cere

est extent and plainest meaning, otherwise, le would cease to be a member of jhe Church: as he is also supposed tỏ know the grounds upco which this doctrine rests, for if he be ignorant of them, his ignorance is the consequence of his neg. lect

, it was deemed quite unnecessary to enter upon those grounds in the explanation to the Catholic reader; and to enter upon them with sufficient accuracy and expansion, to satisfy the mind of any other person, would require more space than could be conveniently given, or than would, the compiler—to keep the price of the book as

To establish the doctrinal parts of the Liturgy,

indeed, be compatible with a principal object of

low as possible.

Fould require the proofs of the “ Real presence,"

of “ Transubstantiation,” of “ Communion of
Saints,” of “The intercession of Angels and of
Saints,” of “respecting the relics of Saints,” of “ the
existence of Purgatory,” of “praying for the dead,"
and for the validity of the Sacrifice, of “the
indelible character of Holy Orders,” as well as
of the distinction of Orders,” and “ their divine
institution. This range would be far too exten-
sive to comprise in such a prefatory explanation,
as the Missal required ; and the subjects were too
important to be only slightly touched upon, in place
of being fully examined. Hence the Editor de-
termined to avoid them altogether, and to refer
those who maybedesirous of information upon such
topics, të the:Worke-writien expressly for the elu-
cidation amt:vigtication of those doctrines.-
Therefore the explanation does not contain a sin-
glo argument.in.rupport of doctrine.
.: The next part of the work is the translation of
the Missal, to which is prefixed the prayer for all
classes, in these United States, which bas been
compiled by the venerable father of the American
Catholic Church, the late Archbishop Carroll, the
recollection of whose virtues as a Prelate and a
patriot, is embalmed in the hearts of all who had
the happiness of knowing him, and of thousands
who regret their not having enjoyed that honour.

The Editor has not advanced any positions of his own; his labour has been to compress, to connect, and to translate, what had been diffusely written upon the subject by some of the best and earliest writers of the Church : indeed he could give no

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of “ Transubstantiation," of " Communion of thing new ; for the glory of the Church in which Saints,” of “The intercession of Angels and of ke has the honour to hold so responsible a station, Saints,” of “respecting the relics of Saints," of " the as it is also a proof of her integrity, is that she has existence of Purgatory,” of “praying for the dead."

never deviated from * the form of sound words and for the ralidity of the Sacrifice, of "the

which she has heard from the Apostles, but f the indelible character of Holy Orders," as well 25

things which she has heard of them by many wit. of “ the distinction of Orders," and "their divine nesses

, the same she has commended to faithful men institution.” This range would be far too exter

cho hare been fit to teach others; and she has thus sive to comprise in such a prefatory explanation,

stood fast, and held the traditions which she has as the Missal required; and the subjects were too

learned of them, whether by word or by cpistle. important to be only slightly touched upon, in place

Her doctrine in all ages has been the same; such of being fully examined. Hence the Editor de

as it is now, it was one thousand years ago; such termined to avoid them altogether, and to refer as it was then, it was in the days of the Apostles: those who may bądesirpals of information upon such

such as they taught it, they received it ipri cur topics, to the Wörka i intien expressly for the elu

Divine Redeemer, who seni them o'teachi alinia

tions, with a promise of his special protection, cidation and Evindication of those doctrines.Therefore the explanation does not contain a six

all days, even to the consummutión, of, the world. fle eigument.in-support of doctrine.

search, may enable him daily to Liscarcraexibct

The ingenuity of man, his penetration and 12 The next.part of the work is the translation of the Missal, to which is prefixed the prayer for all

which were unobserved by his ancestors, and thus classes, in these United States, which has been

the arts and the sciences are in a state of perpecompiled by the venerable father of the American

tual progressive improvement. This vast territoCatholic Church, the late Archbishop Carroll

, the

ry of nature, in wbich so much treasure lics as recollection of whose virtues as a Prelate and a

yet concealed, is the mighty expanse in which God patriot, is embalmed in the hearts of all who had

gave the human mind liberty to roam abroad at its the happiness of knowing him, and of thousands

But as the Lord commanded boundaries to be who regret their not having enjoyed that honour. The Editor has not advanced any positions of his

set round Sinai whilst in the exhibition of his ma

jesty, le vindicated his right to receive obedience, own; his labour has been to compress, to connect, and to translate, what had been diffusely written

and commanded man to believe and to practise upon the subject by some of the best and earliest

* 2 Tim. ji. 2. writers of the Church : indeed he could give no

Matt. xxviii, 20.

discretion

* Tim. i. 13.

72 Thess, ii. 14

upon his authority; the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven are to be learned only by revelation, and the perfection of religion consists in the exact and scrupulous preservation of the truth originally disclosed. Man is not free to call God before his tribunal, and to demand from him the reason for his acts, nor is he at liberty to reject the propositions which have been originally delivered, nor to depart from their spirit; and hence the Apostle St. Paul wrote, * Though we, or an angel from Heaven, preach a gospel to you, besides that which we have preached to you, let him be anathema. For the beligion of Christas essentially unchangeable, its dochines are ifticorenable--for truth cannot become falsehood, nor falsehood become truth. Herive the Echtor of this work has only sought for, and brought forvarů, what had been originally testitet by that cloud of witnesses that has gone before him in tric church, and entreats, as a recompense for his labours, a share of the prayers of those who may profit thereby.

* Galat, i. 8,

EXPLANATION

OF

THE MASS.

upon his authority; the mysteries of the kingdom
of heaven are to be learned only by rerelatiou,
and the perfection of religion consists in the ex.
act and scrupulous preservation of the truth on-
ginally disclosed. Man is not free to call God he
fore his tribugal, and to demand from him the rez-
son for his acts, nor is he at liberty to reject the
propositions which have been originally delivered,
nor to depart from their spirit; and hence the Apos.
tle St. Paul wrote, * Though we, or an angel front THE Mass is the principal Office of the new law,
Heaven, preach a gospel to you, besides that which
we hare preached to you, let him be anathema. For
the religion of Cdriat is essentially unchangeable,
üs doctrines Sré itreipianable--for truth cannot

become falsehood, nor falsehood become truth. Heioe tie Eitor of this work has only sought for, and brought forward, what had been originally tes. tried by thatched of witnesses that has

gone

bes fore him in tác church, and entreats, as a recompense for bis labours, a share of the prayers of those who may profit thereby.

in which, under the appearance of bread and wine,
the Redeemer of the world is offered up in an un-
bloody manner upon our altars, as a true, proper, and
propitiatory sacrifice for the living and the dead.

It is not a different sacrifice from that of the cross;
for the victim in each is the same; the High Priest
who makes the offering is the same: Christ having
personally and manifestly made the oblation upon
Calvary, and this High Priest, according to the order
of Melchisedech, having instituted this office on the
night before his death,

commissioned his apostles and
their successors, in all days, to the consummation of
the world, to do the same, for a commemoration of
him, to show forth his death until his second coming,
they are bis substitutes and representatives, whilst
he is the principal but invisible offerer. The sacri-
face, though repeated, is not different, but the mode
of the oblation in the repetition differs from that bloody
spectacle, which was exhibited in Jerusalem, in the
person of him by whose bruises we were healed.

* Galat. i. 8,

*This holy sacrifice, in which Christ who is the Lamb without spot, offers himself upon our altars, is that clean oblation referred to by the prophet Malachias, which is every where made to the eternal Father, from the rising of the sun to the going down thereof, and by which his name is magnified amongst

the Gentiles.

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